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Embolizing and prostate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508252/anatomical-variants-in-prostate-artery-embolization-a-pictorial-essay
#1
Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Guilherme Rebello Soares, Andre Moreira de Assis, Airton Mota Moreira, Sardis Honoria Harward, Giovanni Guido Cerri
Prostate artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as a new treatment option for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. The main challenges related to this procedure are navigating arteries with atherosclerosis and anatomical variations, and the potential risk of non-target embolization to pelvic structures due to the presence of collateral shunts and reflux of microparticles. Knowledge of classical vascular anatomy and the most common variations is essential for safe embolization, good clinical practice, and optimal outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506701/case-control-study-of-intraarterial-verapamil-for-intraprostatic-anastomoses-to-extraprostatic-arteries-in-prostatic-artery-embolization-for-benign-prostatic-hypertrophy
#2
Simon Chun Ho Yu, Carmen Cho, Esther Hung, Defeng Wang, Peter Chiu, Chi Hang Yee, Anthony Ng
PURPOSE: It is hypothesized that intraarterial administration of verapamil is a safe and effective way to reverse the flow in intraprostatic anastomoses to extraprostatic arteries without compromising treatment outcomes in prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 62 prostate sides in 31 consecutive patients (median age, 66 y; range, 60-71 y) with symptomatic BPH was undertaken. Median prostate volume was 72...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455657/-prostate-artery-embolization-pae-technique-and-results
#3
A Kovács
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: In the treatment of the benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) medical and surgical therapies have been established. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Prostate artery embolization (PAE) is an innovative endovascular technique that might close the gap between both these procedures. PERFORMANCE: The PAE procedure is safe and has a low incidence of side effects. The efficacy of PAE has been proven for medium sized and large sized glands as well as for intravesical protrusions...
April 28, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396191/prostate-artery-embolization-via-transradial-or-transulnar-versus-transfemoral-arterial-access-technical%C3%A2-results
#4
Shivank Bhatia, Sardis H Harward, Vishal K Sinha, Govindarajan Narayanan
PURPOSE: To compare safety and feasibility of prostate artery embolization (PAE) via transradial/transulnar access (TR/UA) and transfemoral access (TFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 3 cohorts: the first 32 consecutive PAE procedures performed via TFA (initial TFA, January 2014 to August 2015), the following 32 procedures performed via TFA (advanced TFA, August 2015 to February 2016), and the first 32 procedures performed via TR/UA (February 2016 to July 2016)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394524/-x-ray-guided-endovascular-surgery-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-prostate-cancer
#5
A I Neimark, M A Tachalov, B A Neimark, D V Torbik, D D Arzamastsev
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of superselective embolization and chemoembolization of the prostatic artery as an independent method of treating prostate cancer and BPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2015, 116 patients with BPH (mean age 73.2+/-5.2 years) underwent prostatic artery embolization. Mean prostate volume ranged from 55 to 296 cc3. From 2011 to 2015, 37 patients with prostate cancer (mean age 72.3+/-2.06 years) were treated with X-ray-guided endovascular chemoembolization...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332985/prostate-cancer-radiation-therapy-and-risk-of-thromboembolic-events
#6
Cecilia Bosco, Hans Garmo, Jan Adolfsson, Pär Stattin, Lars Holmberg, Per Nilsson, Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson, Anders Widmark, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of thromboembolic disease (TED) after radiation therapy (RT) with curative intent for prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified all men who received RT as curative treatment (n=9410) and grouped according to external beam RT (EBRT) or brachytherapy (BT). By comparing with an age- and county-matched comparison cohort of PCa-free men (n=46,826), we investigated risk of TED after RT using Cox proportional hazard regression models...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284886/role-of-coil-embolization-during-prostatic-artery-embolization-incidence-indications-and-safety-profile-%C3%A2
#7
Shivank Bhatia, Vishal Sinha, Matthew Bordegaray, Issam Kably, Sardis Harward, Govindarajan Narayanan
PURPOSE: To determine if coil embolization is a safe adjunctive measure to prevent nontarget embolization during prostatic artery embolization (PAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent PAE with coil embolization (cPAE) or without coil embolization (nPAE) between January 2014 and June 2016 was conducted. Adverse events, identified in accordance with SIR guidelines, and procedural variables were compared between the 2 cohorts...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264534/-low-dose-estramustine-phosphate-monotherapy-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients
#8
Tomohiro Fukui, Kenji Nakamura, Toru Sakatani, Takeshi Atsuta, Takuma Kato, Tetsuya Fukumoto, Masaaki Ito, Koji Inoue, Akito Terai
We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of low-dose estramustine phosphate (EMP) monotherapy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We administered EMP at 140 or 280 mg/day to 89 patients between January 2003 and December 2012. None of the patients were receiving concomitant dexamethasone and none had ever been treated with docetaxel. Fifty-three patients (59.6%) experienced a decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, including 20 (22.5%) with a decline of more than 50%...
