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Vitrectomy methotrexate

Masatoshi Haruta, Chikako Taguchi, Ryoji Yamakawa
PURPOSE: To report a case of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma in which a macular hole developed after a diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective interventional case report. RESULTS: A 65-year-old woman presented with worsening vision in the left eye. Fundus examination showed vitreous haze and multifocal, yellow-white infiltrates in the retina and under the retinal pigment epithelium in the left eye. She underwent a diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy in that eye...
November 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Sherveen S Salek, Archana Pradeep, Catherine Guly, Athimalaipet V Ramanan, James T Rosenbaum
PURPOSE: To describe the phenotype of the uveitis that accompanies juvenile psoriatic arthritis or psoriasis. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Setting: Two university-based referral clinics: 1 in England, 1 in the United States. STUDY POPULATION: Five children with uveitis and psoriatic arthritis and 1 with uveitis and psoriasis Observational Procedure: Retrospective chart review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographics of subjects such as age and sex; description of ocular and joint disease; surgical and other complications; medical treatment...
January 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Tania Albavera-Giles, Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Miguel Pedroza-Seres
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of cataract surgery with/without vitrectomy in patients with pars planitis who received immunosuppressive therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series, single-center study. Twenty-two patients with pars planitis who received immunosuppressive therapy were included, with a median age at presentation of 9.5 years, having had cataract surgery. The following data was collected: age at presentation and at cataract surgery, time of follow-up, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before the surgery and at 1 week, 1 and 6 months after the procedure, immunosuppressive therapy, complications and causes for failed visual improvement...
June 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Ama Sadaka, Robert A Sisk, James M Osher, Okan Toygar, Melinda K Duncan, Christopher D Riemann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate intravitreal methotrexate infusion (IMI) during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for retinal detachment in patients with high risk for the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). METHODS: Patients presenting with severe recurrent PVR with tractional retinal detachment and/or a history of severe ocular inflammation were treated with IMI. Clinical outcomes were determined from a retrospective medical chart review...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Lubhani Jain, Namrata Gupta, Mamatha M Reddy, Ruchi Mittal, Manas Ranjan Barik, Bharat Panigrahi, Tom Monie, Soumyava Basu
We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with bilateral granulomatous anterior uveitis accompanied by boggy arthritis of knee and ankle joints, intermittent fever, and nodular skin rash. She was diagnosed with sporadic Blau syndrome (early-onset sarcoidosis) based on above clinical signs and presence of non-necrotising granuloma on iris biopsy. DNA sequencing revealed a previously unreported heterozygous mutation consisting of a G>A transition in exon 4 of the NOD2 gene. This resulted in a glutamic acid to lysine substitution in helical domain 2 of the nucleotide binding and oligomerization (NACHT) region, possibly reducing efficiency of auto-inhibition in NOD2 signaling...
2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Kenji Nagata, Tohru Inaba, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: To report a case of CD5+ primary intraocular B-cell lymphoma arising during methotrexate (MTX) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor treatment in a young patient with rheumatoid arthritis and uveitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old woman treated with MTX and a TNF inhibitor for rheumatoid arthritis and uveitis had steroid-resistant vitreous opacity. A vitreous sample was obtained by using diagnostic vitrectomy and was categorized as class V based on cytologic examination...
September 2015: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Pradeep Venkatesh, Varun Gogia, Sumeet Khanduja, Shikha Gupta, Lalit Kumar, Satpal Garg
A 49-year-old female with biopsy proven primary vitreoretinal lymphoma and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) presented with asymmetric involvement of both eyes. Right eye had primarily retinal and optic nerve involvement with no light perception while the left eye had purely vitreal form of the disease with visual acuity of 6/18. She was treated with recommended DeAngelis protocol for PCNSL and achieved complete remission of CNS disease and in the right eye and responded only partially to the systemic chemotherapy in the left eye...
July 2015: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
K Ghasemi Falavarjani, M Modarres, A Hadavandkhani, A Karimi Moghaddam
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of methotrexate (MTX) injected into the silicone oil at the end of pars plana vitrectomy for advanced proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: In this prospective comparative interventional study, eyes with severe diabetic tractional macular detachment or combined tractional/rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were included. Standard 20 gauge pars plana vitrectomy, and retinal reattachment was performed. In the case group, 250 μg MTX was injected into the silicone oil at the end of surgery...
September 2015: Eye
Sudipta Das, Kumar Saurabh, Jyotrimay Biswas
Postoperative necrotizing scleritis should be considered in cases of persistent localized postoperative inflammation following all forms of surgical trauma. We present the history, clinical findings, and follow-up data of four patients with postoperative necrotizing scleritis. The clinical records of four patients who developed scleritis following ocular surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The first step in managing necrotizing scleritis is to rule out infectious etiology. Surgically induced necrotizing scleritis is an immune-mediated condition that can coexist with concomitant infectious condition, i...
