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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527315/longitudinal-decline-in-speech-production-in-parkinson-s-disease-spectrum-disorders
#1
Sharon Ash, Charles Jester, Collin York, Olga L Kofman, Rachel Langey, Amy Halpin, Kim Firn, Sophia Dominguez Perez, Lama Chahine, Meredith Spindler, Nabila Dahodwala, David J Irwin, Corey McMillan, Daniel Weintraub, Murray Grossman
We examined narrative speech production longitudinally in non-demented (n=15) and mildly demented (n=8) patients with Parkinson's disease spectrum disorder (PDSD), and we related increasing impairment to structural brain changes in specific language and motor regions. Patients provided semi-structured speech samples, describing a standardized picture at two time points (mean±SD interval=38±24months). The recorded speech samples were analyzed for fluency, grammar, and informativeness. PDSD patients with dementia exhibited significant decline in their speech, unrelated to changes in overall cognitive or motor functioning...
May 17, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527175/chorea-and-orofaciolingual-dystonia-in-a-40-year-old-male
#2
Lulup Kumar Sahoo, Kali Prasanna Swain, Ashok Kumar Mallick, Geeta Mohanty, Maheswar Samanta, Srikanta Kumar Sahoo
Neuroacanthocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders which result in progressive neurodegeneration, predominantly of the basal ganglia, and erythrocyte acanthocytosis. We report a case of neuroacanthocytosis with typical phenotype of choreoacanthocytosis. A 40 year male presented with features of chorea with orofaciolingual dystonia producing eating and speech difficulties. There were features of self mutilation in form of lip and tongue biting. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed acanthocytes in our patient...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527089/pediatric-migraine-with-aura-in-an-italian-case-series
#3
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Antonio Genovese, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of migraine with aura (MwA) in a case series of patients with headache onset before 12 years of age. We considered all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2015 affected by MwA, diagnosed by our team of trained neurologists; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria. We then identified those cases with headache age-of-onset <12 years (i.e., "pediatric" cases), which were compared to all remaining cases...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526871/electro-tactile-stimulation-enhances-cochlear-implant-speech-recognition-in-noise
#4
Juan Huang, Benjamin Sheffield, Payton Lin, Fan-Gang Zeng
For cochlear implant users, combined electro-acoustic stimulation (EAS) significantly improves the performance. However, there are many more users who do not have any functional residual acoustic hearing at low frequencies. Because tactile sensation also operates in the same low frequencies (<500 Hz) as the acoustic hearing in EAS, we propose electro-tactile stimulation (ETS) to improve cochlear implant performance. In ten cochlear implant users, a tactile aid was applied to the index finger that converted voice fundamental frequency into tactile vibrations...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526385/prevalence-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-loss-and-its-association-with-swallowing-function-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#5
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skeletal muscle mass loss and its association with swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 65 consecutive patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery who were prescribed speech therapy. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525928/-indicators-for-speech-comprehension-in-migrant-children-a-comparison-of-extreme-groups
#6
Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Herbert Poinstingl, Nicole von Steinbüchel
Objective Children with migrant background learning German as second language are frequently considered having problems in speech comprehension and speaking; nevertheless, it is very difficult to objectify that for young children. For this purpose risk-factors should be determined empirically. Material and Methods The study comprised 126 children from a developmental longitudinal study in 7 day-care centers in Frankfurt/M and Darmstadt. The sample was sorted into two extreme groups by their achievement in oral German language comprehension: criterion T-score ≥46=age appropriate (N=61) vs...
May 19, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525641/erp-correlates-of-motivating-voices-quality-of-motivation-and-time-course-matters
#7
Konstantina Zougkou, Netta Weinstein, Silke Paulmann
Here, we conducted the first study to explore how motivations expressed through speech are processed in real-time. Participants listened to sentences spoken in two types of well-studied motivational tones (autonomy-supportive and controlling), or a neutral tone of voice. To examine this, listeners were presented with sentences that either signaled motivations through prosody (tone of voice) and words simultaneously (e.g., "You absolutely have to do it my way" spoken in a controlling tone of voice), or lacked motivationally biasing words (e...
