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EBV consensus

Rashid Ansumana, Samuel Keitell, Gregory M T Roberts, Francine Ntoumi, Eskild Petersen, Giuseppe Ippolito, Alimuddin Zumla
The World Health Organization (WHO) annual TB report states twenty-eight percent of the world's 9.6 million new tuberculosis (TB) cases are in the WHO Africa Region. The Mano River Union (MRU) countries of West Africa, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, have over the past two decades made incremental sustained investments into TB control programs. The devastating 2014-2015 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa impacted significantly on all sectors of the healthcare systems in the MRU countries, including the TB prevention and control programs...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Clémentine Sarkozy, Thierry Molina, Hervé Ghesquières, Anne-Sophie Michallet, Jehan Dupuis, Diane Damotte, Franck Morsschauser, Marie Parrens, Laurent Martin, Peggy Dartigues, Aspasia Stamatoullas, Pierre Hirsch, Bettina Fabiani, Krimo Bouabdallah, Maria Gomes da Silva, Marie Maerevoet, Camille Laurent, Bertrand Coiffier, Gilles Salles, Alexandra Traverse-Glehen
Mediastinal gray zone lymphoma, B-cell lymphomas with intermediate features between classical Hodgkin lymphoma and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, have not been well described in the literature. We report the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a large retrospective series of 99 cases centrally reviewed by a panel of hematopathologists, with a consensus established for the diagnosis. Cases were defined as classical Hodgkin lymphoma-like morphology (64.6%) with primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma immunophenotype, primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma-like morphology (30...
January 2017: Haematologica
Isabella Abbate, Antonio Piralla, Agata Calvario, Annapaola Callegaro, Cristina Giraldi, Giovanna Lunghi, William Gennari, Giuseppe Sodano, Paolo Ravanini, Pier Giulio Conaldi, Marialinda Vatteroni, Aurelia Gaeta, Pierpaolo Paba, Rossana Cavallo, Fausto Baldanti, Tiziana Lazzarotto
BACKGROUND: Inter-laboratory variability in quantifying pathogens involved in viral disease following transplantation may have a great impact on patient care, especially when pre-emptive strategies are used for prevention. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the variability in quantifying CMV, EBV and BKV DNA from 15 virology laboratories of the Italian Infections in Transplant Working Group (GLaIT) involved in monitoring transplanted patients. STUDY DESIGN: Panels from international Quality Control programs for Molecular Diagnostics (QCMD, year 2012), specific for the detection of CMV in plasma, CMV in whole blood (WB), EBV and BKV were used...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Henri Gruffat, Roberta Marchione, Evelyne Manet
During their productive cycle, herpesviruses exhibit a strictly regulated temporal cascade of gene expression that can be divided into three general stages: immediate-early (IE), early (E), and late (L). This expression program is the result of a complex interplay between viral and cellular factors at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, as well as structural differences within the promoter architecture for each of the three gene classes. Since the cellular enzyme RNA polymerase II (RNAP-II) is responsible for the transcription of herpesvirus genes, most viral promoters contain DNA motifs that are common with those of cellular genes, although promoter complexity decreases from immediate-early to late genes...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Chantal Dreyer, Pauline Afchain, Isabelle Trouilloud, Thierry André
This review reports 3 of recently published molecular classifications of the 3 main gastro-intestinal cancers: gastric, pancreatic and colorectal adenocarcinoma. In colorectal adenocarcinoma, 6 independent classifications were combined to finally hold 4 molecular sub-groups, Consensus Molecular Subtypes (CMS 1-4), linked to various clinical, molecular and survival data. CMS1 (14% MSI with immune activation); CMS2 (37%: canonical with epithelial differentiation and activation of the WNT/MYC pathway); CMS3 (13% metabolic with epithelial differentiation and RAS mutation); CMS4 (23%: mesenchymal with activation of TGFβ pathway and angiogenesis with stromal invasion)...
July 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Allison F O'Neill, Eelam A Adil, Alexandria L Irace, Laura Neff, Ian J Davis, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Stephan D Voss, Olga Weinberg, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a rare complication of immunosuppression with little consensus on its evaluation and management. The purpose of this contemporary review is to describe a pediatric patient with PTLD of the airway and review the literature to provide multidisciplinary recommendations regarding management. DATA SOURCES: Retrospective chart and literature review. REVIEW METHODS: A pediatric patient with PTLD of the airway is described...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
María Dolores Fellner, Karina A Durand, Veronica Solernou, Andrea Bosaleh, Ziomara Balbarrey, María T García de Dávila, Marcelo Rodríguez, Lucía Irazu, Lidia V Alonio, María A Picconi
High levels of circulating EBV load are used as a marker of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). There is no consensus regarding the threshold level indicative of an increase in peripheral EBV DNA. The aim of the study was to clinically validate a developed EBV quantification assay for early PTLD detection. Transversal study: paired peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), plasma and oropharyngeal lymphoid tissue (OLT) from children undergoing a solid organ transplant with (n=58) and without (n=47) PTLD...
