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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546040/early-carotid-endarterectomy-provides-a-better-neurological-outcome-in-symptomatic-patients-a-single-center-experience
#1
Gianfranco Varetto, Lorenzo Gibello, Francesca Sperti, Alessandra Trevisan, Edoardo Frola, Paolo Garneri, Pietro Rispoli
INTRODUCTION: Many studies confirmed the role of early carotid endarterectomy to prevent recurrent stroke or transient ischemic attack however the mid-long term neurological benefit is still not completely investigated. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the role of early carotid endarterectomy on the peri and post-operative stroke/death complications of patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis Material and methods: ninety consecutive patients were referred to our center for a symptomatic carotid stenosis...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537977/perioperative-use-of-focused-transthoracic-cardiac-ultrasound-a-survey-of-current-practice-and-opinion
#2
Frederick Conlin, Neil R Connelly, Michael P Eaton, Patrick J Broderick, Jennifer Friderici, Adam C Adler
BACKGROUND: The advent of portable ultrasound machines in recent years has led to greater availability of focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) in the perioperative and critical care setting. To our knowledge, its use in the perioperative setting among anesthesiologists remains undefined. We sought to assess the use of FoCUS by members of the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) in clinical practice, to identify variations in its application, to outline limits to its use, and to understand the level of training of physicians using this technology...
May 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528189/long-term-follow-up-after-near-infrared-fluorescence-guided-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-retrospective-multicenter-analysis
#3
H J M Handgraaf, L S F Boogerd, D J Höppener, A Peloso, B G Sibinga Mulder, C E S Hoogstins, H H Hartgrink, C J H van de Velde, J S D Mieog, R J Swijnenburg, H Putter, M Maestri, A E Braat, J V Frangioni, A L Vahrmeijer
BACKGROUND: Several studies demonstrated that intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) identifies (sub)capsular colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) missed by other techniques. It is unclear if this results in any survival benefit. This study evaluates long-term follow-up after NIRF-guided resection of CRLM using ICG. METHODS: First, patients undergoing resection of CRLM with or without NIRF imaging were analyzed retrospectively...
May 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527929/new-predictors-of-complications-in-carotid-body-tumor-resection
#4
Gloria Y Kim, Peter F Lawrence, Rameen S Moridzadeh, Kate Zimmerman, Alberto Munoz, Kuauhyama Luna-Ortiz, Gustavo S Oderich, Juan de Francisco, Jorge Ospina, Santiago Huertas, Leonardo R de Souza, Thomas C Bower, Steven Farley, Hugh A Gelabert, Marcus R Kret, E John Harris, Giovanni De Caridi, Francesco Spinelli, Matthew R Smeds, Christos D Liapis, John Kakisis, Anastasios P Papapetrou, Eike S Debus, Christian-A Behrendt, Edgar Kleinspehn, Joshua D Horton, Firas F Mussa, Stephen W K Cheng, Mark D Morasch, Khurram Rasheed, Matthew E Bennett, Jean Bismuth, Alan B Lumsden, Christopher J Abularrage, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between two new variables, tumor distance to base of skull (DTBOS) and tumor volume, with complications of carotid body tumor (CBT) resection, including bleeding and cranial nerve injury. METHODS: Patients who underwent CBT resection between 2004 and 2014 were studied using a standardized, multi-institutional database. Demographic, perioperative, and outcomes data were collected. CBT measurements were determined from computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound examination...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524032/-preoperative-risk-factors-analysis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-crisis-during-perioperative-period-for-caesarean-section-of-woman-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#5
Chunlei Zhang, Yaguang Liu, Enming Qing, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze preoperative risk factors of perioperative pulmonary hypertension crisis (PHC) for pregnant woman with severe pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), and approach its clinical value. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The clinical data from 152 pregnant women with severe PAH underwent cesarean delivery admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2016 was collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to with perioperative PHC or not...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523061/duel-stage-treatment-for-biliary-cysts-with-cholangitis-during-pregnancy
#6
Baoxing Jia, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511226/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-follow-up-of%C3%A2-endoleaks-after-endovascular-aortic-repair-evar
#8
Johannes Rübenthaler, Hanna Zimmermann, Marco Armbruster, Katharina Müller-Peltzer, Florian Bogner, Maximilian Reiser, Dirk-André Clevert
Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has become established in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms and shows potential benefits such as a low perioperative morbidity and a short hospitalization duration. The follow-up after EVAR primarily consists of lifelong postinterventional imaging of the aneurysm size in order to detect complications such as endoleaks or stent dislocation. Computed tomography angiography, an imaging modality that uses ionizing radiation and that relies on a contrast medium which is dependent on thyroid and renal function, is widely used for follow-up...
