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Botao Wang, Ying Gao, Guoxi Zheng, Xiaoyong Ren, Bin Sun, Kang Zhu, Huanan Luo, Zhenghui Wang, Min Xu
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the nasal mucosal tissue. Platycodin D (PLD), a triterpenoid saponin isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum, has anti-inflammatory effects in a mouse model of allergic asthma. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of PLD in the nasal mucosa have not been deeply investigated. The objective was to investigate the effect of PLD on inflammatory cytokines and mucus production from nasal epithelial cells. Our study showed that PLD inhibited the levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and eotaxin in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated RPMI2650 cells...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yisong Hu, Xiaochang C Wang, Qiyuan Sun, Huu Hao Ngo, Zhenzhen Yu, Jialing Tang, Qionghua Zhang
Three PAC-DMBRs were developed for wastewater treatment under different PAC dosages with biomass concentrations averaged at 2.5, 3.5 and 5.0g/L. The DMBRs could be continuously operated at 40-100L/m(2)h, while higher fluxes were obtained within the PAC-DMBRs with hydraulic retention times varying in 4-10h. A dose of 1g/L PAC brought about obvious improvement in the sludge particle size distribution, settling, flocculating and dewatering properties due to the formation of biological PAC, and the sludge properties were further improved at a higher PAC dose (3g/L)...
October 15, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Jipeng Fu, Su Zhang, Ran Pang, Yonglei Jia, Wenzhi Sun, Haifeng Li, Lihong Jiang, Chengyu Li
Infrared (IR) light-emitting materials have wide applications. However, variety and economical accesses to obtain IR materials and devices are still limited, because the IR-emitting materials are always suffering from two obstacles, namely, lower absorption and lower emission efficiency. In this work, using a modified high-temperature solid-state reaction an efficient short-wavelength IR luminescent material is successfully synthesized. On the basis of the excellent luminescent properties, a convenient IR light-emitting diode (LED) device is fabricated by combining the novel IR material with a commercial UV LED chip...
October 25, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Wei Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang, Jia Liu, Bei Sun, Hua Tang, Hong Zhang
Metformin was demonstrated to have effects on breast cancer, and microRNA-27a (miR-27a) is a prognostic marker for breast cancer progression and patient survival. AMPKα2 was found to be a suppressor in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to explain this phenomenon in regards to the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes and to predict how AMPKα2 may be a downstream target gene of miR-27a, thus exploring the new mechanism of metformin in the treatment of breast cancer regarding miRNAs...
October 24, 2016: Oncology Reports
Wei Yang, Xiaoyuan Wang, Wei Zheng, Kedong Li, Haofeng Liu, Yueming Sun
Following the publication of this article, an interested reader drew to our attention anomalies associated with the data shown in Fig. 2, which presented the mRNA and protein expression levels of tropomyosin 1 (TPM1) in HuCCT1 cells. Essentially, the control bands for α-tubulin had been duplicated across from Fig. 2A to Fig. 2B, and from Fig. 2D to Fig. 2E [the experiments showing treatment of the cells with (A) manumycin A, (B) U0126, (D) 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (DAC) and (E) trichostatin A (TSA)], respectively...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Seung-Hyun Jeong, You-Jin Jeon, Sun Joo Park
Hypoxia-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been identified as essential for tumor progression and metastasis. The present study examined the effects of an antioxidant, dieckol, on hypoxia‑induced EMT in HT29 human colorectal cancer cells. HT29 cells were treated with a hypoxia‑inducing agent, CoCl2, and an increase in the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and various morphological changes, such as loss of cell‑cell contact and aggressive cell migration were observed...