May 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#8
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525541/safety-behaviors-and-stuttering
#9
Robyn Lowe, Fjola Helgadottir, Ross Menzies, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
Purpose: Those who are socially anxious may use safety behaviors during feared social interactions to prevent negative outcomes. Safety behaviors are associated with anxiety maintenance and poorer treatment outcomes because they prevent fear extinction. Social anxiety disorder is often comorbid with stuttering. Speech pathologists reported in a recent publication (Helgadottir, Menzies, Onslow, Packman, & O'Brian, 2014a) that they often recommended procedures for clients that could be safety behaviors...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525511/factors-affecting-acoustics-and-speech-intelligibility-in-the-operating-room-size-matters
#10
Richard R McNeer, Christopher L Bennett, Danielle Bodzin Horn, Roman Dudaryk
INTRODUCTION: Noise in health care settings has increased since 1960 and represents a significant source of dissatisfaction among staff and patients and risk to patient safety. Operating rooms (ORs) in which effective communication is crucial are particularly noisy. Speech intelligibility is impacted by noise, room architecture, and acoustics. For example, sound reverberation time (RT60) increases with room size, which can negatively impact intelligibility, while room objects are hypothesized to have the opposite effect...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#11
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524269/paradoxical-perceptions-towards-the-introduction-of-assistants-in-speech-language-pathology-and-potential-impact-on-consumers
#12
Rachael O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell, Nicole Byrne
RATIONALE AND AIM: Working with assistants has the potential to be an economically and professionally sustainable solution to workforce shortages in speech-language pathology. However, there is some resistance to the workforce redesign, and factors that determine how assistants are utilised are not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions that engender professional resistance and identify factors that may lessen such resistance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to learn about perceptions towards implementing assistants into the profession...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523949/developmental-changes-in-pharyngeal-swallowing-acoustics-a-comparison-of-adults-and-children
#13
Neville W Hennessey, Gemma Fisher, Natalie Ciccone
This study examined developmental differences in the acoustics of pharyngeal swallowing. Thirty-one young children (M = 4.5 years) and 29 adults (M = 22.5 years) were recorded swallowing thin liquid and puree boluses. In comparison with adults, children showed longer total swallow sound duration and duration to peak intensity, as well as greater variability in the duration to peak intensity and mean of the averaged spectrum in Hz. Thin and puree boluses differed in measures of duration, intensity and frequency of the averaged sound spectrum, although these effects did not interact with age...
May 19, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523758/iconicity-in-the-speech-of-children-and-adults
#14
Lynn K Perry, Marcus Perlman, Bodo Winter, Dominic W Massaro, Gary Lupyan
Iconicity - the correspondence between form and meaning - may help young children learn to use new words. Early-learned words are higher in iconicity than later learned words. However, it remains unclear what role iconicity may play in actual language use. Here, we ask whether iconicity relates not just to the age at which words are acquired, but also to how frequently children and adults use the words in their speech. If iconicity serves to bootstrap word learning, then we would expect that children should say highly iconic words more frequently than less iconic words, especially early in development...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523653/vocabulary-grammar-sex-and-aging
#15
Fermín Moscoso Del Prado Martín
Understanding the changes in our language abilities along the lifespan is a crucial step for understanding the aging process both in normal and in abnormal circumstances. Besides controlled experimental tasks, it is equally crucial to investigate language in unconstrained conversation. I present an information-theoretical analysis of a corpus of dyadic conversations investigating how the richness of the vocabulary, the word-internal structure (inflectional morphology), and the syntax of the utterances evolves as a function of the speaker's age and sex...
May 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523255/the-effect-of-husbands-education-regarding-menopausal-health-on-marital-satisfaction-of-their-wives
#16
Nooshin Yoshany, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Hamideh Mihanpour, Narjes Bahri, Khair Mohammad Jadgal
OBJECTIVES: Marital satisfaction has an important effect on people's mental health. Due to the increasing average age and life expectancy of Iranian women, obtaining knowledge about sexual aspects of post-menopause women for partners can improve their health and quality of life. This study aimed to determine the effect of education for the husbands regarding menopause on marital satisfaction of their wives. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 100 women aged 45 to 55 years old and their husbands in Yazd in 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523185/subxiphoid-video-assisted-major-lung-resections-the-believers-speech
#17
COMMENT
Giuseppe Aresu, Lei Jiang, Luca Bertolaccini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522183/operating-environment-for-awake-brain-surgery-choice-of-tests
#18
REVIEW
M Wager, P Rigoard, C Bouyer, V Baudiffier, V Stal, B Bataille, R Gil, F Du Boisgueheneuc
INTRODUCTION: The indication for awake brain surgery depends on a prerequisite, i.e. recognition that the brain area concerned is truly eloquent, and identification of one or more functions that must be preserved. These functions are determined preoperatively in collaboration with the patient, and neuropsychological tests considered to be the most relevant are performed in the operating room according to each team's technical preferences. OPERATING ENVIRONMENT: The neurosurgeon must choose transfer equipment considered to be relevant...
May 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521557/metacognitive-verb-production-in-adolescents-the-link-to-complex-syntax
#19
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar
Metacognitive verbs (MCVs) such as believe, know and think allow a speaker to describe the thoughts, feelings and perspectives of the self and others. As such, these words reflect the speaker's awareness of differing mental events and activities, or Theory of Mind (ToM). This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521525/babbling-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-way-of-measuring-canonical-babbling-ratio
#20
Anna Nyman, Anette Lohmander
Babbling is an important precursor to speech, but has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Canonical babbling ratio (CBR) is a commonly used but time-consuming measure for quantifying babbling. The aim of this study was twofold: to validate a simplified version of the CBR (CBR(UTTER)), and to use this measure to determine if early precursors to speech and language development could be detected in children with different neurodevelopmental disabilities. Two different data sets were used...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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