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Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Andreas Domröse, Robin Weihmann, Stephan Thies, Karl-Erich Jaeger, Thomas Drepper, Anita Loeschcke
Microbial secondary metabolites represent a rich source of valuable compounds with a variety of applications in medicine or agriculture. Effective exploitation of this wealth of chemicals requires the functional expression of the respective biosynthetic genes in amenable heterologous hosts. We have previously established the TREX system which facilitates the transfer, integration and expression of biosynthetic gene clusters in various bacterial hosts. Here, we describe the yTREX system, a new tool adapted for one-step yeast recombinational cloning of gene clusters...
December 2017: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
Gebremedhin Romha, Birhanu Admasu, Tsegaye Hiwot Gebrekidan, Hailelule Aleme, Gebreyohans Gebru
Objective: To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activities of five plant extracts which have been used as traditional medicines by local healers against three multidrug resistant bacteria, namely, Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , and Pseudomonas aeruginosa . Results: The highest mean zone of inhibition (4.66 mm) was recorded from methanol extract of Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. at a concentration of 200 mg/ml against S. aureus , followed by Croton macrostachyus Del...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Sandra C Vega, Diana A Martínez, María Del S Chalá, Hernán A Vargas, Jaiver E Rosas
Multidrug resistance of pathogenic bacteria has become a public health crisis that requires the urgent design of new antibacterial drugs such as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Seeking to obtain new, lactoferricin B (LfcinB)-based synthetic peptides as viable early-stage candidates for future development as AMPs against clinically relevant bacteria, we designed, synthesized and screened three new cationic peptides derived from bovine LfcinB. These peptides contain at least one RRWQWR motif and differ by the copy number (monomeric, dimeric or tetrameric) and structure (linear or branched) of this motif...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mona Jasmine R Ahonen, Dakota J Suchyta, Huanyu Zhu, Mark H Schoenfisch
Low and high molecular weight alginate biopolymers were chemically modified to store and release potentially therapeutic levels of nitric oxide (NO). Carbodiimide chemistry was first used to modify carboxylic acid functional groups with a series of small molecule alkyl amines. The resulting secondary amines were subsequently converted to N-diazeniumdiolate NO donors via reaction with NO gas under basic conditions. NO donor-modified alginates stored between 0.4-0.6 µmol NO•mg-1. In aqueous solution, the NO-release kinetics was diverse (0...
March 19, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Ashokkumar Sekar, Myoungjin Kim, Hyeong Chul Jeong, Keun Kim
Lactobacillus pentosus K1-23 was selected from among 25 lactic acid bacterial strains due to its high inhibitory activity against several pathogenic bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, S. gallinarum, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium perfringens , and Listeria monocytogenes . Additionally, among 13 strains of Aureobasidium spp., A. pullulans NRRL 58012 was shown to produce the highest amount of β-glucan (15.45 ± 0.07%) and was selected. Next, the optimal conditions for a solid-phase mixed culture with these two different microorganisms, one bacterium and one yeast, were determined...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jumpei Uchiyama, Ryu Shigehisa, Tadahiro Nasukawa, Keijiro Mizukami, Iyo Takemura-Uchiyama, Takako Ujihara, Hironobu Murakami, Ichiro Imanishi, Koji Nishifuji, Masahiro Sakaguchi, Shigenobu Matsuzaki
The combined use of phage and antibiotics can show synergistic antimicrobial effects, so-called phage-antibiotic synergy (PAS). Here, we screened and examined PAS against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro. Testing four different phages infecting P. aeruginosa, phage KPP22 classified within the family Myoviridae genus Pbunavirus showed PAS with the widest range of antibiotics, and showed PAS with anti-Pseudomonas drugs such as piperacillin and ceftazidime. Thus, evidence suggests that the combined use of phage and antibiotics is a promising therapeutic strategy against P...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Virology
Josy Goldoni Lazarini, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Marcelo Franchin, Bruno Dias Nani, Irlan Almeida Freires, Juliana Infante, Jonas Augusto Rizzato Paschoal, Severino Matias de Alencar, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
The anti-inflammatory and antibiofilm activities as well as toxicity and chemical profile of Eugenia brasiliensis pulp extract (EBE), were evaluated. EBE chemical profile and phenolic content were determined by LC-MS/MS. EBE was tested for its in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity, including TNF-α release, NF-кB activation, neutrophil migration and paw edema. The MIC/MBC and antibiofilm activities were tested against methicillin sensitive and resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomona aeruginosa, Streptococcus mutans, and Lactobacillus acidophilus...