May 16, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493562/perioperative-practices-in-thyroid-surgery-an-international-survey
#9
Anastasios Maniakas, Apostolos Christopoulos, Eric Bissada, Louis Guertin, Marie-Jo Olivier, Jacques Malaise, Tareck Ayad
BACKGROUND: Perioperative practices in thyroid surgery vary from one specialty, institution, or country to the next. We evaluated the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative practices of thyroid surgeons focusing on preoperative ultrasound, vocal cord evaluation, wound drains, and hospitalization duration, among others. METHODS: A survey was sent to 7 different otolaryngology and endocrine/general surgery associations. RESULTS: There were 965 respondents from 52 countries...
May 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454302/applied-analysis-of-ultrasound-guided-ilioinguinal-and-iliohypogastric-nerve-blocks-in-the-radical-surgery-of-aged-cervical-cancer
#10
Jianhua Gu, Chunhui Hao, Xinfeng Yan, Shujuan Xuan
In the present study, we evaluated the effects of ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve blocks and intratracheal general anesthesia in the radical surgery of aged cervical cancer. From June 2014 to December 2014, 62 patients diagnosed with aged cervical cancer were enrolled in this study. The patients conformed to the indication of cervical cancer radical surgery. Patients were randomly divided into the test group and the control group according to the random number table with 31 individuals in each group...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442139/intraoperative-ultrasound-assisted-approach-for-endoscopic-treatment-of-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children
#11
Elisa Zambaiti, Maria Sergio, Alessandra Casuccio, Sergio Salerno, Marcello Cimador
PURPOSE: Despite minimal invasiveness and high success rate, guidelines still prescribe voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG) after endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. The aim of this paper was to analyze whether intraoperative ultrasound (IO-US) could improve surgical accuracy and perioperative counseling, thus potentially decreasing the need for postoperative VCUG. METHODS: We selected children treated for moderate to high grade VUR, renal scarring or repeated infections under antibiotic prophylaxis from January to December 2015...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438629/the-impact-of-multiple-prostate-biopsies-on-risk-for-major-complications-following-radical-prostatectomy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Daniel Olvera-Posada, Blayne Welk, J Andrew McClure, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Jonathan I Izawa, Stephen E Pautler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of multiple transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies (TRUS-Bx) before radical prostatectomy (RP) on surgical outcomes. METHODS: Administrative databases were used to identify all patients who had a RP performed in the province of Ontario from April 1, 2002 to March 31, 2013. TRUS-Bx prior to RP were identified and patients were categorized as having one or more than one prior TRUS-Bx. The primary end point was a composite index of serious surgical complications...
April 21, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433494/patterns-of-care-and-clinical-outcomes-in-primary-oesophageal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-gist-a-retrospective-study-of-the-french-sarcoma-group-fsg
#13
F Duffaud, P Meeus, F Bertucci, J-B Delhorme, E Stoeckle, N Isambert, E Bompas, J Gagniere, O Bouché, M Toulmonde, S Salas, J-Y Blay, S Bonvalot
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal GIST (ESOGIST) are very rare tumours requiring special consideration regarding diagnosis, surgical management, and perioperative treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted across 9 centres in the French Sarcoma Group (FSG) to characterize all patients in the years 2000-2014. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (pts) with primary localized ESOGIST were identified, with median age 69 years (36-81) and 11 females...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#14
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427600/carotid-artery-stenting-investigation-of-plaque-protrusion-incidence-and-prognosis
#15
Masashi Kotsugi, Katsutoshi Takayama, Kaoru Myouchin, Takeshi Wada, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Toshiaki Taoka, Shinichiro Kurokawa, Hiroyuki Nakase, Kimihiko Kichikawa
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to clarify the incidence and prognosis of PP in carotid artery stenting (CAS). BACKGROUND: Projections thought to be plaque may be observed inside the stent on angiography or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) during CAS. Known as plaque protrusion (PP), the incidence and prognosis of this complication are unclear. METHODS: A total of 354 consecutive carotid atherosclerotic stenoses in 328 patients (285 men, 43 women; age range 51 to 97 years [mean age 73...
