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Eun-Joo Jeon, Munkhtugs Davaatseren, Jin-Taek Hwang, Jae Ho Park, Haeng Jeon Hur, Ae Sin Lee, Mi Jeong Sung
In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), inflammation is induced and maintained by lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a natural product formed in acidic conditions from indole-3-carbinol in cruciferous vegetables, and it is known for its chemotherapeutic activity. This study evaluated DIM's effects on angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis, and inflammation in a mouse colitis model. Experimental colitis was induced in mice by administering 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) via drinking water...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Tsui-Ting Ho, Jianguo Huang, Nanjiang Zhou, Ziqiang Zhang, Pratirodh Koirala, Xinchun Zhou, Fangting Wu, Xianfeng Ding, Yin-Yuan Mo
PCGEM1 is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that is often upregulated in prostate cancer. However, little is known how PCGEM1 is regulated. In the present study, we show transcriptional regulation of PCGEM1 in response to androgen deprivation by p54/nrb. While ectopic expression of p54/nrb increases, suppression of p54/nrb by RNAi or knockout (KO) reduces PCGEM1. Moreover, rescue experiments indicate that re-expression of p54/nrb in KO cells restores the ability to induce PCGEM1, leading to upregulation of the androgen receptor splice variant AR3 which has been shown to play a role in castration resistance...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chi Huu Nguyen, Stefan Brenner, Nicole Huttary, Atanas Georgiev Atanasov, Verena Maria Dirsch, Waranya Chatuphonprasert, Sivio Holzner, Serena Stadler, Juliane Riha, Sigurd Krieger, Rainer de Martin, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Georg Krupitza, Walter Jäger
A causal link between overexpression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and its target cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and metastatic outgrowth of various cancer entities has been established. Nevertheless, the mechanism how AHR/CYP1A1 support metastasis formation is still little understood. In vitro we discovered a potential mechanism facilitating tumour dissemination based on the production of 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE). Utilising a three-dimensional lymph endothelial cell (LEC) monolayer & MDA-MB231 breast cancer cell spheroid co-culture model in combination with knock-down approach allowed elucidation of the molecular/biochemical basis of AHR/CYP1A1-induced tumour breaching through the LEC barrier...
September 27, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Barbara Licznerska, Wanda Baer-Dubowska
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a common phytochemical in cruciferous vegetables, and its condensation product, 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) exert several biological activities on cellular and molecular levels, which contribute to their well-recognized chemoprevention potential. Initially, these compounds were classified as blocking agents that increase drug-metabolizing enzyme activity. Now it is widely accepted that I3C and DIM affect multiple signaling pathways and target molecules controlling cell division, apoptosis, or angiogenesis deregulated in cancer cells...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lu Lu, Jiali Dong, Deguan Li, Junling Zhang, Saijun Fan
We have reported that hematopoietic system injury induced by total body irradiation (TBI) leads to generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage, which are ameliorated by antioxidant agents. In the present study, we reported that administration of DIM, a potent antioxidant agent, not only protected mice against TBI-induced lethality, also ameliorated TBI-induced hematopoietic injury. The latter effect was probably attributable to DIM's inhibition of TBI-induced increases in ROS production in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the phosphorylation of histone H2AX (γ-H2AX)...
September 5, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Chandraiah Godugu, Ravi Doddapaneni, Stephen H Safe, Mandip Singh
The present study demonstrates the promising anticancer effects of novel C- substituted diindolylmethane (DIM) derivatives DIM-10 and DIM-14 in aggressive TNBC models. In vitro studies demonstrated that these compounds possess strong anticancer effects. Caco-2 permeability studies resulted in poor permeability and poor oral bioavailability was demonstrated by pharmacokinetic studies. Nano structured lipid carriers (NLC) formulations were prepared to increase the clinical acceptance of these compounds. Significant increase in oral bioavailability was observed with NLC formulations...
