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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792830/subglottic-resections-how-i-teach-it
#1
EDITORIAL
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Walter Klepetko
Surgical treatment of stenosis of the laryngotracheal junction can be challenging. Success is not only measured by the patency of the airway but also by preservation of the full functional capacity of the larynx. This unique feature of subglottic resections requires a close cooperation with speech-language pathologists and ENT specialists.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792525/modelling-category-goodness-judgments-in-children-with-residual-sound-errors
#2
Sarah Hamilton Dugan, Noah Silbert, Tara McAllister, Jonathan L Preston, Carolyn Sotto, Suzanne E Boyce
This study investigates category goodness judgments of /r/ in adults and children with and without residual speech errors (RSEs) using natural speech stimuli. Thirty adults, 38 children with RSE (ages 7-16) and 35 age-matched typically developing (TD) children provided category goodness judgments on whole words, recorded from 27 child speakers, with /r/ in various phonetic environments. The salient acoustic property of /r/ - the lowered third formant (F3) - was normalized in two ways. A logistic mixed-effect model quantified the relationships between listeners' responses and the third formant frequency, vowel context and clinical group status...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792239/screening-for-delirium-with-the-intensive-care-delirium-screening-checklist-icdsc-symptom-profile-and-utility-of-individual-items-in-the-identification-of-delirium-dependent-on-the-level-of-sedation
#3
Soenke Boettger, Rafael Meyer, André Richter, Susana Franco Fernandez, Alain Rudiger, Maria Schubert, Josef Jenewein, David Garcia Nuñez
OBJECTIVE: The importance of the proper identification of delirium, with its high incidence and adversities in the intensive care setting, has been widely recognized. One common screening instrument is the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC); however, the symptom profile and key features of delirium dependent on the level of sedation have not yet been evaluated. METHOD: In this prospective cohort study, the ICDSC was evaluated versus the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition, text revision, diagnosis of delirium set as standard with respect to the symptom profile, and correct identification of delirium...
May 24, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791621/speech-language-pathology-aspects-in-a-pediatric-case-of-head-and-neck-arthrogryposis
#4
Jennifer Alvares Trindade, Jordana da Silva Freitas, Liliane Menzen, Carolina Laux, Lisiane de Rosa Barbosa, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
Arthrogryposis is a rare, multiple, congenital syndrome of non-progressive nature characterized by a series of genetic malformations, as well as stiffness and joint contractures. This is a clinical case study whose objective is to describe speech-language pathology disorders through the evaluation process in a case of arthrogryposis in Pediatrics. The medical records of a patient were analyzed from birth. A complete clinical evaluation of pediatric dysphagia was performed, establishing a diagnosis of severe oropharyngeal dysphagia evidenced by functional and structural impairments...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791620/intervention-time-until-discharge-for-newborns-on-transition-from-gavage-to-exclusive-oral-feeding
#5
Andréa Monteiro Correia Medeiros, Blenda Karen Batista Ramos, Déborah Letticia Santana Santos Bomfim, Conceição Lima Alvelos, Talita Cardoso da Silva, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Felipe Batista Santos, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
Purpose Measure the intervention time required for transition from gavage to exclusive oral feeding, comparing newborns exposed exclusively to the mother's breast with those who, in addition to breastfeeding, received supplementation using a cup or baby bottle. Methods Analytical, longitudinal, cohort study conducted with 165 newborns (NB) divided into groups according to severity of medical complications (G1-with no complications; G2-with significant complications), and into subgroups according to feeding mechanism (A and B)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791618/performance-of-children-with-speech-sound-disorders-in-the-dynamic-evaluation-of-motor-speech-skills
#6
Marcia Keske-Soares, Letícia Bitencourt Uberti, Marieli Barichello Gubiani, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Marizete Ilha Ceron, Karina Carlesso Pagliarin
Purpose To compare performance between children with typical speech acquisition, phonological disorders, and childhood apraxia of speech for the variables overall articulatory accuracy and consistency of the Dynamic Evaluation of Motor Speech Skill - Brazilian Portuguese version (DEMSS-BR). Methods Study participants were 18 children of both genders aged 4 years and 6 months to 5 years and 8 months. The sample was divided into three groups: six children with typical speech acquisition (TSA), six children with phonological disorder (PD), and six individuals with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791617/speech-perception-task-with-pseudowords
#7
Mariana Martins Appezzato, Maria Mercedes Saraiva Hackerott, Clara Regina Brandão de Avila
