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Percutaneous dilation tracheostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048709/comparison-of-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-guided-by-ultrasound-and-bronchoscopy-in-critically-ill-obese-patients
#1
Jieqiong Song, Lizhen Xuan, Wei Wu, Duming Zhu, Yijun Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) with ultrasound (US) or bronchoscopic guidance for critically ill patients, notably obese patients. METHODS: This work was a retrospective study. The study included mechanically ventilated patients who underwent PDT from August 2013 to July 2015 in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Zhongshan Hospital. The patients were classified according to the different guidance methods during tracheotomy and their body mass index in the following 4 groups: normal bronchoscopy group, normal US group, obese bronchoscopy group, and obese US group...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046086/the-provision-of-surgical-tracheostomies-by-maxillofacial-surgeons-in-the-uk-time-for-a-dedicated-tracheostomy-team
#2
P Chohan, R Elledge, M K Virdi, G M Walton
Surgical tracheostomy is a commonly provided service by surgical teams for patients in intensive care where percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is contraindicated. A number of factors may interfere with its provision on shared emergency operating lists, potentially prolonging the stay in intensive care. We undertook a two-part project to examine the factors that might delay provision of surgical tracheostomy in the intensive care unit. The first part was a prospective audit of practice within the University Hospital Coventry...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027675/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomies-in-2-difficult-airways
#3
José A Valencia, David J Romero, Enrique Arango, Javier E Cubillos, Hugo A Mantilla, Luis G García-Herreros
Ultrasound has become a rapid, safe, and easy-to-use tool for anesthesiologists. It reduces complications, morbidity, and mortality, especially in patients with anatomic abnormalities in whom a traditional approach may be both difficult and risky. We report 2 cases of symptomatic patients with a difficult airway due to displacement of the trachea by a neck mass. Real-time ultrasound imaging was performed for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomies, identifying important structures, without any complications...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963447/bedside-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-by-griggs-technique-a-single-center-experience
#4
İbrahim Tayfun Şahiner, Yeliz Şahiner
BACKGROUND The study evaluated reliability and outcomes of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) performed via Griggs' method in the intensive care unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS We examined 78 patients who underwent bedside PDT in the intensive care unit (ICU). Demographic characteristics were recorded. In addition, ventilator-related pneumonia, duration of performing PDT, and rates of complications, mortality, and morbidity were assessed. RESULTS The mean age of patients was 68.7 years, and 56.4% were females (n=44)...
September 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860781/adverse-outcomes-after-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-versus-surgical-tracheostomy-in-intensive-care-patients-case-series-and-literature-review
#5
Konrad Jarosz, Bartosz Kubisa, Agata Andrzejewska, Katarzyna Mrówczyńska, Zbigniew Hamerlak, Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska
Tracheostomy is a routinely done procedure in the setting of intensive care unit (ICU) in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are two ways of making a tracheostomy: an open surgical tracheostomy and percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is associated with fewer complications than open tracheostomy. In this study, we would like to compare both techniques of performing a tracheostomy in ICU patients and to present possible complications, methods of diagnosing and treating and minimizing their risk...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804685/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-through-paramedian-technique-and-lateral-approach-in-a-patient-with-cervical-esophagostomy-a-case-report
#6
Kapil D Soni, Neha Garg, Richa Aggarwal, Ambuj Ambuj
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a common surgical procedure and established as first choice for securing the airway in critically ill patients needing prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are case reports of open tracheostomy through paramedian approach without complications. This case report presents a case of PDT through paramedian approach. CASE REPORT: An 18 year old female, case of firearm injury underwent cervical esophagostomy on the left side of neck approaching midline...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756495/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-using-the-etview-tracheoscopic-ventilation-tube-%C3%A2-a-teaching-course-in-a-pig-model
#7
Alfonso Fiorelli, Fausto Ferraro, Elisabetta Frongillo, Pierluigi Fusco, Matteo Pierdiluca, Francesca Nagar, Angela Iuorio, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVE: We planned a training course for trainees of different specialties with the aim of teaching the skills of a new procedure for performing percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) with an ETView tracheoscopic ventilation tube instead of standard bronchoscopy in an ex vivo pig model. METHODS: The endotracheal tube, with a camera-embedded tip, was used as an alternative to standard bronchoscopy for visualization of patient airways. The procedure was performed on a home-made animal model...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662378/application-of-a-flexible-lightwand-in-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheotomy
#8
Zhuang Zhao, Shu Pan, Dunwei Wang, Chengyu Wang, Zhiwen Li
PURPOSE: By comparing flexible lightwand-assisted and conventional endotracheal tube (ETT) withdrawal in percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT), this paper aims to provide guidance for precise ETT withdrawal by anesthesiologists and accurate determination of the incision site by surgeons. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent PDT in our hospital were randomly divided into the lightwand group (Group L, n=30) and the withdrawal group (Group W, n=30) using the envelope method...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648671/late-complications-of-percutaneous-tracheostomy-using-the-balloon-dilation-technique
#9
J B Araujo, J M Añón, A García de Lorenzo, A M García-Fernandez, M Esparcia, J Adán, S Relanzon, D Quiles, V de Paz, A Molina
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the late complications in critically ill patients requiring percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) using the balloon dilation technique. DESIGN: A prospective, observational cohort study was carried out. SCOPE: Two medical-surgical intensive care units (ICU). PATIENTS: All mechanically ventilated adult patients consecutively admitted to the ICU with an indication of tracheostomy...
June 22, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647928/pre-procedural-ultrasonography-for-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-study
#10
Ella Even-Tov, Itzhak Koifman, Vladimir Rozentsvaig, Leonid Livshits, Peter Gilbey
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) has become a standard technique for critically ill patients who require long-term ventilation. The most common early post-operative complication is bleeding related to anatomical variation in vasculature. The procedure is performed at the patient's bedside unless this is deemed unsafe and then the accepted alternative is open tracheostomy in the operating room. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of pre-procedural ultrasound to aid in the decision of whether PDT in critical care patients should be performed at the patient's bedside or by open surgical tracheostomy...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604085/tension-pneumothorax-after-percutaneous-tracheostomy
#11
Sarina Matsumura, Naotaka Kishimoto, Tomio Iseki, Yoshihiro Momota
A 76-year-old woman with right mandibular gingival cancer was scheduled for surgery. A percutaneous tracheostomy kit was used for tracheostomy under intravenous sedation. After puncturing the cricothyroid membrane, a dilator was inserted along a guidewire. Bucking was observed at the time of insertion of the dilator, despite intratracheal lidocaine spray applied before insertion. After that, the tracheostomy tube was inserted, but no capnographic waveforms appeared when the tube was connected to the anesthesia circuit...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578113/safety-of-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-patients-with-acute-brain-injury-and-reduced-pao2-fio2-ratio-retrospective-analysis-of-54-patients
#12
Claudia Ditz, Jann F Wojak, Emma Smith, Abdulkareem Abusamha, Volker M Tronnier, Jan Gliemroth, Jan N Küchler
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a commonly performed method in neurocritical care, and its safety has been proven in numerous studies. Nevertheless, data regarding the application in patients with acute brain injury and poor respiratory function are poor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of hypoxemia and hypercapnia during PDT in those patients. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we acquired data from 54 patients with an acute brain injury (ABI) and a reduced PaO2/FiO2 ratio (PaO2/FiO2 < 300 mm Hg)...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511149/analysis-of-extracellular-brain-chemistry-during-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-a-retrospective-study-of-19-patients
#13
Jan Küchler, Jann Wojak, Abdulkareem Abusamha, Claudia Ditz, Volker Martin Tronnier, Jan Gliemroth
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze changes in brain tissue chemistry around percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in patients with acute brain injury (ABI) in a retrospective single-center analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 19 patients who had continuous monitoring of brain tissue chemistry and intracranial pressure (ICP) during a 20h period before and after PDT. Different microdialysis parameters (lactate, pyruvate, lactate pyruvate ratio (LPR), glycerol and glutamate) and values of ICP, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and brain tissue oxygenation (PBrO2) were recorded per hour...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502311/tracheotomy-related-deaths
#14
Eckart Klemm, Andreas Karl Nowak
BACKGROUND: Tracheotomies are frequently performed on ventilated patients in intensive care and sometimes lead to fatal complications. In this article, we discuss the causes and frequency of death associated with open surgical tracheotomy (OST) and percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT) on the basis of a review of the pertinent literature. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases and the Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog for publications (1990-2015) on tracheotomy-related deaths in adults, using the search terms "tracheotomy" and "tracheostomy...
