keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GAP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528538/lung-ultrasound-in-intensive-care-unit-from-knowledge-gaps-to-future-directions
#1
Daniele G Biasucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#2
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528512/working-memory-in-the-processing-of-long-distance-dependencies-interference-and-filler-maintenance
#3
Tal Ness, Aya Meltzer-Asscher
During the temporal delay between the filler and gap sites in long-distance dependencies, the "active filler" strategy can be implemented in two ways: the filler phrase can be actively maintained in working memory ("maintenance account"), or it can be retrieved only when the parser posits a gap ("retrieval account"). The current study tested whether filler content is maintained during the processing of dependencies. Using a self-paced reading paradigm, we compared reading times on a noun phrase (NP) between the filler and gap sites in object relative clauses, to reading times on an NP between the antecedent and ellipsis sites in ellipsis sentences...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528443/herpesvirus-nuclear-egress
#4
Richard J Roller, Joel D Baines
Herpesviruses assemble and package their genomes into capsids in the nucleus, but complete final assembly of the mature virion in the cell cytoplasm. This requires passage of the genome-containing capsid across the double-membrane nuclear envelope. Herpesviruses have evolved a mechanism that relies on a pair of conserved viral gene products to shuttle the capsids from the nucleus to the cytoplasm by way of envelopment and de-envelopment at the inner and outer nuclear membranes, respectively. This complex process requires orchestration of the activities of viral and cellular factors to alter the architecture of the nuclear membrane, select capsids at the appropriate stage for egress, and accomplish efficient membrane budding and fusion events...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528290/modelling-lung-cancer-mortality-rates-from-smoking-prevalence-fill-in-the-gap
#5
Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Usama Bilal, Ramon Clèries, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Marcela Fu, Luís González-de Paz, Manuel Franco, Esteve Fernandez, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to estimate the gap between smoking prevalence and lung cancer mortality and provide predictions of lung cancer mortality based on previous smoking prevalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Spanish National Health Surveys (2003, 2006 and 2011) to obtain information about tobacco use and data from the Spanish National Statistics Institute to obtain cancer mortality rates from 1980 to 2013. We calculated the cross-correlation among the historical series of smoking prevalence and lung cancer mortality rate (LCMR) to estimate the most likely time gap between both series...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528284/biomarkers-in-epilepsy-a-modelling-perspective
#6
Sven C van Dijkman, Rob A Voskuyl, Elizabeth C de Lange
Biomarkers can be categorised from type 0 (genotype or phenotype), through 6 (clinical scales), each level representing a part of the processes involved in the biological system and drug treatment. This classification facilitates the identification and connection of information required to fully (mathematically) model a disease and its treatment using integrated information from biomarkers. Two recent reviews thoroughly discussed the current status and development of biomarkers for epilepsy, but a path towards the integration of such biomarkers for the personalisation of anti-epileptic drug treatment is lacking...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528255/molecular-structure-second-and-third-order-nonlinear-optical-properties-and-dft-studies-of-a-novel-non-centrosymmetric-chalcone-derivative-2e-3-4-fluorophenyl-1-4-1e-4-fluorophenyl-methylene-amino-phenyl-prop-2-en-1-one
#7
Shivaraj R Maidur, Parutagouda Shankaragouda Patil, Anusha Ekbote, Tze Shyang Chia, Ching Kheng Quah
In the present work, the title chalcone, (2E)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(4-{[(1E)-(4-fluorophenyl) methylene]amino}phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (abbreviated as FAMFC), was synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound is crystallized in the monoclinic system with non-centrosymmetric space group P21 and hence it satisfies the essential condition for materials to exhibit second-order nonlinear optical properties. The molecular structure was further confirmed by using FT-IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopic techniques...
May 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528239/the-experiences-of-women-midwives-and-obstetricians-when-women-decline-recommended-maternity-care-a-feminist-thematic-analysis
#8
Bec Jenkinson, Sue Kruske, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: pregnant women, like all competent adults, have the right to refuse medical treatment, although concerns about maternal and fetal safety can make doing so problematic. Empirical research about refusal of recommended maternity care has mostly described the attitudes of clinicians, with women's perspectives notably absent. DESIGN: feminist thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interviews with women's (n=9), midwives' (n=12) and obstetricians' (n=9) about their experiences of refusal of recommended maternity care...