March 15, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Juliana S Novais, Caroline S Moreira, Ana Carolina J A Silva, Raquel S Loureiro, Agnes Marie Sá Figueiredo, Vitor F Ferreira, Helena C Castro, David R da Rocha
The aims of this study were the planning, synthesis and in vitro evaluation of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylsulfanylmethyl-[1,4]-naphthoquinones against Gram-negative and Gram-positive strains, searching for potential lead compounds against bacterial biofilm formation. A series of 12 new analogs of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylsulfanylmethyl-[1,4]-naphthoquinones were synthesized by adding a thiol and different substituents to a ο-quinone methide using microwave irradiation. The compounds were tested against Gram-positive (Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S...
March 14, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Chunyan Chen, Ni Sun, Dongsheng Li, Sihua Long, Xiaoyu Tang, Guoqing Xiao, Linyuan Wang
Kitchen waste oil (KWO) from catering industries or households was used as a low-cost carbon source for producing biosurfactants by self-isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fermentation performance with KWO was superior to those with four other carbon sources, with higher optical density (OD600 ) of 2.33 and lower interfacial tension of 0.57 mN/m. Culture conditions for biosurfactant production were optimized, with optimal pH of 8.0 and nitrogen source concentration of 2.0 g/L, respectively. The results of infrared spectroscopy and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) showed that the biosurfactant was a mixture of six rhamnolipid congeners, among which Rha-Rha-C10 -C10 and Rha-C10 -C10 were the main components, with mass fraction of approximately 34...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Marie-Cécilia Duvernoy, Thierry Mora, Maxime Ardré, Vincent Croquette, David Bensimon, Catherine Quilliet, Jean-Marc Ghigo, Martial Balland, Christophe Beloin, Sigolène Lecuyer, Nicolas Desprat
Surface colonization underpins microbial ecology on terrestrial environments. Although factors that mediate bacteria-substrate adhesion have been extensively studied, their spatiotemporal dynamics during the establishment of microcolonies remains largely unexplored. Here, we use laser ablation and force microscopy to monitor single-cell adhesion during the course of microcolony formation. We find that adhesion forces of the rod-shaped bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are polar. This asymmetry induces mechanical tension, and drives daughter cell rearrangements, which eventually determine the shape of the microcolonies...
March 16, 2018: Nature Communications
Naoya Sakamoto, Kyohei Tsuchiya, Mayu Hikone
We report the case of a 47-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who was referred to our hospital for acute dyspnea. The radiologic findings revealed consolidation with a cavity in the left upper lobe of the lung. Blood/sputum cultures detected Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Despite intensive care, the patient died from respiratory failure. Autopsy revealed multiple small necrotizing cavities that had coalesced. Although P. aeruginosa is a known causative pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia in patients with structural lung disease, the radiologic findings were non-specific...
March 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Paolo Sartori, Enrico Chiarello, Gaurav Jayaswal, Matteo Pierno, Giampaolo Mistura, Paola Brun, Adriano Tiribocchi, Enzo Orlandini
We systematically investigate the role of different swimming patterns on the concentration distribution of bacterial suspensions confined between two flat walls, by considering wild-type motility Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which perform Run and Tumble and Run and Reverse patterns, respectively. The experiments count motile bacteria at different distances from the bottom wall. In agreement with previous studies, an accumulation of motile bacteria close to the walls is observed. Different wall separations, ranging from 100 to 250μm, are tested...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
Angharad E Green, Alejandro Amézquita, Yvan Le-Marc, Matthew J Bull, Thomas R Connor, Eshwar Mahenthiralingam
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a common contaminant associated with product recalls in the home and personal care (HPC) industry. Preservation systems are used to prevent spoilage and protect consumers, but greater knowledge is needed of preservative resistance mechanisms used by P. aeruginosa contaminants. We aimed to identify genetic pathways associated with preservative exposure by using an industrial P. aeruginosa strain and implementing RNA-Seq to understand gene expression changes in response to industry relevant conditions...
