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Namrata Agarwal, Sanjit Kumar Agarwal, Sanjay Bhattacharya, Soumitra Shankar Datta, Sanjoy Chatterjee, Rosina Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
M Haywood, C Molyneux, V Mahadevan, N Srinivasaiah
BACKGROUND: Complete mesocolic excision for right-sided colon cancer may offer an oncologically superior excision compared to traditional right hemicolectomy through high vascular tie and adherence to embryonic planes during dissection, supported by preoperative scanning to accurately define the tumour lymphovascular supply and drainage. The authors support and recommend precision oncosurgery based on these principles, with an emphasis on the importance of understanding the vascular anatomy...
December 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Damian Okruciński, Magdalena Dawgiałło, Izabela Gołębiak, Ernest Kuchar
The hospital antibiotic policy should be implemented to rationalize the antibiotic use and to decrease the risk of spread of resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to describe the antibiotic consumption patterns in a single oncosurgery ward before and after the implementation of hospital antibiotic policy. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the antibiotic use at the oncosurgery ward in Warsaw, Poland, in the years 2011-2016. Calculations were based on daily defined doses (DDD), DDD/100 hospitalizations, and DDD/100 person-days...
November 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Rudy Leon De Wilde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery
V E Khoronenko, A S Malanova, D S Baskakov, A B Ryabov, O V Pikin
AIM: To compare an effectiveness of thoracic epidural anesthesia/analgesia, paravertebral and intercostal blockades in prevention of chronic post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS) in oncosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 300 patients who underwent open surgery including lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Patients were randomized into 3 groups depending on type of anesthesia: TEA (n=100) - combined general and epidural anesthesia; PVB (n=50) - combined general and paravertebral anesthesia; ICB (n=50) - general anesthesia was supplemented by intercostal blockade after removal of the drug...
2017: Khirurgiia
Namrata Gupta, Anita Kulkarni, A K Bhargava, Aditya Prakash, Nitika Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oncosurgeries may incur massive blood loss demanding frequent blood sampling to assess blood loss and the need for intraoperative blood transfusions. Accuracy of non-invasive spectrophotometric haemoglobin (hereafter to be referred as SpHb) monitoring has been studied in various perioperative settings. The intraoperative use of Radical-7®, Masimo Corp., (Radical-7®) for SpHb monitoring may be useful during cancer surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the intraoperative utility of SpHb monitoring by the Radical-7® to guide intraoperative transfusion in oncosurgeries...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
D Kostrouch, L Martínek, J Hoch
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric patients form a significant part of patients with colorectal cancer and their numbers will probably continue to increase. Analysis of the quality of care provided to seniors and the results from their treatment are currently gaining more attention. The aim of this study was to compare how often standard oncological therapy is administered to seniors with colorectal cancer and to compare their results with younger patients along with complications of the therapy...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
Pallavi Mittal, Ashwani Kumar, Sunmeet Kaur, Paras Kumar Pandove, Rachan Lal Singla, Jagpal Singh
CONTEXT: Oncosurgery is an emerging branch with the set goals of prolonging the life and ensuring the best possible quality of life to the surviving patient. The use of harmonic scalpel has proved to be beneficial in a variety of surgeries but its role in breast surgery is still controversial. AIMS: We conducted this study to compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes in modified radical mastectomy using harmonic scalpel versus electrocautery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty female patients with confirmed diagnosis of breast carcinoma and planned for modified radical mastectomy were taken up for surgery...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
B Moldovan, F Pescaru, D Pocreaţă, P Biriş, A Moldovan, M E Căpîlna
UNLABELLED: Summary BACKGROUND: This paper aims to present a "pattern" of oncosurgery solution in a case generally considered unrecoverable: intestinal occlusion in case of ovarian carcinoma and carcinomatosis. CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old female patient with ascites, carcinomatosis, unresectable pelvic tumour, and intestinal obstruction suffered a five-step oncosurgery "model": three surgical interventions overlapping chemotherapy administered via the systemic and intraperitoneal route: Step 1: colostomy and partial omentectomy; Step 2: five courses of systemic chemotherapy supported by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; Step 3: radical surgery--total hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, omentectomy, appendectomy, pelvic peritonectomy, and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy; Step 4: consolidation systemic chemotherapy consisting of three more similar cycles; Step 5: closure of the colostomy...