October 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Rui An, Lei Zhao, Jian Xu, Cong Xi, Haixun Li, Guohong Shen, Wei Zhang, Shumiao Zhang, Lijun Sun
Sepsis is a severe inflammatory response to systemic infection that frequently affects the myocardium. Previous studies have suggested that resveratrol (RESV) is protective in sepsis. The present study aimed to investigate the role of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) signaling in the protective effect of intraperitoneally administered RESV against sepsis‑induced myocardial injury. Cecal ligation and puncture, or a sham operation, were performed in male Sprague‑Dawley rats, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were assessed by ELISA and an MPO activity kit, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Min Xu, Hailang Zhou, Chunli Zhang, Junbo He, Hong Wei, Meng Zhou, Ying Lu, Yaocheng Sun, Jerry Wanming Ding, Jian Zeng, Wanxin Peng, Fengyi Du, Aihua Gong
Although a disintegrin and metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17) overexpression has been demonstrated in numerous human tumors including gastric cancer, its role in gastric cancer development remains to be clarified. In the present study, we identify that ADAM17 activates TGF-β/Smad signaling to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer cells. We found that ADAM17 promotes proliferation, migration and invasion in gastric carcinoma cells. Subsequently, we revealed that silencing ADAM17 induces the expression of epithelial marker of E-cadherin and downregulates expression of mesenchymal markers including N-cadherin, vimentin and Snail in MGC803 and MKN45 cells, whereas ADAM17 overexpression reverses these changes in BGC823 and HGC27 cells...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Haojie Zhang, Lu Sheng, Jing Tao, Ran Chen, Yang Li, Zhongquan Sun, Weiqing Qian
The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM-2) is suggested to be involved in the development of certain human malignancies. However, the functions of TREM-2 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are still less known. To reveal the effects of TREM-2 on the RCC progression, we examined the TREM-2 expression in RCC tumor tissues. Then, we analyzed the cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell cycle and expression of the relative factors in two selected RCC cell lines post RNA interference. We also analyzed the functions of TREM-2 in an in vivo nude mouse model...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Ying Shao, Qian-Zhao Chen, Yu-Hua Zeng, Yang Li, Wen-Yan Ren, Lin-Yun Zhou, Rong-Xin Liu, Ke Wu, Jun-Qing Yang, Zhong-Liang Deng, Yu Yu, Wen-Juan Sun, Bai-Cheng He
Rosiglitazone (RSG) is a potent drug used in the treatment of insulin resistance; however, it is associated with marked skeletal toxicity. RSG-induced osteoporosis may contribute to the promotion of adipogenic differentiation at the expense of osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RSG-induced bone toxicity can be reversed by combined treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We examined different osteogenic markers in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) following treatment with RSG, ATRA, or RSG and ATRA in combination...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Xueling Suo, Du Lei, Fuqin Chen, Min Wu, Lei Li, Ling Sun, Xiaoli Wei, Hongyan Zhu, Lingjiang Li, Graham J Kemp, Qiyong Gong
Purpose To use diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging and graph theory approaches to explore the brain structural connectome in pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Materials and Methods This study was approved by the relevant research ethics committee, and all participants' parents or guardians provided informed consent. Twenty-four pediatric patients with PTSD and 23 control subjects exposed to trauma but without PTSD were recruited after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. The structural connectome was constructed by using DT imaging tractography and thresholding the mean fractional anisotropy of 90 brain regions to yield 90 × 90 partial correlation matrixes...
October 25, 2016: Radiology
K Virecoulon Giudici, R M Fisberg, D M Lobo Marchioni, L Araújo Martini
BACKGROUND: Considering that lifestyle and diet are key factors responsible for the increases in adiposity in youth, it is important to understand how vitamin D, adipokines and markers of glucose metabolism are related to physical activity level (PAL) during growth. The present study aimed to investigate associations between physical activity level, adiponectin/leptin ratio, vitamin D status and dietary vitamin D intake among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with adolescents aged 14-18 years old who were living in São Paulo, Brazil...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Mohammed I El-Gamal, Woo-Seok Lee, Ji-Sun Shin, Chang-Hyun Oh, Kyung-Tae Lee, Jungseung Choi, Nohsun Myoung, Daejin Baek
The synthesis of a new series of 21 fused coumarin derivatives is described, and the biological evaluation of their in vitro antiinflammatory effects as inhibitors of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. The target compounds 1a-u were first tested for cytotoxicity to determine a non-toxic concentration for antiinflammatory screening, so that the inhibitory effects against NO and PGE2 production would not be caused by cytotoxicity...
