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Atencional disorder

Guillermo Castaño, Gloria Sierra, Daniela Sánchez, Yolanda Torres, Carolina Salas, Carolina Buitrago
Introducción. La violencia en sus diferentes modalidades incrementa el riesgo de trastornos mentales y de consumo de drogas.Objetivos. Estimar la prevalencia de los trastornos mentales, del uso y abuso de drogas, así como los factores asociados en víctimas de desplazamiento forzado en tres ciudades colombianas.Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de prevalencia en una muestra de 1.026 personas entre los 13 y los 65 años de edad, a quienes se entrevistó utilizando el instrumento Composite International Diagnostic Interview y el Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, así como un cuestionario sobre el consumo de drogas modificado a partir de la encuesta del Sistema Interamericano de Datos Uniformes sobre Drogas de la Comisión Interamericana para el Control del Abuso de Drogas de la Organización de Estados Americanos, y otro sobre aspectos relacionados con el desplazamiento forzado...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Marta Carballal Mariño, Ana Gago Ageitos, Josefa Ares Alvarez, Mercedes Del Rio Garma, Clara García Cendón, Ana Goicoechea Castaño, Josefina Pena Nieto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in primary care pediatrics in Atlantic Galicia. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in 9 outpatient clinics in A Coruña and Pontevedra with a population of 8293 children between September and November 2015. A total of 1286 randomly selected patients from 0 to 14 years of age were included. From the medical history was registered: age, sex, psychiatric diagnosis established by DSM-IV-TR criteria in its five axes, professionals who participated in the diagnosis and treatment of the process and what type of treatment was received...
November 20, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz, Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and analyzing the influence of sociodemographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health variables on Common Mental Disorders in women of childbearing age living in the rural area of Uberaba-MG, Brazil. METHOD: An observational and cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health instruments were used, along with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) to identify common mental disorders...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Nicolás Mendoza, Francisca Molero, Fermín Criado, Mª Jesús Cornellana, Encarna González
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. As survival rates are increasing, the long-term health problems of survivors now need attention. Many survivors develop sexual disorders as a consequence of either the side-effects of treatment or induced menopause. A panel of experts from various Spanish scientific societies (Spanish Menopause Society, SMS; Federación Española de Sociedades de Sexología, FESS; Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria, SEMERGEN; and Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica) met to develop recommendations for the management of sexual health in breast cancer survivors based on the best evidence available...
November 2017: Maturitas
Tiffany A Graves, Nassim Tabri, Heather Thompson-Brenner, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Stephanie Bourion-Bedes, Amy Brown, Michael J Constantino, Christoph Flückiger, Sarah Forsberg, Leanna Isserlin, Jennifer Couturier, Gunilla Paulson Karlsson, Johannes Mander, Martin Teufel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby, Claudia Prestano, Dana A Satir, Susan Simpson, Richard Sly, J Hubert Lacey, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Giorgio A Tasca, Glenn Waller, Shannon L Zaitsoff, Renee Rienecke, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer J Thomas
The therapeutic alliance has demonstrated an association with favorable psychotherapeutic outcomes in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). However, questions remain about the inter-relationships between early alliance, early symptom improvement, and treatment outcome. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relations among these constructs, and possible moderators of these relations, in psychosocial treatments for EDs. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria and supplied sufficient supplementary data. Results revealed small-to-moderate effect sizes, βs = 0...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Valeria Greif, Florencia Ugo, M Fernanda de Castro Pérez, Julieta Mozzoni, Verónica Aguerre, Milagros Saldías, M Soledad Monges
Neuromuscular diseases are mostly genetic disorders, with chronic and progressive course. Affected people are at high risk of developing physical and emotional disabilities. In the last decades, the advance in technology and science has increased chronic pediatric patients survival rate, thus requiring an ongoing assistance in adult hospitals, making the transition a necessity and a challenge. This article reports the clinical practice designed between Hospital Garrahan and Hospital Ramos Mejía for the transition of 27 adolescents during 2015, setting achievements, findings and challenges resulting from this experience...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
F Mearin, C Ciriza, M Mínguez, E Rey, J J Mascort, E Peña, P Cañones, J Júdez
In this Clinical practice guide, an analysis is made of the diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with constipation and abdominal discomfort, under the spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation. These have an important personal, health and social impact, affecting the quality of life of these patients. In irritable bowel syndrome with a predominance of constipation, this is the predominant change in bowel movements, with recurrent abdominal pain, bloating and frequent abdominal distension...
