Read by QxMD icon Read


Qi Zhang, Zhongduo Wang, Feng Hou, Rachel Harding, Xinyi Huang, Aiping Dong, John R Walker, Yufeng Tong
BACKGROUND: Seven in absentia homologs (SIAHs) comprise a family of highly conserved E3 ubiquitin ligases that play an important role in regulating signalling pathways in tumorigenesis, including the DNA damage repair and hypoxia response pathways. SIAH1 and SIAH2 have been found to function as a tumour repressor and a proto-oncogene, respectively, despite the high sequence identity of their substrate binding domains (SBDs). Ubiquitin-specific protease USP19 is a deubiquitinase that forms a complex with SIAHs and counteracts the ligase function...
October 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Suli Huang, Ziquan Lv, Yi Guo, Lu Li, Yanwei Zhang, Li Zhou, Binyao Yang, Shuang Wu, Ying Zhang, Changhui Xie, Shanshan Li, Jinquan Cheng
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as novel disease biomarkers. Using a miRNA microarray, we previously showed that the whole blood level of let-7e-5p was significantly higher in ischemic stroke patients than in control subjects. However, the association between let-7e-5p expression and the occurrence of ischemic stroke remains unknown. In this study, we validated the expression levels of let-7e-5p in two case-control populations using miRNA TaqMan assays and further investigated the potential targets of let-7e-5p...
2016: PloS One
Hui Feng, Yalei Wang, Jiaojiao Su, Hongwei Liang, Chen-Yu Zhang, Xi Chen, Weiyan Yao
OBJECTIVES: ErbB3 (HER3) has been associated with pancreatic cancer progression, but little is known about its regulatory mechanisms. We investigated whether microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate levels of ErbB3 in pancreatic cancer cells. METHODS: We used bioinformatic analyses to search for miRNAs that can potentially target ERBB3. Furthermore, the biological consequences of the targeting of ERBB3 by miR-148a were examined by cell proliferation and migration assays in vitro...
October 2016: Pancreas
X Liu, X-D Tian, Y Liu, T Zhang, L Chen
OBJECTIVE: It is well documented that some microRNAs (miRNAs) regulates tumorigenesis and cancer metastases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, a role of miR-92b in control of the metastasis of NSCLC has not been acknowledged. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we reported that miR-92b levels were significantly decreased and Twist levels were significantly increased in NSCLC specimens, compared to paired adjacent non-tumor lung tissue. Moreover, the levels of miR-92b and Twist inversely correlated...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Y-F Huang, Y Zhang, C-X Liu, J Huang, G-H Ding
OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycemia induces apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells and contributes to tubular injury in diabetic nephropathy. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is known to protect against diabetic kidney injury. However, the mechanism for the dysregulation of ACE2 expression in diabetic nephropathy is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were done to identify ACE2-targeting microRNAs. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were performed to determine the biological roles of the ACE2-targeting microRNAs in high glucose-induced damage to renal tubular epithelial cells...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Zhengqing Zhang, Huapeng Wang, Chunfeng Hao, Wei Zhang, Miaomiao Yang, Yong Chang, Menglou Li
Dastarcus helophoroides, which has a relatively longer lifespan compared to other insects, is one of the most effective natural enemies of many large-body long-horned beetles. Methuselah (Mth) is associated with the lifespan, stress resistance, and reproduction in Drosophila melanogaster, but Mth is not present in non-drosophiline insects. A number of methuselah-like genes (mth-likes, mthls) have been identified in non-drosophiline insects, but it is still unknown whether they are present in Dastarcus helophoroides...
October 21, 2016: Genes
Pedro Casado, Maruan Hijazi, David Britton, Pedro R Cutillas
Signalling pathways driven by protein and lipid kinases are altered in most human diseases. Therefore, pharmacological inhibitors of cell signalling are one of the most intensively pursued therapeutic approaches for the treatment of diseases such as cancer, neurodegeneration and metabolic syndromes. Phosphoproteomics is a technique that measures the products of kinase activities and, with the appropriate bioinformatics techniques, the methodology can also provide measures of kinase pathway activation and network circuitry...
October 24, 2016: Proteomics
Eileen N Oni, Ronald P Hart
Several recent publications sought to investigate the effects of ethanol treatment on models of central nervous system development, specifically through changes in DNA methylation. Regulation of DNA methylation causes a long-lasting, epigenetic change in the capacity of the genome to respond to developmental or metabolic stimuli. Changes in technologies for quantifying DNA methylation have increased the ability to identify and interpret potential effects of ethanol. Here, we review these recent studies in order to evaluate the detection technologies and bioinformatic analyses...
October 2016: Current Pharmacology Reports
Yuan Wang, Fuquan Chen, Man Zhao, Zhe Yang, Shuqin Zhang, Lihong Ye, Hongwei Gao, Xiaodong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aberrant expression of miR-107 is involved in the development of several human cancers. However, the role of miR-107 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well documented. In the present study, we aim to explore the function of miR-107 in hepatocarcinogenesis. METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis was applied to predict the target genes of miR-107. Luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to verify the miR-107 binding sites in 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) mRNA...
October 20, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Larisa Kordyukova
Two enveloped virus families, Orthomyxoviridae and Paramyxoviridae, comprise a large number of dangerous pathogens that enter the host cell via fusion of their envelope with a target cell membrane at acidic or neutral pH. The Class I prototypic glycoproteins responsible for this reaction are the Influenza virus haemagglutinin (HA) protein or paramyxovirus fusion (F) protein. X-ray crystallography and cryoelectron microscopy data are available for the HA and F ectodomains in pre- and post-fusion conformations, revealing similar spiky architectures, albeit with clear differences in the details...
