keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Speech

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110077/informational-masking-and-the-effects-of-differences-in-fundamental-frequency-and-fundamental-frequency-contour-on-phonetic-integration-in-a-formant-ensemble
#1
Robert J Summers, Peter J Bailey, Brian Roberts
This study explored the effects on speech intelligibility of across-formant differences in fundamental frequency (ΔF0) and F0 contour. Sentence-length speech analogues were presented dichotically (left = F1 + F3; right = F2), either alone or-because competition usually reveals grouping cues most clearly-accompanied in the left ear by a competitor for F2 (F2C) that listeners must reject to optimize recognition. F2C was created by inverting the F2 frequency contour. In experiment 1, all left-ear formants shared the same constant F0 and ΔF0F2 was 0 or ±4 semitones...
January 18, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109861/preoperative-rtms-language-mapping-in-speech-eloquent-brain-lesions-resected-under-general-anesthesia-a-pair-matched-cohort-study
#2
Philipp Hendrix, Sebastian Senger, Andreas Simgen, Christoph J Griessenauer, Joachim Oertel
OBJECTIVE: The value of preoperative rTMS language mapping for function preservation in surgery of speech eloquent lesions under general anesthesia remains to be determined. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled 20 consecutive right-handed patients with a malignant, left-sided perisylvian language eloquent brain tumor. All patients were subjected to surgical resection under general anesthesia guided by preoperative rTMS language mapping (rTMS group, 2014 - 2016)...
January 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109501/the-clinical-examination-of-non-word-repetition-tasks-in-identifying-persian-speaking-children-with-primary-language-impairment
#3
Yalda Kazemi, Soodeh Saeednia
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of a non-word repetition (NWR) test in identifying Persian-speaking preschool children with specific/primary language impairment (PLI). Children with PLI show consistently poorer performance in non-word repetition tasks than their typically developing language (TDL) counterparts. It is assumed that the ability to repeat non-words triggers language skills and that the absence of this ability may be responsible for language impairment in PLI children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109494/the-impact-of-ethnicity-on-cochlear-implantation-in-norwegian-children
#4
Viktoria Vedeler Amundsen, Ona Bø Wie, Marte Myhrum, Marie Bunne
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of parental ethnicity on cochlear implantation in children in Norway with regard to incidence rates of cochlear implants (CIs), comorbidies, age at onset of profound deafness (AOD), age at first implantation, uni- or bilateral CI, and speech recognition. METHOD: This retrospective cohort study included all children (N = 278) aged <18 years in Norway who received their first CI during the years 2004-2010. RESULTS: 86 children (30...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109492/audiovisual-materials-are-effective-for-enhancing-the-correction-of-articulation-disorders-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#5
María Del Carmen Pamplona, Pablo Antonio Ysunza, Santiago Morales
INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate frequently show speech disorders known as compensatory articulation. Compensatory articulation requires a prolonged period of speech intervention that should include reinforcement at home. However, frequently relatives do not know how to work with their children at home. OBJECTIVE: To study whether the use of audiovisual materials especially designed for complementing speech pathology treatment in children with compensatory articulation can be effective for stimulating articulation practice at home and consequently enhancing speech normalization in children with cleft palate...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109491/audiovisual-sentence-repetition-as-a-clinical-criterion-for-auditory-development-in-persian-language-children-with-hearing-loss
#6
Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Maryam Vahab, Zahra Rahimi, Anis Mayahi
OBJECTIVES: It is important for clinician such as speech-language pathologists and audiologists to develop more efficient procedures to assess the development of auditory, speech and language skills in children using hearing aid and/or cochlear implant compared to their peers with normal hearing. So, the aim of study was the comparison of the performance of 5-to-7-year-old Persian-language children with and without hearing loss in visual-only, auditory-only, and audiovisual presentation of sentence repetition task...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109488/juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-jsle-auditory-pathway-affection-in-relation-to-disease-activity
#7
M A Kotait, H H Abd Elnabi, T A Gabr
