Read by QxMD icon Read

nursing ethics; palliative care; hospice care

Katsiaryna Laryionava, Katja Mehlis, Elena Bierwirth, Friederike Mumm, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Pia Heußner, Eva C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced cancer receive chemotherapy close to death and are referred too late to palliative or hospice care, and therefore die under therapy or in intensive care units. Oncologists still have difficulties in involving patients appropriately in decisions about limiting tumor-specific or life-prolonging treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this Ethics Policy for Advanced Care Planning and Limiting Treatment Study is to develop an ethical guideline for end-of-life decisions and to evaluate the impact of this guideline on clinical practice regarding the following target goals: reduction of decisional conflicts, improvement of documentation transparency and traceability, reduction of distress of the caregiver team, and better knowledge and consideration of patients' preferences...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Tabitha Thomas, Gemma Clarke, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Discharge from inpatient palliative care units to long-term care can be challenging. In the United Kingdom, hospice inpatients move to a care home if they no longer require specialist palliative care and cannot be discharged home. There is evidence to suggest that patients and families find the prospect of such a move distressing. AIM: To investigate the issues that arise when patients are transferred from hospice to care home at the end of life, from the perspective of the hospice multidisciplinary team...
April 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
David Kenneth Wright, Susan Brajtman, Mary Ellen Macdonald
Delirium, a common syndrome in terminally ill people, presents specific challenges to a good death in end-of-life care. This paper examines the relational engagement between hospice nurses and their patients in a context of end-of-life delirium. Ethnographic fieldwork spanning 15 months was conducted at a freestanding residential hospice in eastern Canada. A shared value system was apparent within the nursing community of hospice; patients' comfort and dignity were deemed most at stake and therefore commanded nurses' primary attention...
March 24, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
Catherine Gonthier, Sylvie Pelletier, Pierre Gagnon, Ana Marin, Jocelyne Chiquette, Bruno Gagnon, Louis Roy, Jude Emmanuel Cléophat, Yann Joly, Michel Dorval
Addressing the concerns of end-of-life patients or their relatives about their family history of cancer could benefit patients and family members. Little is known about how palliative care providers respond to these concerns. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess palliative care providers' knowledge about familial and hereditary cancers and explore their exposure to patients' and relatives' concerns about their family history of cancer, and their self-perceived ability to deal with such concerns. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Quebec City (Canada) catchment area among palliative care professionals...
April 2018: Familial Cancer
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Kay De Vries, Marek Plaskota
OBJECTIVE: Palliative sedation is a method of symptom management frequently used in hospices to treat uncontrolled symptoms at the end of life. There is a substantial body of literature on this subject; however, there has been little research into the experiences of hospice nurses when administering palliative sedation in an attempt to manage the terminal restlessness experienced by cancer patients. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of seven hospice nurses who had cared for at least one patient who had undergone palliative sedation within the past year in a hospice in the south of England in the United Kingdom...
April 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
Maryam Aghabarary, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite their negative consequences, evidence shows that futile medical treatments are still being provided, particularly to terminally ill patients. Uncovering the reasons behind providing such treatments in different religious and sociocultural contexts can create a better understanding of medical futility and help manage it effectively. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to explore Iranian nurses' and physicians' perceptions of the reasons behind providing futile medical treatments...
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
Hui-Ju Chang, Li-Ling Hsu, Suh-Ing Hsieh, Tsung-Lan Chu, Wen-Pin Yu
BACKGROUND: Nurses play pivotal roles on palliative care teams and are able to spend more time with patients and their families than are other healthcare professionals. As a consequence, assessing the needs for palliative care education in connection with in-service classes for nurses is clearly extremely important and can help in the planning of appropriate palliative care classes to enhance the quality of care. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to investigate the content needs of nurses with regard to a palliative care in-service education program and to perform exploratory factor analysis on those needs...
May 2016: Cancer Nursing
Sydney Morss Dy, Kasey B Kiley, Katherine Ast, Dale Lupu, Sally A Norton, Susan C McMillan, Keela Herr, Joseph D Rotella, David J Casarett
CONTEXT: Measuring quality of hospice and palliative care is critical for evaluating and improving care, but no standard U.S. quality indicator set exists. OBJECTIVES: The Measuring What Matters (MWM) project aimed to recommend a concise portfolio of valid, clinically relevant, cross-cutting indicators for internal measurement of hospice and palliative care. METHODS: The MWM process was a sequential consensus project of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM) and Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association (HPNA)...
April 2015: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Alfredo Pompili, Stefano Telera, Veronica Villani, Andrea Pace
OBJECT: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a rare tumor whose prognosis has remained poor over the years despite innovative radio- and chemotherapies, and important technical advances in neurosurgery such as intraoperative imaging, fluorescence, Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator, and neuronavigation. Particular attention has been dedicated in the last years to the end of life (EOL) period in cancer patients for both ethical and socioeconomic issues. Good palliative care at home avoids improper and expensive hospitalizations, and helps and trains families, caregivers, and patients in facing a difficult situation...
