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Emergency anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328609/evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-trauma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-modified-classification-system-and-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-its-management
#1
Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania K Schoinohoriti, Minas Leventis, Ioannis Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze dentoalveolar trauma in pediatric patients, propose a modified classification, and delineate an approach for its urgent care from the surgeon's perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients, attended at the 'A. and P. Kyriakou' Children's Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2000 to 2015, were retrieved and data were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 365 cases of dentoalveolar trauma, affecting 363 children and adolescents (221 males and 142 females), with an age range from 1 to 15 years, were treated in the authors' department...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321971/risk-factors-for-perioperative-mortality-and-transfusion-in-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-resections
#2
Rebecca S Isserman, Olivia Nelson, Kha M Tran, Lingyu Cai, Marcia Polansky, Julia M Rosenbloom, Theodora K Goebel, Elaina E Lin
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal teratomas are a common congenital tumor. Surgical resection can occur in utero, in the neonatal period, or in the postneonatal period. AIMS: We describe patient and tumor factors associated with mortality and transfusion in this population. METHODS: We did a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent sacrococcygeal teratoma resection between January 1998 and March 2016. Demographic data, transfusion data, and tumor characteristics were collected...
March 21, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319187/the-impact-of-high-grade-glial-neoplasms-on-human-cortical-electrophysiology
#3
S Kathleen Bandt, Jarod L Roland, Mrinal Pahwa, Carl D Hacker, David T Bundy, Jonathan D Breshears, Mohit Sharma, Joshua S Shimony, Eric C Leuthardt
OBJECTIVE: The brain's functional architecture of interconnected network-related oscillatory patterns in discrete cortical regions has been well established with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies or direct cortical electrophysiology from electrodes placed on the surface of the brain, or electrocorticography (ECoG). These resting state networks exhibit a robust functional architecture that persists through all stages of sleep and under anesthesia. While the stability of these networks provides a fundamental understanding of the organization of the brain, understanding how these regions can be perturbed is also critical in defining the brain's ability to adapt while learning and recovering from injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306187/anesthesia-induced-rhabdomyolysis-or-malignant-hyperthermia-is-defining-the-crisis-important
#4
REVIEW
Rebecca M Gray
Anesthesia-induced rhabdomyolysis and malignant hyperthermia occur in response to the same agents and present with similar clinical features. Distinguishing between these diagnoses can be challenging in a clinical crisis yet making the distinction is critical as prompt appropriate management may be life-saving, whereas delayed recognition and/or inappropriate management will almost certainly result in death. This focused review examines the differences between these conditions and focuses on the emergency management of anesthesia-induced rhabdomyolysis...
March 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301889/geburtshilfe-an%C3%A3-sthesie-bei-exit-prozedur
#5
Alexander Torossian
The ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is performed as a part of an extended caesarean section for example to treat fetal airway disorders. For treatment, optimal uterine relaxation is necessary, however utero-placental supply of the fetus has to be guaranteed as well. "Balanced" anesthesia, tocolysis and tight maternal arterial blood pressure control are recommended. Standard fetal monitoring comprises pulse oxymetry and echocardiography. The article describes the physiology and anesthestic goals of the EXIT procedure, discusses alternative anesthesia techniques and gives an outlook on emerging progress...