April 2016: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Liudmila S Chesnokova, Sarah M Valencia, Lindsey M Hutt-Fletcher
The cell surface molecules used by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to attach to epithelial cells are not well-defined, although when CD21, the B cell receptor for EBV is expressed epithelial cell infection increases disproportionately to the increase in virus bound. Many herpesviruses use low affinity charge interactions with molecules such as heparan sulfate to attach to cells. We report here that the EBV glycoprotein gp150 binds to heparan sulfate proteoglycans, but that attachment via this glycoprotein is not productive of infection...
July 2016: Virology
Ka-Won Noh, Jihyun Park, Eun Hye Joo, Eun Kyung Lee, Eun Young Choi, Myung-Soo Kang
Functional inhibition of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) can cause the death of EBV infected cells. In this study, a bioinformatics tool predicted the existence of putative extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) docking and substrate consensus sites on EBNA1, suggesting that ERK2 could bind to and phosphorylate EBNA1. In accordance, ERK2 was found to phosphorylate EBNA1 serine 383 in a reaction suppressed by H20 (a structural congener of the ERK inhibitor), U0126 (an inhibitor of MEK kinase), and mutations at substrate (S383A) or putative ERK docking sites...
May 3, 2016: Oncotarget
T Yasmin, A H M Nurun Nabi
Ebola virus (EBV) has become a serious threat to public health. Different approaches were applied to predict continuous and discontinuous B cell epitopes as well as T cell epitopes from the sequence-based and available three-dimensional structural analyses of each protein of EBV. Peptides '(79) VPSATKRWGFRSGVPP(94) ' from GP1 and '(515) LHYWTTQDEGAAIGLA(530) ' from GP2 of Ebola were found to be the consensus peptidic sequences predicted as linear B cell epitope of which the latter contains a region (519) TTQDEG(524) that fulfilled all the criteria of accessibility, hydrophilicity, flexibility and beta turn region for becoming an ideal B cell epitope...
May 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Italo Tempera, Alessandra De Leo, Andrew V Kossenkov, Matteo Cesaroni, Hui Song, Noor Dawany, Louise Showe, Fang Lu, Priyankara Wikramasinghe, Paul M Lieberman
UNLABELLED: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) is the EBV-encoded nuclear antigen and sequence-specific DNA binding protein required for viral origin binding and episome maintenance during latency. EBNA1 can also bind to numerous sites in the cellular genome and can provide a host cell survival function, but it is not yet known how EBNA1 sequence-specific binding is responsible for host cell survival. Here, we integrate EBNA1 chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) with transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) after EBNA1 depletion to identify cellular genes directly regulated by EBNA1 that are also essential for B-cell survival...
October 14, 2015: Journal of Virology
Xiandong Lin, Yongzhong Zhao, Won-Min Song, Bin Zhang
Gastric cancer, a highly heterogeneous disease, is the second leading cause of cancer death and the fourth most common cancer globally, with East Asia accounting for more than half of cases annually. Alongside TNM staging, gastric cancer clinic has two well-recognized classification systems, the Lauren classification that subdivides gastric adenocarcinoma into intestinal and diffuse types and the alternative World Health Organization system that divides gastric cancer into papillary, tubular, mucinous (colloid), and poorly cohesive carcinomas...
2015: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Sara L Ma, Virginia Vega-Warner, Christopher Gillies, Matthew G Sampson, Vijay Kher, Sidharth K Sethi, Edgar A Otto
OBJECTIVE: Hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) is a heterogeneous genetic phosphate wasting disorder. The disease is most commonly caused by mutations in the PHEX gene located on the X-chromosome or by mutations in CLCN5, DMP1, ENPP1, FGF23, and SLC34A3. The aims of this study were to perform molecular diagnostics for four patients with HR of Indian origin (two independent families) and to describe their clinical features. METHODS: We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) for the affected mother of two boys who also displayed the typical features of HR, including bone malformations and phosphate wasting...