January 2017: Atencion Primaria
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Camila Bernardes, Gemma Peachey, Joseph Sergeant, Paulo Mattos, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: There has been interest in whether people with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of developing an Eating Disorder (ED). The aim of this study was estimate the size of this association with a meta-analysis of studies. METHODS: We retrieved studies following PRISMA guidelines from a broad range of databases. RESULTS: Twelve studies fitted our primary aim in investigating ED in ADHD populations (ADHD = 4,013/Controls = 29,404), and five exploring ADHD in ED populations (ED = 1,044/Controls = 11,292)...
December 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Elaine Amaral de Paula, Mônica Barros Costa, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Rita Maria Rodrigues Bastos, Chislene Pereira Vanelli, Christiane Chaves Augusto Leite, Márcio Santos Caminhas, Rogério Baumgratz de Paula
OBJECTIVE: to assess the structure and results obtained by the "Chronic Renal Patients Care Program" in a Brazilian city. METHOD: epidemiological, cross-sectional study conducted in 14 PHC units and a secondary center from 2010 to 2013. The Donabedian Model was the methodological framework used. A total of 14 physicians, 13 supervisors, and 11 community health agents from primary healthcare were interviewed for the assessment of structure and process and 1,534 medical files from primary healthcare and 282 from secondary care were consulted to assess outcomes...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Jordi Sasot-Llevadot, Rosa M Ibáñez-Bordas, Antonio Soto-López, Francisco Montañés-Rada, Xavier Gastaminza-Pérez, José A Alda-Díez, Tomás Cantó-Díez, Miguel A Catalá, Maite Ferrin-Erdozáin, Marta García-Giral, Montserrat Graell-Bernal, Olvido Granada-Jiménez, Óscar Herreros-Rodríguez, María J Mardomingo-Sanz, Dolores Mojarro-Práxedes, Jaume Morey-Canyelles, Juan Ortiz-Guerra, Montserrat Pàmies-Massana, Francisco Rey-Sánchez, María Romera-Torrens, Belén Rubio-Morell, Pedro M Ruiz-Lázaro, Francisco Ruiz-Sanz
In this paper, the Special Interest Group on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (GEITDAH, from its name in Spanish) presents a consensus reached by experts from all over Spain on conduct disorders in children and adolescents. Following the initial work by the team at the Pedopsychiatry Unit at the Quiron-Teknon Hospital in Barcelona, agreements have been reached on a number of basic aspects that could be the starting point for future consensuses. A top priority aim of the work was also to update the criteria in the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition, for conduct disorders in children and adolescents, together with their comorbidity with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
August 16, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
José A Alda, César Soutullo, Josep A Ramos-Quiroga, Javier Quintero, Amaia Hervás, Isabel Hernández-Otero, Anna Sans-Fitó, Esther Cardo-Jalón Cardo-Jalón, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, Maximino Fernández-Pérez, M Inés Hidalgo-Vicario, Lefa S Eddy-Ives, Javier Sánchez
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobiological disorders in childhood, and is characterized by inappropriate levels of inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsiveness, with an estimated prevalence of 5.29%. ADHD can have a negative impact upon all areas of the life of the patient. The main clinical guides accept multimodal treatment, involving both pharmacological and psychological measures, as the best management approach in ADHD (psychoeducational, behavioural and academic)...
December 2014: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
A Hormigo-Pozo, J Mancera-Romero, M P Perez-Unanua, M Alonso-Fernandez, F Lopez-Simarro, J J Mediavilla-Bravo
People with type 2 diabetes mellitus have a 2 to 4 times higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases when compared to general population of similar age and sex. This risk remains after adjustment of other traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The dyslipidemia associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus is present in up to 60% of people with diabetes and contributes greatly to increased cardiovascular, morbidity and mortality risk in these patients. Diabetic dyslipidemia is a disorder of lipid metabolism characterized by an excess of triglycerides, a decrease in HDL-cholesterol and altered lipoprotein composition, consisting mainly in an excess of small, dense LDL particles...
March 2015: Semergen
José Giner, Jerónimo Saiz Ruiz, Julio Bobes, Enric Zamorano, Francisco López, Teresa Hernando, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, Cecilio Álamo, Jorge A Cervilla, Ángela Ibáñez Cuadrado, Elena Ibáñez Guerra, Silvia López, Pedro Morán, Diego J Palao, Montserrat Romacho
Comorbidity between depression and physical illnesses is very common and has a significant impact on the health and management of the patient. With the support of the Sociedades Españolas de Psiquiatría y Psiquiatría Biológica, and Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN) a consensus was prepared on physical health in patients with depression and is summarized in the present work. The literature review highlighted the high frequency of cardiovascular and endocrine-metabolic disorders in patients with depression such as diabetes and obesity, thus making the primary and secondary prevention recommendations for patients with cardiovascular or metabolic risk applicable to patients with depression...