December 2014: Neurosurgical Focus
Lianne Longo, Serena Slater
Being diagnosed with a metastatic brain tumour can be devastating as it is characterized by very low cure rates, as well as significant morbidity and mortality. Given the poor life expectancy and progressive disability that ensues, patients and family members experience much turmoil, which includes losses that bring about changes to family roles, routines and relationships. Crisis and conflict are common during such major disruptions to a family system, as individual members attempt to make sense of the illness experience based on cultural and spiritual beliefs, past experiences and personal philosophies...
2014: Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing
K Laryionava, P Heußner, W Hiddemann, E C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced cancer receive aggressive chemotherapy close to death and are referred too late to palliative or hospice care. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate oncologists' and oncology nurses' perceptions of the optimal timing for discussions about forgoing cancer-specific therapy at the End-of-Life (EOL) and the reasons that might hinder them. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews with oncologists and oncology nurses were carried out...
March 2015: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Helen Smith
Caring for a dying child and the family is one of the greatest nursing challenges. The way in which care is delivered will shape the experience they are about to face. Hope plays a crucial role in helping people cope, and healthcare professionals can foster appropriate hopes ethically, while maintaining open and honest communication. If palliative care is discussed with clients and families from the time of diagnosis, they can face realistic decisions better and not feel that they are 'giving up'. They need to know that everything possible is being done to improve the quality of the time left to them...
June 2014: Nursing Children and Young People
Lauren Gurschick, Deborah K Mayer, Laura C Hanson
PURPOSE: To describe the suggested clinical practice of palliative sedation as it is presented in the literature and discuss available guidelines for its use. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for publications since 1997 for recommended guidelines and position statements on palliative sedation as well as data on its provision. Keywords included palliative sedation, terminal sedation, guidelines, United States, and end of life. Inclusion criteria were palliative sedation policies, frameworks, guidelines, or discussion of its practice, general or oncology patient population, performance of the intervention in an inpatient unit, for humans, and in English...
September 2015: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Helene Eriksson, Gisela Andersson, Louise Olsson, Anna Milberg, Maria Friedrichsen
In Sweden, individuals affected by severe stroke are treated in specialized stroke units. In these units, patients are attended by a multiprofessional team with a focus on care in the acute phase of stroke, rehabilitation phase, and palliative phase. Caring for patients with such a large variety in condition and symptoms might be an extra challenge for the team. Today, there is a lack of knowledge in team experiences of the dilemmas that appear and the consequences that emerge. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to study ethical dilemmas, different approaches, and what consequences they had among healthcare professionals working with the dying patients with stroke in acute stroke units...
June 2014: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Harleah G Buck, Beth Fahlberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Nursing
Judith L Hold, Elizabeth N Ward, Barbara J Blake
Nursing education faces several challenges in providing quality and meaningful education. Providing such an education is most important in teaching end-of-life care, as nurses are pivotal in helping patients to achieve a good death. A good death is often based on physical comfort, preparation for death, and completion of social and emotional tasks. Many obstacles hinder a patient's wishes about dying, including how nurses perceive their role in end-of-life care situations and knowing how to intervene on behalf of the patient...
February 2014: Journal of Nursing Education
Aasif A Kazi, W Jeffrey Flowers, Jeanna M Barrett, Ashli K O'Rourke, Gregory N Postma, Paul M Weinberger
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To improve understanding of aspects of end-of-life care that may not be intuitive to the otolaryngology community. DATA SOURCES AND REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed by searching Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar databases. Primary manuscripts' bibliographies were reviewed to identify any nonindexed references. Prospective consultation by means of one-on-one interviews was sought from nonotolaryngology key stakeholders in the areas of hospice nursing care and patient advocacy in order to identify pertinent issues...
July 2014: Laryngoscope
Siri Andreassen Devik, Ingela Enmarker, Ove Hellzen
Registered nurses (RNs) working in homecare encounter severely ill and palliative patients whose expressions may cause ethical challenges and influence their daily work. The aim of this qualitative study was to illuminate and interpret the meaning of nurses' lived experiences when meeting these patients. Narrative interviews were conducted with 10 RNs working in home nursing care. These interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim to a text and interpreted by a phenomenological-hermeneutic method inspired by Ricoeur...
October 17, 2013: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Jamilla Hussain, Debi Adams, Colin Campbell
BACKGROUND: People with advanced neurological conditions (ANCs) face complex problems and needs that are often unrecognised and undertreated.Their last year of life may be characterised by unplanned hospital admissions and an unexpected death. A National End-of-Life Care Programme (NEoLCP) 2010 framework made recommendations to aid timely and appropriate end-of-life care for people with ANCs. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of key outcomes of a UK nurse-led palliative neurology service against the NEoLCP standards...
April 2013: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"