August 29, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Naomi Fujioka, Benjamin W Ransom, Steven G Carmella, Pramod Upadhyaya, Bruce R Lindgren, Astia Roper-Batker, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Vincent A Fritz, Charles Rohwer, Stephen S Hecht
Glucobrassicin in Brassica vegetables gives rise to indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a compound with potent anticancer effects in preclinical models. We previously showed that the urinary metabolite 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) could discriminate between volunteers fed high and low doses of Brassica vegetables. However, the quantitative relationship between glucobrassicin exposure and urinary DIM level is unclear. We conducted a clinical trial to examine the hypotheses that a range of glucobrassicin exposure from Brassica vegetables is reflected in urinary DIM and that this effect plateaus...
October 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Soo Mi Kim
Studies in humans have shown that 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), which is found in cruciferous vegetables, such as cabbage and broccoli, is effective in the attenuation of gastrointestinal cancers. This review presents the latest findings on the use, targets, and modes of action of DIM for the treatment of human gastrointestinal cancers. DIM acts upon several cellular and molecular processes in gastrointestinal cancer cells, including apoptosis, autophagy, invasion, cell cycle regulation, metastasis, angiogenesis, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Madeleine Livendahl, Jan Jamroskovic, Svetlana Ivanova, Peter Demirel, Nasim Sabouri, Erik Chorell
G-quadruplex (G4) structures carry vital biological functions, and compounds that selectively target certain G4 structures have both therapeutic potential and value as research tools. Along this line, 2,2'-diindolylmethanes have been designed and synthesized in this work based on the condensation of 3,6- or 3,7-disubstituted indoles with aldehydes. The developed class of compounds efficiently stabilizes G4 structures without inducing conformational changes in such structures. Furthermore, the 2,2'-diindolylmethanes target certain G4 structures more efficiently than others and this G4 selectivity can be altered by chemical modifications of the compounds...
September 5, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Huiping Li, Pingping Zhao, Qiong Xu, Shifang Shan, Chunchun Hu, Zilong Qiu, Xiu Xu
The small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide N (SNRPN) gene, encoding the RNA-associated SmN protein, duplications or deletions of which are strongly associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities. SNRPN-coding protein is highly expressed in the brain. However, the role of SNRPN protein in neural development remains largely unknown. Here we showed that the expression of SNRPN increased markedly during postnatal brain development. Overexpression or knockdown of SNRPN in cortical neurons impaired neurite outgrowth, neuron migration, and the distribution of dendritic spines...
2016: Scientific Reports
Cedar H A Boakye, Ketan Patel, Apurva R Patel, Henrique A M Faria, Valtencir Zucolotto, Stephen Safe, Mandip Singh
The objective of this study was to explore the oral route as a viable potential for the skin deposition of a novel diindolylmethane derivative (DIM-D) for chemoprevention activity. Various lipid-based oral delivery systems were optimized and compared for enhancing DIM-D's oral bioavailability and skin deposition. Preformulation studies were performed to evaluate the log P and solubility of DIM-D. Microsomal metabolism, P-glycoprotein efflux, and caco-2 monolayer permeability of DIM-D were determined. Comparative evaluation of the oral absorption and skin deposition of DIM-D-loaded various lipid-based formulations was performed in rats...
October 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Yang Ye, Yanfei Fang, Wenxia Xu, Qiang Wang, Jianwei Zhou, Rongzhu Lu
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM), a class of relatively non-toxic indole derivatives from cruciferous vegetables, has been reported as a promising anticancer phytochemical, but the underlying molecular mechanism is not completely elucidated. In the present study we report a novel regulation of autophagy by DIM in human gastric cancer cells. We found that DIM dose-dependently inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, ATG5 and LC3 were activated by DIM in gastric cancer cells. Furthermore, miR-30e was down-regulated by DIM and miR-30e targeted the 3'-UTR of ATG5 to inhibit its translation...
September 1, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Wenjing Wang, Maomin Lv, Yanlin Wang, Jingang Zhang
CONTEXT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is known as a major obstacle to effective cancer therapy. The effects of irradiation on MDR in cancer cells had rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: The effect of 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) sensitizing MDR human breast carcinoma to γ-irradiation was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MCF-7/ADR cells were exposed to different concentrations of DIM (0-30 μM) for 48 or 2 h before IR (γ-Co(60), 10 Gy, room temperature) then cultured for 48 h...
