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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337356/cervical-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-lymphedema-of-all-four-extremities-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Livia Maria Pereira de Godoy, Paula Pereira de Godoy Capeletto, José Maria Pereira de Godoy, Maria de Fátima Guerreiro Godoy
Aim. The aim of this study is to report on the use of cervical stimulation as monotherapy to reduce swelling and normalize the size of limbs in two children with lymphedema of all four extremities. Case Presentation. One child also had hemifacial edema. In both cases, the mothers were trained to perform cervical stimulation under professional supervision. The cases of two girls, one of eight months and the other of six months, with primary congenital lymphedema are described. Outcome. After clinical diagnosis, the patients started treatment with cervical stimulation three times per week...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320099/light-emitting-diode-led-therapy-improves-occipital-cortex-damage-by-decreasing-apoptosis-and-increasing-bdnf-expressing-cells-in-methanol-induced-toxicity-in-rats
#2
Amir Ghanbari, Majid Ghareghani, Kazem Zibara, Hamdallah Delaviz, Elham Ebadi, Mohammad Hossein Jahantab
Methanol-induced retinal toxicity, frequently associated with elevated free radicals and cell edema, is characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and vision loss. Previous studies investigated the effect of photomodulation on RGCs, but not the visual cortex. In this study, the effect of 670nm Light-Emitting Diode (LED) therapy on RGCs and visual cortex recovery was investigated in a seven-day methanol-induced retinal toxicity protocol in rats. Methanol administration showed a reduction in the number of RGCs, loss of neurons (neuronal nuclear antigen, NeuN+), activation of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP+) expressing cells, suppression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF+) positive cells, increase in apoptosis (caspase 3+) and enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) release in serum and brain...
March 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319720/expert-assessment-of-the-resilience-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-systems-to-climate-related-hazards
#3
Jeanne Luh, Sarah Royster, Daniel Sebastian, Edema Ojomo, Jamie Bartram
We conducted an expert assessment to obtain expert opinions on the relative global resilience of ten drinking water and five sanitation technologies to the following six climate-related hazards: drought, decreased inter-annual precipitation, flood, superstorm flood, wind damage, and saline intrusion. Resilience scores ranged from 1.7 to 9.9 out of a maximum resilience of 10, with high scores corresponding to high resilience. We find that for some climate-related hazards, such as drought, technologies demonstrated a large range in resilience, indicating that the choice of water and sanitation technologies is important for areas prone to drought...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291150/acquired-constriction-ring-a-case-of-rubber-band-syndrome
#4
Rahel Meier, Luzian Haug, Carsten Surke, Lukas Mathys, Esther Vögelin
Rubber band syndrome is a rare entity seen in younger children mainly in communities where rubber bands are worn around the wrist for decorative purposes. When the band is worn for a long duration, it burrows through the skin and soft tissues resulting in distal edema, loss of function, and even damage to the neurovascular structures. These symptoms are difficult to relate to this rare but typical condition. We report a case of a 2¾-year-old girl with the history of a linear circumferential scar at the right wrist combined with the limited use of a swollen hand for several weeks...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247336/the-role-of-dyslipidemia-control-in-the-progression-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Irini P Chatziralli
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is considered as the leading cause of visual impairment in working-aged adults worldwide. Dyslipidemia has been associated with DR, but not with progression to the proliferative form of DR, although the exact role in the pathogenesis of DR and diabetic macular edema (DME) remains controversial. As a result, a reasonable question arising is whether control of dyslipidemia may alter the course of DR. Statins do not appear to have an impact on DR progression...
February 28, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231367/fiddler-s-neck-a-review
#6
Calvin W Myint, Amy L Rutt, Robert T Sataloff
Fiddler's neck is a common dermatologic condition associated with instrument use in violin and viola players. It typically manifests as a submandibular and/or supraclavicular lesion. It is a benign condition, but it may be mistaken for lymphedema or a salivary gland malignancy. Otolaryngologists who treat patients with fiddler's neck should be aware of appropriate management protocols and the need to avoid surgical excision. We obtained informed consent from 3 violinists to present their cases as specific examples of fiddler's neck...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225974/do-you-know-this-syndrome-hand-foot-syndrome
#7
Cintia Santos Braghiroli, Rodrigo Ieiri, Juliana Polizel Ocanha, Rafael Bispo Paschoalini, Hélio Amante Miot
Hand-foot syndrome is a common cutaneous adverse effect associated with certain systemic chemotherapy drugs. It is characterized by erythema, edema, and burning sensation, especially over palmoplantar surfaces. We report the case of an elderly patient undergoing chemotherapy after a breast cancer surgery who developed symptoms two months after the start of the regimen. There are no studies that explore specific therapies. Suggestive therapy include reducing agent dosage, increasing the interval between cycles, or even stopping chemotherapy...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225220/efficacy-of-ruscus-extract-hmc-and-vitamin-c-constituents-of-cyclo-3-fort%C3%A2-on-improving-individual-venous-symptoms-and-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#8
Stavros K Kakkos, François A Allaert
INTRODUCTION: Venoactive drugs (VADs) are considered an important component of the medical (conservative) treatment of chronic venous disorders (CVDs). However, the efficacy of certain VADs on one or more individual leg symptoms may have not been extensively studied to justify a high level or grade of recommendation in guidelines on CVD. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effectiveness of VADs containing Ruscus across the spectrum of defined venous symptoms...
