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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230908/probiotics-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#1
REVIEW
Rohan Dalal, Richard G McGee, Stephen M Riordan, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of brain function as a result of liver failure or portosystemic shunt or both. Both hepatic encephalopathy (clinically overt) and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (not clinically overt) significantly impair patient's quality of life and daily functioning, and represent a significant burden on healthcare resources. Probiotics are live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit on the host. OBJECTIVES: To determine the beneficial and harmful effects of probiotics in any dosage, compared with placebo or no intervention, or with any other treatment for people with any grade of acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228768/genome-wide-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-cms-and-restorer-lines-discovered-by-genotyping-using-sequencing-and-association-with-marker-combining-ability-for-12-yield-related-traits-in-oryza-sativa-l-subsp-japonica
#2
Imdad U Zaid, Weijie Tang, Erbao Liu, Sana U Khan, Hui Wang, Edzesi W Mawuli, Delin Hong
Heterosis or hybrid vigor is closely related with general combing ability (GCA) of parents and special combining ability (SCA) of combinations. The evaluation of GCA and SCA facilitate selection of parents and combinations in heterosis breeding. In order to improve combining ability (CA) by molecular marker assist selection, it is necessary to identify marker loci associated with the CA. To identify the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) loci associated with CA in the parental genomes of japonica rice, genome-wide discovered SNP loci were tested for association with the CA of 18 parents for 12 yield-related traits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227552/research-on-eeg-features-of-attended-unattended-vigilance
#3
Chang Sun, Runge Chen, Miao Tian, Xingwei An, Hongzhi Qi, Minpeng Xu, Xuemin Wang, Dong Ming, Peng Zhou, Chang Sun, Runge Chen, Miao Tian, Xingwei An, Hongzhi Qi, Minpeng Xu, Xuemin Wang, Dong Ming, Peng Zhou, Miao Tian, Minpeng Xu, Hongzhi Qi, Runge Chen, Dong Ming, Chang Sun, Xingwei An, Peng Zhou, Xuemin Wang
Vigilance refers to the brain alertness to objective things, including the concentration of attention and the capability to response emergencies. It is of great importance to study vigilance monitoring to avoid accidents caused by decrease of vigilance. In this study, traditional Mackworth Clock Test (MCT) was modified to induce decline of attended and unattended vigilance. We analyzed EEG features in different levels of attended vigilance and assessed unattended vigilance by amplitude of mismatch negative (MMN) which can be evoked by audio odd ball stimulations...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222869/accuracy-evaluation-of-intraoral-optical-impressions-a-clinical-study-using-a-reference-appliance
#4
Mohammad A Atieh, André V Ritter, Ching-Chang Ko, Ibrahim Duqum
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Trueness and precision are used to evaluate the accuracy of intraoral optical impressions. Although the in vivo precision of intraoral optical impressions has been reported, in vivo trueness has not been evaluated because of limitations in the available protocols. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare the accuracy (trueness and precision) of optical and conventional impressions by using a novel study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five study participants consented and were enrolled...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222016/a-review-of-the-challenge-in-measuring-and-standardizing-bcr-abl1
#5
Shuping Yu, Ming Cui, Xiao He, Rongrong Jing, Huimin Wang
Breakpoint cluster region-Abelson (BCR-ABL1) translocation is the characteristic sign of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The quantitation of BCR-ABL1 messenger RNA is requisite for patients with CML, and reverse-transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) is the method used most extensively in testing laboratories worldwide. Nevertheless, substantial variation in RQ-PCR results from different laboratories makes interlaboratory comparability inconvincible owing to the lack of standardization...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219895/impact-of-practice-based-management-of-pa-pressures-in-2000-patients-implanted-with-the-cardiomems-sensor
#6
J Thomas Heywood, Rita Jermyn, David Shavelle, William T Abraham, Arvind Bhimaraj, Kunjan Bhatt, Fareed Sheikh, Eric Eichorn, Sumant Lamba, Rupinder Bharmi, Rahul Agarwal, Charisma Kumar, Lynne W Stevenson
Background -Elevated pulmonary artery (PA) pressures in patients with heart failure (HF) are associated with a high risk for hospitalization and mortality. Recent clinical trial evidence demonstrated a direct relationship between lowering remotely monitored PA pressures and HF hospitalization risk reduction using a novel implantable PA pressure monitoring system (CardioMEMS HF System, St Jude Medical). This study examines PA pressure changes in the first 2,000 US patients implanted in general practice use. Methods -De-identified data from the remote monitoring Merlin...
February 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218701/non-dispersive-infrared-sensor-for-online-condition-monitoring-of-gearbox-oil
#7
Markus S Rauscher, Anton J Tremmel, Michael Schardt, Alexander W Koch
The condition of lubricating oil used in automotive and industrial gearboxes must be controlled in order to guarantee optimum performance and prevent damage to machinery parts. In normal practice, this is done by regular oil change intervals and routine laboratory analysis, both of which involve considerable operating costs. In this paper, we present a compact and robust optical sensor that can be installed in the lubrication circuit to provide quasi-continuous information about the condition of the oil. The measuring principle is based on non-dispersive infrared spectroscopy...