2016: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Ankit Gupta, Atul Kulkarni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anaesthetic management of patients undergoing supra-major orthopaedic oncosurgeries is challenging. We wanted to evaluate the effects of pre-operative co-morbid conditions, intraoperative blood loss and transfusion, haemodynamic instability on post-operative complications and hospital outcomes in patients after such surgeries. METHODS: We collected data from the patient files, anaesthesia records and the electronic medical records about pre-operative morbidities, intraoperative management, complications, blood loss, fluid therapy and blood products transfused...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Sven Becker, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Complications are the limiting factors of all surgeries. More than performing the actual surgery, learning how to avoid complications before, during, and after surgery is the most important task of every surgeon. Severe complications can lead to patient death. Complications such as ureterovaginal fistulas, resulting from <2 s of inattentive preparation, can lead to years of hardship, suffering, accusation, and litigation. Excellent surgery is about performing the right surgery for the right patient without any complications...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
René Adam, Aimery de Gramont, Joan Figueras, Norihiro Kokudo, Francis Kunstlinger, Evelyne Loyer, Graeme Poston, Philippe Rougier, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Alberto Sobrero, Catherine Teh, Sabine Tejpar, Eric Van Cutsem, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Lars Påhlman
An international panel of multidisciplinary experts convened to develop recommendations for managing patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and synchronous liver metastases (CRCLM). A modified Delphi method was used. CRCLM is defined as liver metastases detected at or before diagnosis of the primary CRC. Early and late metachronous metastases are defined as those detected ⩽12months and >12months after surgery, respectively. To provide information on potential curability, use of high-quality contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) before chemotherapy is recommended...
November 2015: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Shagun Bhatia Shah, Ajay Kumar Bhargava, Itee Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Recent reports of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) due to steep Trendelenburg (ST) position causing neurological deterioration, decreased regional cerebral oxygen saturation and postoperative visual loss after robotic urological and gynecological surgeries led us to consider a simple technique of ICP monitoring. Ours is one of the first instances reported of quantitative noninvasive measurement of increase in ICP with ST position by serial measurement of binocular optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robot assisted urological and gynecological oncosurgery...
July 2015: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Sangeet Kumar Agarwal, Manish Munjal, Rakesh Koul, Rajeev Agarwal
BACKGROUND: This prospective study was to evaluate the changes in quality of life (QOL) after 12 months post treatment from their pre-treatment levels, using specific questionnaires of well-known acceptability, responsiveness, and validity, with special emphasis on domains such as chewing, swallowing, speech, psychological aspects (mood and anxiety) and pain. METHODS: This prospective analytical study included a total of 72 patients affected by oral tongue cancer (T1-2N0M0) who underwent treatment [wide local excision with selective + radiotherapy (RT)] from 2009 to 2012 at the Department of Oncosurgery and Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi...
October 2014: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Mihaly Orsolya, Mihaly Attila-Zoltan, Vitalie Gherman, Florin Zaharie, Sorana Bolboaca, Cipriana Chira, Constantin Bodolea, Ciprian Tomuleasa, Alexandru Irimie, Ioan Coman, Daniela Ionescu
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of two anaesthetic techniques (general vs combined) on plasma levels of NGAL (Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin) after robotic urogenital oncosurgery. The secondary objective was to correlate NGAL levels with the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: This was a longitudinal prospective study. Forty patients were included and randomized in 2 groups: group C (N=16 cases; combined general-epidural anesthesia) and group G (N=24 cases; control group with general anesthesia)...
January 2015: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
R Babita, N Kumar, R K Karwasra, M Singh, J S Malik, A Kaur
Context: Worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. In India and other developing countries, breast carcinoma ranks second only to cervical carcinoma among women. But the incidence of breast cancer is on the rise and may become number one cancer in females in near future. Aims: (1) To find out the magnitude of reproductive risk factors of carcinoma breast among the study subjects; and (2) to find out the association of reproductive risk factors with breast carcinoma. Materials and Methods: The study was done in the wards of General Surgery and Oncosurgery from August 2009-July 2010 in a tertiary care institute...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Cancer
Richard Pink, Martin Molitor, Peter Tvrdy, Petr Michl, Jindrich Pazdera, Vitezslav Zboril, Bohumil Zalesak
OBJECTIVE: Oropharyngeal cancers are a biologically heterogenous group of tumors with diverse risk factors including tobacco, alcohol, HPV, inherited disorders, the acquired immunodeficiency of Karposi's Sarcoma and non Hodgkin's lymphoma. In the Czech Republic, oropharyngeal cancers represent around 2% of all cancers. The treatment of these tumors is long and complex. Reconstructive procedures in maxillofacial oncosurgery demand good interdisciplinary collaboration and great professional preparedness of the surgical and nursing team...
March 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
M Duda, M Ryska, J Zaloudík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Babita, Neelam Kumar, Mahavir Singh, Jagbir S Malik, Meenakshi Kalhan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. In India and other developing countries, breast carcinoma ranks second only to cervical carcinoma among women. Although studies have been done globally, to find the association between breastfeeding and breast cancer, very few studies in India document such a benefit. METHODS: A case-control study was done from August 2009 to July 2010 in the wards of General Surgery and Oncosurgery at Pt...
June 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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