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Donatella Nardiello, Clelia Prattichizzo, Maria Teresa Rocchetti, Loreto Gesualdo, Diego Centonze
A dedicated proteomic approach based on nano-Liquid Chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry in ion trap is proposed for the analysis of proteins trapped in sorbent resin cartridges used to remove inflammatory mediators from blood by coupled plasma filtration adsorption (CPFA). The final purpose of the proposed proteomic approach was to obtain a reference map of plasma proteins trapped in CPFA sorbents used for the extracorporeal blood purification of healthy pigs, with the potential impact to design new bio-filters able to control the inflammatory imbalance under pathological conditions, such as severe sepsis...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Ummugulsum Can, Muammer Buyukinan, Asuman Guzelant, Ayse Ugur, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu, Sukrıye Yabancıun
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a chronic and multifactorial syndrome characterized by a low-grade chronic inflammation, and a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In our study, we aimed to investigate the serum levels of high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), haptoglobin (Hp), α2-macroglobulin (α2-MG), platelet factor-4 (PF-4), fetuin-A, serum amyloid P (SAP) and α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) in an adolescent population with MetS...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Ferruh Artunc, Erwin Schleicher, Cora Weigert, Andreas Fritsche, Norbert Stefan, Hans-Ulrich Häring
Insulin resistance is a systemic disorder that affects many organs and insulin-regulated pathways. The disorder is characterized by a reduced action of insulin despite increased insulin concentrations (hyperinsulinaemia). The effects of insulin on the kidney and vasculature differ in part from the effects on classical insulin target organs. Insulin causes vasodilation by enhancing endothelial nitric oxide production through activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway. In insulin-resistant states, this pathway is impaired and the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway stimulates vasoconstriction...
October 17, 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Diego Pérez-Sotelo, Arturo Roca-Rivada, María Larrosa-García, Cecilia Castelao, Iván Baamonde, Javier Baltar, Ana Belen Crujeiras, Luisa María Seoane, Felipe F Casanueva, María Pardo
The secretion of the hepatokine alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein/Fetuin A, implicated in pathological processes including systemic insulin resistance, by adipose tissue has been recently described. Thus, we have recently identified its presence in white adipose tissue secretomes by mass spectrometry. However, the secretion pattern and function of adipose-derived alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein are poorly understood. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression and secretion of total and active phosphorylated alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein by adipose tissue from visceral and subcutaneous localizations in animals at different physiological and nutritional status including anorexia and obesity...
October 14, 2016: Endocrine
Soumik Agarwal, Mrittika Chattopadhyay, Sandip Mukherjee, Suman Dasgupta, Satinath Mukhopadhyay, Samir Bhattacharya
Adiponectin secreted from adipocytes is an anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic adipokine. Adiponectin level is known to fall significantly in obesity induced type 2 diabetes which worsen insulin sensitivity because of aberrant lipid management. However, underlying mechanism of adiponectin decrease in obese diabetic condition is yet unclear. We report here that lowering of plasma adiponectin coincided with the higher Fetuin A (FetA) level in high fat diet (HFD) induced obese diabetic mice. Knock down of FetA gene (FetA(KD)) elevated adiponectin level markedly in HFD mice, while reinforcement of FetA into FetA(KD)HFD mice reduced its level again...
October 6, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Thi-Ngoc Suong Huynh, Claude Vidaud, Agnès Hagège
During long-term exposure, uranium accumulates in bone. Since uranium in U(vi) complexes shares similar coordination properties to calcium, this toxicant is assumed to be exchanged with calcium ions at the surfaces of bone mineral crystals. Recently, two proteins involved in bone turnover, fetuin A and osteopontin, were shown to exhibit a high affinity for U(vi). A common biochemical feature of both fetuin A and osteopontin is their inhibiting role in calcium phosphate precipitation. Therefore it is conceivable that complexation of U(vi) with these proteins may alter their interaction with calcium and/or calcium phosphate...
September 30, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Sardar Sindhu, Nadeem Akhter, Steve Shenouda, Ajit Wilson, Rasheed Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Fetuin-A/AHSH is a novel hepatokine that acts as a vascular calcification inhibitor and as an endogenous TLR-4 ligand. Fetuin-A may act as a positive or negative acute phase protein (APP) in disease conditions. The relationship between circulatory fetuin-A and inflammatory biomarkers in type-2 diabetes (T2D) remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the plasma fetuin-A levels in 53 T2D (BMI = 29.7 ± 4.5 kg/m(2)) and 72 non-diabetic individuals (BMI = 28...