October 20, 2016: Virus Research
Hee Kim Dong, Jeong-An Gim, Seung Hyeon Yeo, Heui-Soo Kim
Late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) is the most common type of dementia and is characterized by decreased amyloid-β (Aβ) clearance from the brain. Cholesterol regulates the production and clearance of Aβ. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) suggests that at least 20 genes are associated with LOAD. The genes APOE, CLU, SORL1, PICALM, and BIN1 have a relatively high LOAD susceptibility. Additional experimental and bioinformatic approaches to integrate data from genetics, epigenetics, and molecular networks may further increase our understanding of LOAD in relation to cholesterol metabolism and trafficking...
October 20, 2016: Gene
Zhongping Xu, Monal Sharma, Andrew Gelman, Ramsey Hachem, Thalachallour Mohanakumar
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were recently identified as modulators of immune responses after human lung transplantation (LTx). This study was undertaken to assess the contribution of miRNAs to the pathogenesis of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after LTx. METHODS: Of the 39 recipients, 14 (35.9%) developed Grade 3 PGD (i.e., severe PGD) within the first 72 hours of LTx. The remaining 25 recipients (64.1%) had Grade 2 or less PGD, and served as the control group...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Cristin Print
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Feixiong Cheng, Junfei Zhao, Ariella B Hanker, Monica Red Brewer, Carlos L Arteaga, Zhongming Zhao
PURPOSE: Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway aberrations are common in human breast cancer. Furthermore, PIK3CA mutations are commonly associated with resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) or anti-estrogen receptor (ER) agents in HER2 or ER positive (HER2(+)/ER(+)) breast cancer. Hence, deciphering the underlying mechanisms of PIK3CA mutations in HER2(+)/ER(+) breast cancer would provide novel insights into elucidating resistance to anti-HER2/ER therapies...
October 22, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Baoyu Huang, Linlin Zhang, Xueying Tang, Guofan Zhang, Li Li
Alternative splicing (AS) is thought to enhance transcriptome diversity dramatically and play an important role in stress adaptation. While well studied in vertebrates, AS remains poorly understood in invertebrates. Here, we used high-throughput RNA-sequencing data to perform a genome-wide survey of AS in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), an economically important mollusk that is cultivated worldwide. This analysis identified 8223 AS events corresponding to 4480 genes in the Pacific oyster, suggesting that about 16 % of oyster multiexonic genes undergo AS...
October 22, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Cinthia D Coria-Lucero, Rebeca S Golini, Ivana T Ponce, Nicolas Deyurka, Ana C Anzulovich, Silvia M Delgado, Lorena S Navigatore-Fonzo
Aging brain undergoes several changes leading to a decline in cognitive functions. Memory and learning-related genes such as Creb, Bdnf and its receptor TrkB, are expressed in different brain regions including prefrontal cortex. Those genes' proteins regulate a wide range of functions such as synaptic plasticity and long-term potentiation. In this work, our objectives were: 1) to investigate whether Creb1, Bdnf and TrkB genes display endogenous circadian expression rhythms, in the prefrontal cortex of rats maintained under constant darkness conditions; 2) to study the synchronization of those temporal patterns to the local cellular clock and 3) to evaluate the aging consequences on both cognition-related genes and activating clock transcription factor, BMAL1, rhythms...
October 19, 2016: Brain Research
Li Zhang, Zhihong Yang, Jocelyn Trottier, Olivier Barbier, Li Wang
: Bile acids (BAs) play critical physiological functions in cholesterol homeostasis and deregulation of BA metabolism causes cholestatic liver injury. Maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) was recently shown as a potential tumor suppressor, however its basic hepatic function remains elusive. Using RNA pull-down with biotin-labeled sense or anti-sense MEG3RNA followed by mass spectrometry, we identified RNA binding protein polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) as a MEG3 interaction protein and validated their interaction by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP)...
October 22, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Huma Siddiqui, Tsute Chen, Ardita Aliko, Piotr M Mydel, Roland Jonsson, Ingar Olsen
BACKGROUND: Reduced salivation is considered a major clinical feature of most but not all cases of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Reduced saliva flow may lead to changes in the salivary microbiota. These changes have mainly been studied with culture that typically recovers only 65% of the bacteria present. OBJECTIVE: This study was to use high throughput sequencing, covering both cultivated and not-yet-cultivated bacteria, to assess the bacterial microbiota of whole saliva in pSS patients with normal salivation...
2016: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Slava Ilnytskyy, Andriy Bilichak
Next-generation sequencing became a method of choice for the investigation of small RNA transcriptomes in plants and animals. Although a technical side of sequencing itself is becoming routine, and experimental costs are affordable, data analysis still remains a challenge, especially for researchers with limited computational experience. Here, we present a detailed description of a computational workflow designed to take raw sequencing reads as input, to obtain small RNA predictions, and to detect the differentially expressed microRNAs as a result...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
(no author information available yet)
Many disciplines, from human genetics and oncology to plant breeding, microbiology and virology, commonly face the challenge of analyzing rapidly increasing numbers of genomes. In case of Homo sapiens, the number of sequenced genomes will approach hundreds of thousands in the next few years. Simply scaling up established bioinformatics pipelines will not be sufficient for leveraging the full potential of such rich genomic data sets. Instead, novel, qualitatively different computational methods and paradigms are needed...
October 21, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"