May 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528132/the-perceived-medical-condition-self-management-scale-can-be-applied-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Marcus G Wild, Kenneth A Wallston, Jamie A Green, Lauren B Beach, Ebele Umeukeje, Julie A Wright Nunes, T Alp Ikizler, Julia Steed, Kerri L Cavanaugh
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a major burden on patients and the health care system. Treatment of CKD requires dedicated involvement from both caretakers and patients. Self-efficacy, also known as perceived competence, contributes to successful maintenance of patient's CKD self-management behaviors such as medication adherence and dietary regulations. Despite a clear association between self-efficacy and improved CKD outcomes, there remains a lack of validated self-report measures of CKD self-efficacy. To address this gap, the Perceived Kidney/Dialysis Self-Management Scale (PKDSMS) was adapted from the previously validated Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527986/the-temporal-and-spatial-brain-dynamics-of-automatic-emotion-regulation-in-children
#10
Charline Urbain, Julie Sato, Elizabeth W Pang, Margot J Taylor
Mechanisms for automatic emotion regulation (AER) are essential during childhood as they offset the impact of unwanted or negative emotional responses without drawing on limited attentional resources. Despite the importance of AER in improving the efficiency and flexibility of self-regulation, few research studies have investigated the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms. To fill this gap, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate AER-related brain processes in 25 children (∼10 years old) who performed a go/no-go task that included an incidental exposure to faces containing socio-emotional cues...
May 17, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527880/intensive-monitoring-of-urine-output-is-associated-with-increased-detection-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-improved-outcomes
#11
Kui Jin, Raghavan Murugan, Florentina E Sileanu, Emily Foldes, Priyanka Priyanka, Gilles Clermont, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: Urine output (UO) is a vital sign for critical ill patients but standards for monitoring and reporting vary widely between ICUs. Careful monitoring of UO could lead to earlier recognition of acute kidney injury (AKI) and better fluid management. We sought to determine if intensity of UO monitoring is associated with outcomes in patients with and without AKI. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including 15,724 adults admitted to ICUs from 2000-2008. Intensive UO monitoring was defined as hourly recordings and no gaps >3 hours for the first 48 hours after ICU admission...
May 17, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527827/in%C3%A2-vitro-bioconversion-of-chitin-to-pyruvate-with-thermophilic-enzymes
#12
Kohsuke Honda, Keisuke Kimura, Pham Huynh Ninh, Hironori Taniguchi, Kenji Okano, Hisao Ohtake
Chitin is the second most abundant organic compound on the planet and thus has been regarded as an alternative resource to petroleum feedstocks. One of the key challenges in the biological conversion of biomass-derived polysaccharides, such as cellulose and chitin, is to close the gap between optimum temperatures for enzymatic saccharification and microbial fermentation and to implement them in a single bioreactor. To address this issue, in the present study, we aimed to perform an in vitro, one-pot bioconversion of chitin to pyruvate, which is a precursor of a wide range of useful metabolites...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527618/giving-the-tap-the-elbow-an-observational-study
#13
M Weinbren, L Bree, S Sleigh, M Griffiths
Hand washing is viewed as the most important barrier to cross infection. Incorrect use of clinical hand wash basins may lead to cross infection either from contaminated water or due to failure to decontaminate hands. Elbow operated taps used correctly prevent re-contamination of hands during operation. Observation shows many elbow operated taps are installed incorrectly with the handle flush with the back panel making it difficult to open using the elbow. AIM: To determine the effect of altering the angle of the handle of elbow operated taps on hand washing technique...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527532/poor-outcomes-in-adolescent-lung-transplant-patients-why-the-gap
#14
EDITORIAL
Debra Boyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527506/technology-enabled-population-health-management-two-communities-use-of-an-electronic-care-alert-system
#15
REVIEW
Todd Rowland, Jill Nielsen-Farrell, Kathy Church, Barbara Riddell
