keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ARMS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446018/development-of-personalized-urination-recognition-technology-using-smart-bands
#1
Sung-Jong Eun, Taeg-Keun Whangbo, Dong Kyun Park, Khae-Hawn Kim
PURPOSE: This study collected and analyzed activity data sensed through smart bands worn by patients in order to resolve the clinical issues posed by using voiding charts. By developing a smart band-based algorithm for recognizing urination activity in patients, this study aimed to explore the feasibility of urination monitoring systems. METHODS: This study aimed to develop an algorithm that recognizes urination based on a patient's posture and changes in posture...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445783/jump-starting-shared-medical-appointments-for-diabetes-with-weight-management-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Matthew J Crowley, David Edelman, Corrine I Voils, Matthew L Maciejewski, Cynthia J Coffman, Amy S Jeffreys, Marsha J Turner, Leslie A Gaillard, Teresa A Hinton, Elizabeth Strawbridge, Jennifer Zervakis, Anna Beth Barton, William S Yancy
BACKGROUND: Rates of glycemic control remain suboptimal nationwide. Medication intensification for diabetes can have undesirable side effects (weight gain, hypoglycemia), which offset the benefits of glycemic control. A Shared Medical Appointment (SMA) intervention for diabetes that emphasizes weight management could improve glycemic outcomes and reduce weight while simultaneously lowering diabetes medication needs, resulting in less hypoglycemia and better quality of life. We describe the rationale and design for a study evaluating a novel SMA intervention for diabetes that primarily emphasizes low-carbohydrate diet-focused weight management...
April 23, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445707/comparing-sprint-and-endurance-training-on-anxiety-depression-and-its-relation-with-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-rats
#3
Hossein TaheriChadorneshin, Sadegh Cheragh-Birjandi, Saeed Ramezani, Seyed-Hosein Abtahi-Eivary
Although the response of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to low intensity exercise training, but the effect of intensive exercise training is not clear. Also, there is insufficient information about relationship between BDNF and depression and anxiety following intensive exercise. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of intensive endurance training (ET) and sprint interval training (SIT) on brain BDNF and its relationship with anxiety and depression in Albino Wistar rats...
April 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445632/the-association-of-baseline-suicidality-with-treatment-outcome-in-psychotic-depression
#4
Kathleen S Bingham, Anthony J Rothschild, Benoit H Mulsant, Ellen M Whyte, Barnett S Meyers, Samprit Banerjee, Katalin Szanto, Alastair J Flint
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline suicidality and outcome of major depression in a randomized controlled trial of the pharmacotherapy of psychotic depression and to explore the interaction of suicidality, randomized treatment assignment, and depression outcome. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of data from 258 persons aged 18 years or older with DSM-IV-defined major depressive disorder with psychotic features who participated in a 12-week randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing olanzapine plus sertraline with olanzapine plus placebo (the Study of the Pharmacotherapy of Psychotic Depression [STOP-PD], which ran from 2002 to 2007)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445503/therapeutic-efficacy-of-artemether-lumefantrine-against-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-a-high-transmission-area-in-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Michael Teklemariam, Ashenafi Assefa, Moges Kassa, Hussien Mohammed, Hassen Mamo
Malaria, particularly due to Plasmodium falciparum, remains a major public health threat in Ethiopia. Artemether-lumefantine (AL) has been the first-line antimalarial drug against uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in the country since 2004. Regular monitoring of antimalarial drugs is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to help early detection of drug resistant strains of the parasite and contain their rapid spread. The objective of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficacy of AL in a high-transmission setting in Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#6
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445356/what-is-the-standard-volume-to-increase-a-cup-size-for-breast-augmentation-surgery-a-novel-three-dimensional-computed-tomographic-approach
#7
Nina-Marie King, Vedran Lovric, William C H Parr, W R Walsh, Pouria Moradi
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation surgery poses many challenges, and meeting the patient's expectations is one of the most important. Previous reports equate 100 cc to a one-cup-size increase; however, no studies have confirmed this between commercially available bras. The aim of this study was to identify the volume increase between cup sizes across different brands and the relationship with implant selection. METHODS: Five bra cup sizes from three different companies were analyzed for their volume capacity...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444936/blood-flow-restriction-attenuates-eccentric-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-without-perceptual-and-cardiovascular-overload
#8
Victor M Curty, Alexandre B Melo, Leonardo C Caldas, Lucas Guimarães-Ferreira, Nuno F de Sousa, Paula F Vassallo, Elisardo C Vasquez, Valério G Barauna