March 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298758/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-and-midazolam-as-adjuncts-to-lignocaine-for-intravenous-regional-anesthesia
#6
Bharti Gupta, Ravinder Kumar Verma, Sudershan Kumar, Geeta Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is safe, technically simple, and cost-effective technique compared to general anesthesia with success rates of 94-98% for upper and lower limb surgeries. The main disadvantage of this procedure is its limited duration for surgery, lack of postoperative analgesia, and tourniquet pain. To overcome this disadvantage, various adjuvants to lignocaine have been studied from time to time. AIM: To compare the analgesic efficacy of dexmedetomidine and midazolam as adjuncts to lignocaine for IVRA for forearm and hand surgeries...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291658/how-do-they-get-here-does-the-method-of-transportation-impact-salvage-for-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#7
D A Weiss, N Tsarouhas, M C Carr, A Kalmus, S A Zderic
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of patients are arriving at our tertiary care center for evaluation of possible testicular torsion using ambulance or helicopter transport. In many cases the parents arrive by car before the patient arrives. Are these advanced methods of medical transport worth the expense and risk in the case of suspected testicular torsion? OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the total number of patients presenting to our emergency room for suspected testicular torsion to see if the means of transport affected testicular survival...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291128/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#8
Carolyn F Weiniger, Limor Sharoni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review considers an array of recent applications for point-of-care ultrasound in clinical practice including diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that may be relevant for the obstetric anesthesiologist. The rapid advancement of technology and clinical applications for bedside ultrasound in obstetric anesthesiology requires an appraisal of the limitations and uses. RECENT FINDINGS: The review presents the most recent literature describing ultrasound-guided airway assessments, airway management, cricothyroidotomy, transthoracic echocardiography, gastric volume assessments, point-of-care lung ultrasound diagnoses, intracranial pressure assessments, vascular access, neuraxial blocks, and transversus abdominis plane blocks...
March 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#9
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287525/echocardiographic-approaches-and-protocols-for-comprehensive-phenotypic-characterization-of-valvular-heart-disease-in-mice
#10
Grace Casaclang-Verzosa, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Hector R Villaraga, Jordan D Miller
The aim of this manuscript and accompanying video is to provide an overview of the methods and approaches used for imaging heart valve function in rodents, with detailed descriptions of the appropriate methods for anesthesia, the echocardiographic windows used, the imaging planes and probe orientations for image acquisition, the methods for data analysis, and the limitations of emerging technologies for the evaluation of cardiac and valvular function. Importantly, we also highlight several future areas of research in cardiac and heart valve imaging that may be leveraged to gain insights into the pathogenesis of valve disease in preclinical animal models...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286528/evaluation-of-a-pilot-project-to-introduce-simulation-based-team-training-to-pediatric-surgery-trauma-room-care
#11
Markus Lehner, Ellen Heimberg, Florian Hoffmann, Oliver Heinzel, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Martina Heinrich
Introduction. Several studies in pediatric trauma care have demonstrated substantial deficits in both prehospital and emergency department management. Methods. In February 2015 the PAEDSIM collaborative conducted a one and a half day interdisciplinary, simulation based team-training course in a simulated pediatric emergency department. 14 physicians from the medical fields of pediatric surgery, pediatric intensive care and emergency medicine, and anesthesia participated, as well as four pediatric nurses. After a theoretical introduction and familiarization with the simulator, course attendees alternately participated in six simulation scenarios and debriefings...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283018/tramadol-vs-dexmedetomidine-for-emergence-agitation-control-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy-with-sevoflurane-anesthesia-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#12
Nurdan Bedirli, Mehmet Akçabay, Ulku Emik
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of an intraoperative single dose administration of tramadol and dexmedetomidine on hemodynamics and postoperative recovery profile including pain, sedation, emerge reactions in pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: Seventy-seven patient, aged 2-12, undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anesthesia was enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous 2 mg/kg tramadol (Group T; n = 39) or 1 μg/kg dexmedetomidine (Group D; n = 38) after intubation...
March 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279584/simulation-training-for-the-office-based-anesthesia-team
#13
REVIEW
Richard M Ritt, Jeffrey Bennett, David Todd
An OMS office is a complex environment. Within such an environment, a diverse scope of complex surgical procedures is performed with different levels of anesthesia, ranging from local anesthesia to general anesthesia, on patients with varying comorbidities. Optimal patient outcomes require a functional surgical and anesthetic team, who are familiar with both standard operational principles and emergency recognition and management. Offices with high volume and time pressure add further stress and potential risk to the office environment...