September 26, 2016: BMC Immunology
Simona Mihai, Elena Codrici, Ionela Daniela Popescu, Ana-Maria Enciu, Elena Rusu, Diana Zilisteanu, Radu Albulescu, Gabriela Anton, Cristiana Tanase
Chronic kidney disease, despite being a "silent epidemic" disease, represents one of the main causes of mortality in general population, along with cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of poor prognosis for these patients. The specific objective of our study was to characterize the relationship between the inflammatory status, the bone disorders markers, and kidney failure in chronic kidney disease patient stages 2-4, in order to design a novel biomarker panel that improves early disease diagnosis and therapeutic response, thus being further integrated into clinical applications...
2016: Disease Markers
Amber M Kay, C LaShan Simpson, James A Stewart
AGE/RAGE signaling has been a well-studied cascade in many different disease states, particularly diabetes. Due to the complex nature of the receptor and multiple intersecting pathways, the AGE/RAGE signaling mechanism is still not well understood. The purpose of this review is to highlight key areas of AGE/RAGE mediated vascular calcification as a complication of diabetes. AGE/RAGE signaling heavily influences both cellular and systemic responses to increase bone matrix proteins through PKC, p38 MAPK, fetuin-A, TGF-β, NFκB, and ERK1/2 signaling pathways in both hyperglycemic and calcification conditions...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Katarzyna Fischer, Marek Brzosko
To examine serum interleukin 18 (IL-18), fetuin-A, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and Synovitis Acne Pustulosis Hyperostosis Osteitis syndrome (SAPHO). We studied 81 AS, 76 PsA, and 34 SAPHO patients. We measured serum IL-18, fetuin-A, sICAM-1, ET-1, IL-6, IL-23, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). IL-18 levels were higher in AS (p = 0.001), PsA (p = 0.0003), and SAPHO (p = 0...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Georgina Arrambide, Carmen Espejo, Herena Eixarch, Luisa M Villar, José C Alvarez-Cermeño, Carmen Picón, Jens Kuhle, Giulio Disanto, Ludwig Kappos, Jaume Sastre-Garriga, Deborah Pareto, Eva Simon, Manuel Comabella, Jordi Río, Carlos Nos, Carmen Tur, Joaquín Castilló, Angela Vidal-Jordana, Ingrid Galán, Maria J Arévalo, Cristina Auger, Alex Rovira, Xavier Montalban, Mar Tintore
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of selected biomarkers in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) for conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) and disability accrual. METHODS: Data were acquired from 2 CIS cohorts. The screening phase evaluated patients developing clinically definite MS (CIS-CDMS) and patients who remained as CIS during a 2-year minimum follow-up (CIS-CIS). We determined levels of neurofascin, semaphorin 3A, fetuin A, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and neurofilament light (NfL) and heavy chains in CSF (estimated mean [95% confidence interval; CI])...
September 13, 2016: Neurology
Pieter Joubert, Markus Ketteler, Carolina Salcedo, Joan Perello
Cardiovascular calcification (CVC) associated with conditions such as ageing, diabetes or renal impairment, results from the deposition of hydroxyapatite in the endothelium or media of blood vessels. Key medical management options are directed towards controlling plasma calcium and phosphate concentrations (e.g. parathormone inhibition, phosphate binders, dialysis), enhancing the effect of calcification inhibitors (e.g. fetuin-A, pyrophosphate, vitamin K, osteopontin, matrix Gla protein) and decreasing the effect of promoters of calcification (e...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
György Temesszentandrási, Krisztián Vörös, Bernadett Márkus, Zoltán Böröcz, Edit Kaszás, Zoltán Prohászka, András Falus, Károly Cseh, László Kalabay
BACKGROUND Human fetuin A (AHSG) has been associated with the development of obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis. Observations on the role of AHSG rs4918 single-nucleotide polymorphism are contradictory. We investigated the association between variants of rs4918 and parameters of obesity, lipid status, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), adipokines (adiponectin, resistin, leptin), and insulin resistance in healthy persons and in patients with previous myocardial infarction...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Myra E van Linde, Johannes C van der Mijn, Thang V Pham, Jaco C Knol, Laurine E Wedekind, Koos E Hovinga, Esther Sanchez Aliaga, Jan Buter, Connie R Jimenez, Jaap C Reijneveld, Henk M W Verheul
Surgery followed by chemoradiation and adjuvant chemotherapy is standard of care for patients with a glioblastoma (GBM). Due to its limited benefit, an upfront method to predict dismal outcome would prevent unnecessary toxic treatment. We searched for a predictive blood derived biomarker in a cohort of 55 patients with GBM. Increasing age (HR 1.03, 95 % CI 1.01-1.06), and postoperative tumor residue (HR 1.07, 95 % CI 1.02-1.15) were independently associated with unfavourable progression free survival (PFS) in these patients...