The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of high-intensity eccentric exercise (HI-ECC) combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle damage markers, and perceptual and cardiovascular responses. Nine healthy men (26 ± 1 years, BMI 24 ± 1 kg m(-) ²) underwent unilateral elbow extension in two conditions: without (HI-ECC) and with BFR (HI-ECC+BFR). The HI-ECC protocol corresponded to three sets of 10 repetitions with 130% of maximal strength (1RM). The ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and pain (RPP) were measured after each set...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444888/bacteriophge-exclusion-brex-a-novel-anti-phage-mechanism-in-the-arsenal-of-bacterial-defense-system
#9
Kulbhushan Chaudhary
The arm race between bacteria and phages leads to the development of many phage resistance mechanisms. Bacteria are perpetually changing their strategy to avert phage infection and killing. Recently, a study published that shed light on a novel bacterial defense system called bacteriophge exclusion (BREX). BREX system is a six-gene cassette in Bacillus cereus which provides complete phage resistance to a broad range of phages, including lytic and temperate ones. It's a novel defense strategy which involves DNA methylation of the host cell and block phage DNA replication...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444803/fear-of-pain-changes-movement-motor-behaviour-following-the-acquisition-of-pain-related-fear
#10
K Karos, A Meulders, R Gatzounis, H A M Seelen, R P G Geers, J W S Vlaeyen
BACKGROUND: According to current fear-avoidance models, changes in motor behaviour (e.g. avoidance) are a key component in the development and maintenance of chronic pain complaints. Yet, experimental research assessing actual behavioural changes following painful events is relatively sparse. This study investigated the effects of pain anticipation on changes in motor behaviour using a fear conditioning paradigm and robot-generated standardized movement trajectories of the upper extremities...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444681/-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-description-of-a-spanish-cohort-of-51-cases-and-a-literature-review
#11
R Blanco-Lago, I Malaga-Dieguez, J J Granizo-Martinez, L Carrera-Garcia, P Barruz-Galian, P Lapunzina, J Nevado-Blanco, En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn En Representacion Del Grupo Colaborativo Para El Estudio Del Sindrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn
INTRODUCTION: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a contiguous gene syndrome that gives rise to multiple congenital anomalies, caused by the loss of a distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3). It is characterised by its own peculiar facial phenotype, associated to growth problems, psychomotor retardation and epilepsy. AIMS: To establish a register of patients with WHS in Spain, describe their characteristics, determine the prevalence of epilepsy, estimate the degree of psychomotor retardation and perform a review of the literature in order to compare these data with those published to date...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444320/complex-skill-training-transfers-to-improved-performance-and-control-of-simpler-tasks-after-stroke
#12
Shailesh S Kantak, Nazaneen Zahedi, Robert McGrath
Background: Given limited therapy time, it is important to practice tasks that optimize transfer to other tasks that cannot be practiced during therapy. However, little is known about how tasks can be selected for practice to optimize generalization. Objective: One dimension of task selection is the complexity of the task. The purpose of the current study was to test if learning of a complex motor skill with the paretic arm would transfer to simpler unpracticed goal-directed reaching task...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444240/non-specific-effects-of-oral-polio-vaccine-on-diarrheal-burden-and-etiology-among-bangladeshi-infants
#13
Alexander Upfill-Brown, Mami Taniuchi, James A Platts-Mills, Beth Kirkpatrick, Stacey L Burgess, M Steven Oberste, William Weldon, Eric Houpt, Rashidul Haque, K Zaman, William A Petri
Background: As the global polio eradication initiative prepares to cease use of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in 2020, there is increasing interest in understanding if oral vaccination provides non-specific immunity to other infections so that the consequences of this transition can be effectively planned for and mitigated. Methods: Data was collected from infants in an urban slum in Bangladesh (Mirpur, Dhaka) as part of the PROVIDE study. Following vaccination with tOPV at 6,10, and 14 weeks, infants were randomly assigned to receive tOPV (n=315) or IPV (n=299) at 39 weeks...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444191/risks-of-miscarriage-or-preterm-delivery-in-trichorionic-and-dichorionic-triplet-pregnancies-with-embryo-reduction-versus-expectant-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
C Anthoulakis, T Dagklis, A Mamopoulos, A Athanasiadis
STUDY QUESTION: Is pregnancy outcome in triplet pregnancies improved with embryo reduction (ER) to twins compared to expectant management? SUMMARY ANSWER: In trichorionic triplet pregnancies, ER to twins reduces the risk of preterm birth (<34 weeks) without significantly increasing the risk of miscarriage (<24 weeks), whereas in dichorionic triplet pregnancies, the results are inconclusive. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Triplet pregnancies are associated with a high risk of miscarriage and preterm birth...