March 6, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275631/dopamine-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-facilitates-emergence-from-general-anesthesia
#14
COMMENT
L Stan Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272252/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-remifentanil-and-2-different-doses-of-esmolol-on-pain-during-propofol-injection-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-consort-study
#15
Myunghwan Lee, Taegeon Kwon, Sujin Kim, Saeyoung Kim, Kibum Park, Younghoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: Propofol is associated with pain during injection, which is stressful to patients. The present study was designed to investigate the analgesic effect of pretreatment with remifentanil and esmolol in minimizing propofol injection pain, compared with placebo. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, prospective trial, 120 patients, scheduled for elective dental surgery under general anesthesia, were randomized to 1 of the 4 treatment arms (n = 30 each) receiving normal saline, remifentanil 0...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270765/cafedrine-theodrenaline-20-1-is-an-established-alternative-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypotension-in-germany-a-review-based-on-a-systematic-literature-search
#16
REVIEW
Berthold Bein, Torsten Christ, Leopold H J Eberhart
A 20:1 combination of cafedrine:theodrenaline (Akrinor®) is widely used in Germany for the treatment of hypotensive states during anesthesia and in emergency medicine. Although this drug formulation has been available since 1963, there are few studies relating to its use and many of the data are only available in German. In this article, we summarize the available data and propose mechanisms for the effects of cafedrine/theodrenaline on cardiac muscle cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. Cafedrine/theodrenaline leads to a rapid increase in mean arterial pressure that is characterized by increased cardiac preload, stroke volume, and cardiac output...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269717/assessment-of-sedation-analgesia-by-means-of-poincare%C3%AC-analysis-of-the-electroencephalogram
#17
Jose D Bolanos, Montserrat Vallverdu, Pere Caminal, Daniel F Valencia, Xavi Borrat, Pedro L Gambus, Jose F Valencia
Monitoring the levels of sedation-analgesia may be helpful for managing patient stress on minimally invasive medical procedures. Monitors based on EEG analysis and designed to assess general anesthesia cannot distinguish reliably between a light and deep sedation. In this work, the Poincaré plot is used as a nonlinear technique applied to EEG signals in order to characterize the levels of sedation-analgesia, according to observed categorical responses that were evaluated by means of Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267443/balloon-removal-after-fetoscopic-endoluminal-tracheal-occlusion-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#18
Julio A Jiménez, Elisenda Eixarch, Philip Dekoninck, João R Bennini, Roland Devlieger, Cleisson F Peralta, Eduard Gratacos, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: Isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) defect allows viscera to herniate into the chest, competing for space with the developing lungs. At birth, pulmonary hypoplasia leads to respiratory insufficiency and persistent pulmonary hypertension that is lethal in up to 30% of patients. Antenatal measurement of lung size and liver herniation can predict survival after birth. Prenatal intervention aims at stimulating lung development, clinically achieved by percutaneous fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) under local anesthesia...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267071/use-of-a-dental-vibration-tool-to-reduce-pain-from-digital-blocks-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Craig Pedersen, Michael Miller, K Tom Xu, Lynn Carrasco, Cynthia Smith, Peter B Richman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The infiltration of local anesthetic is consistently described as painful by patients. Vibration anesthesia has been studied in the dental literature as a promising tool to alleviate the pain from dental nerve blocks. Many of these studies used a specific device, the DentalVibe. To date, there have not been any studies applying this technology to digital blocks of the hand in human subjects. We hypothesized that the use of microvibratory stimulation during digital blocks of the hand would decrease pain reported by patients...
March 6, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262592/bilateral-asymmetrical-hip-dislocation-with-one-side-obturator-intra-pelvic-dislocation-case-report
#20
Abdullah Saad Abdulfattah Abdullah, Ayman Abdelhady, Abduljabbar Alhammoud
INTRODUCTION: Hip dislocations usually occur as a result of motor vehicle accidents and require high energy trauma. Bilateral hip dislocations are rare compared to unilateral ones. Most reported cases are asymmetrical simultaneous bilateral anterior and posterior dislocations. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report describes a 32years female passenger who was involved in road traffic accident and had bilateral asymmetrical hip dislocations with one side posterior and the other side obturator intra-pelvic dislocation...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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