Purpose Prepare a list of pseudowords in Brazilian Portuguese to assess the auditory discrimination ability of schoolchildren and investigate the internal consistency of test items and the effect of school grade on discrimination performance. Methods Study participants were 60 schoolchildren (60% female) enrolled in the 3rd (n=14), 4th (n=24) and 5th (n=22) grades of an elementary school in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, aged between eight years and two months and 11 years and eight months (99 to 136 months; mean=120...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791613/speech-language-pathology-program-for-reading-comprehension-and-orthography-effects-on-the-spelling-of-dyslexic-individuals
#8
Débora Manzano Nogueira, Maria Silvia Cárnio
Purpose Prepare a Speech-language Pathology Program for Reading Comprehension and Orthography and verify its effects on the reading comprehension and spelling of students with Developmental Dyslexia. Methods The study sample was composed of eleven individuals (eight males), diagnosed with Developmental Dyslexia, aged 09-11 years. All participants underwent a Speech-language Pathology Program in Reading Comprehension and Orthography comprising 16 individual weekly sessions. In each session, tasks of reading comprehension of texts and orthography were developed...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790416/interpretation-bias-and-social-anxiety-does-interpretation-bias-mediate-the-relationship-between-trait-social-anxiety-and-state-anxiety-responses
#9
Junwen Chen, Kirby Milne, Janet Dayman, Eva Kemps
Two studies aimed to examine whether high socially anxious individuals are more likely to negatively interpret ambiguous social scenarios and facial expressions compared to low socially anxious individuals. We also examined whether interpretation bias serves as a mediator of the relationship between trait social anxiety and state anxiety responses, in particular current state anxiety, bodily sensations, and perceived probability and cost of negative evaluation pertaining to a speech task. Study 1 used ambiguous social scenarios and Study 2 used ambiguous facial expressions as stimuli to objectively assess interpretation bias...
May 23, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790394/speech-and-language-pathologists-perceptions-and-practises-of-communication-partner-training-to-support-children-s-communication-with-high-tech-speech-generating-devices
#10
Helena Tegler, Mia Pless, Monica Blom Johansson, Karin Sonnander
PURPOSE: This study examined speech and language pathologists' (SLPs') perceptions and practices of communication partner training with high-tech speech generating devices (SGDs). METHOD: Fifteen SLPs were recruited throughout Sweden. The SLPs answered a study-specific questionnaire on communication partner training in relation to communication partners to children with severe cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. The results were analysed with descriptive statistics (closed-ended questions, responses on Likert scales) and content analysis (open-ended question) using ICF-CY...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790248/diagnosis-and-management-of-conductive-hearing-loss-in-children-with-trisomy-21
#11
Robbie Stewart, Donna Gallagher, Peter Leyden
AIM: The objective of this study is to review the prevalence and degree of hearing loss in children with trisomy 21, their response to intervention and the presence of concomitant pathologies. The project will also highlight the experiences of the children from their parents' and guardians' perspective and the link between perceived service quality and an objective improvement in their hearing after rehabilitation. METHODS: All patients with trisomy 21 who were referred to district general otolaryngology outpatient clinics between 2014 and 2016 were included...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#12
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790195/a-licence-to-drive-neurological-illness-loss-and-disruption
#13
Melissa Stepney, Susan Kirkpatrick, Louise Locock, Suman Prinjha, Sara Ryan
The sense of freedom and independence that being able to drive generates may be taken for granted by many until it is threatened by illness. Drawing on the 'mobility turn' in social sciences that emphasises the social and emotional significance of the car (Sheller and Urry , ), this article presents secondary analysis of narratives of driving and its significance across four neurological conditions (epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, transient ischaemic attack and motor neurone disease). Taking an interactionist approach we explore how the withdrawal of a driving licence can represent not just a practical and emotional loss of independence, but also loss of enjoyment; of a sense and feeling of 'normal' adulthood and social participation; and of an identity (in some cases gendered) of strength and power...
May 22, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790122/talking-points-a-modulating-circle-reduces-listening-effort-without-improving-speech-recognition
#14
Julia F Strand, Violet A Brown, Dennis L Barbour
Speech recognition is improved when the acoustic input is accompanied by visual cues provided by a talking face (Erber in Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 12(2), 423-425 1969; Sumby & Pollack in The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 26(2), 212-215, 1954). One way that the visual signal facilitates speech recognition is by providing the listener with information about fine phonetic detail that complements information from the auditory signal. However, given that degraded face stimuli can still improve speech recognition accuracy (Munhall et al...