February 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259503/radiation-exposure-of-patients-and-interventional-radiologists-during-prostatic-artery-embolization-a-prospective-single-operator-study
#9
Gustavo Andrade, Helen J Khoury, William J Garzón, Felipe Dubourcq, Michel F Bredow, Lucas M Monsignore, Daniel G Abud
PURPOSE: To prospectively analyze the radiation exposure of patients and interventional radiologists during prostatic artery embolization (PAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive PAE procedures performed with an Artis zee system in a single center by an interventional radiologist were prospectively monitored. The mean age, weight, and prostate volume of the patients were 65.7 year (range, 43-85 y), 71.4 kg (range, 54-88 kg), and 79 cm(3) (range, 36-157 cm(3)), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254117/correlation-of-benign-prostatic-obstruction-related-complications-with-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#10
Run-Qi Guo, Wei Yu, Yi-Sen Meng, Kai Zhang, Ben Xu, Yun-Xiang Xiao, Shi-Liang Wu, Bai-Nian Pan
We aim to investigate the correlation of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)-related complications with clinical outcomes in patients after transurethral resection of the prostate in China. We reviewed the medical history of all patients who underwent surgery from 1992 to 2013. We assessed the preoperative clinical profile, clinical management, and operative complications. Overall, 2271 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these patients, 1193 (52.5%) had no BPO-related complications and 1078 (46.3%) had BPO-related complications...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228874/embolization-of-prostatic-brachytherapy-seeds-to-pulmonary-arteries-a-case-study
#11
Alexander D Calvert, Andrew W Dyer, Van A Montgomery
Pulmonary seed embolization is a complication of prostatic brachytherapy with varying incidence rates. Key factors that reportedly influence the incidence of seed embolization include planning volume, quantity of seeds, seed placement, and type of seeds (stranded vs free). The clinical implications of seed migration are unclear because sequelae were not demonstrated in multiple short-term studies yet there have been several reports of long-term complications. We report a case of a 56-year-old patient who presented with dyspnea approximately 6 years after brachytherapy treatment for a very low-risk prostate cancer...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228873/prostate-brachytherapy-seed-migration-to-the-heart-seen-on-cardiovascular-computed-tomographic-angiography
#12
Shilpa Sachdeva, Nneka S Udechukwu, Hossam Elbelasi, Kevin P Landwehr, William H St Clair, Michael A Winkler
Brachytherapy consists of placing radioactive sources into or adjacent to tumors, to deliver conformal radiation treatment. The technique is used for treatment of primary malignancies and for salvage in recurrent disease. Permanent prostate brachytherapy seeds are small metal implants containing radioactive sources of I-125, Pd-103, or Cs-131 encased in a titanium shell. They can embolize through the venous system to the lungs or heart and subsequently be detected by cardiovascular computed tomography. Cardiovascular imagers should be aware of the appearance of migrated seeds, as their presence in the chest is generally benign, so that unnecessary worry and testing are avoided...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194505/adenomatous-dominant-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-adbph-as-a-predictor-for-clinical-success-following-prostate-artery-embolization-an-age-matched-case-control-study
#13
M W Little, P Boardman, A C Macdonald, N Taylor, R Macpherson, J Crew, C R Tapping
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical impact of performing prostate artery embolization (PAE) on patients with adenomatous-dominant benign prostatic hyperplasia (AdBPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients from the ongoing proSTatic aRtery EmbolizAtion for the treatMent of benign prostatic hyperplasia (STREAM) trial were identified as having AdBPH; defined as two or more adenomas within the central gland of ≥1 cm diameter on multi-parametric MRI (MP-MRI). These patients were age-matched with patients from the STREAM cohort, without AdBPH...
