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Psychiatic problems

Michelle Jayman, Maddie Ohl, Bronach Hughes, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Policymakers are focusing increased attention on the role of schools to promote and support children's mental health, and evidence-based models of good practice are in demand. Pyramid Club is a school-based, socio-emotional intervention, demonstrably effective with primary-aged pupils. AIMS: This study extends previous Pyramid Club evaluations by examining effectiveness with pupils in early secondary education; service users' perceptions and experiences were investigated to increase understanding of Pyramid's impact, thus supporting enhanced practice...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Jacquelene F Moghaddam, Michael D Campos, Cynthia Myo, Rory C Reid, Timothy W Fong
Problem and pathological gamblers demonstrate high levels of depression, which may be related to coping styles, reactive emotional states, and/or genetics (Potenza et al., Arch Gen Psychiat 62(9):1015-1021, 2005; Getty et al., J Gambl Stud 16(4):377-391, 2000). Although depression impacts treatment outcomes (Morefield et al., Int J Men Healt Addict 12(3):367-379, 2013), research regarding depression among gamblers in residential treatment is particularly limited. This study attempts to address this deficit by examining the course of depressive symptoms among clients at a residential gambling program in the Western United States...
December 2015: Journal of Gambling Studies
Jae Hong Park, Young Rong Bang, Chul Kwon Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study are to investigate the rate of the psychiatric disorders in psychiatrically high-risk children and adolescents and to examine sex and age differences in the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The participants included students aged 6-16 from the 27 elementary and the 45 middle schools in Busan, Korea. We screened psychopathology using the Korean version of Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL) or the Youth Self Report (K-YSR)...
July 2014: Psychiatry Investigation
Martin Pinquart, Jens P Pfeiffer
The present study analyzed change in psychological problems of German adolescents with and without visual impairment across a 2-year interval. A total of 182 adolescents with severe visual impairment and 560 sighted adolescents provided longitudinal data. At the start of the study, adolescents with visual impairment had, on average, elevated scores on all difficulties scales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) (Goodman R, J Child Psychol Psychiat 38:581-586), 1997 and about 39 % of them scored in the abnormal range of one or more scales as compared to 30...
July 2014: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Samantha G Farris, Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Dorian Hunter-Reel
AIMS: It is unclear whether co-morbid anxiety disorders predict worse drinking outcomes during attempts to change drinking behavior. Studies have yielded mixed results, and have rarely examined drinking outcomes based on a specific type of anxiety disorder. Women with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are of particular interest as they are at risk for co-morbid anxiety [Kessler et al. (1997) Lifetime co-occurrence of DSM-III-R alcohol abuse and dependence with other psychiatric disorders in the national co-morbidity survey...
March 2012: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Dean Lauterbach, Courtney Behnke, Lauren B McSweeney
OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems are a clinical and/or diagnostic feature for a broad array of mood, substance use, and anxiety disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research by Leskin et al (Leskin GA, Woodward SH, Young HE, Sheikh J. Effects of comorbid diagnoses on sleep disturbance in PTSD. J Psychiat Res 2002;36:449-452) using the baseline National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) data found that persons with PTSD and panic disorder had a greater proportion of sleep problems than persons with other comorbid disorders...
November 2011: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Marc A Schuckit, George P Danko, Tom L Smith, Laura J Bierut, Kathleen K Bucholz, Howard J Edenberg, Victor Hesselbrock, John Kramer, John I Nurnberger, Ryan Trim, Rhonda Allen, Sara Kreikebaum, Briana Hinga
BACKGROUND: The validity of the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse has been questioned, and additional issues have been raised regarding the performance of this label in adolescents. While future diagnostic manuals might alter the approach to abuse, it is worthwhile to evaluate the implications of the current definition that has been in place since 1994. METHODS: Six hundred and sixteen 12-19-year-old subjects (mean 16.5 years) were offspring identified in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) protocol who had ever consumed a full drink and who were followed up 5 years later using age-appropriate semi-structured interviews...
September 1, 2008: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Anette Kersting, K Kroker, J Steinhard, K L├╝dorff, U Wesselmann, P Ohrmann, V Arolt, T Suslow
The traumatic loss of an unborn child after TOP due to fetal malformation and/or severe chromosomal disorders in late pregnancy is a major life-event and a potential source of serious psychological problems for those women. To obtain information on the course of grief following a traumatic loss, 62 women who had undergone TOP between the 15th and 32nd gestational week were investigated in a longitudinal study design and compared with 65 women after spontaneous delivery of a full-term healthy child. Grief, posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety and psychiatric disorders were evaluated 14 days, 6 months and 14 months after the event, implementing validated self-report and clinician rated instruments...
December 2007: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Piotr Tederko, Halina Limanowska, Marek Krasuski, Jerzy Kiwerski
UNLABELLED: Spinal cord trauma (SCT) results local and generalized complications involving cardio-respiratory system, musculo-skeletal system, digestive and urogenital tracts. Early beginning of vertical position training improves functioning and reduces risk of these complications. Wheelchair position is an important achievement in early rehabilitation of (SCT) patients. Sitting allows locomotion, enhances upper limb function and contributes to obivate complications of chronic decubity and immobilisation...
December 29, 2006: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Hideki Kuwabara, Toshiki Shioiri, Akiyoshi Nishimura, Ryo Abe, Hideyuki Nushida, Yasuhiro Ueno, Kohei Akazawa, Toshiyuki Someya
BACKGROUND: Suicide notes (SN) are one of markers of the severity of a suicide attempt and are said to provide a valuable insight into the thinking of suicide victims before the fatal act [Shah, A., De, T., 1998. Suicide and the elderly. Int. J. Psychiat. Clin Pract. 2, 3-18]. To examine whether suicide victims who wrote notes (note writers: NW) differ from those who did not, we investigated the characteristics of a sample of more than 5000 Japanese suicides using multiple logistic regression analysis...
August 2006: Journal of Affective Disorders
S Bloch, G Walter
OBJECTIVE: The Impact Factor (IF) has received virtually no attention in the psychiat ric literature, despite its long-term use, expanding influence and evidence of misapplication. We examine the IF's validity as a measure of a paper's scientific worth, and consider alternative ways to conduct such an appraisal. METHOD: We explored medical databases and websites, and conferred with acknowledged experts on the subject. RESULTS: Irremediable problems, both conceptual and technical, make the IF a flawed measure...
October 2001: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
J A Mather
Schizophrenic subjects have defects in oculomotor control which appear to be the result of inefficient processing of sensory information, not a problem in controlling the movement itself [Mather and Putchat (1983b) J. Psychiat Res. 17, 343-360]. A demonstration that manipulating sensory information by removing context information alters these same saccadic eye movements in normals is the subject of the present research. Without context information (in the dark) people make more double-jump saccades and overshoot a target, as schizophrenics do usually...
1986: Journal of Psychiatric Research
M Boucebci
Psychiatric problems of the child and the adolescent in Algeria are discussed in light of traditional psycho-social factors and in the modern world. The emphasis is on the frequency and severity of troubles of organic origin. Parallely, the impact of new aspects, coming from consequences of socio-cultural mutations, is understressed. This study underlines relationships between psychiatric aspects and socio-economical and cultural factors, and the role of the psychiatrist, with the heavy responsabilities he has to face in all areas if he wants to remain in his therapeutic role (Acta psychiat...
September 1977: Acta Psychiatrica Belgica
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