April 21, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444115/assessing-treatment-efficacy-in-the-subset-of-responders-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
E L Korn, M Othus, T Chen, B Freidlin
Background: Durability of response is a clinically relevant dimension of the treatment effect in randomized clinical trials; it is often measured by comparing among the responders the duration of response between the treatment arms. However, since the comparison groups are defined by response (a post-randomization event), it is subject to analysis-by-responder bias, especially if the proportion of responders differs between the arms. Methods: Two simple methods are developed that use tumor shrinkage measurements in order to lessen analysis-by-responder bias by generating more comparable patient subsets in the control and experimental arms of the trial...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444114/efficacy-of-everolimus-plus-octreotide-lar-in-patients-with-advanced-neuroendocrine-tumor-and-carcinoid-syndrome-final-overall-survival-from-the-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-3-radiant-2-study
#16
M E Pavel, E Baudin, K E Öberg, J D Hainsworth, M Voi, N Rouyrre, M Peeters, D J Gross, J C Yao
Background: In the phase 3 RADIANT-2 study, everolimus plus octreotide long-acting repeatable (LAR) showed improvement of 5.1 months in median progression-free survival vs placebo plus octreotide LAR among patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors associated with carcinoid syndrome. The progression-free survival P-value was marginally above the prespecified threshold for statistical significance. Here, we report final overall survival (OS) and key safety update from RADIANT-2. Patients and methods: The RADIANT-2 trial compared everolimus (10 mg/day, orally; n= 216) vs placebo ( n= 213), both in conjunction with octreotide LAR (30 mg, intramuscularly, every 28 days)...
April 24, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443784/robotic-characterization-of-ipsilesional-motor-function-in-subacute-stroke
#17
Jennifer A Semrau, Troy M Herter, Jeffrey M Kenzie, Sonja E Findlater, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: Poststroke impairments of the ipsilesional arm are often discussed, but rarely receive focused rehabilitation. Ipsilesional deficits may affect daily function and although many studies have investigated them in chronic stroke, few characterizations have been made in the subacute phase. Furthermore, most studies have quantified ipsilesional deficits using clinical measures that can fail to detect subtle, but important deficits in motor function. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify reaching deficits of the contra- and ipsilesional limbs in the subacute phase poststroke...
April 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443698/impact-of-maternal-nutritional-supplementation-in-conjunction-with-a-breastfeeding-support-program-on-breastfeeding-performance-birth-and-growth-outcomes-in-a-vietnamese-population
#18
Dieu T T Huynh, Nga T Tran, Lam T Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal nutritional supplementation (MNS) in conjunction with a breastfeeding support program on birth outcomes and breastfeeding performance. METHODS: A total of 228 singleton Vietnamese mothers aged 20 to 35 years at 26 to 29 weeks of gestation with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <25.0 kg/m(2) were randomized to the intervention (n = 114), receiving MNS (252 kcal/day) daily up to 12 weeks postpartum and 4 breastfeeding education and support sessions or to the control (n = 114), receiving standards of care...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443675/the-effect-of-trigger-finger-injection-site-on-injection-related-pain
#19
Yoseph A Rosenbaum, Nikki Benvenuti, Jingzhen Yang, Michael E Ruff, Hisham M Awan, Julie Balch Samora
BACKGROUND: Stenosing tenosynovitis, or trigger digit, is a common condition for which patients often seek relief. Corticosteroid injections have been shown to provide relief in many cases, and several different approaches for delivering the injection have been described in the literature. We compared patients' perception of pain following each of 3 accepted injection methods, namely, palmar proximal, palmar distal, and webspace approaches. METHODS: We prospectively followed 38 patients with 39 symptomatic digits in this trial, with varying severities of trigger finger as graded by the Patel and Moradia classification...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443388/utilization-of-thoracic-ultrasound-for-confirmation-of-central-venous-catheter-placement-and-exclusion-of-pneumothorax-a-novel-technique-in-real-time-application
#20
Dileep Raman, Manish Sharma, Ajit Moghekar, Xiaofeng Wang, Umur Hatipoğlu
AIM: To evaluate the safety and utility of ultrasonography as a tool to confirm central venous catheter (CVC) position and to exclude insertion-related pneumothorax in place of chest radiography (CXR) in a tertiary medical intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We randomized 60 consecutive medical ICU patients to conventional or ultrasound groups for CVC placement. Both groups had CVCs inserted under ultrasound guidance. The intervention group underwent real-time transthoracic echocardiography to assist in catheter positioning and chest ultrasonography for exclusion of pneumothorax...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
60483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"