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Stroke and hyperbaric oxygen

Zongping Fang, Jiao Deng, Zhixin Wu, Beibei Dong, Shiquan Wang, Xiaodan Chen, Huang Nie, Hailong Dong, Lize Xiong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSERESULTS: Endogenous neuroprotection can be induced by ischemic and nonischemic preconditioning. However, not all subjects that undergo preconditioning exhibit similar favorable outcome. This study is to explore the molecules responsible for this phenomenon and find new therapeutic targets for stroke. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. High-throughput proteomic technique, isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification, was used to screen differentially expressed proteins in the rats that developed ischemic tolerance from hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning...
December 20, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Laurent Chazalviel, Jean-Eric Blatteau, Nicolas Vallée, Jean-Jacques Risso, Stéphane Besnard, Jacques H Abraini
Normobaric oxygen (NBO) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) are emerging as a possible co-treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Both have been shown to reduce infarct volume, to improve neurologic outcome, to promote endogenous tissue plasminogen activator-induced thrombolysis and cerebral blood flow, and to improve tissue oxygenation through oxygen diffusion in the ischemic areas, thereby questioning the interest of HBO compared to NBO. In the present study, in order to investigate and compare the oxygen diffusion effects of NBO and HBO on acute ischemic stroke independently of their effects at the vascular level, we used acute brain slices exposed to oxygen and glucose deprivation, an ex vivo model of brain ischemia that allows investigating the acute effects of NBO (partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) = 1 atmospheres absolute (ATA) = 0...
July 2016: Medical Gas Research
Wei-Wei Zhai, Liang Sun, Zheng-Quan Yu, Gang Chen
Stroke, which is defined as a neurologic deficit caused by sudden impaired blood supply, has been considered as a common cause of death and disability for decades. The World Health Organization has declared that almost every 5 seconds a new stroke occurs, placing immense socioeconomic burdens. However, the effective and available treatment strategies are still limited. Additionally, the most effective therapy, such as thrombolysis and stenting for ischemic stroke, generally requires a narrow therapeutic time window after the event...
April 2016: Medical Gas Research
Qin Hu, Anatol Manaenko, Ting Xu, Zhenni Guo, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States. Survivors of TBI are often left with significant cognitive, behavioral, and communicative disabilities. So far there is no effective treatment/intervention in the daily clinical practice for TBI patients. The protective effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) have been proved in stroke; however, its efficiency in TBI remains controversial. In this review, we will summarize the results of HBOT in experimental and clinical TBI, elaborate the mechanisms, and bring out our current understanding and opinions for future studies...
April 2016: Medical Gas Research
Patrick J Belton, Ashish Nanda, Syeda L Alqadri, Gurpreet S Khakh, Premkumar Nattanmai Chandrasekaran, Christopher Newey, William E Humphries
Cerebral air embolism is a dreaded complication of invasive medical procedures. The mainstay of therapy for patients with cerebral air embolism has been hyperbaric oxygen therapy, high flow oxygen therapy, and anticonvulsants. We present a novel therapeutic approach for treatment of cerebral air embolism causing large vessel occlusion, using endovascular aspiration. Our patient developed a cerebral air embolism following sclerotherapy for varicose veins. This caused near total occlusion of the superior division of the M2 segment of the right middle cerebral artery...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
N Drezner, K K Hardy, E Wells, G Vezina, C Y Ho, R J Packer, E I Hwang
Cerebral radiation necrosis (CRN) is a toxicity of radiation therapy that can result in significant, potentially life-threatening neurologic deficits. Treatment for CRN has included surgical resection, corticosteroids, hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), and bevacizumab, but no consensus approach has been identified. We reviewed the available literature to evaluate efficacy of treatment approaches. Using methods specified in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines when possible, we conducted searches of Ovid MEDLINE, Embase and Pubmed to identify studies reporting on outcomes for children (≤21 years old) with CRN...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Patrick J Belton, Ashish Nanda, Syeda L Alqadri, Gurpreet S Khakh, Premkumar Nattanmai Chandrasekaran, Christopher Newey, William E Humphries
Cerebral air embolism is a dreaded complication of invasive medical procedures. The mainstay of therapy for patients with cerebral air embolism has been hyperbaric oxygen therapy, high flow oxygen therapy, and anticonvulsants. We present a novel therapeutic approach for treatment of cerebral air embolism causing large vessel occlusion, using endovascular aspiration. Our patient developed a cerebral air embolism following sclerotherapy for varicose veins. This caused near total occlusion of the superior division of the M2 segment of the right middle cerebral artery...
