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Hand edema

S Löw, C K Spies, F Unglaub, J Oppermann, M Langer, H Erne
BACKGROUND: The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) widens the radiocarpal joint and takes part in load transmission from the carpus to the forearm. It is thereby prone to degenerative changes. The painful situation that can accompany degeneration is called ulnar impaction. DIAGNOSIS: Clinical examination helps differentiate between various causes of ulnar-sided wrist pain. Standard X‑rays are needed to determine ulnar variance and stress radiographs can depict narrowing of the ulnocarpal joint space under load...
March 9, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Po-Wei Tsai, Yi-Hui Lee, Lih-Geeng Chen, Chia-Jung Lee, Ching-Chiung Wang
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. is a traditional herbal medicine that is rich in polyphenols. The major compound, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2- O -β-d-glucoside (THSG) has many pharmacological activities, such as antioxidative and free radical-scavenging properties, and the abilities to reduce hyperlipidemia, prevent lipid peroxidation, and protect the cardiovascular system. In this study, the anti-osteoarthritis (OA) effects of THSG were explored using in vitro and in vivo models. THSG inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) production and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 expressions by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264...
March 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ross Lynds, Brock Hansen, Preston H Blomquist, V Vinod Mootha
PURPOSE: To examine the outcomes of resident-performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) in an urban academic setting. SETTING: Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Manual SICS was used only in selected cases for which phacoemulsification was expected to be difficult, namely for mature or brunescent cataracts, traumatic cataracts, and pseudoexfoliation syndrome or other causes of zonular weakness...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Jamila H Siamwala, Davina G Moossazadeh, Timothy R Macaulay, Rachel L Becker, Rekha H Hargens, Alan R Hargens
Hands may show early signs of aging with altered skin texture, skin permeability and vascular properties. In clinics, a hand volumeter is used to measure swelling of hands due to edema, carpal tunnel syndrome or drug interventions. The hand volume measurements are generally taken without taking age into consideration. We hypothesized that age affects hand volumeter measurements and that the younger age group (≤40 years) records a greater change in hand volume as compared to the older group (>40 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
S Käser, T V Braunmühl, T Ruzicka, C Ruini
a 59-year-old Caucasian man presented to our department with a three weeks history of erythema and edema of the left hand, and a necrotic ulcer of the left thumb, after a holiday in Greece, associated with extreme pain. No other skin or mucosal lesions were present. Systemic symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, hypotension, seizures, cardiac arrhythmias, or paralysis were denied. The local erythematous reaction started after fishing, during which the patient was attacked by a weeverfish (Fig. 1A); the wound was treated with topical antiseptics and antibioticum ointments, and seemed to granulate, but in the following week massive edema of the left hand developed (Fig...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Kathryn Iammarino, James Marrie, Mitchell Selhorst, Linda P Lowes
Background: Ankle injuries account for up to 40% of all sport related injuries. These injuries can result in weeks to months of missed sport or work. The PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) treatment is standard care for most acute ankle sprains. Recently, early mobilization in adults has been shown to decrease time off from sport or work, and the likelihood of developing chronic instability. To date, no research has been performed assessing the effectiveness of early mobilization in pediatric patients (<18 years)...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Linh Ngo, Eric Miller, Peter Valen, Elie Gertner
BACKGROUND: Novel immune checkpoint inhibitors have been often utilized for different types of malignancies as salvage therapy with varying success. One obstacle to immune checkpoint inhibitor use is the higher incidence of immune-mediated side effects that can prompt discontinuation of therapy. Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema has been described with immune checkpoint inhibitors only once previously. We report a case of a patient who developed remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema related to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy and stress that these symptoms can be managed without cessation of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Feyza Icoglu Aksakal, Abdulkadir Ciltas
Penconazole is a widely used fungicide that is toxic to a variety of organisms including fish. In the present study, we investigated the developmental toxicity of penconazole on zebrafish embryos by exposing to different concentrations of penconazole (0.8, 1.6 and 2.4 mg/L) from 4-h post-fertilization (hpf). Hatching, survival, and heart rates, body length, malformation and expression of several genes were detected. The results showed that penconazole exposure induced developmental toxicity, including delayed hatching, reduced survival, and heart rate...
