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Osteo arthritis

Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
Marike van der Leeden, Rosalie J Huijsmans, Edwin Geleijn, Mariëtte de Rooij, Inge R Konings, Laurien M Buffart, Joost Dekker, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: Delivery of exercise interventions to patients with early-stage breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy requires complex clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to support clinical decisions for tailoring exercise interventions to common comorbidities and cancer treatment-induced adverse effects. METHOD: Tailored exercise prescriptions were developed in four steps, following the i3-S strategy. All steps were based on current best available evidence, complemented with expert opinions...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Y C Choi, S H Lee, Y J Lee, S Lee, S J Lim, D Suh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Aleksandra Bogdan, Jean Quintin, Frédéric Schuind
PURPOSE: Humero-ulnar external fixation has been proposed to treat complex supracondylar humeral fractures in children. It facilitates fracture reduction and reduces the risk of ulnar nerve lesion, which can occur after cross pinning. METHODS: In a ten year period, 28 children have been operated on in our centre by humero-ulnar external fixation, for Lagrange-Rigault stages III and IV supracondylar humeral fractures. The data about fracture management and early follow-up were obtained from our medical database...
August 9, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Amit Garg, Ahsan Shoeb, Latha Subramanya Moodahadu, Akhilesh Sharma, Arul Gandhi, Shyam Akku
Aim. To assess the gastrosparing effect of amtolmetin guacyl (AMG) against other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with osteo-/rheumatoid arthritis. Methods. A literature search was done in the electronic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Scopus) with key words "amtolmetin guacyl", "amtolmetin", and "arthritis"; filters were applied to obtain publications between 01-Jan-1985 and 01-Oct-2015, which were "clinical trials" in osteo-/rheumatoid arthritis patients and in "English language...
2016: Arthritis
Brenda Vrkljan, Alexander Crizzle, Simon Villeneuve, Michelle Porter, Sjaan Koppel, Barbara L Mazer, Gary Naglie, Michel Bédard, Holly A Tuokko, Isabelle Gélinas, Shawn C Marshall, Mark J Rapoport
In this study, we examined the Candrive baseline data (n = 928; aged 70 to 94; 62% were men) to determine whether driver characteristics (i.e., age, gender, height, weight, BMI) and certain functional abilities (i.e., Rapid Paced Walk, Timed Up and Go) influenced the types of vehicles driven. There were significant differences with respect to type of vehicle and mean driver age (F = 3.58, p = 0.003), height, (F = 13.32, p < 0.001), weight (F = 14.31, p < 0.001), and BMI (F = 4.40, p = 0.001). A greater proportion of drivers with osteoporosis (χ2 = 21...
June 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Luke Mondor, Colleen J Maxwell, Susan E Bronskill, Andrea Gruneir, Walter P Wodchis
PURPOSE: To examine the relative impact of 16 common chronic conditions and increasing morbidity on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in a population-based sample of home care clients in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Participants were adult clients assessed with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) between January and June 2009 and diagnosed with one (or more) of 16 common chronic conditions. HRQL was evaluated using the Minimum Data Set-Health Status Index (MDS-HSI), a preference-based measure derived from items captured in the RAI-HC...
October 2016: Quality of Life Research
K Koizumi, K Ebina, D A Hart, M Hirao, T Noguchi, N Sugita, Y Yasui, R Chijimatsu, H Yoshikawa, N Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether synovial mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs) from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be used as an alternative cell source for cartilage repair using allogenic tissue engineered construct (TEC). METHODS: Twenty-five patients (17 female, average age 61.8 years) were divided according to their pathology (control trauma group; N = 6, OA group; N = 6) and RA patients were subdivided into two groups to evaluate the impact of biologics in accordance with whether treated with biologics [Bio(+)RA; N = 7] or not [Bio(-)RA; N = 6]...
August 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Ali Mobasheri, Yves Henrotin
Arthritic diseases are a major cause of disability and morbidity, and cause an enormous burden for health and social care systems globally. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. The key risk factors for the development of OA are age, obesity, joint trauma or instability. Metabolic and endocrine diseases can also contribute to the pathogenesis of OA. There is accumulating evidence to suggest that OA is a whole-organ disease that is influenced by systemic mediators, inflammaging, innate immunity and the low-grade inflammation induced by metabolic syndrome...
2015: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Luisa Bonafé, Ariana Kariminejad, Jia Li, Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Virginie Garcia, Shokouholsadat Mahdavi, Bita Bozorgmehr, Ralph L Lachman, Lauréane Mittaz-Crettol, Belinda Campos-Xavier, Sheela Nampoothiri, Sheila Unger, Carlo Rivolta, Thierry Levade, Andrea Superti-Furga
OBJECTIVE: To establish a diagnosis and provide counseling and treatment for 3 adult patients from one family presenting with peripheral osteolysis. METHODS: Following clinical and radiographic assessment, exome sequencing, targeted gene resequencing, and determination of enzyme activity in cultured fibroblasts were performed. RESULTS: The proband (age 40 years) had a history of episodic fever and pain in childhood that subsided around puberty...