October 2014: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Imran H Yusuf, Shahrnaz Izadi, Timothy H M Fung, Ahmed Sallam, C K Patel
INTRODUCTION: Toxoplasma chorioretinitis is a leading cause of infectious posterior uveitis worldwide. METHODS: We report an atypical presentation of Toxoplasma chorioretinitis presenting after uneventful cataract surgery in an 81-year-old male, with known hypernephroma and rheumatoid arthritis, treated with prednisolone and methotrexate. RESULTS: He was treated for acute retinal necrosis and cytomegalovirus retinitis before Toxoplasma chorioretinitis was confirmed by vitreous biopsy 11 months after presentation...
June 2015: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Bryan J Matthews, David Partridge, Richard M Sheard, Ian G Rennie, Hardeep Singh Mudhar
A 67-year-old former gold miner with rheumatoid arthritis, treated with steroids and methotrexate, presented to eye casualty with a painful right eye. Examination revealed an anterior uveitis and despite an initial response to topical steroids, the intraocular inflammation worsened with anterior and posterior uveitis development. Re-examination showed a white mass in the peripheral nasal retina initially suspected of being active Toxoplasmosis infection and anti-toxoplasmosis treatment commenced. After improvement and tapering of this treatment, the intraocular inflammation reoccurred...
December 2013: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Diva R Salomão, José S Pulido, Patrick B Johnston, Irene Canal-Fontcuberta, Andrew L Feldman
IMPORTANCE: Intraocular lymphomas represent a diverse group of hematologic malignant neoplasms involving different tissues within the eye. Predominant involvement of the retina and vitreous without uveal infiltration in systemic lymphoma, mimicking a primary vitreoretinal lymphoma, is extremely rare. Our study emphasizes the importance of systemic evaluation in addition to central nervous system evaluation in all patients with newly diagnosed vitreoretinal lymphoma. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of secondary intraocular lymphoma presenting as vitreoretinal infiltrates without central nervous system involvement, mimicking primary vitreoretinal lymphoma in patients with systemic lymphoma...
September 2013: JAMA Ophthalmology
Cheryl A Arcinue, Fred Hochberg, Ron Neumann, C Stephen Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2013: Ophthalmology
Hao Xie, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, David M Peereboom
BACKGROUND: The rarity and difficulty of conducting large trials limit the evaluation of various treatment options for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). In this study, we sought to describe the demographics, diagnoses, management, and outcomes of patients with PCNSL at a single institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 153 patients with PCNSL between 1986 and 2010. Prognostic factors identified by univariate and multivariable survival analyses were used by recursive partitioning analysis to generate a prognostic model...
April 2015: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Jesse J Jung, Tatyana Milman, Kimberly J Chin, Paul T Finger, Alexander Aizman, Robert N Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Retina
Steve Daniel Levasseur, Leah Arin Wittenberg, Valerie Ann White
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and clinical and cytologic diagnostic accuracy of vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) and to evaluate its clinical features, management, and outcomes in a cohort of patients who underwent diagnostic vitrectomy. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 463 diagnostic vitrectomy specimens from 430 patients collected from October 1, 1990, through December 31, 2010, from Vancouver General Hospital and the British Columbia Cancer Agency...
January 2013: JAMA Ophthalmology
Kiran Turaka, J Shepard Bryan, Stephen De Souza, Alan J Gordon, Henry M Kwong, Matthew C Ziemianski, Rahul Reddy, Clive H Sell
UNLABELLED: In this retrospective study on vitreoretinal lymphoma, there was significant change in diagnosis and treatment trends over 17 years at a single institution. Fine needle aspiration biopsy had replaced vitrectomy to collect vitreous sample and external beam radiotherapy in combination with systemic chemotherapy was replaced by intravitreal methotrexate and rituximab, which regressed vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) with no relapses or major ocular complications. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to report the changing trends in treatment (external beam radiotherapy [EBRT] and intravitreal chemotherapy) of VRL and treatment outcomes at a single institution...
December 2012: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Mehrdad Karimi, Masoud Soheilian, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral primary intraocular lymphoma. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old man presented with bilateral blurred vision since two years ago. Examination revealed large keratic precipitates, anterior chamber reaction, posterior subcapsular cataracts, and vitreous infiltration. After a short trial of topical and periocular steroids, diagnostic 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy was performed and cytologic evaluation of the aspirate confirmed a diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma...
October 2011: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Susannah Longmuir, Alina Dumitrescu, Young Kwon, H Culver Boldt, Sandy Hong
A 14-month-old boy with juvenile xanthogranuloma skin lesions presented with increased intraocular pressure, hyphema, anterior uveitis, iris mass, and a subconjunctival limbal mass of the right eye. He subsequently developed a subretinal mass in the left eye. The anterior uveitis resolved after 2 periocular injections of triamcinolone in addition to the administration of topical prednisolone and oral prednisone and methotrexate. The subretinal mass in the left eye also resolved during the course of 1 year. He developed a cataract in the right eye and underwent lensectomy with anterior vitrectomy...
December 2011: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Maher Saleh, Katerina Nikolitch, Tristan Bourcier, Claude Speeg, David Gaucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2012: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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