April 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182169/comparison-of-efficacy-and-side-effects-of-multispot-lasers-and-conventional-lasers-for-diabetic-retinopathy-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Hande Çeliker, Azer Erdağı Bulut, Özlem Şahin
Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) is a standard treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Conventional laser (CL) therapy is performed in one or more sessions in single spot mode. Visual disabilities have been reported after treatment with CL, including central vision loss due to macular edema and peripheral visual field loss resulting from extensive inner retinal scarring. Multispot laser (MSL) photocoagulation has recently been introduced to clinical practice. Studies comparing PRP conducted with MSL and CL have reported that MSLs resulted in less retinal tissue damage and pain, and greater patient comfort compared to CL...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168568/purtscher-like-retinopathy-associated-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#10
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Jonathan Smith, Stephen James Talks
PURPOSE: To describe a previously unreported case of Purtscher-like retinopathy secondary to severe acute renal failure associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. METHODS: This is a case report. RESULTS: A 31-year-old female presented with a week history of acute abdominal pain, vomiting and severe renal failure followed by a sudden onset of bilateral visual loss. Vision was hand movement in either eye with central scotoma. Ophthalmic examination demonstrated bilateral retinal thickening and whitening with intraretinal hemorrhages localized to the peripapillary area, consistent with the diagnosis of Purtscher-like retinopathy...
February 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128086/vesicular-contact-reaction-may-progress-into-erythema-multiforme
#11
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Dorota Jenerowicz, Joanna Szulczyńska-Gabor, Ewa Teresiak-Mikołajczak, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. This type of cutaneous reaction is associated with inflammation manifesting with erythema, edema, and vesicles...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121200/effectiveness-of-whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-efficacy-of-biologic-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#12
Michihito Kono, Tamotsu Kamishima, Shinsuke Yasuda, Keita Sakamoto, Sawako Abe, Atsushi Noguchi, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Yuka Shimizu, Kenji Oku, Toshiyuki Bohgaki, Olga Amengual, Tetsuya Horita, Tatsuya Atsumi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the scoring of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WBMRI) for efficacy assessment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). METHODS: Thirty consecutive RA patients receiving bDMARDs were included in this retrospective study. Contrast WBMRI was performed before and 1 year after bDMARDs initiation. RESULTS: At baseline, mean age was 57.1 years and mean disease duration was 3...
February 1, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111826/regulation-systems-of-protease-and-hemolysin-production-in-vibrio-vulnificus
#13
Abdelaziz Elgaml, Shin-Ichi Miyoshi
Vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative halophilic estuarine bacterium. It is an opportunistic human pathogen causing rapidly progressive fatal septicemia and necrotizing wound infection. This species also causes hemorrhagic septicemia called vibriosis in cultured eels. A range of virulence factors have been proposed to play a role in pathogenesis of the bacterium during human and/or eel infection. Among these factors, the metalloprotease (V. vulnificus protease: VVP) and the cytolytic toxin (V. vulnificus hemolysin: VVH) are significantly important...
