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Acute pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909909/obesity-biomarkers-metabolism-and-risk-of-cancer-an-epidemiological-perspective
#1
Katharina Nimptsch, Tobias Pischon
Obesity is associated with metabolic alterations that may pose a biological link between body fatness and risk of cancer. Elucidating the role of obesity-related biomarkers in cancer development is essential for developing targeted strategies aiming at obesity-associated cancer prevention. Molecular epidemiological studies of the past decades have provided evidence that major hormonal pathways linking obesity and cancer risk include the insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis, sex-steroid hormones, adipokines and chronic low-grade inflammation...
2016: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909037/safety-and-efficacy-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-combined-with-s-1-simultaneously-followed-by-sequential-s-1-as-an-initial-treatment-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-silapanc-trial-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#2
Xiaofei Zhu, Xiaoping Ju, Fei Cao, Fang Fang, Shuiwang Qing, Yuxin Shen, Zhen Jia, Yangsen Cao, Huojun Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Upfront surgeries are not beneficial to most patients with pancreatic cancer. Therefore, more emphasis has been placed chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer recently. Gemcitabine-based regimens or FOLFIRINOX (a chemotherapy regimen including leucovorin, 5-FU, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) has been proven as a standard chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer. However, severe toxicities may prevent the completion of chemotherapy. S-1 has showed better objective response rates, similar overall survival rates and progression-free survival rates compared with gemcitabine, revealing that S-1 may be a potential candidate in treating pancreatic cancer, especially for patients refractory to gemcitabine...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902695/text-mining-genotype-phenotype-relationships-from-biomedical-literature-for-database-curation-and-precision-medicine
#3
Ayush Singhal, Michael Simmons, Zhiyong Lu
The practice of precision medicine will ultimately require databases of genes and mutations for healthcare providers to reference in order to understand the clinical implications of each patient's genetic makeup. Although the highest quality databases require manual curation, text mining tools can facilitate the curation process, increasing accuracy, coverage, and productivity. However, to date there are no available text mining tools that offer high-accuracy performance for extracting such triplets from biomedical literature...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900729/radical-resection-of-t1-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-with-a-pseudocyst-of-the-tail-due-to-acute-obstructive-pancreatitis-report-of-a-case
#4
Yuki Fujiwara, Fumitake Suzuki, Masaru Kanehira, Yasuro Futagawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
A 53-year-old male visited his primary physician for epigastric and back pain. Abdominal-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a simple cyst of the pancreatic tail attached to the stomach. A distal main pancreatic duct (MPD) was clearly dilated, but no pancreatic tumor was identified around the stenosis of MPD by CT scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) revealed stenosis and distal dilation of the MPD located between the body and tail of the pancreas...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891190/cell-free-dna-promoter-hypermethylation-in-plasma-as-a-diagnostic-marker-for-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#5
Stine Dam Henriksen, Poul Henning Madsen, Anders Christian Larsen, Martin Berg Johansen, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Henrik Krarup, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer has a 5-year survival rate of only 5-7%. Difficulties in detecting pancreatic cancer at early stages results in the high mortality and substantiates the need for additional diagnostic tools. Surgery is the only curative treatment and unfortunately only possible in localized tumours. A diagnostic biomarker for pancreatic cancer will have a major impact on patient survival by facilitating early detection and the possibility for curative treatment. DNA promoter hypermethylation is a mechanism of early carcinogenesis, which can cause inactivation of tumour suppressor genes...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879138/-total-pancreatectomy-for-pancreatic-malignancy-from-history-to-the-present-day
#6
M Ryska, J Rudiš
Currently, total pancreatectomy (TP) is indicated in approximately one in ten surgical patients with pancreatic cancer. Key role in the decision falls in the competence of the multidisciplinary team, alternatively of the surgeon in the intraoperative period in some cases. Exceptionally, TP is approached in the so-called salvage surgery. Perioperative mortality of TP as an elective procedure does not exceed that of partial resections; however, mortality of up to 50% is associated with salvage surgery in acute postoperative pancreatitis...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878246/luteolin-protects-mice-from-severe-acute-pancreatitis-by-exerting-ho-1-mediated-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects
#7
Jie Xiong, Kezhou Wang, Chunxiao Yuan, Rong Xing, Jianbo Ni, Guoyong Hu, Fengling Chen, Xingpeng Wang
Reseda odorata L. has long been used in traditional Asian medicine for the treatment of diseases associated with oxidative injury and acute inflammation, such as endotoxemia, acute lung injury, acute myocardial infarction and hepatitis. Luteolin, the main component of Reseda odorata L., which is also widely found in many natural herbs and vege-tables, has been shown to induce heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression to exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of luteolin on mice with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and to explore the underlying mechanisms...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836513/anticoagulant-therapy-for-symptomatic-calf-deep-vein-thrombosis-cactus-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Marc Righini, Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Hervé Guenneguez, Dominique Brisot, Antoine Diard, Pascale Faisse, Marie-Thérèse Barrellier, Claudine Hamel-Desnos, Christine Jurus, Olivier Pichot, Myriam Martin, Lucia Mazzolai, Clarisse Choquenet, Sandrine Accassat, Helia Robert-Ebadi, Marc Carrier, Grégoire Le Gal, Bernadette Mermilllod, Jean-Pierre Laroche, Henri Bounameaux, Arnaud Perrier, Susan R Kahn, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of anticoagulant treatment is not established for patients with acute symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the calf. We aimed to assess whether therapeutic anticoagulation is superior to placebo in patients with symptomatic calf DVT. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled low-risk outpatients (without active cancer or previous venous thromboembolic disease) with a first acute symptomatic DVT in the calf from 23 university medical centres or community medical clinics in Canada, France, and Switzerland...