February 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218413/minimal-clinically-important-differences-for-the-experiences-of-daily-living-parts-of-movement-disorder-society-sponsored-unified-parkinson-s-disease-rating-scale
#8
Krisztina Horváth, Zsuzsanna Aschermann, Márton Kovács, Attila Makkos, Márk Harmat, József Janszky, Sámuel Komoly, Kázmér Karádi, Norbert Kovács
BACKGROUND: The minimal clinically important difference is the smallest change of scores clinically meaningful to patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to calculate these threshold values in association with the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society UPDRS (MDS-UPDRS) Parts I and II and to evaluate the feasibility of the composite score of Part I and II (MDS-UPDRS I+II) as an outcome. METHODS: Nine hundred eighty-five paired investigations of 365 patients were reviewed, implementing three different techniques simultaneously...
February 20, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216875/antidermatophytic-and-protease-inhibiting-activities-of-zerumbone-a-natural-sesquiterpene-from-the-rhizome-of-zingiber-zerumbet-l-roscoe-ex-j-e-smith
#9
Madhavankutty Jyothilakshmi, Mathew Jyothis, Gokulanathan Nair Hari Narayanan, Mukalel Sankunni Latha
CONTEXT: Due to increase in the number of patients with impaired immunity, incidence of dermatophytoses has increased considerably. Antidermatophytic agents with anti-inflammatory and protease-inhibiting activities will help in restricting inflammatory response associated with dermatophytoses. AIMS: The present study aims to evaluate antidermatophytic and protease-inhibiting activities of zerumbone. Cytotoxicity was tested using Chang liver cell line as a preliminary step in toxicity study...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216180/utility-of-16s-rrna-pcr-performed-on-clinical-specimens-in-patient-management
#10
A Akram, M Maley, I Gosbell, T Nguyen, R Chavada
BACKGROUND: Broad range PCR 16S rRNA can be used for detection and identification of bacteria from clinical specimens in patients with high suspicion of infection and negative cultures. Aim of this study was 1) to compare 16S rRNA PCR (16S) results with microbiological cultures 2) to assess utility of 16S on antimicrobial therapy 3) to compare the yield of 16S on different type of clinical specimen and cost analysis of test. METHODS: A retrospective study was done on different clinical specimens which had 16S performed over 3 years (2012-2015)...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215791/does-ethnicity-influence-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-healthy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#11
Tamara L Blake, Anne B Chang, Mark D Chatfield, Helen L Petsky, Leanne T Rodwell, Michael G Brown, Deb C Hill, Margaret S McElrea
BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is used clinically as a biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation. Awareness of the factors influencing FeNO values is important for valid clinical interpretation. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science databases, as well as reference lists of included articles to evaluate whether ethnicity influences FeNO values, and to determine if this influence affects clinical interpretation according to current guidelines...
February 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215415/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-lead-avr-during-exercise-testing-in-patients-suspected-of-having-myocardial-ischemia
#12
Max Wagener, Roger Abächerli, Ursina Honegger, Nicolas Schaerli, Gil Prêtre, Raphael Twerenbold, Christian Puelacher, Germaine Sunier, Philipp Reddiess, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Karin Wildi, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Thomas Nestelberger, Patrick Badertscher, Zaid Sabti, Ramun Schmid, Remo Leber, Dayana Flores Widmer, Samyut Shrestha, Ivo Strebel, Damian Wild, Stefan Osswald, Michael Zellweger, Christian Mueller, Tobias Reichlin
We aimed to assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of ST-segment deviation in aVR, a lead often ignored in clinical practice, during exercise testing and to compare it to the most widely used criterion of ST-segment depression in V5. We enrolled 1,596 patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for nuclear perfusion imaging undergoing bicycle stress testing. ST-segment amplitudes in leads aVR and V5 were automatically measured. The presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was the diagnostic end point and adjudicated based on nuclear perfusion imaging and coronary angiography...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215182/pain-relief-that-matters-to-patients-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies-assessing-the-minimum-clinically-important-difference-in-acute-pain
#13
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Jørgen Hilden, Nino Emanuel Landler, Britta Tendal, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the clinical relevance of results reported by trials and meta-analyses as well as to plan sample sizes in new studies. However, there is a lack of consensus about the size of MCID in acute pain, which is a core symptom affecting patients across many clinical conditions. METHODS: We identified and systematically reviewed empirical studies of MCID in acute pain. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library, and included prospective studies determining MCID using a patient-reported anchor and a one-dimensional pain scale (e...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214493/the-value-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-the-assessment-of-calf-muscle-function-in-venous-patients
#14
Spyros N Vasdekis, Ioannis Tzemailas, Constantine N Antonopoulos, Sotiria Mastoraki, George K Mantas, Andreas Lazaris
OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive technique with the potential to determine the degree of tissue oxygenation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the use of NIRS as a reliable method of detecting calf muscle pump dysfunction in groups of patients with venous disease. METHODS: Patients with superficial venous insufficiency (SVI) or history of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) were classified according to the comprehensive classification system for chronic venous disorders (clinical class, etiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology) and compared with controls (GROUP variable)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214172/does-successful-rotator-cuff-repair-improve-muscle-atrophy-and-fatty-infiltration-of-the-rotator-cuff-a-retrospective-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-performed-shortly-after-surgery-as-a-reference
#15
Noritaka Hamano, Atsushi Yamamoto, Hitoshi Shitara, Tsuyoshi Ichinose, Daisuke Shimoyama, Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Yohei Kakuta, Toshihisa Osawa, Kenji Takagishi
BACKGROUND: Muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration in the rotator cuff muscles are often observed in patients with chronic rotator cuff tears. The recovery from these conditions has not been clarified. METHODS: Ninety-four patients were included in this study. The improvement in muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration in successfully repaired rotator cuff tears was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging at 1 year and 2 years after surgery and was compared with muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration observed on magnetic resonance imaging at 2 weeks after surgery to discount any changes due to the medial retraction of the torn tendon...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213152/central-neuronal-motor-behaviour-in-skilled-and-less-skilled-novices-approaching-sports-specific-movement-techniques
#16
Tobias Vogt, Kouki Kato, Stefan Schneider, Stefan Türk, Kazuyuki Kanosue
Research on motor behavioural processes preceding voluntary movements often refers to analysing the readiness potential (RP). For this, decades of studies used laboratory setups with controlled sports-related actions. Further, recent applied approaches focus on athlete-non-athlete comparisons, omitting possible effects of training history on RP. However, RP preceding real sport-specific movements in accordance to skill acquisition remains to be elucidated. Therefore, after familiarization 16 right-handed males with no experience in archery volunteered to perform repeated sports-specific movements, i...
February 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211969/identifying-congruence-in-stream-assemblage-thresholds-in-response-to-nutrient-and-sediment-gradients-for-limit-setting
#17
Annika Wagenhoff, Joanne E Clapcott, Kelvin E M Lau, Gillian D Lewis, Roger G Young
The setting of numeric instream objectives (effects-based criteria) and catchment limits for major agricultural stressors, such as nutrients and fine sediment, is a promising policy instrument to prevent or reduce degradation of stream ecosystem health. We explored the suitability of assemblage thresholds, defined as a point at which a small increase in a stressor will result in a disproportionally large change in assemblage structure relative to other points across the stressor gradient, to inform instream nutrient and sediment objectives...
October 11, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210893/analyzing-deadwood-volume-of-calabrian-pine-pinus-brutia-ten-in-relation-to-stand-and-site-parameters-a-case-study-in-k%C3%A3-pr%C3%A3-l%C3%A3-canyon-national-park
#18
Uzay Karahalil, Emin Z Başkent, Fatih Sivrikaya, Burak Kılıç
The importance of deadwood (DW) in forest ecosystems is widely recognized today. Deadwood is used as a proxy indicator for biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of forests. This research aims to determine the amount and spatial distribution of DW (standing dead trees, stumps, and coarse woody debris) and characterize the changes with few selected parameters in an unmanaged forest reserve of Köprülü Canyon National Park (NP). The data were collected from 387 temporary sample plots with different stand characteristics such as stand age, crown closure, site index, and density, and site parameters like elevation, aspect, slope, and distance to settlement areas of Calabrian pine (Pinus brutia Ten...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210020/p300-wave-changes-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Kristina Tokic, Marina Titlic, Amira Beganovic-Petrovic, Enra Suljic, Rinaldo Romac, Slobodan Silic
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease. In patients with Parkinson's disease among other symptoms occur cognitive dysfunctions, which can be shown by P300 wave changes. AIM: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that patients with Parkinson's disease have reduced amplitude and prolonged latency, longer than 300 ± 10 ms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 21 patient suffering from Parkinson's disease...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208137/structural-and-referent-based-effects-on-prosodic-expression-in-russian
#20
Tatiana Luchkina, Jennifer S Cole
This study examines prosody in read productions of two published narratives by 15 Russian speakers. Two distinct sources of variation in acoustic-prosodic expression are considered: structural and referent-based. Structural effects refer to the particular linearization of words in a sentence or phrase. Referent-based effects relate to the semantic and pragmatic characteristics of the discourse referent of a word, and to grammatical roles that are partially dependent on referent characteristics. Here, we examine referent animacy and the related grammatical function of subjecthood, and the relative accessibility or information status of a word...
2016: Phonetica
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