May 22, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789378/subthalamic-nucleus-neurons-differentially-encode-early-and-late-aspects-of-speech-production
#15
W J Lipski, A Alhourani, T Pirnia, P W Jones, C Dastolfo-Hromack, L B Helou, D J Crammond, S Shaiman, M W Dickey, L L Holt, R S Turner, J A Fiez, R M Richardson
Basal ganglia-thalamocortical loops mediate all motor behavior, yet little detail is known about the role of basal ganglia nuclei in speech production. Using intracranial recording during deep brain stimulation surgery in humans with Parkinson's disease, we tested the hypothesis that the firing rate of subthalamic nucleus neurons is modulated in sync with motor execution aspects of speech. Nearly half of seventy-nine unit recordings exhibited firing rate modulation, during a syllable reading task across twelve subjects (male and female)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789371/identification-of-new-risk-factors-for-rolandic-epilepsy-cnv-at-xp22-31-and-alterations-at-cholinergic-synapses
#16
Laura Addis, William Sproviero, Sanjeev V Thomas, Roberto H Caraballo, Stephen J Newhouse, Kumudini Gomez, Elaine Hughes, Maria Kinali, David McCormick, Siobhan Hannan, Silvia Cossu, Jacqueline Taylor, Cigdem I Akman, Steven M Wolf, David E Mandelbaum, Rajesh Gupta, Rick A van der Spek, Dario Pruna, Deb K Pal
BACKGROUND: Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is the most common genetic childhood epilepsy, consisting of focal, nocturnal seizures and frequent neurodevelopmental impairments in speech, language, literacy and attention. A complex genetic aetiology is presumed in most, with monogenic mutations in GRIN2A accounting for >5% of cases. OBJECTIVE: To identify rare, causal CNV in patients with RE. METHODS: We used high-density SNP arrays to analyse the presence of rare CNVs in 186 patients with RE from the UK, the USA, Sardinia, Argentina and Kerala, India...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789192/-educational-and-information-needs-of-patients-under-vitamin-k-antagonist-therapy
#17
K Ben Jeddou, F Ben M'Barka, I Boukhris, H Arfaoui, H Baccar, N Khalfalah, Z Ouhachi
BACKGROUND: Adverse events related to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) represent a major public health problem. Informative tools and educative program contributes to the reduction of iatrogenic risk. The purpose of our study is to assess representations and information needs of patients under VKA therapy in order to develop a suitable therapeutic education program. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted among both long term VKA therapy patient and patients initiating VKA...
May 19, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788772/conceptualising-dose-in-paediatric-language-interventions-current-findings-and-future-directions
#18
Laura M Justice
Dose is a particularly important element of treatment for speech and language disorders, yet relatively little is known concerning how best to operationalise dose in clinical settings. This keynote provides an overview of dose as a theoretical and empirical concept and discusses recent findings that question whether "more is better" when treating children with language disorders. Given recent evidence showing that spaced treatments may result in optimal gains for children, I argue that low-frequency therapy sessions can be especially beneficial for children with language disorders when they are highly productive, providing children with high levels of dose...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788334/microsurgical-resection-of-ruptured-large-left-temporo-occipital-arteriovenous-malformation-3-dimensional-operative-video
#19
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Laligam N Sekhar
A 59-yr-old man presented with intraventricular hemorrhage and was found to have a large temporo-occipital arteriovenous malformation (AVM), Spetzler-Martin grade 4. The preoperative intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA) showed the AVM was 4 × 4 cm2, had superficial and deep venous drainage, and was fed by multiple branches of the posterior cerebral artery and middle cerebral artery. Preoperative embolization was done in 4 stages. He underwent a left temporo-occipital craniotomy, mastoidectomy, and retrosigmoid craniotomy with a posterior temporal approach...
May 18, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788144/prior-knowledge-guides-speech-segregation-in-human-auditory-cortex
#20
Yuanye Wang, Jianfeng Zhang, Jiajie Zou, Huan Luo, Nai Ding
Segregating concurrent sound streams is a computationally challenging task that requires integrating bottom-up acoustic cues (e.g. pitch) and top-down prior knowledge about sound streams. In a multi-talker environment, the brain can segregate different speakers in about 100 ms in auditory cortex. Here, we used magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings to investigate the temporal and spatial signature of how the brain utilizes prior knowledge to segregate 2 speech streams from the same speaker, which can hardly be separated based on bottom-up acoustic cues...
May 18, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
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