July 18, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Fen Xue, Jin-Wen Huang, Pei-Yan Ding, Hong-Gang Zang, Zhi-Jian Kou, Ting Li, Juan Fan, Zheng-Wu Peng, Wen-Jun Yan
Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) is a class III histone deacetylase involved in neuroprotection induced by hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) in animal models of ischemia. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be illustrated. In the present study, rats exposed to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were used to establish an ischemic stroke model. The infarct volume ratio, neurobehavioral score, and expressions of Sirt1, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) were evaluated at 7 days after reperfusion, and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) was used to assess oxidative stress...
August 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Eric R Muir, Damon P Cardenas, Timothy Q Duong
The brain depends on a continuous supply of oxygen to maintain its structural and functional integrity. This study measured T1 from MRI under normobaric air, normobaric oxygen, hyperbaric air, and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) conditions as a marker of tissue pO2 since dissolved molecular oxygen acts as an endogenous contrast agent. Brain tissue T1 decreased corresponding to increased pO2 with increasing inhaled oxygen concentrations, and tissue oxygenation was estimated from the T1 changes between different inhaled oxygen levels...
June 2016: NeuroImage
A Hadanny, O Meir, Y Bechor, G Fishlev, J Bergan, S Efrati
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy is considered to be a generally safe therapy. However, data regarding seizure incidence during HBO₂ therapy as a clinical presentation of central nervous system- (CNS) related oxygen toxicity are conflicting (ranging from 1:10,000 to 1:600 seizures:hyperbaric sessions). The risk for seizures is of significant importance for the growing population of patients suffering from chronic neurological disorders such as traumatic brain injury and stroke who are treated with HBO₂...
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
S Lowe, D R Le Mercier du Quesnay, P M Gayle, F Henry-Pinnock, T Wedderburn-Buddo
This is a special case report on Jamaica's first use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in stroke recovery, presented at the 56th Annual Conference of the Association of Surgeons in Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica; the literature and story behind the trial - covering case history, diagnosis and discussion of outcome, technical issues, costing, insurance and possibilities for income earning and health tourism.
June 30, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Yang Xu, Renjie Ji, Ruili Wei, Bo Yin, Fangping He, Benyan Luo
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent results have been reported for hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) for acute stroke. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the benefit of HBO in animal studies of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). METHODS: A systematic search of the literature published prior to September 2015 was performed using Embase, Medline (OvidSP), Web of Science and PubMed. Keywords included "hyperoxia" OR "hyperbaric oxygen" OR "HBO" AND "isch(a)emia" OR "focal cerebral ischemia" OR "stroke" OR "infarct" OR "middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
2016: PloS One
Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Abbas Taher, Saadat Torabian, Soroush Seifirad
Oxygen therapy might increase damaged tissue oxygenation, turn on the aerobic pathway, and save neurons from death and could improve clinical outcome of the patients with stroke and head trauma. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is accompanied by some unfavorable effects. Results of normobaric oxygen therapy on clinical outcomes of patients with stroke were controversial up till now.  This study was therefore designed to evaluate effects of normobaric hyperoxia on clinical outcomes of patients with severe acute stroke...