February 17, 2018: Chemosphere
Ece Nur Degirmentepe, Sule Gungor, Emek Kocaturk, Utkan Kiziltac, Mine Adas, Selver Ozekinci, Amor Khachemoune
Acromegaly is a systemic syndrome caused by overproduction of growth hormone. Cutaneous, endocrine, cardiovascular, skeletal, and respiratory systems are affected. Cutaneous changes in acromegaly relate to overexpression of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 on skin cells and adnexa. Dermal glycosaminoglycan accumulation and edema cause skin distention that is most prominent in the face, hands, and feet. Oily skin with large pores, hypertrichosis, and excessive sweating are common features. Pigmented skin tags, acanthosis nigricans, and psoriasis are also encountered...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Ing-Jeng Chen, Mei-Ting Wang, Ke-Vin Chang, Huey-Wen Liang
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF), a rare rheumatic disease, usually affects the limbs symmetrically and generally spares the hands and feet. Cases of unilateral hand involvement are rarely reported. Here, we report such a rare case. Ultrasonography demonstrated thickening of the overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue, peripheral deep fascia, myositis of lumbrical muscles and adductor pollicis muscle, and edema surrounding flexor digitorum tendons. It reminds us that EF should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral painful hand swelling despite being uncommon...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi Bahar, Mojtaba Abrishami
Background: Mitomycin C (MMC) as an alkylating agent is miscellaneous an antineoplastic, antibiotic and ophthalmic agent. Here we aim to report a case of inadvertent intravitreal MMC injection instead of Avastin in case of diabetic macular edema. Case presentation: A 53 years old woman was planned to receive intravitreal Avastin injection, but accidentally, 0.05 ml of MMC 0.2% was injected. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/160 before injection. After 2 days, patient was referred to a tertiary referral eye center...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Takahiko Sakamoto, Shuji Ota, Terunobu Haruyama, Masashi Ishihara, Maika Natsume, Yoko Fukasawa, Shigeru Tanzawa, Ryo Usui, Takeshi Honda, Yasuko Ichikawa, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Nobuhiko Seki
The patient was a 69-year-old male who had started experiencing acute-onset pain in both shoulder joints and edema of both hands and feet. His symptoms progressively worsened within 1 month. Laboratory data indicated elevated CRP and erythrocyte sedimentation rate despite the normal range of antinuclear antibodies and rheumatoid factor and normal organ function. Furthermore, imaging data of the hand indicated synovitis without bone erosions. Meanwhile, chest CT revealed a lung tumor, leading to a diagnosis of primary lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation (cT2aN3M0, stage IIIB)...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Mariana R C Aquino, Bruna S Avelar, Paula L Silva, Juliana M Ocarino, Renan A Resende
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) is valid and reliable to evaluate foot posture of adults and children. However, studies with adults had some important limitations. In addition, it is not clear if FPI-6 is reliable for older adults. Variations in foot structure, such as edema, bone callosity and bunions, are more frequent in older adults, which may compromise FPI-6 reliability for this population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate test-retest and inter-rater reliability of FPI-6 total and individual scores for the assessment of foot posture of adults and older adults...
February 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Ana Leonor Abrahão Nencioni, Emidio Beraldo Neto, Lucas Alves de Freitas, Valquiria Abrão Coronado Dorce
In Brazil, the scorpion species responsible for most severe incidents belong to the Tityus genus and, among this group, T. serrulatus, T. bahiensis, T. stigmurus and T. obscurus are the most dangerous ones. Other species such as T. metuendus, T. silvestres, T. brazilae, T. confluens, T. costatus, T. fasciolatus and T. neglectus are also found in the country, but the incidence and severity of accidents caused by them are lower. The main effects caused by scorpion venoms - such as myocardial damage, cardiac arrhythmias, pulmonary edema and shock - are mainly due to the release of mediators from the autonomic nervous system...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
Gaoyang Wang, Yuan Yuan, Lanyue Gao, Xiaoqiong Tan, Guangqian Yang, Fenghong Zhao, Yaping Jin
The aim of this study was to explore changes in intracellular ATP generation and tight junction protein expression during the course of brain edema induced by subacute poisoning of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE). Mice were exposed to 1.2 g/m3 1,2-DCE for 3.5 h per day for 1, 2, or 3 days, namely group A, B, and C. Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase activity, ATP and lactic acid content, intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and ZO-1 and occludin expression in the brain were measured. Results of present study disclosed that Ca2+-ATPase activities in group B and C, and Na+/K+-ATPase activity in group C decreased, whereas intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations in group B and C increased significantly compared with control...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) is currently the only FDA-approved soft-tissue filler indicated for augmentation of the dorsal hand. Although the treatment is generally safe and effective, adverse side effects such as swelling and edema postinjection are common and can sometimes be debilitating. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors explore the utility of triamcinolone acetate coinjection with CaHA to the dorsal hands to mitigate adverse effects and improve patient experience...
February 5, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Estela Irene Bortoli, Rioko Kimiko Sakata
Erythromelalgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome due to an autosomal dominant gene, characterized by erythema, increased skin temperature and burning pain in hands and feet, whose treatment is often unsatisfactory. In this paper, we report a case of a 9 years old female patient whose first episode of burning pain, erythema and edema of the hands, without triggering factors, had instant relief after immersion in cold water. She presented with systemic arterial hypertension and had seizures. The patient was treated with gabapentin (150mg...
February 2, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Nawaf M Alotaibi, Virginia Chen, Zsuzsanna Hollander, Cameron J Hague, Darra T Murphy, Jonathon A Leipsic, Mari L DeMarco, J Mark FitzGerald, Bruce M McManus, Raymond T Ng, Don D Sin
Rationale: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are caused by a variety of different etiologic agents. Our aim was to phenotype COPD exacerbations using imaging (chest X-ray [CXR] and computed tomography [CT]) and to determine the possible role of the blood tests (C-reactive protein [CRP], the N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) as diagnostic biomarkers. Materials and methods: Subjects who were hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of AECOPD and who had had CXRs, CT scans, and blood collection for CRP and NT-proBNP were assessed in this study...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Stavros Kakkos, Andrew Nicolaides
INTRODUCTION: The use of a venoactive drug is considered an important component of medical treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD), although the efficacy of certain VADs on one or more individual leg symptoms or signs may have not been extensively studied to justify a strong recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to study the effectiveness of the micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF, Daflon®) across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms, signs, quality of life (QoL) and treatment assessment by the physician...
January 31, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Dhariana Acón, Lihteh Wu
Throughout ophthalmic history it has been shown that progress has gone hand in hand with technological breakthroughs. In the past, fluorescein angiography and fundus photographs were the most commonly used imaging modalities in the management of diabetic macular edema (DME). Today, despite the moderate correlation between macular thickness and functional outcomes, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has become the DME workhorse in clinical practice. Several SD-OCT biomarkers have been looked at including presence of epiretinal membrane, vitreomacular adhesion, disorganization of the inner retinal layers, central macular thickness, integrity of the ellipsoid layer, and subretinal fluid, among others...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
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