Population health management is an approach to improve the health outcomes of a specific group of people, such as frequent users of the emergency department or those at high-risk for hospital admissions. When combined with quality improvement strategies, the targeted application of health information exchange and health information technology (health IT) can swiftly move health care systems and providers from basic to advanced population health management. One such tool is an electronic alert system (alert system), which informs a provider or site about a patient's visit to the emergency department or hospital admission on a daily basis...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527499/it-is-from-mars-and-physicians-from-venus-bridging-the-gap
#16
REVIEW
Mark E Huang
With increasing adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and legislative mandates for its use within the United States, collaboration between physicians and information technology (IT) staff is essential. Current challenges that physicians face include addressing EHR usability, system performance, adequate training, issue resolution, regulatory compliance, and lack of awareness of IT roles. These challenges lead to gaps in communication between clinicians and IT staff. Strategies to improve collaboration between physicians and IT staff include increasing physician involvement with health information technology software development, involvement with legislative regulations and standards, IT project implementation, as well as system stabilization and optimization...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527482/-scientific-research-policy-for-health-in-portugal-i-european-and-national-environment
#17
REVIEW
Cátia Sá Guerreiro, Zulmira Hartz, Luís Sambo, Cláudia Conceição, Gilles Dussault, Giuliano Russo, Miguel Viveiros, Henrique Silveira, Pedro Pita Barros, Paulo Ferrinho
The global debate on scientific research policy for human health has been led by World Health Organisation with important contributions from other stakeholders such as Council on Health Research for Development, the World Bank and the Global Forum for Health Research. Recently it has been dominated by the thematic agendas of major global financiers. There is a growing interest worldwide in making better use of the evidence resulting from scientific research in health, in the decision-making process regarding health policies, which is fraught with difficulties, as it is the case in Europe...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527467/gas-phase-anion-photoelectron-spectroscopy-and-theoretical-investigation-of-gold-acetylide-species
#18
Peng Wang, Wenjing Zhang, Xi-Ling Xu, Jinyun Yuan, Hong-Guang Xu, Weijun Zheng
We conducted gas phase anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory studies on a number of gold acetylide species, such as AuC2H, AuC2Au, and Au2C2H. Based on the photoelectron spectra, the electron affinities of AuC2H, AuC2Au, and Au2C2H are measured to be 1.54(±0.04), 1.60(±0.08), and 4.23(±0.08) eV, respectively. The highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gaps of AuC2H and AuC2Au are measured to be about 2.62 and 2.48 eV, respectively. It is interesting that photoelectron spectra of AuC2H(-) and AuC2Au(-) display similar spectral features...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527451/resonance-tunneling-electron-vibrational-spectroscopy-of-polyoxometalates
#19
F I Dalidchik, S A Kovalevskii, E M Balashov
The tunneling spectra of the ordered monolayer films of decamolybdodicobaltate (DMDC) compounds deposited from aqueous solutions on HOPG were measured by scanning tunnel microscopy in air. The DMDC spectra, as well as the tunneling spectra of other polyoxometalates (POMs), exhibit well-defined negative differential resistances (NDRs). The mechanism of formation of these spectral features was established from the collection of revealed NDR dependences on the external varying parameters and found to be common to all systems exhibiting Wannier-Stark localization...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527363/postmortem-microbial-communities-in-burial-soil-layers-of-skeletonized-humans
#20
Torri B Thomas, Sheree J Finley, Jeremy E Wilkinson, Daniel J Wescott, Azriel Gorski, Gulnaz T Javan
Microorganisms are major ecological participants in the successional decomposition of vertebrates. The relative abundance, or the scarcity, of certain microbial taxa in gravesoil has the potential to determine the ecological status of skeletons. However, there are substantial knowledge gaps that warrant consideration in the context of the surrounding terrestrial ecosystem. In the current study, we hypothesized that i.) soil microbial diversity is disparate in the latter stage of decomposition (skeletonization) compared to the earlier stages (fresh, bloat, active and advanced decay), and ii...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
keyword
keyword
60440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"