October 24, 2016: Archiv der Pharmazie
Ye Liu, Di Huang, Zhaoyang Wang, Chao Wu, Zhao Zhang, Dan Wang, Zongjin Li, Tianhui Zhu, Shuang Yang, Wei Sun
The proto-oncogene LIM-domain only 2 (lmo2) was traditionally considered to be a pivotal transcriptional regulator in hematopoiesis and leukemia. Recently, the cytosolic localization of LMO2 was revealed in multiple epithelial tissues and a variety of solid tumors. However, the function of LMO2 in these epithelia and solid tumors remains largely unclear. The Wnt signaling pathway is a crucial determinant of development, and abnormalities in several key segments of this pathway contribute to oncogenesis. The current study demonstrated that LMO2 participates in the regulation of canonical Wnt signaling in the cytoplasm by binding to Dishevelled-1/2 (DVL-1/2) proteins...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Shujuan Tian, Jingjing Wu, Fen Li, Jianwei Zou, Yuwen Liu, Bing Zhou, Yang Bai, Meng-Xiang Sun
Kinesins comprise a superfamily of microtubule-based motor proteins involved in essential processes in plant development, but few kinesins have been functionally identified during seed development. Especially, few kinesins that regulate cell division during embryogenesis have been identified. Here we report the functional characterization of NtKRP, a motor protein of the kinesin-12 family. NtKRP is predominantly expressed in embryos and embryonic roots. NtKRP RNAi lines displayed reductions in cell numbers in the meristematic zone, in embryonic root length, and in mature embryo and seed sizes...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Der-Shan Sun, Pei-Hsun Ho, Hsin-Hou Chang
Venomous snakebites are lethal and occur frequently worldwide each year, and receiving the antivenom antibody is currently the most effective treatment. However, the specific antivenom might be unavailable in remote areas. Snakebites by Viperidae usually lead to hemorrhage and mortality if untreated. In the present study, challenges of rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom markedly increased the circulating soluble P-selectin (sP-sel) level, but not P-selectin (P-sel, Selp(-/-)) mutants, in wild-type mice. Because sP-sel enhances coagulation through the P-selectin ligand 1 (PSGL-1, Selplg) pathway to produce tissue factor-positive microparticles, we hypothesized that increasing the plasma sP-sel level can be a self-rescue response in hosts against snake venom-mediated suppression of the coagulation system...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sui-Yuan Chang, Pi-Han Lin, Chien-Lin Cheng, Mao-Yuan Chen, Hsin-Yun Sun, Szu-Min Hsieh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yi-Ching Su, Li-Hsin Su, Shu-Fang Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
Antiretroviral therapy containing an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) plus two NRTIs has become the recommended treatment for antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected patients in the updated guidelines. We aimed to determine the prevalence of INSTI-related mutations in Taiwan. Genotypic resistance assays were performed on plasma from ARV-naïve patients (N = 948), ARV-experienced but INSTI-naive patients (N = 359), and raltegravir-experienced patients (N = 63) from 2006 to 2015. Major INSTI mutations were defined according to the IAS-USA list and other substitutions with a Stanford HIVdb score ≧ 10 to at least one INSTI were defined as minor mutations...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hyo Jung Cho, Bohyun Kim, Jung-Dong Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Jai Keun Kim, Jei Hee Lee, Sung Jae Shin, Kee Myung Lee, Byung Moo Yoo, Kwang Jae Lee, Soon Sun Kim, Jae Youn Cheong, Sung Won Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate long-term outcome of indeterminate nodules detected on cirrhotic liver and to develop risk prediction model for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression of indeterminate nodules on hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhotic liver. METHODS: Indeterminate nodules up to 2 cm with uncertain malignant potential detected on computed tomography of cirrhotic liver during HCC surveillance were analyzed retrospectively. HCC risk prediction model of indeterminate nodules in HBV-related cirrhotic liver was deduced based on result of Cox regression analysis...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Min Xie, Yan Yu, Rui Kang, Shan Zhu, Liangchun Yang, Ling Zeng, Xiaofang Sun, Minghua Yang, Timothy R Billiar, Haichao Wang, Lizhi Cao, Jianxin Jiang, Daolin Tang
Sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock are the main cause of mortality in non-cardiac intensive care units. Immunometabolism has been linked to sepsis; however, the precise mechanism by which metabolic reprogramming regulates the inflammatory response is unclear. Here we show that aerobic glycolysis contributes to sepsis by modulating inflammasome activation in macrophages. PKM2-mediated glycolysis promotes inflammasome activation by modulating EIF2AK2 phosphorylation in macrophages. Pharmacological and genetic inhibition of PKM2 or EIF2AK2 attenuates NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasomes activation, and consequently suppresses the release of IL-1β, IL-18 and HMGB1 by macrophages...
October 25, 2016: Nature Communications
Jin-Shi Xu, Kai Sun, Yong-Jian Han, Chuan-Feng Li, Jiannis K Pachos, Guang-Can Guo
The realization of Majorana zero modes is in the centre of intense theoretical and experimental investigations. Unfortunately, their exchange that can reveal their exotic statistics needs manipulations that are still beyond our experimental capabilities. Here we take an alternative approach. Through the Jordan-Wigner transformation, the Kitaev's chain supporting two Majorana zero modes is mapped to the spin-1/2 chain. We experimentally simulated the spin system and its evolution with a photonic quantum simulator...
October 25, 2016: Nature Communications
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