April 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493334/feasibility-of-an-endotracheal-tube-mounted-camera-for-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy
#15
J Grensemann, L Eichler, S Hopf, D Jarczak, M Simon, S Kluge
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) in critically ill patients is often led by optical guidance with a bronchoscope. This is not without its disadvantages. Therefore, we aimed to study the feasibility of a recently introduced endotracheal tube-mounted camera (VivaSight™-SL, ET View, Misgav, Israel) in the guidance of PDT. METHODS: We studied 10 critically ill patients who received PDT with a VivaSight-SL tube that was inserted prior to tracheostomy for optical guidance...
May 11, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465381/two-year-follow-up-after-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-a-surgical-icu
#16
Maria Theresa Voelker, Marcus Wiechmann, Andreas Dietz, Sven Laudi, Sven Bercker
BACKGROUND: The modalities of tracheostomy for critically ill patients are still controversially discussed. Although the use of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is generally accepted to be a safe procedure, it is still not considered to be suitable for patients requiring a permanent tracheostomy. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study investigating long-term outcome parameters of PDT. All patients having received a PDT at the interdisciplinary ICU at the University of Leipzig between October 2008 and August 2009 that survived to discharge were asked for consent to participate (n = 103)...
May 2, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459410/-application-of-delayed-withdrawal-of-trachea-cannula-in-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-a-case-report-with-172-patients
#17
Yang Gao, Hongliang Wang, Yang Liu, Liu Jia, Kaijiang Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459406/-application-of-modified-percutaneous-rotating-dilative-tracheostomy-with-fiberoptic-bronchoscope-in-critical-patients-of-icu-a-control-study-for-four-kinds-of-tracheostomy
#18
Hong Zhang, Yanmin Xu, Haihong Li, Yao Zhang, Lunmeng Cui, Linlin Zhao, Qinghuan Yao, Fengjie Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of modified percutaneous rotating dilative tracheostomy with fiberoptic bronchoscope (MPRDT-FOB) in critical patients of intensive care unit (ICU) by comparing it with percutaneous dilative tracheostomy (PDT), modified percutaneous dilative tracheostomy (MPDT), and percutaneous dilative tracheostomy with fiberoptic bronchoscope (PDT-FOB). METHODS: A prospective control study was conducted. 240 critical patients underwent tracheotomy admitted to ICU of Mudanjiang Medical University Hongqi Hospital from February 2011 to November 2016 were enrolled, and they were randomly divided into four groups with 60 patients in each group...
January 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446075/comparison-of-bronchoscopy-guided-and-real-time-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-safety-complications-and-effectiveness-in-critically-ill-patients
#19
Aykut Sarıtaş, Muhammed M Kurnaz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety, and incidence of complications between fiber-optic bronchoscopy-guided percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (FOB-PDT) and ultrasound-guided percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (US-PDT) and to determine whether US-PDT is a viable alternative to FOB-PDT. METHODS: This randomized prospective study was carried out in 80 patients who were randomly divided into US-PDT and FOB-PDT groups. Demographic data and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), procedure duration, hemorrhage status, complications, procedure difficulty, displacement of entry location after US, and hemodynamic data were evaluated in both groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397673/-tracheotomy
#20
Marianne Kromann Nielsen, Erik Gustav Hägerström, Waldemar Trolle
The number of tracheotomies in Denmark has roughly tripled over the past 15 years. During this period, percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy has become still more common because of its easier accessibility, and it accounted for 66% of all tracheotomies in 2015 vs. 9% in 2000. However, due to the risk of fatal complications the method is only applicable when anatomical and medical conditions are favourable. Surgical tracheotomy is a safer method in some patients, and it is preferred if the patient has had a tracheostomy previously or presents with a difficult anatomy, coagulopathy or previous neck irradiation...
February 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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