October 2014: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Enric Aragonès, Juan A López-Rodríguez, Francisco Escobar-Rabadán, Juan Téllez-Lapeira, José Mínguez, Ignacio Párraga, Tatiana Suárez-Hernández, María José Piñero, Marta-Magdalena Guzón
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of positive results in the screening of bipolar disorder (BD) among primary care patients presenting with psychological symptoms, and to analyze their characteristics. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Nineteen Primary Care clinics in different Spanish regions. PATIENTS: A total of 360 consecutive primary care patients aged 18 to 70, presenting with psychological symptoms...
March 2015: Atencion Primaria
F S Lozano Sánchez, I Sánchez Nevarez, J R González-Porras, J Marinello Roura, J R Escudero Rodríguez, S Díaz Sánchez, E Carrasco Carrasco
AIM: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a well-defined and known disorder which impact on related-health quality of life (QoL). However, individuals factors which determinate quality of life on CVD are not well defined. The purposes of this study were to describe the QoL in patients with CVD and examine socio-demographical and clinical factors which influence QoL METHODS: One thousand five hundred sixty patients with CVD were evaluated. We calculated for each patient two disease-specific severity scores: The "C" grade (clinical) of the CEAP classification and the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS)...
August 2013: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Mariana Martínez Quijada, María Luisa Alvarez Gutiérrez
Malnutrition is conditioned by a series of factors, among them the dietary factors, which include appetite, eating behaviors and habits. In order to assess these factors, the following objective was pursued: describe the dietary factors and their relation to appetite in children under two years of age with mild malnutrition. A correlational study was conducted. The sample consisted of all children under two years of age (n = 168) diagnosed with primary (mild) malnutrition, who attended consultation at the Centro de Atención Nutricional Infantil Antímano, CANIA, during the period 2000-2008...
June 2012: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
F S Lozano Sánchez, J Marinel lo Roura, E Carrasco Carrasco, J R González-Porras, J R Escudero Rodríguez, I Sánchez Nevarez, S Díaz Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a frequent disorder with a high socioeconomic impact. Little is known about the possible differences between healed ulcer (C5 group) and active ulcer (C6 group) in terms of disease severity and quality of life (QoL). Our aim was to determine the possible differences in severity disease and QoL between the C5-C6 and C1 (control) group. METHODS: Data from a national, multicentre, observational and cross-sectional study (n = 1598) were used to compare three groups of CVD: C1 (n = 243), C5 (n = 136) and C6 (n = 70)...
May 2014: Phlebology
Lola Andreu-Periz, Montserrat Puig-Llobet, Aleix Cases-Amenós
INTRODUCTION: Age and the comorbidities associated with ESRD impair the functional autonomy of patients on haemodialysis (HD). Our objectives were to assess the level of dependence in patients on HD and their mortality rates after three years of treatment. To do so, we followed the criteria established by the "Ley de Promoción de la Autonomía Personal y Atención a las Personas en situación de dependencia", the Spanish Law of Dependence (LD). METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study between October 2007 and January 2008...
2012: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Fernando Castellanos-Pinedo, Manuel Cid-Gala, Pablo Duque, José M Ramirez-Moreno, José M Zurdo-Hernández et al.
Acquired brain injury is a heterogeneous clinical concept that goes beyond the limits of the classical medical view, which tends to define processes and diseases on the grounds of a single causation. Although in the medical literature it appears fundamentally associated to traumatic brain injury, there are many other causes and management is similar in all of them, during the post-acute and chronic phases, as regards the measures to be taken concerning rehabilitation and attention to dependence. Yet, despite being an important health issue, today we do not have a set of diagnostic criteria or a classification for this condition...
March 16, 2012: Revista de Neurologia
Jorge Trejo-Hernández, Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, José Manuel Orozco-Garibay
INTRODUCTION: The Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSP), is considered as an unusual less frequent variety of child abuse (CA). In this type of abuse the perpetrators purposely provide factitious information, tamper with specimens or actually induce an illness in a child. Nowadays, it is a clinical entity described in pediatrics as more frequently than before. Despite the fact of its presence worldwide, there are still problems in order to get an appropriate diagnostic. It is also difficult to handle both the clinical and legal aspects in various countries...
May 2011: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
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