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Posterior pharyngitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896418/effects-of-two-different-removable-functional-appliances-on-depth-of-the-posterior-airway-space-a-retrospective-cephalometric-study
#1
Jan Hourfar, Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger, Luisa Katharina Meißner, Jörg Alexander Lisson
OBJECTIVES: Aim of the study was the comparison of treatment effects upon pharyngeal depth in patients treated with either (1) S-II-appliance or (2) Activator. METHODS: Pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms of 73 patients were analyzed using a customized set of measurements. According to predefined criteria, patients were either treated with S-II-appliance or Activator. Pharyngeal depth was assessed from cranial to caudal at six levels (P1 to P6). Paired t tests were used for intragroup and t tests for independent samples for intergroup comparisons...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888641/carotid-artery-and-lower-cranial-nerve-exposure-with-increasing-surgical-complexity-to-the-parapharyngeal-space
#2
Ana M Lemos-Rodriguez, Satyan B Sreenath, Rounak B Rawal, Lewis J Overton, Zainab Farzal, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the extent of carotid artery exposure attained, including the identification of the external carotid branches and lower cranial nerves in five sequential external approaches to the parapharyngeal space, and to provide an anatomical algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical study. METHODS: Six latex-injected adult cadaver heads were dissected in five consecutive approaches: transcervical approach with submandibular gland removal, posterior extension of the transcervical approach, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, parotidectomy with lateral mandibulotomy, and parotidectomy with mandibulectomy...
November 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883209/tongue-to-palate-resistance-training-improves-tongue-strength-and-oropharyngeal-swallowing-function-in-subacute-stroke-survivors-withdysphagia
#3
H D Kim, J B Choi, S J Yoo, M Y Chang, S W Lee, J S Park
Tongue function can affect both the oral and pharyngeal stages of the swallowing process, and proper tongue strength are vital for safe oropharyngeal swallowing. This trial investigated the effect of tongue to palate resistance training (TPRT) on tongue strength and oropharyngeal swallowing function in stroke with dysphagia patients. This trial was performed using a 4-week, 2-group, pre-post design. Participants were allocated to the experimental group (n=18) or the control group (n=17). The experimental group was performed TPRT for 4 wks/, 5 day/wk) and traditional dysphagia therapy, whereas the control group performed traditional dysphagia therapy on the same schedule...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862174/application-of-a-barometer-for-assessment-of-oral-functions-donders-space
#4
K Hiraki, Y Yamada, M Kurose, W Ofusa, T Sugiyama, R Ishida
We developed a barometer applicable to a small space, to assess oral and pharyngeal functions. Negative oral pressure during rest and pressure changes during swallowing were measured in a space between the palate and tongue (STP). Twenty volunteers were asked to sit in a chair in a relaxed upright position. A sensor was placed on the posterior midline of hard palate. Recording commenced just before subjects closed their lips and continued. Subjects were asked to swallow saliva and keep the apposition. Finally, subjects were asked to open their mouth...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830322/configuration-of-the-extrinsic-muscles-of-the-tongue-and-their-spatial-interrelationships
#5
Yujiro Sakamoto
PURPOSE: The tongue is a highly muscular organ, and the extrinsic muscles of the tongue overlap one another, which makes their configuration intricate. The aim was to clarify their spatial interrelationships. METHODS: The extrinsic muscles of the tongue were gross anatomically investigated in 42 cadavers. RESULTS: The hyoglossus consisted of two parts arising from the hyoid body and the greater horn, respectively. They ascended to the tongue external to the genioglossus...
November 9, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811731/two-new-species-and-new-records-of-the-genus-paraopisthosyllis-hartmann-schr%C3%A3-der-1991-annelida-syllidae-from-northeastern-brazil-and-philippine-islands
#6
Karla Paresque, Guillermo San Martín, Patricia Álvarez-Campos, João Miguel De Matos Nogueira, Marcelo Veronesi Fukuda
Two new species of Paraopisthosyllis are described herein, P. correiae sp. nov. (State of Pernambuco, NE Brazil) and P. kuluguhin sp. nov. (Philippines). Paraopisthosyllis correiae sp. nov. represents the first record for the genus in Brazilian waters and it is also the second species known to occur outside the Pacific Ocean. This species is characterized by having a marked color pattern, with a transverse red stripe between dorsal cirri on each segment and an inverted V anteriorly and a V posteriorly on some segments, small papillae on body, large, distinct papillae on dorsal cirri, compound chaetae with elongated, bidentate blades, shafts with moderate subdistal serration on margin, pharyngeal tooth located on anterior third of pharynx, near the pharyngeal opening, and reproduction by schizogamy...