November 7, 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826137/imaging-in-pancreatic-disease
#9
REVIEW
Julien Dimastromatteo, Teresa Brentnall, Kimberly A Kelly
Pancreatic diseases, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and diabetes mellitus, taken together, occur in >10% of the world population. Pancreatic diseases, as with other diseases, benefit from early intervention and appropriate diagnosis. Although imaging technologies have given clinicians an unprecedented toolbox to aid in clinical decision-making, advances in these technologies and development of molecular-based diagnostic tools could enable physicians to identify diseases at an even earlier stage and, thereby, improve patient outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817166/acute-obstructive-pancreatitis-after-pancreas-sparing-total-duodenectomy-in-a-patient-with-pancreas-divisum-a-case-report
#10
Shimpei Otsuka, Teiichi Sugiura, Katsuhiko Uesaka
BACKGROUND: Pancreas-sparing total duodenectomy (PSTD) is an ideal recommended procedure for patients with multiple duodenal adenomas or early duodenal cancer. We herein report a rare but serious complication of PSTD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old woman with duodenal adenocarcinoma underwent PSTD. On postoperative day one, she complained of severe abdominal pains. Her serum amylase and serum pancreatic amylase levels were extremely elevated (Amy, 1296 IU/L; P-Amy, 1273 IU/L)...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808144/acute-on-chronic-pancreatitis-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Nissy A Philip, Shounak Majumder, Sarah E Kerr, Ferga C Gleeson, Suresh T Chari, Randall K Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796165/chemotherapy-and-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-achieves-a-high-rate-of-r0-resection
#12
Florence Huguet, Carla Hajj, Corrine B Winston, Weiji Shi, Zhigang Zhang, Abraham J Wu, Eileen M O'Reilly, Diane L Reidy, Peter Allen, Karyn A Goodman
BACKGROUND: To assess local control, survival and conversion to resectability among locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) patients treated with induction chemotherapy (ICT) followed by chemoradiotherapy treatment using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, 134 LAPC patients were treated with ICT followed by IMRT. After chemoradiotherapy, 40 patients received maintenance chemotherapy. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 20 months, median overall survival (OS) was 23 months...
October 31, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795815/arterial-complication-of-irreversible-electroporation-procedure-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#13
Yahya Ekici, Tugan Tezcaner, Hüseyin Onur Aydın, Fatih Boyvat, Gökhan Moray
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a non-thermal ablation technique used especially in locally advanced pancreatic carcinomas that are considered surgically unresectable. We present the first case of acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion secondary to pancreatic IRE procedure that has not been reported before in the literature. A 66-year-old man underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. IRE procedure was applied to the patient during laparotomy under general anesthesia...
October 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792139/lack-of-tert-promoter-mutations-in-human-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#14
Gary Lam, Rena R Xian, Yingying Li, Kathleen H Burns, Karen L Beemon
Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of immune cell neoplasms that comprise molecularly distinct lymphoma subtypes. Recent work has identified high frequency promoter point mutations in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene of different cancer types, including melanoma, glioma, liver and bladder cancer. TERT promoter mutations appear to correlate with increased TERT expression and telomerase activity in these cancers. In contrast, breast, pancreatic, and prostate cancer rarely demonstrate mutations in this region of the gene...