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is an autoimmune disease with the potential to affect a variety of organs in children or adolescents. jSLE is characterized by its severity and more widespread organ involvement specially central nervous system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate auditory processing and cognitive functions in children and adolescents with SLE taking into consideration the disease severity. METHODS: This work included 40 normal hearing pediatric patients diagnosed as SLE (23 with active disease and 17 with inactive disease) and a control group included 30 matched healthy children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109477/clinical-outcomes-following-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-inner-ear-anomalies
#8
Amal Isaiah, Daniel Lee, Felicity Lenes-Voit, Melissa Sweeney, Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson, Peter Roland, Kenneth H Lee
OBJECTIVE: A significant proportion of children with congenital hearing loss who are candidates for cochlear implants (CIs) may have inner ear malformations (IEMs). Surgical and speech outcomes following CI in these children have not been widely reported. METHODS: The charts of children who were evaluated for a CI between 1/1/1986 and 12/31/2014 at a university-based tertiary level pediatric cochlear implant center were reviewed. Principal inclusion criteria included (i) age 1-18 years, (ii) history of bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, and (iii) limited benefit from binaural amplification...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108683/improving-decannulation-and-swallowing-function-a-comprehensive-multidisciplinary-approach-to-post-tracheostomy-care
#9
EDITORIAL
John W Mah, Ilene I Staff, Sylvia R Fisher, Karyn L Butler
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary tracheostomy teams have been successful in improving operative outcomes; however, limited data exist on their effect on postoperative care. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary tracheostomy service alone and following implementation of a post-tracheostomy care bundle on rates of decannulation and tolerance of oral diet before discharge. METHODS: Prospective data on all subjects requiring tracheostomy by any trauma/critical care surgeon were collected from January 2011 to December 2013 following development of a tracheostomy service and continued following implementation of the post-tracheostomy care bundle...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108141/prospective-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
Rogéria Lucio de Oliveira, Rafaelle Ferreira Dos Santos, Sérgio Henrique Gonçalves de Carvalho, Gustavo Gomes Agripino, Marcela Maria Nery Canto, Marianne de Vasconcelos Carvalho, Sandra Aparecida Marinho, Marina Gallottini, Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate, prospectively, the quality of life of patients with head and neck cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, longitudinal, and prospective study was conducted. The survey instrument was the University of Washington quality of life questionnaire. The sample consisted of 47 patients. For data analysis, paired t test, McNemar test, Student t test, and 1-way analysis of variance tests were used. The significance level was 5% (P < ...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107239/management-of-pharyngeal-fistulas-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-treatment-algorithm-for-severe-complications
#11
Christian Simon, Carl H Fürstenberg, Markus Eichler, Stefan Rohde, Cem Bulut, Bernd Wiedenhöfer
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective database query to identify all anterior spinal approaches. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess all patients with pharyngocutaneous fistulas (PCFs) after anterior cervical spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with the diagnosis of PCFs were treated at the University of Heidelberg Spine Medical Center, Spinal Cord Injury Unit and Department of Otolaryngology (Germany), between 2005 and 2011...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106790/contributions-of-letter-speech-sound-learning-and-visual-print-tuning-to-reading-improvement-evidence-from-brain-potential-and-dyslexia-training-studies
#12
REVIEW
Gorka Fraga González, Gojko Žarić, Jurgen Tijms, Milene Bonte, Maurits W van der Molen
We use a neurocognitive perspective to discuss the contribution of learning letter-speech sound (L-SS) associations and visual specialization in the initial phases of reading in dyslexic children. We review findings from associative learning studies on related cognitive skills important for establishing and consolidating L-SS associations. Then we review brain potential studies, including our own, that yielded two markers associated with reading fluency. Here we show that the marker related to visual specialization (N170) predicts word and pseudoword reading fluency in children who received additional practice in the processing of morphological word structure...