October 20, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793330/otorhinolaryngology-manifestations-secondary-to-oral-sex
#7
Claudia Fernández-López, Carmelo Morales-Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Over the last few years, oral and pharyngeal signs and symptoms due to oral sex have increased significantly. However, no review articles related to this subject have been found in the medical literature. The objective of our study was to identify otorhinolaryngological manifestations associated with orogenital/oroanal contact, both in adults and children, in the context of consensual sex or sexual abuse. METHODS: We performed a review of the medical literature on otorhinolaryngological pathology associated with oral sex published in the last 20 years in the PubMed database...
October 25, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790589/the-soft-palate-friendly-speech-bulb-for-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#8
Sukhdeep Singh Kahlon, Monaliza Kahlon, Shilpa Gupta, Parvinder Singh Dhingra
Velopharyngeal insufficiency is an anatomic defect of the soft palate making palatopharyngeal sphincter incomplete. It is an important concern to address in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate. Speech aid prosthesis or speech bulbs are best choice in cases where surgically repaired soft palate is too short to contact pharyngeal walls during function but these prosthesis have been associated with inadequate marginal closure, ulcerations and patient discomfort. Here is a case report of untreated bilateral cleft lip and palate associated with palatal insufficiency treated by means of palate friendly innovative speech bulb...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787538/injection-pharyngoplasty-with-autologous-fat-as-treatment-for-stress-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-brass-and-woodwind-musicians
#9
Mausumi N Syamal, Paul C Bryson
Importance: Stress velopharyngeal insufficiency (SVPI) is an uncommon but often career-threatening condition affecting professional brass and woodwind musicians. Objectives: To review the evaluation of and treatment for SVPI in professional musicians with lipoinjection to the posterior pharyngeal wall. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective medical record and literature review. Two professional musicians with SVPI treated with autologous lipoinjection to the posterior pharyngeal wall were included...
October 27, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783427/a-european-multicenter-study-evaluating-the-flex-robotic-system-in-transoral-robotic-surgery
#10
Stephan Lang, Stefan Mattheis, Pia Hasskamp, Georges Lawson, Christian Güldner, Magis Mandapathil, Patrick Schuler, Thomas Hoffmann, Marc Scheithauer, Marc Remacle
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the application of the Flex Robotic System in transoral robotic surgery (TORS). STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-armed clinical study. METHODS: A prospective clinical follow-up multicenter study was performed from July 2014 to October 2015 assessing the safety and efficacy of the Medrobotics Flex Robotic System for access and visualization of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx as well as for resection of benign and malignant lesions...
October 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765986/first-report-of-the-spiral-nematode-rotylenchus-incultus-nematoda-hoplolaimidae-from-cultivated-olive-in-tunisia-with-additional-molecular-data-on-rotylenchus-eximius
#11
Ilhem Guesmi-Mzoughi, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Hajer Regaieg, Najet Horrigue-Raouani, Juan E Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo
Spiral nematode species of the genus Rotylenchus have been reported on olive (Olea europaea L.) in several Mediterranean countries (Castillo et al., 2010; Ali et al., 2014). Nematological surveys for plant-parasitic nematodes on olive trees were carried out in Tunisia between 2013 and 2014, and two nematode species of Rotylenchus were collected from the rhizosphere of olive cv. Chemlali in several localities of Tunisia (Tables 1,2 [Table: see text] [Table: see text] ). Twenty-two soil samples of 3 to 4 kg were collected with a shovel from the upper 50 cm of soil from arbitrarily chosen olive trees...
September 2016: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737903/localization-of-planarian-%C3%AE-catenin-1-reveals-multiple-roles-during-anterior-posterior-regeneration-and-organogenesis
#12
Miquel Sureda-Gómez, José M Martín-Durán, Teresa Adell
The β-catenin-dependent Wnt pathway exerts multiple context-dependent roles in embryonic and adult tissues. In planarians, β-catenin-1 is thought to specify posterior identities through the generation of an anteroposterior gradient. However, the existence of such a gradient has not been directly demonstrated. Here, we use a specific polyclonal antibody to demonstrate that nuclear β-CATENIN-1 exists as an anteroposterior gradient from the pre-pharyngeal region to the tail of the planarian Schmidtea polychroa High levels in the posterior region steadily decrease towards the pre-pharyngeal region but then increase again in the head region...
