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ultrasound perioperative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076593/brachial-insertion-of-fully-implantable-venous-catheters-for-chemotherapy-complications-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-35-patients
#1
Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Mariana Krutman, Kenji Nishinari, Guilherme Yazbek, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Guilherme André Zottele Bomfim, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Nelson Wolosker
Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066904/implementing-point-of-care-ultrasonography-of-the-heart-and-lungs-in-an-anesthesia-department
#2
M T Bøtker, M L Vang, T Grøfte, H Kirkegaard, C A Frederiksen, E Sloth
BACKGROUND: Implementation of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) of the heart and lungs requires image acquisition skills among providers. We aimed to determine the effect of POCUS implementation using a systematic education program on image acquisition skills and subsequent use and barriers in a department of anesthesiology. METHODS: Twenty-five anesthesiologists underwent a systematic education program in POCUS during the fall of 2012. A POCUS expert evaluated images from baseline and evaluation examinations performed on two healthy individuals as useful or not useful for clinical interpretation...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051047/evaluation-of-the-use-of-laparoscopic-guided-cholecystocholangiography-and-liver-biopsy-in-definitive-diagnosis-of-neonatal-cholestatic-jaundice
#3
Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
BACKGROUND: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040303/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-residual-sialolith-fragments-after-transoral-approach-of-wharton-s-duct
#4
M Gerni, J M Foletti, C Collet, C Chossegros
Transoral submandibular duct sialolith removal is a simple technique with very few complications. Nevertheless, following this procedure, we have observed long-term calculus recurrence in a number of patients. We therefore elected to evaluate these cases. This was a monocentric prospective study performed between November 2013 and June 2014. All patients received surgery for submandibular gland lithiasis by intraoral removal of submandibular duct calculi. Between the day following the procedure and 3 months postsurgery, these patients systematically underwent an ultrasound examination of the submandibular gland...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030932/usage-of-perioperative-anxiety-neuromarker-for-improving-the-quality-of-life-of-a-patient-operated-on-for-critical-stenosis-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#5
Mariusz Trystuła, Paweł Półrola, Juri Kropotov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find a neuromarker of perioperative anxiety in a patient with critical carotid stenosis through the use of neuromarkers in Quantitative EEG (QEEG) and Event Related Potentials (ERPs). The indirect purpose of the research was evaluation of improvement in the patient's quality of life. CASE STUDY: A 45-year-old woman was admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions at the John Paul II Hospital in Krakow, with the diagnosis of critical internal carotid stenosis (over 80%), confirmed by Doppler Ultrasound and Angio-CT examinations...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029328/when-what-and-why-of-perioperative-treatment-of-potentially-curable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#6
Kimberly Perez, Thomas E Clancy, Joseph D Mancias, Michael H Rosenthal, Brian M Wolpin
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017884/a-new-laser-platform-for-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-does-the-lumenis-pulse-120h-laser-platform-improve-enucleation-efficiency
#7
Karen L Stern, Sean B McAdams, Stephen S Cha, Haidar M Abdul-Muhsin, Mitchell R Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the recently introduced Lumenis Pulse 120H laser platform, which offers a dual-pedal footswitch and preset energy modes to easily switch among laser settings, facilitates a more efficient process in holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS: Patients at a single institution who underwent HoLEP with the new Lumenis Pulse 120H laser platform were matched 1:2 with patients who underwent the procedure with the previously used 100-watt VersaPulse single-pedal laser platform...