2015: PloS One
Anastasia L Hryhorczuk, Heung Bae Kim, Marian H Harris, Sara O Vargas, David Zurakowski, Edward Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Multivisceral transplantation represents an important treatment option for children with intestinal failure. The attendant immunosuppression can lead to a spectrum of cellular proliferations including benign and malignant smooth muscle tumors and lymphoproliferative disorders, many related to cellular dysregulation from Epstein-Barr virus infection. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the rates of post-transplantation proliferative disorders among children with multivisceral transplantation and to characterize the imaging and pathological features of these disorders...
July 2015: Pediatric Radiology
Rosella Mechelli, Caterina Manzari, Claudia Policano, Anita Annese, Ernesto Picardi, Renato Umeton, Arianna Fornasiero, Anna Maria D'Erchia, Maria Chiara Buscarinu, Cristina Agliardi, Viviana Annibali, Barbara Serafini, Barbara Rosicarelli, Silvia Romano, Daniela F Angelini, Vito A G Ricigliano, Fabio Buttari, Luca Battistini, Diego Centonze, Franca R Guerini, Sandra D'Alfonso, Graziano Pesole, Marco Salvetti, Giovanni Ristori
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2) gene, which contains the most variable region of the viral genome, in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and control subjects to verify whether virus genetic variants are involved in disease development. METHODS: A seminested PCR approach and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze EBNA2 in 53 patients and 38 matched healthy donors (HDs). High-throughput sequencing by Illumina MiSeq was also applied in a subgroup of donors (17 patients and 17 HDs)...
March 31, 2015: Neurology
Richa Garg, Colleen Rusciolelli, Mark E Gerber
An adolescent female with a past medical history significant for Crohn's disease presented with fevers, tonsillitis without exudate, and tender posterior cervical lymphadenopathy. Laboratory results showed transaminitis, leukocytosis with a left shift, and atypical lymphocytes on a blood smear. The patient did not respond to supportive care or dexamethasone, necessitating a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Although her presentation was consistent with infectious mononucleosis, diagnosis was not confirmed until Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from tonsillar tissue was positive...
January 2015: Pediatric Annals
Michael L Freeman, Claire E Burkum, Tres Cookenham, Alan D Roberts, Kathleen G Lanzer, Gail E Huston, Meghan K Jensen, John Sidney, Bjoern Peters, Jacob E Kohlmeier, David L Woodland, Linda F van Dyk, Alessandro Sette, Marcia A Blackman
The oncogenic γ-herpesviruses EBV and Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus are ubiquitous human pathogens that establish lifelong latent infections maintained by intermittent viral reactivation and reinfection. Effector CD4 T cells are critical for control of viral latency and in immune therapies for virus-associated tumors. In this study, we exploited γHV68 infection of mice to enhance our understanding of the CD4 T cell response during γ-herpesvirus infection. Using a consensus prediction approach, we identified 16 new CD4 epitope-specific responses that arise during lytic infection...
December 15, 2014: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Hitoshi Sano, Masanobu Fujimoto, Keisuke Okuno, Jun-Ichi Ueyama, Shuichi Takano, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Susumu Kanzaki
INTRODUCTION: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a serious complication following solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Although extranodal involvement of PTLD is common, its isolated involvement in the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely rare. To date, primary CNS-PTLD has been reported in 13 patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT, but no cases have been reported in autologous HSCT recipients. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein, we report the first report of a patient with neuroblastoma that progressed to CNS-PTLD after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT)...
2014: SpringerPlus
Yan-Yan Tong, Hong-Xia Li, Li-Xia Zhang, Zhan Wang, Ling Zhou, Yi Zeng, Hai-Jun Du
This study aimed to construct recombinant adenovirus expressing Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The C-terminal region fragment of the ebna1 gene of Epstein-Barr virus was amplified from the standard strain B95-8 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The gene fragment was inserted into the pDC316 shuttle plasmid using the EcoRI and BgIII restriction enzyme sites. The pDC316-ebna1 shuttle plasmid and pBHG helper plasmid were cotransfected into HEK293 cells after sequencing...
July 2014: Bing du Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Virology
Valentin Aubry, Fabrice Mure, Bernard Mariamé, Thibaut Deschamps, Lucjan S Wyrwicz, Evelyne Manet, Henri Gruffat
UNLABELLED: During their productive cycle, herpesviruses exhibit a strictly regulated temporal cascade of gene expression that has three general stages: immediate early (IE), early (E), and late (L). Promoter complexity differs strikingly between IE/E genes and L genes. IE and E promoters contain cis-regulating sequences upstream of a TATA box, whereas L promoters comprise a unique cis element. In the case of the gammaherpesviruses, this element is usually a TATT motif found in the position where the consensus TATA box of eukaryotic promoters is typically found...
November 2014: Journal of Virology
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