June 16, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
(no author information available yet)
The above article, published online on August 19, 2009 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the third author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5C to be inappropriately re-used and re-labeled. REFERENCE Ahmad A, Kong D, Wang Z, Sarkar SH, Banerjee S, Sarkar FH. 2009. Down-regulation of uPA and uPAR by 3,3'-diindolylmethane contributes to the inhibition of cell growth and migration of breast cancer cells...
August 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Cynthia A Thomson, Emily Ho, Meghan B Strom
Diet is a modifiable factor associated with the risk of several cancers, with convincing evidence showing a link between diet and breast cancer. The role of bioactive compounds of food origin, including those found in cruciferous vegetables, is an active area of research in cancer chemoprevention. This review focuses on 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), the major bioactive indole in crucifers. Research of the cancer-preventive activity of DIM has yielded basic mechanistic, animal, and human trial data. Further, this body of evidence is largely supported by observational studies...
July 2016: Nutrition Reviews
Geum-A Lee, Kyung-A Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in tumor progression. The cells undergoing EMT upregulate the expression of cell motility-related proteins and show enhanced migration and invasion. The hallmarks of EMT in cancer cells include changed cell morphology and increased metastatic capabilities in cell migration and invasion. Therefore, prevention of EMT is an important tool for the inhibition of tumor metastasis. A novel preventive therapy is needed, such as treatment of natural dietary substances that are nontoxic to normal human cells, but effective in inhibiting cancer cells...
2016: Toxins
Alan Bolnick, Mohammed Abdulhasan, Brian Kilburn, Yufen Xie, Mindie Howard, Paul Andresen, Alexandra M Shamir, Jing Dai, Elizabeth E Puscheck, Daniel A Rappolee
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to test whether metformin, aspirin, or diet supplement (DS) BioResponse-3,3'-Diindolylmethane (BR-DIM) can induce AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent potency loss in cultured embryos and whether metformin (Met) + Aspirin (Asa) or BR-DIM causes an AMPK-dependent decrease in embryonic development. METHODS: The methods used were as follows: culture post-thaw mouse zygotes to the two-cell embryo stage and test effects after 1-h AMPK agonists' (e...
August 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Pengfei Li, Yunxiang Weng, Xianxiang Xu, Xiuling Cui
An efficient, environmentally friendly, and operationally simple procedure to 1,2-disubstituted indoles from 2-alkynylanilines and diaryliodonium salts has been developed. This reaction proceeds smoothly under metal-free conditions. The products obtained could be transferred into 3,3'-diindolylmethane with DMSO catalyzed by palladium. The isotopic label experiments indicated that the methylene group in 3,3'-diindolylmethane is derived from DMSO. The diverse indoles were obtained in up to 90% yield for 28 examples...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Robert W Moore, Wayne A Fritz, Andrew J Schneider, Tien-Min Lin, Amanda M Branam, Stephen Safe, Richard E Peterson
It is well established that the prototypical aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can both cause and protect against carcinogenesis in non-transgenic rodents. But because these animals almost never develop prostate cancer with old age or after carcinogen exposure, whether AHR activation can affect cancer of the prostate remained unknown. We used animals designed to develop this disease, Transgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) mice, to investigate the potential role of AHR signaling in prostate cancer development...
August 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Arun Gokul, Enrico Roode, Ashwil Klein, Marshall Keyster
Brassica napus L. (cv. AV Garnet) seeds were pre-treated with 15μM 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) to investigate whether DIM could enhance seed germination. Further treatment of seedlings with 15μM DIM for 14days explored the effects on seedling shoot growth. Exogenous DIM led to improved germination percentage, increased seedling shoot lengths, and increased fresh and dry weights. Furthermore, DIM triggered induction of superoxide radical (O2(-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content however, no change in malondialdehyde (MDA) content and cell death (assessed with Evans Blue assay) was detected for both the control and DIM treated seedling shoots...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
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