December 22, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000182/-current-situation-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rectovaginal-fistula
#8
Hui Peng, Donglin Ren
The treatment of rectovaginal fistula is quite difficult. It is a formidable challenge for anorectal surgeons to successfully perform operations for rectovaginal fistulas, since both recurrence rate and incontinence rate are high. This commentary elucidates certain questions during the treatment course of rectovaginal fistula through reviewing relevant literature and our clinical practice, including the overall evaluation of the preoperative rectovaginal fistula, the choice of suitable operation timing, reasonable choice of operational procedure and standard perioperative management...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987609/endovascular-management-of-chronic-total-occlusions-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-and-iliac-veins
#9
Erin H Murphy, Blake Johns, Elliot Varney, Seshadri Raju
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous recanalization and stenting is currently the standard of care for symptomatic chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the iliofemoral veins. CTO lesions involving the inferior vena cava (IVC) present a more complex patient subset. In this series we describe our single-center experience with endovascular recanalization of symptomatic occlusions of the IVC. METHODS: Patients were evaluated with duplex ultrasound imaging, venous function tests, and venography before intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965838/immediate-tumor-resection-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-with-nonresponse-to-chemotherapy-after-4%C3%A2-weeks-of-treatment-versus-resection-after-completion-of-chemotherapy-optitreat-trial-drks00004668-study-protocol-for-a-randomized
#10
Susanne Blank, Phillip Knebel, Georg-Martin Haag, Thomas Bruckner, Ulla Klaiber, Maria Burian, Anja Schaible, Leila Sisic, Thomas Schmidt, Markus K Diener, Katja Ott
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a standard of care for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and stomach in Europe, but still only 20-40 % respond to therapy and the critical issue; how to treat nonresponding patients is still unclear. So far, there is no randomized trial evaluating the impact of early termination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and immediate tumor resection in nonresponding patients with locally advanced gastroesophageal cancer on postoperative outcome. With this exploratory pilot trial, we want to get first estimates about the effect of discontinuation of chemotherapy with the aim to plan and conduct a further definitive trial...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957515/ultrasound-skill-and-application-of-knowledge-assessment-using-an-innovative-osce-competition-based-simulation-approach
#11
Annette Rebel, Habib Srour, Amy DiLorenzo, Dung Nguyen, Shelly Ferrell, Sanjay Dwarakanatli, Emily Haas, Randall M Schell
BACKGROUND: Despite Point-of Care Ultrasound (PoC US) rapidly becoming an important tool in perioperative medicine structured education, PoC US is currently rarely integrated into the anesthesiology residency curriculum. The aim of this project was to assess the current ultrasound skills of anesthesiology residents at one institution and evaluate the needs for development of a formal ultrasound curriculum. METHODS: A event containing 6 different OSCE PoC US stations was developed with following stations: vascular, peripheral nerve block, lung ultrasound, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) human model, pathologic TTE (simulator), and inferior vena cava (IVC) evaluation (simulator)...
July 2016: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907878/ultrasound-in-cardiac-trauma
#12
Theodosios Saranteas, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Christina Mandila, John Poularas, Fotios Panou
In the perioperative period, the emergency department or the intensive care unit accurate assessment of variable chest pain requires meticulous knowledge, diagnostic skills, and suitable usage of various diagnostic modalities. In addition, in polytrauma patients, cardiac injury including aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and pericardial effusion should be immediately revealed and treated. In these patients, arrhythmias, mainly tachycardia, cardiac murmurs, or hypotension must alert physicians to suspect cardiovascular trauma, which would potentially be life threatening...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890493/higher-number-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-cores-is-associated-with-higher-blood-loss-and-perioperative-complications-in-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#13
A Carneiro, A Sivaraman, R Sanchez-Salas, I Nunes-Silva, M Baghdadi, V Srougi, E di Trapani, F Uriburu Pizzaro, S Doizi, E Barret, F Rozet, M Galiano, X Cathelineau
INTRODUCTION: The local inflammatory process after prostate biopsies can have a negative impact on functional outcomes of radical prostatectomy. There is no evidence in literature demonstrating its impact on radical prostatectomy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the number of TRUS core biopsies in the surgical morbidity and rate of positive margin on robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of 2,054 RARPs in a single institution...
November 24, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881037/a-novel-gel-pad-laryngeal-ultrasound-for-vocal-cord-evaluation
#14
Jung-Woo Woo, Seo Ki Kim, Inhye Park, Jun Ho Choe, Jung-Han Kim, Jee Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal ultrasound (LUS) is a new method for vocal cord evaluation in patients with risk of vocal cord palsy (VCP). However, the previously described LUS reportedly had a high failure rate of vocal cord visualization in male patients. A novel gel pad LUS was devised to overcome the limitations of the previous method. METHODS: A total of 482 (100 male) consecutive LUS and direct laryngoscopy examinations were performed in thyroidectomy and other neck surgery patients...