November 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
A Hadanny, H Golan, G Fishlev, Y Bechor, O Volkov, G Suzin, E Ben-Jacob, S Efrati
PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment may occur in 42-50% of cardiac arrest survivors. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) has recently been shown to have neurotherapeutic effects in patients suffering from chronic cognitive impairments (CCI) consequent to stroke and mild traumatic brain injury.The objective of this study was to assess the neurotherapeutic effect of HBO2 in patients suffering from CCI due to cardiac arrest. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with CCI caused by cardiac arrest, treated with 60 daily sessions of HBO2...
2015: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Larry D Morries, Paolo Cassano, Theodore A Henderson
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a growing health concern affecting civilians and military personnel. In this review, treatments for the chronic TBI patient are discussed, including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cognitive therapy, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. All available literature suggests a marginal benefit with prolonged treatment courses. An emerging modality of treatment is near-infrared (NIR) light, which has benefit in animal models of stroke, spinal cord injury, optic nerve injury, and TBI, and in human trials for stroke and TBI...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Dong Yan, Jin Shan, Yu Ze, Zeng Xiao-Yan, Hu Xiao-Hua
[Purpose] To observe the effect of combined hyperbaric oxygen therapy on patients with post-stroke depression. [Subjects] Ninety patients with post-stroke depression were randomly divided into 3 groups: fluoxetine treatment group (n = 30), hyperbaric oxygen therapy group (n = 30), and hyperbaric oxygen combined treatment group (n = 30). [Methods] Fluoxetine treatment group received anti-depression drugs (fluoxetine, 20 mg/day), hyperbaric oxygen therapy group received hyperbaric oxygen (once a day, 5 days/week), hyperbaric oxygen combined treatment group received fluoxetine and hyperbaric oxygen treatments as described above...
May 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hendrik J F Helmerhorst, Marie-José Roos-Blom, David J van Westerloo, Evert de Jonge
OBJECTIVE: Oxygen is vital during critical illness, but hyperoxia may harm patients. Our aim was to systematically evaluate the methodology and findings of cohort studies investigating the effects of hyperoxia in critically ill adults. DATA SOURCE: A meta-analysis and meta-regression analysis of cohort studies published between 2008 and 2015 was conducted. Electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science were systematically searched for the keywords hyperoxia and mortality or outcome...
July 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Tanupriya Agrawal, Gaurav K Gupta, Vikrant Rai, James D Carroll, Michael R Hamblin
Pre-conditioning by ischemia, hyperthermia, hypothermia, hyperbaric oxygen (and numerous other modalities) is a rapidly growing area of investigation that is used in pathological conditions where tissue damage may be expected. The damage caused by surgery, heart attack, or stroke can be mitigated by pre-treating the local or distant tissue with low levels of a stress-inducing stimulus, that can induce a protective response against subsequent major damage. Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) has been used for nearly 50 years to enhance tissue healing and to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling...
December 2014: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Hetao Bian, Qin Hu, Xiping Liang, Di Chen, Bo Li, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) has been demonstrated to attenuate hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in hyperglycemic rats. However, the mechanisms remain to be illustrated. Recently, HBO-PC has been shown to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) by increasing 15d-PGJ2 in primary cultured neurons. We hypothesize that HBO-PC reduces HT by suppressing inflammation through increasing 15d-PGJ2 and activating PPARγ in hyperglycemic MCAO rats...
March 2015: Experimental Neurology
Maanasa Indaram, Ferhina S Ali, Marc H Levin
Radiation-induced optic neuropathy (RON) is an iatrogenic complication that causes severe, irreversible vision loss in one or both eyes within the months to years following radiation therapy. Posterior RON is a rare but devastating toxicity of radiation applied to the visual pathways to treat paranasal sinus and skull base tumors. Anterior RON is an unavoidable consequence of proton beam irradiation or ophthalmic plaque treatment of orbital, choroidal, or retinal tumors. Various treatments aimed at stabilizing and ideally reversing vision loss have been investigated but only in small cases series...
January 2015: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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