March 14, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Francesca Micoli, Paolo Costantino, Roberto Adamo
Cell surface carbohydrates have been proven optimal targets for vaccine development. Conjugation of polysaccharides to a carrier protein triggers a T-cell dependent immune response to the glycan moiety. Licensed glycoconjugate vaccines are produced by chemical conjugation of capsular polysaccharides to prevent meningitis caused by meningococcus, pneumococcus and Haemophilus influenzae type b. However, other classes of carbohydrates (O-antigens, exopolysaccharides, wall/teichoic acids) represent attractive targets for developing vaccines...
March 14, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Dinesh Subedi, Ajay Kumar Vijay, Gurjeet Singh Kohli, Scott A Rice, Mark Willcox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Asmaa E Kassab, Ehab M Gedawy
As we are interested in synthetizing biologically active leads with dual anticancer and antibacterial activity, we adopted biology oriented drug synthesis (BIODS) strategy to synthesize a series of novel ciprofloxacin (CP) hybrids. The National Cancer Institute (USA) selected seventeen newly synthesized compounds for anticancer evaluation against 59 different human tumor cell lines. Five compounds 3e, 3f, 3h, 3o and 3p were further studied through determination of IC50 values against the most sensitive cancer cell lines...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Enrico Gugliandolo, Roberta Fusco, Giovanna Ginestra, Ramona D'amico, Carlo Bisignano, Giuseppina Mandalari, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Rosanna Di Paola
BACKGROUND: Colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), the most common pathogen isolated mainly in patients with cystic fibrosis, is particularly difficult to eradicate and is associated with acceleration of decline in lung function and with poorer prognosis. PA LPS is recognized by toll like receptors 4 (TLR4) and has been shown to induce lung inflammation in vivo. In addition, regulation of this process is essential for proper pathogen clearance and to prevent excessive inflammatory response resulting in tissue damage...
March 15, 2018: Shock
David Williams, Joanne L Fothergill, Benjamin Evans, Jessica Caples, Sam Haldenby, Martin J Walshaw, Michael A Brockhurst, Craig Winstanley, Steve Paterson
Pseudomonas aeruginosa chronic infections of cystic fibrosis (CF) airways are a paradigm for within-host evolution with abundant evidence for rapid evolutionary adaptation and diversification. Recently emerged transmissible strains have spread globally, with the Liverpool Epidemic Strain (LES) the most common strain infecting the UK CF population. Previously we have shown that highly divergent lineages of LES can be found within a single infection, consistent with super-infection among a cross-sectional cohort of patients...
March 16, 2018: Microbial Genomics
Carla D McArdle, Katie M Lagan, David A McDowell
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the resistance of bacteria isolated from diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) to antibiotics frequently used in the management of the diabetic foot infections, at a range of pH values (pH 6.5, 7.5, and 8.5) known to exist in DFU wound fluid. This study aimed to determine whether changes (or atypical stasis) in wound fluid pH modulate the antibiotic resistance of DFU isolates, with potential implications in relation to the suppression/eradication of bacterial infections in DFUs...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Antony T Vincent, Steve J Charette, Jean Barbeau
The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is found in several habitats, both natural and human-made, and is particularly known for its recurrent presence as a pathogen in the lungs of patients suffering from cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease. Given its clinical importance, several major studies have investigated the genomic adaptation of P. aeruginosa in lungs and its transition as acute infections become chronic. However, our knowledge about the diversity and adaptation of the P. aeruginosa genome to non-clinical environments is still fragmentary, in part due to the lack of accurate reference genomes of strains from the numerous environments colonized by the bacterium...
March 16, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
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