January 4, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872530/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-indian-cancer-patients-undergoing-major-thoracic-and-abdomino-pelvic-surgery
#15
Ashish Jakhetiya, Nootan Kumar Shukla, S V Suryanarayana Deo, Pankaj Kumar Garg, Sanjay Thulkar
The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in Indian patients undergoing surgery for thoracic and abdomino-pelvic malignancies. A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care cancer centre in North India. Two hundred and fifty consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for thoracic and abdomino-pelvic malignancies during the period March 2014 to March 2015 were enrolled in the study. Perioperative pharmacological antithrombotic prophylaxis was not prescribed to any of the patient as per the institutional protocol...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871685/comparison-of-ultrasound-frequency-in-laryngeal-ultrasound-for-vocal-cord-evaluation
#16
Jung-Woo Woo, Inhye Park, Jun Ho Choe, Jung-Han Kim, Jee Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal ultrasound is a new method of vocal cord evaluation in patients at risk for vocal cord palsy. However, the previously described laryngeal ultrasound reportedly has a high failure rate of vocal cord visualization in male patients. We compared 2 ultrasound frequencies in laryngeal ultrasound to improve on the limitations of this method. METHOD: A total of 301 (55 male, 246 female) consecutive laryngeal ultrasound and direct laryngoscopy exams were performed for patients with thyroidectomy and other neck operations...
November 18, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871558/combipecs-the-single-injection-technique-of-pectoral-nerve-blocks-1-and-2-a-case-series
#17
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta, Suparna Mitra
Ultrasound-guided Pecs block can provide perioperative analgesia for breast surgery. A single-injection technique (COMBIPECS) combines both Pecs 1 and Pecs 2 blocks in a single needle pass. This technique saves time and is equally effective as the modified Pecs block which uses 2 needle passes. We present a case series of 21 patients who received the COMBIPECS block as a part of multimodal analgesia for breast cancer surgery. The block was administered before the surgery after induction of general anesthesia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861392/endovascular-stenting-for-extracranial-carotid-artery-aneurysms-experiences-and-mid-term-results
#18
Leng Ni, Zuo Pu, Rong Zeng, Rui Zhang, Yue-Hong Zheng, Wei Ye, Chang-Wei Liu
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of endovascular stenting for extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECAAs) and evaluate the mid-term outcomes.Twelve consecutive symptomatic patients (mean age 43.8 ± 14.9 years; 8 men) with ECAAs who were treated with endovascular stenting between 1997 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical follow-up data including symptoms and neurological events were obtained from outpatient records. Imaging follow-up with duplex ultrasound and/or computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was performed to examine the aneurysm obliteration and patency of the stents at 3, 6, 12 months and yearly thereafter...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861176/low-cardiac-output-after-orthotopic-heart-transplant-secondary-to-large-inferior-vena-cava-thrombus-after-prothrombin-complex
#19
Kimberly Ann Pollock, Zeb McMillan, Gert Diederick Pretorius, Brett Cronin
Low cardiac output after orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) may be attributed to inadequate preload, vasodilation, and/or reduced inotropy. Inadequate preload because of an inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus is a rare cause of low cardiac output and not frequently described in the literature. Although the use of prothrombin complex (PCC) has been associated with thrombus formation, its contribution to life-threatening IVC thrombosis has yet to be described. This case report describes the use of perioperative ultrasound in the diagnosis and management of a low cardiac output state induced by an IVC thrombus in an OHT recipient who received PCC...
November 17, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859801/a-prospective-evaluation-of-ultrasound-accuracy-in-the-prediction-of-rectosigmoid-infiltration-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#20
M Zikan, D Fischerova, I Semeradova, J Slama, P Dundr, V Weinberger, L Dusek, D Cibula
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the accuracy of ultrasound in predicting the rectosigmoid tumor infiltration in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients referred for suspicious pelvic mass underwent ultrasound examination within the standard protocol for the assessment of tumor infiltration. We prospectively examined 245 patients in total and included 191 patients with proven ovarian cancer who underwent primary surgery into analysis...
November 18, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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