February 13, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182304/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-after-prostatic-arterial-embolization-in-a-canine-model-a-3t-multiparametric-mri-and-whole-mount-step-section-pathology-correlated-longitudinal-study
#14
Basen Li, Anhui Xu, Nan Wang, Xiangde Min, Zhaoyan Feng, Ming Deng, Liang Li, Jie Cai, Zhen Kang, Kehua Jiang, Dong Kuang, Liang Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the morphological and functional characteristics of prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) in a canine model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with 3T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and whole-mount step-section pathology correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight adult male beagle dogs with hormone-induced BPH underwent 3T mp-MRI before and 1, 3, and 6 months after PAE, with subsequent whole-mount step-section pathologic assessment...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175975/prostatic-tissue-elimination-after-prostatic-artery-embolization-pae-a-report-of-three-cases
#15
Leandro Cardarelli Leite, Andre Moreira de Assis, Airton Mota Moreira, Sardis Honoria Harward, Alberto Azoubel Antunes, Francisco Cesar Carnevale
PURPOSE: We report three cases of spontaneous prostatic tissue elimination through the urethra while voiding following technically successful prostatic artery embolization (PAE) as a treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: All patients were embolized with 100- to 300-μm microspheres alone or in combination with 300- to 500-μm microspheres. RESULTS: During follow-up prior to eliminating the tissue fragments, the three patients all presented with intermittent periods of LUTS improvement and aggravation...
June 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133345/-introduction-of-hyperthermia-therapy-with-low-dose-systemic-chemotherapy-and-hepatic-transarterial-chemo-embolization-for-a-case-of-advanced-prostatic-cancer
#16
Atsushi Hori, Takeo Yuki, Keita Yamashiro, Ryosuke Ohira, Shinichi Hori
The case of a 78-year-old man with hormone-independent locally advanced prostatic cancer with liver metastases is reported. Standard systemic chemotherapy was not administered due to his poor general condition. At the initial consultation, rapidly growing liver metastases, multiple lymph node metastases, and extensive locally advanced prostatic lesions were found. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, low dose systemic chemotherapy, and thermotherapy were administered. After introduction of this combination therapy, marked regression of all of the lesions, including the liver metastases, lymph node metastases, and pelvic extension was observed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130568/prostatic-artery-embolization-as-an-alternative-to-indwelling-bladder-catheterization-to-manage-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-poor-surgical-candidates
#17
Antonio Rampoldi, Fabiane Barbosa, Silvia Secco, Carmelo Migliorisi, Antonio Galfano, Giovanni Prestini, Sardis Honoria Harward, Dario Di Trapani, Pietro Maria Brambillasca, Vercelli Ruggero, Marco Solcia, Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Aldo Massimo Bocciardi
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess discontinuation of indwelling bladder catheterization (IBC) and relief of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) following prostate artery embolization (PAE) in poor surgical candidates. METHODS: Patients ineligible for surgical intervention were offered PAE after at least 1 month of IBC for management of urinary retention secondary to BPH; exclusion criteria for PAE included eligibility for surgery, active bladder cancer or known prostate cancer...
April 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110760/prostatic-arterial-embolization-for-control-of-hematuria-in-patients-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#18
Jhih-Wei Chen, Ji Hoon Shin, Teng-Fu Tsao, Heung-Gyu Ko, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Ki-Chang Han, Somrach Thamtorawat, Bumsik Hong
Nine patients with advanced prostate cancer (stage T4) underwent prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) for refractory prostatic hematuria. Angiograms showed prostatic neovascularity in all cases, and complete PAE was achieved in 8 cases (89% technical success rate). Gross hematuria ceased after PAE in 6 cases, translating to a 67% clinical success rate. There were no PAE-related complications. At 3-month follow-up, 2 cases showed recurrent hematuria, 4 patients had died from PAE-unrelated etiologies, and only 3 patients survived and were without gross hematuria...
February 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074310/recurrence-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-following-prostate-artery-embolization-for-benign-hyperplasia-single-center-experience-comparing-two-techniques
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Airton Mota Moreira, Sardis Honoria Harward, Shivank Bhatia, Andre Moreira de Assis, Miguel Srougi, Giovanni Guido Cerri, Alberto Azoubel Antunes
PURPOSE: To compare recurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) recurrence at 12 months following original prostate artery embolization (oPAE) or "proximal embolization first, then embolize distal" (PErFecTED) PAE for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 105 consecutive patients older than 45 years, with prostate size greater than 30 cm(3), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥ 8, quality of life (QoL) index ≥ 3, and refractory status or intolerance of medical management were prospectively enrolled between June 2008 and August 2013...
March 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073202/pseudoaneurysm-with-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-prostate-after-pelvic-trauma-ultrasound-imaging
#20
Andrea B Galosi, Camilla Capretti, Luca Leone, Marco Tiroli, Daniele Cantoro, Massimo Polito
Pseudoaneurysm (PA) associated with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the internal pudendal artery branches are very uncommon. We report a case of post-traumatic PA with AVF connected to Santorini plexus. Diagnosis was made with trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) after recurrent hematuria. TRUS reported a 1.7 × 1.4 × 1.5 cm anechoic area, on anterior prostate apex close to Santorini plexus. The use of color Doppler in this area revealed high flow velocity that was indicative for AVF. The feeding artery was a distal branch of the left pudenda artery...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
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