November 15, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729138/palatal-eversion-for-the-treatment-of-combined-nasopharyngeal-stenosis-and-tonsillar-pillars-adhesion
#13
Gamal Abdel-Fattah
OBJECTIVE: Rarely the tonsillar pillars and the soft palate became adherent to the posterior nasopharyngeal wall by strong fibrous tissue due to excessive dissection and cauterization during surgery leading to nasopharyngeal stenosis. Therefore, many treatment modalities are being tried to cure this problem. The aim of this study is to explore our results of modifying the basic technique to accommodate those patients with combined nasopharyngeal stenosis and tonsillar pillars adhesions in one stage...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727413/improvement-of-quality-of-speech-in-patients-with-velo-pharyngeal-insufficiency-corrected-using-a-buccinator-myomucosal-flap
#14
D K Dias, P D Fernando, R D Dissanayake
INTRODUCTION: Oro-facial clefts involving the palate is the commonest structural defect causing velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) and poor intelli gibility of speech. Proper repair of the soft palateis a surgical challenge. Posterior-based buccinator myomucosal flap (BMF) is used to lengthen the soft palate of patients who undergo primary palatoplasty at Teaching Hospital, Karapitiya (THK). BMF is a good choice for the repair of medium sized mucosal defects in the oral cavity since it has appropriate thickness, contains mucous membrane with mucous glands and has a rich blood supply...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722010/macrophage-density-in-pharyngeal-and-laryngeal-muscles-greatly-exceeds-that-in-other-striated-muscles-an-immunohistochemical-study-using-elderly-human-cadavers
#15
Sunki Rhee, Masahito Yamamoto, Kei Kitamura, Kasahara Masaaki, Yukio Katori, Gen Murakami, Shin-Ichi Abe
Macrophages play an important role in aging-related muscle atrophy (i.e., sarcopenia). We examined macrophage density in six striated muscles (cricopharyngeus muscle, posterior cricoarytenoideus muscle, genioglossus muscle, masseter muscle, infraspinatus muscle, and external anal sphincter). We examined 14 donated male cadavers and utilized CD68 immunohistochemistry to clarify macrophage density in muscles. The numbers of macrophages per striated muscle fiber in the larynx and pharynx (0.34 and 0.31) were 5-6 times greater than those in the tongue, shoulder, and anus (0...
September 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712815/velopharyngeal-dysfunction-evaluation-and-treatment
#16
Jeremy D Meier, Harlan R Muntz
Velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) can significantly impair a child's quality of life and may have lasting consequences if inadequately treated. This article reviews the work-up and management options for patients with VPD. An accurate perceptual speech analysis, nasometry, and nasal endoscopy are helpful to appropriately evaluate patients with VPD. Treatment options include nonsurgical management with speech therapy or a speech bulb and surgical approaches including double-opposing Z-plasty, sphincter pharyngoplasty, pharyngeal flap, or posterior wall augmentation...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684535/sensory-topography-of-oral-structures
#17
Shethal Bearelly, Steven W Cheung
Importance: Sensory function in the oral cavity and oropharynx is integral to effective deglutition and speech production. The main hurdle to evaluation of tactile consequences of upper aerodigestive tract diseases and treatments is access to a reliable clinical tool. We propose a rapid and reliable procedure to determine tactile thresholds using buckling monofilaments to advance care. Objective: To develop novel sensory testing monofilaments and map tactile thresholds of oral cavity and oropharyngeal structures...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678497/possible-association-between-successful-intubation-via-the-right-nostril-and-anatomical-variations-of-the-nasopharynx-during-nasotracheal-intubation-a-multiplanar-imaging-study
#18
Yoshihiro Takasugi, Koichi Futagawa, Tatsuo Konishi, Daisuke Morimoto, Takahiko Okuda
PURPOSE: Most reported cases of nasopharyngeal laceration following impingement during nasotracheal intubation involved tube insertion via the right nostril. We postulated that recesses on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx might be associated with tube impingement. Using multiplanar imaging and clinical statistics, we evaluated whether anatomical variations in the recesses are related to successful intubation via the right nostril. METHODS: Using multiplanar computed tomography (CT) images of 97 patients, we investigated the locations of recesses relative to the mid-sagittal plane, nasal floor plane and posterior end of the nasal septum, and their shapes...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677802/the-structure-of-the-desiccated-richtersius-coronifer-richters-1903
#19
Michaela Czerneková, K Ingemar Jönsson, Lukasz Chajec, Sebastian Student, Izabela Poprawa
Tun formation is an essential morphological adaptation for entering the anhydrobiotic state in tardigrades, but its internal structure has rarely been investigated. We present the structure and ultrastructure of organs and cells in desiccated Richtersius coronifer by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, confocal microscopy, and histochemical methods. A 3D reconstruction of the body organization of the tun stage is also presented. The tun formation during anhydrobiosis of tardigrades is a process of anterior-posterior body contraction, which relocates some organs such as the pharyngeal bulb...
September 27, 2016: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637277/large-retropharyngeal-abscess-a-case-of-mistaken-identity
#20
N Makaram, R Gohil, Q Gardiner, J Manickavasagam
We report an unusual case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), presenting initially as a retropharyngeal collection. We discuss the investigation, diagnosis and management of NPC and furthermore review the literature of NPC, emphasising the varied presentation. A 44-year-old Caucasian male ex-smoker presented with a 10-day history of a painless left-sided neck lump; progressive dysphagia and unintentional weight loss. Examination demonstrated a large left posterior pharyngeal swelling with soft palatal effacement, confirmed on nasoendoscopy...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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