September 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Seishi Aihara, Shunsuke Yamada, Yushi Uchida, Hokuto Arase, Akihiro Tsuchimoto, Toshiaki Nakano, Masatomo Taniguchi, Harumichi Higashi, Takanari Kitazono, Kazuhiko Tsuruya
We present the case of a non-dialyzed patient with chronic kidney disease and biopsy-proven calciphylaxis who presented with painful cutaneous ulcers on both legs. The skin ulcers drastically improved within 6 months after the initiation of hemodialysis, aggressive wound care, the control of a mineral and bone disorder, and the administration of sodium thiosulfate and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Notably, the patient's serum levels of C-reactive protein and calciprotein particles decreased and her serum albumin and fetuin-A levels increased in parallel with the alleviation of her calciphylaxis...
2016: Internal Medicine
Anna E Bortnick, Traci M Bartz, Joachim H Ix, Michel Chonchol, Alexander Reiner, Mary Cushman, David Owens, Eddy Barasch, David S Siscovick, John S Gottdiener, Jorge R Kizer
OBJECTIVE: Calcification of the aortic valve and adjacent structures involves inflammatory, lipid and mineral metabolism pathways. We hypothesised that circulating biomarkers reflecting these pathways are associated with cardiac calcification in older adults. METHODS: We investigated the associations of various biomarkers with valvular and annular calcification in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Of the 5888 participants, up to 3585 were eligible after exclusions for missing biomarker, covariate or echocardiographic data...
July 13, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Hung Yuan Chen, Yen Ling Chiu, Shih Ping Hsu, Mei Fen Pai, Ju Yeh Yang, Yu Sen Peng
BACKGROUND: Fractures are a common morbidity that lead to worse outcomes in dialysis patients. Fetuin A inhibits vascular calcification (VC), potentially promotes bone mineralization and its level positively correlates with bone mineral density in the general population. On the other hand, the presence of VC is associated with low bone volume in dialysis patients. Whether the fetuin A level and VC can predict the occurrence of fractures in dialysis patients remains unknown. METHODS: We performed this prospective, observational cohort study including 685 dialysis patients (629 hemodialysis and 56 peritoneal dialysis) from a single center in Taiwan for a median follow-up period of 3...
2016: PloS One
Joshua C Chang, Robert M Miura
In vertebrates, insufficient availability of calcium and inorganic phosphate ions in extracellular fluids leads to loss of bone density and neuronal hyper-excitability. To counteract this problem, calcium ions are usually present at high concentrations throughout bodily fluids-at concentrations exceeding the saturation point. This condition leads to the opposite situation where unwanted mineral sedimentation may occur. Remarkably, ectopic or out-of-place sedimentation into soft tissues is rare, in spite of the thermodynamic driving factors...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Cristina Vassalle, Annamaria Mazzone
Vascular calcification (VC) represents a recognized adverse predictor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Previously considered passive and degenerative, VC is now recognized as an active process that resembles bone formation, and shares a number of histopathological features, mineral composition, and initiation mechanisms with bone development and metabolism. Oxidative stress and inflammation are key factors in both VC and osteoporosis (OP). Biochemical factors known to be primarily involved in the healthy bone metabolism also regulate VC...
July 4, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Giuseppe Murdolo, Cristina Tortoioli, Federica Celi, Vittorio Bini, Francesco Papi, Annalisa Brozzetti, Alberto Falorni
The secreted hepatokine fetuin-A emerges as an independent predictor of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. The overall aims of this study were: (1) to investigate the associations of fetuin-A with adiposity and insulin resistance, as well as its relationship with adipokines, in prepubertal children, and, (2) to evaluate whether, in prepubertal obesity, serum fetuin-A levels may either change or predict the responsiveness to an educational-based weight excess reduction program. We studied 200 prepubertal children (boys/girls: 89/111; Tanner stage 1; age: 5-13 years), included in a cohort of 44,231 adolescents who participated in an extensive Italian school-based survey...
July 7, 2016: Endocrine
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