October 25, 2016: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776171/analysis-of-research-activity-in-gastroenterology-pancreatitis-is-in-real-danger
#15
Andrea Szentesi, Emese Tóth, Emese Bálint, Júlia Fanczal, Tamara Madácsy, Dorottya Laczkó, Imre Ignáth, Anita Balázs, Petra Pallagi, József Maléth, Zoltán Rakonczay, Balázs Kui, Dóra Illés, Katalin Márta, Ágnes Blaskó, Alexandra Demcsák, Andrea Párniczky, Gabriella Pár, Szilárd Gódi, Dóra Mosztbacher, Ákos Szücs, Adrienn Halász, Ferenc Izbéki, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi
OBJECTIVE: Biomedical investment trends in 2015 show a huge decrease of investment in gastroenterology. Since academic research usually provides the basis for industrial research and development (R&D), our aim was to understand research trends in the field of gastroenterology over the last 50 years and identify the most endangered areas. METHODS: We searched for PubMed hits for gastrointestinal (GI) diseases for the 1965-2015 period. Overall, 1,554,325 articles were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760972/-a-case-of-synchronous-multiple-metastases-in-which-the-origin-could-not-be-identified-by-routine-examination
#16
Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745828/efficacy-and-safety-of-dpp-4-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-meta-analysis-of-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
M B Rehman, B V Tudrej, J Soustre, M Buisson, P Archambault, D Pouchain, H Vaillant-Roussel, F Gueyffier, J-L Faillie, M-C Perault-Pochat, C Cornu, R Boussageon
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for type 2 diabetes (T2D) recommend reducing HbA1c through lifestyle interventions and glucose-lowering drugs (metformin, then combination with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors [DPP-4Is] among other glucose-lowering drugs). However, no double-blind randomized clinical trial (RCT) compared with placebo has so far demonstrated that DDP-4Is reduce micro- and macrovascular complications in T2D. Moreover, the safety of DPP-4Is (with increased heart failure and acute pancreatitis) remains controversial...
October 10, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743712/incretin-based-pharmacotherapy-and-risk-of-adverse-pancreatic-events-in-the-ethnic-chinese-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#18
Chao-Ming Tseng, Wei-Chih Liao, Chi-Yang Chang, Ching-Tai Lee, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Yao-Chun Hsu, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic safety remains a concern for diabetic patients using incretin-based medications. We aimed to determine if there was an association between incretin-based therapy and an increased risk for acute pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: This retrospective population-based cohort study analyzed data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 13 171 eligible type 2 DM patients who had received incretin-based treatment for a minimum of two months were matched 1:1 for age, gender, diabetes complications severity index, and inception date with DM patients who never used this pharmacotherapy...
October 7, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736709/pancreatic-disease-panniculitis-polyarthrtitis-syndrome-successfully-treated-with-total-pancreatectomy-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Valentina Ferri, Benedetto Ielpo, Hipolito Duran, Eduardo Diaz, Isabel Fabra, Riccardo Caruso, Luisi Malave, Carlos Plaza, Silvia Rodriguez, Lina Garcia, Virginia Perez, Yolanda Quijano, Emilio Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic disease can be complicated by extrabdominal manifestations such as panniculitis and polyarthritis. The symptomatic triad comprising pancreatic disease, panniculitis and polyarthritis is also known as PPP syndrome and is characterized by severe chronic sequels and high mortality rate. We describe a case of PPP syndrome successfully treated with spleen preserving total pancreatectomy; in addition we performed a literature review. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67 years old male presented panniculitis and polyarthritis without clinical abdominal symptoms...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733144/successful-treatment-of-gemcitabine-induced-acute-interstitial-pneumonia-with-imatinib-mesylate-a-case-report
#20
Elisabetta Fenocchio, Ilaria Depetris, Delia Campanella, Lucia Garetto, Fabrizio Carnevale Schianca, Danilo Galizia, Giovanni Grignani, Massimo Aglietta, Francesco Leone
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine is currently the standard chemotherapy for the adjuvant treatment of pancreatic cancer. This chemotherapeutic agent is generally well-tolerated, myelosuppression and gastrointestinal toxicity being common side effects. Nevertheless, gemcitabine-induced pulmonary toxicity has been rarely reported. Despite its low incidence, the spectrum of pulmonary injury is wide, including potentially fatal conditions. We report a case of acute interstitial pneumonia related to gemcitabine, completely solved with Imatinib Mesylate (IM)...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
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