January 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105890/multitasking-during-degraded-speech-recognition-in-school-age-children
#13
Tina M Grieco-Calub, Kristina M Ward, Laurel Brehm
Multitasking requires individuals to allocate their cognitive resources across different tasks. The purpose of the current study was to assess school-age children's multitasking abilities during degraded speech recognition. Children (8 to 12 years old) completed a dual-task paradigm including a sentence recognition (primary) task containing speech that was either unprocessed or noise-band vocoded with 8, 6, or 4 spectral channels and a visual monitoring (secondary) task. Children's accuracy and reaction time on the visual monitoring task was quantified during the dual-task paradigm in each condition of the primary task and compared with single-task performance...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104737/cerebral-blood-flow-alterations-specific-to-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#14
Chuanjun Zhuo, Jiajia Zhu, Wen Qin, Hongru Qu, Xiaolei Ma, Chunshui Yu
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) have been associated with deficits in auditory and speech-related networks. However, the resting-state cerebral blood flow (CBF) alterations specific to AVHs in schizophrenia remain unknown. AIMS: To explore AVH-related CBF alterations in individuals with schizophrenia. METHOD: In total, 35 individuals with schizophrenia with AVHs, 41 individuals with schizophrenia without AVHs and 50 controls underwent arterial spin labelling magnetic resonance imaging...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104564/evidence-that-communication-impairment-in-schizophrenia-is-associated-with-generalized-poor-task-performance
#15
Anne M Merrill, Nicole R Karcher, David C Cicero, Theresa M Becker, Anna R Docherty, John G Kerns
People with schizophrenia exhibit wide-ranging cognitive deficits, including slower processing speed and decreased cognitive control. Disorganized speech symptoms, such as communication impairment, have been associated with poor cognitive control task performance (e.g., goal maintenance and working memory). Whether communication impairment is associated with poorer performance on a broader range of non-cognitive control measures is unclear. In the current study, people with schizophrenia (n =51) and non-psychiatric controls (n =26) completed speech interviews allowing for reliable quantitative assessment of communication impairment...
January 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104408/adding-simultaneous-stimulating-channels-to-reduce-power-consumption-in-cochlear-implants
#16
Florian Langner, Aniket Saoji, Andreas Büchner, Waldo Nogueira
Sound coding strategies for Cochlear Implant (CI) listeners can be used to control the trade-off between speech performance and power consumption. Most commercial CI strategies use non-simultaneous channel stimulation, stimulating only one electrode at a time. One could add parallel simultaneous stimulating channels such that the electrical interaction between channels is increased. This would produce spectral smearing, because the electrical fields of the simultaneous stimulated channels interact, but also power savings...
January 16, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104012/-simultaneous-triple-semicircular-canal-plugging-and-cochlear-implantation-in-advanced-meniere-s-disease
#17
D G Zhang, L Xu, Y C Han, Y F Lyu, J F Luo, Y W Li, R J Wang, Z M Fan, H B Wang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of combining simultaneous triple semicircular canal plugging (TSCP) and cochlear implantation (CI) to treat vertigo and hearing loss in advanced Meniere's disease(MD) patients, so as to provide an alternative surgical procedure for treating this disorder. Methods: Data from seven patients, who were referred to our hospital and diagnosed with unilateral MD strictly meeting the criteria issued by Chinese Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee (2006), from Jan...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#18
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103563/effective-glottal-instant-detection-and-electroglottographic-parameter-extraction-for-automated-voice-pathology-assessment
#19
Pranav Deshpande, M Sabarimalai Manikandan
Accurate determination of glottal instants and electroglottographic (EGG) parameters is most important in voice pathology analysis including multiple voice disorders: neurological, functional, and laryngeal diseases. In this paper, we present a new effective method for reliable detection of glottal instants and EGG parameters from an EGG signal composed of voiced and non-voice segments. In the first stage, we present an adaptive variational mode decomposition (aVMD) based algorithm for suppressing low-frequency artifacts and additive high-frequency noises...
January 17, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103545/a-multimodal-speech-capture-system-for-speech-rehabilitation-and-learning
#20
Nordine Sebkhi, Dhyey Desai, Mohammad Islam, Jun Lu, Kimberly Wilson, Maysam Ghovanloo
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are trained to correct articulation of people diagnosed with motor speech disorders by analyzing articulators' motion and assessing speech outcome while patients speak. To assist SLPs in this task, we are presenting the Multimodal Speech Capture System (MSCS) that records and displays kinematics of key speech articulators, the tongue and lips, along with voice, using unobtrusive methods. Collected speech modalities, tongue motion, lips gestures, and voice, are visualized not only in real-time to provide patients with instant feedback but also offline to allow SLPs to perform post-analysis of articulators' motion, particularly the tongue, with its prominent but hardly visible role in articulation...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
keyword
keyword
6054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"