September 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Jennifer S Ruano, Michael R Sitler, Jeffrey B Driban
Reference: Claes S, Hermie L, Verdonk R, Bellemans J, Verdonk P. Is osteoarthritis an inevitable consequence of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? A meta-analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21(9):1967-1976. CLINICAL QUESTION:  What is the prevalence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) at a mean follow-up equal to or greater than 10 years after autologous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with or without meniscectomy? DATA SOURCES:  The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) reporting guidelines were used to conduct this meta-analysis...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Andrea Fabio Manunta, Pietro Zedde, Sebastiano Cudoni, Gianfilippo Caggiari, Gianfranco Pintus
PURPOSE: in pathological conditions such as osteo-arthritis (OA), overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may overwhelm the antioxidant defenses of chondrocytes, thus promoting oxidative stress and cell death. It can be hypothesized that increasing the antioxidant machinery of chondrocytes may prevent the age-associated progression of this disease. Growth factors (GFs) play an important role in promoting both the resolution of inflammatory processes and tissue repair. In view of these considerations, we set out to investigate the protective effect, against H2O2-induced oxidative cell death, potentially exerted by fluid drained from the joint postoperatively...
July 2015: Joints
Ernst B Hunziker, Kurt Lippuner, Marius J B Keel, Nahoko Shintani
Meniscal injuries can occur secondary to trauma or be instigated by the changes in knee-joint function that are associated with aging, osteo- and rheumatoid arthritis, disturbances in gait, and obesity. Sixty percent of persons over 50 years of age manifest signs of meniscal pathology. The surgical and arthroscopic measures that are currently implemented to treat meniscal deficiencies bring only transient relief from pain and effect but a temporary improvement in joint function. Although tissue-engineering-based approaches to meniscal repair are now being pursued, an appropriate in-vitro model has not been conceived...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Bruno Frediani, Ilaria Bertoldi
Clodronate is the father of bisphosphonates. For over three decades it has been subject of study in biological and clinical areas, proving to be an extremely interesting molecule from different points of view. It has been the first drug for osteoporosis that can be administered pulsatorily (once every 15 days or once a week). This, along with good tolerability, has been the first cause of its success, when there were no solid data in literature about its antifracture efficacy. There are three published studies that prove its antifracture effect: two by McCloskey published in 2004 and 2007 on BMR, and our study about fracture prevention in corticosteroids OP...
May 2015: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Samia Frioui, Sonia Jemni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Kristina Maier, Dominik Fischer, Antje Hartmann, Olivia Kershaw, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, Helene Pendl, Martin J Schmidt, Michael Lierz
A 6-week-old, parent-reared peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ) was presented with spastic hypertonus of its hind limbs of unknown origin and duration. Radiologic examination revealed smooth periosteal reactions ventrally at thoracic vertebrae 5 to 7. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography identified the swelling as inflammation; antibiotic, antimycotic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic treatments were initiated, and vitamins and minerals were supplemented. Because the bird's condition did not improve after 10 days, it was euthanatized and submitted for postmortem examination...
September 2015: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Osman Zikrullah Sahin, Ekrem Kara, Tahir Belice, Teslime Ayaz, Serap Baydur Sahin, Cinar Ozturk, Safak Yildirim, Yavuz Metin, Tuncay Sahutoglu
Catheter and/or arteriovenous (A-V) graft-related bacteremia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Endocarditis, septic arthritis, epidural abscess, septic embolism, and osteomyelitis are the most common complications of catheter and/or A-V graft-related bacteremia; however, endogenous endophthalmitis is rarely seen. To the best of our knowledge, Enterococcus faecalis is the first case report in this population. We hereby report a case of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by E...
July 2016: Hemodialysis International
Devika Patel, Marla N Jahnke
Colonization with Staphylococcal aureus is markedly more frequent in individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD) than in unaffected individuals. Chronic scratching leads to worsening of an existing defect in the epidermal barrier, which can allow S. aureus invasion into the bloodstream and subsequent systemic infections. We report two unusual cases of systemic illness in individuals with AD. One developed infective endocarditis followed by a stroke and the other developed septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. We performed an extensive literature review of reported systemic complications caused by S...
November 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
Zhenlei Yang, Junli Liu, Jinhua Gao, Shilei Chen, Guihua Huang
The present work evaluated the feasibility of chitosan coated liposomes (c-Lips) for the intravenous delivery of vancomycin hydrochloride (VANH), a water-soluble antibiotic for the treatment of gram-positive bacterial infections like osteomyelitis, arthritis, endocarditis, pneumonia, etc. The objective of this research was to develop a suitable drug delivery system in vivo which could improve therapeutic efficacy and decrease side effects especially nephrotoxicity. Firstly, the vancomycin hydrochloride liposomes (VANH-Lips) were prepared by modified reverse phase evaporation method, then the chitosan wrapped vancomycin hydrochloride liposomes (c-VANH-Lips) nanosuspension was formulated by the method of electrostatic deposition...
November 10, 2015: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Jatinder Pal Singh, Smita Srivastava, Dharmendra Singh
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for osteoid osteoma could be misleading and can be misinterpreted as tuberculosis, especially when used as the principal modality of investigation. We retrospectively reviewed cases presenting to our institute for second opinion and selected six cases that were referred to our institute with a provisional diagnosis of tubercular arthritis or osteomyelitis and were identified to have osteoid osteoma. We reviewed the literature on typical and atypical clinical and radiological presentations of osteoid osteoma depending upon their location and present radiological features on MRI that should alert the radiologists toward a correct diagnosis...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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