January 23, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060043/chikungunya-infection-in-hospitalized-febrile-infants-younger-than-3-months-of-age
#14
Narcisse Elenga, Marion Folin, Yves-Marie Vandamme, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka Herinantenaina Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Pierre Couppie, Mathieu Nacher, Julie Dufour
BACKGROUND: Fever in infants younger than 3 months is generally a cause for concern because of the risk for a serious bacterial infection. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and biological features of Chikungunya infection in infants < 3 months of age hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital during the 2014-2015 outbreak. METHODS: We performed a preliminary retrospective study followed by a prospective study from March 2014 to February 2015. All infants younger than 3 months presenting with fever and hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital were included...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056277/-direct-medical-costs-and-influencing-factors-in-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-children-aged-between-six-months-and-five-years-old
#15
Y M Zheng, J Yang, Q H Liao
Objective: To estimate the direct medical cost of severe hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in patients aged less than five years. Methods: A stratified sampling method was used to collect data on severe HFMD cases reported in the National HFMD surveillance database between Jan 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2013. The sampling was referenced with the national aetiologic distribution of Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and other Enteroviruses (OEV) for severe HFMD cases and the included cases were distributed among seven geographic regions (Northeast, North China, Northwest, Central China, Southwest, East China and South China)...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050547/radial-head-fracture-associated-with-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury
#16
Bernardo Barcellos Terra, Tannus Jorge Sassine, Guilherme de Freitas Lima, Leandro Marano Rodrigues, David Victoria Hoffmann Padua, Anderson de Nadai
Fractures of the radial head and radial neck correspond to 1.7-5.4% of all fractures and approximately 30% may present associated injuries. In the literature, there are few reports of radial head fracture with posterior interosseous nerve injury. This study aimed to report a case of radial head fracture associated with posterior interosseous nerve injury. CASE REPORT: A male patient, aged 42 years, sought medical care after falling from a skateboard. The patient related pain and limitation of movement in the right elbow and difficulty to extend the fingers of the right hand...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018448/a-2-month-old-boy-with-hemolytic-anemia-and-reticulocytopenia-following-intravenous-immunoglobulin-therapy-for-kawasaki-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Na Yeon Kim, Joon Hwan Kim, Jin Suk Park, Soo Hyun Kim, Yeon Kyung Cho, Dong Hyun Cha, Ki Eun Kim, Myung Suh Kang, Kyung Ah Lim, Youn Ho Sheen
Herein, we report a rare case of hemolytic anemia with reticulocytopenia following intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in a young infant treated for Kawasaki disease. A 2-month-old boy presented with fever lasting 3 days, conjunctival injection, strawberry tongue, erythematous edema of the hands, and macular rash, symptoms and signs suggestive of incomplete Kawasaki disease. His fever resolved 8 days after treatment with aspirin and high dose infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin. The hemoglobin and hematocrit decreased from 9...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005247/efficacy-and-safety-of-low-dose-capecitabine-plus-docetaxel-versus-single-agent-docetaxel-in-patients-with-anthracycline-pretreated-her2-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer-results-from-the-randomized-phase-iii-jo21095-trial
#18
Daigo Yamamoto, Nobuaki Sato, Yoshiaki Rai, Yutaka Yamamoto, Mitsue Saito, Hiroji Iwata, Norikazu Masuda, Shoji Oura, Junichiro Watanabe, Satoshi Hattori, Yoshimasa Matsuura, Katsumasa Kuroi
PURPOSE: The randomized phase III JO21095 trial compared the efficacy and safety of low-dose capecitabine plus docetaxel combination therapy (XT) versus single-agent administration of docetaxel in anthracycline-pretreated HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: Patients were randomized to either low-dose XT (capecitabine 825 mg/m(2) twice daily, days 1-14; docetaxel 60 mg/m(2), day 1 every 3 weeks) or docetaxel (70 mg/m(2), day 1 every 3 weeks). The primary objective was to demonstrate superior progression-free survival (PFS) with low-dose XT versus single-agent docetaxel...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982215/toxic-anterior-segment-syndrome-following-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#19
Neslihan Sevimli, Remzi Karadag, Ozgur Cakici, Huseyin Bayramlar, Seydi Okumus, Unsal Sari
We present the case of a 31-year-old patient with toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) that developed after undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). She had keratoconus, and despite wearing hard contact lenses for many years in the left eye, her vision had deteriorated; therefore, DALK was performed on this eye. The preoperative visual acuity (VA) was finger counting at 3 m. Routine DALK was performed using the "big-bubble" technique. The corneal entry incision was hydrated at the end of the surgery, which was terminated by air injection into the anterior chamber...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926913/effect-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-strength-dexterity-coordination-and-functional-status-of-the-hand-the-relationship-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings
#20
Asiye Mukaddes Erol, Esma Ceceli, Selma Uysal Ramadan, Pınar Borman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on strength, dexterity, coordination and functional status of the hand and to determine the relation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty eight patients with RA and thirty three controls were included in the study. There were five drop-outs in RA group. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale. Painful and swollen joints of the dominant hand were recorded. Hand deformities of the patients were noted...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
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