April 24, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411694/predictors-of-failure-and-complications-of-catheter-directed-interventions-for-pulmonary-embolism
#16
Efthymios D Avgerinos, Adham N Abou Ali, Nathan L Liang, Elizabeth Genovese, Michael J Singh, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer
OBJECTIVE: Catheter-directed interventions (CDIs) are increasingly performed for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) as they are presumed to provide similar therapeutic benefits to systemic thrombolysis while decreasing the dose of thrombolytic required and the associated risks. This study aimed to identify factors associated with CDI failure and to describe anticipated complications. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent CDI for massive or submassive PE between 2009 and 2015 were identified; outcomes and complications were retrospectively collected...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400218/outcomes-of-the-japanese-multicenter-viabahn-trial-of-endovascular-stent-grafting-for-superficial-femoral-artery-lesions
#17
Takao Ohki, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Masaaki Uematsu, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Koji Maeda, Yuji Kanaoka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess 1-year safety, efficacy, and invasiveness outcomes of endovascular stent grafting of symptomatic long lesions (≥10 cm) in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) as a substitute for above-knee open bypass surgery. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter (15 hospitals) study assessed heparin-coated stent grafts for the treatment of long SFA lesions in Japanese subjects with peripheral arterial disease. Inclusion criteria were Rutherford category 2 to 5 symptoms (grade 5 without active infection), ankle-brachial index ≤0...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361119/evaluation-of-carotid-ultrasonography-screening-among-kidney-transplant-candidates-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#18
Chad W Rossitter, Ronald B Vigo, Ahmed Osama Gaber, Joshua T Swan, Wadi N Suki
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant candidates undergo rigorous testing prior to clearance for transplantation. Because kidney transplant candidates may be at increased risk for carotid artery stenosis because of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis secondary to hypertension, vascular calcification, and diabetes, carotid ultrasound is often performed with the intent of preventing a cerebrovascular accident in the perioperative or posttransplant period. To our knowledge, there has not been a study investigating the utility of screening carotid ultrasonography in pretransplant candidates...
March 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343663/development-of-a-novel-technique-for-bilateral-rectus-sheath-nerve-blocks-under-laparoscopic-guidance
#19
Alessandra Landmann, Mihaela Visoiu, Marcus M Malek
BACKGROUND: Bilateral rectus sheath blocks have proven to be superior to local anesthetic infiltration for umbilical incisions and have been gaining popularity for the treatment of perioperative pain in children. We aim to develop a technique of surgeon performed rectus sheath blocks under laparoscopic-guidance alone. METHODS: In phase I, we observed the laparoscopic appearance of a rectus sheath block. The pain management team performed an ultrasound-guided rectus sheath nerve block as we visualized the posterior rectus sheath with the laparoscope...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299589/respiratory-variation-in-peak-aortic-velocity-accurately-predicts-fluid-responsiveness-in-children-undergoing-neurosurgery-under-general-anesthesia
#20
Kavita G Morparia, Srijaya K Reddy, Laura J Olivieri, Michael C Spaeder, Jennifer J Schuette
The determination of fluid responsiveness in the critically ill child is of vital importance, more so as fluid overload becomes increasingly associated with worse outcomes. Dynamic markers of volume responsiveness have shown some promise in the pediatric population, but more research is needed before they can be adopted for widespread use. Our aim was to investigate effectiveness of respiratory variation in peak aortic velocity and pulse pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness, and determine their optimal cutoff values...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
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