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Endoscopy sedation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220307/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-children-2%C3%A2-years-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-upper-airway-findings-and-treatment-outcomes
#1
A Boudewyns, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
Few data are available about the pattern of upper airway (UA) obstruction in children <2 years with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Also, the role of adenoidectomy versus adenotonsillectomy (AT) is poorly defined in this age group. We performed drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in young OSAS children to investigate the pattern of UA obstruction and the value of DISE in therapeutic decision making. Retrospective analysis of ≤2-year-old children undergoing DISE-directed UA surgery. OSAS severity and the treatment outcomes were documented by polysomnography...
February 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213776/the-importance-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-d-i-s-e-techniques-in-surgical-decision-making-conventional-versus-target-controlled-infusion-techniques-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-and-a-retrospective-surgical-outcomes-analysis
#2
Andrea De Vito, Vanni Agnoletti, Gianluca Zani, Ruggero Massimo Corso, Giovanni D'Agostino, Elisabetta Firinu, Chiara Marchi, Ying-Shuo Hsu, Stefano Maitan, Claudio Vicini
Drug-Induced Sedation Endoscopy (DISE) consists of the direct observation of the upper airways during sedative-induced sleep, allowing the identification of the sites of pharyngeal collapse, which is the main pathological event in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The Authors have compared Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) sedation endoscopy (TCI-DISE) technique to conventional DISE (CDISE), performed by a manual bolus injection of sedative agent, to recreate accurately and safely snoring and apnea patterns comparable to natural sleep...
February 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211094/comparison-of-procedural-sequences-in-same-day-painless-bidirectional-endoscopy-a-single-center-prospective-randomized-study
#3
Yan Cao, Jun Yang, Jiao Li, Xin Ao, Kai-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Chun Shen, Dong-Feng Chen, Chun-Hui Lan
AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)-colonoscopy and colonoscopy-EGD sequences for patients subjected to same-day bidirectional endoscopy under remifentanil and propofol sedation. METHOD: A total of 209 eligible outpatients scheduled for diagnostic same-day bidirectional endoscopy between February 16, 2016 and April 30, 2016 were randomly assigned to the EGD-colonoscopy (n=106) and colonoscopy-EGD (n=103) sequence groups. The primary endpoint was the total dose of propofol required for the procedure...
February 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210707/assessing-the-safety-of-physician-directed-nurse-administered-propofol-sedation-in-low-risk-patients-undergoing-endoscopy-and-colonoscopy
#4
Dharshan Sathananthan, Edward Young, Garry Nind, Biju George, Angelie Ashby, Sharon Drummond, Kasia Redel, Neville Green, Rajvinder Singh
Background and study aims Physician-directed nurse-administered balanced propofol sedation (PhD NAPS) in patients undergoing endoscopy and/or colonoscopy is being increasingly utilized worldwide. However, this method of sedation is not universally employed in Australian hospitals due to concerns surrounding its safety. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of PhD NAPS in low-risk patients undergoing endoscopy and/or colonoscopy. Patients and methods This study was conducted at a single tertiary teaching hospital in Adelaide, Australia...
February 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191496/lidocaine-spray-alone-is-similar-to-spray-plus-viscous-solution-for-pharyngeal-observation-during-transoral-endoscopy-a-clinical-randomized-trial
#5
Tomoyuki Hayashi, Yoshiro Asahina, Yohei Waseda, Kazuya Kitamura, Takashi Kagaya, Takuya Seike, Kazuhiro Okada, Yuki Inada, Hisashi Takabatake, Noriaki Orita, Yuko Yanase, Tatsuya Yamashita, Itasu Ninomiya, Kenichi Yoshimura, Shuichi Kaneko
Background and study aims It is important to examine the pharynx during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Pharyngeal anesthesia using topical lidocaine is generally used as pretreatment. In Japan, lidocaine viscous solution is the anesthetic of choice, but lidocaine spray is applied when the former is considered insufficient. However, the relationship between the extent of pharyngeal anesthesia and accuracy of observation is unclear. We compared the performance of lidocaine spray alone versus lidocaine spray combined with lidocaine viscous solution for pharyngeal observation during transoral endoscopy...
January 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188978/split-dose-bowel-preparation-with-polyethylene-glycol-for-colonoscopy-performed-under-propofol-sedation-is-there-an-optimal-timing
#6
Alaa Alghamry, Sureshkumar K Ponnuswamy, Aditya Agarwal, Hadi Moattar, Stephanie T Yerkovich, Ann E Vandeleur, James Thomas, John Croese, Tony Rahman, Ruth Hodgson
AIM: Aspiration risk, especially with propofol sedation, remains a concern with split-dose bowel preparation using polyethylene glycol, which involves up to one liter of preparation intake close to the procedure time. We aim to identify the ideal timing of bowel preparation that achieves optimal colon cleansing with no increased risk of aspiration in all patients undergoing combined esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy with propofol sedation. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 892 consecutive patients undergoing simultaneous EGD and colonoscopy...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182021/procedural-moderate-sedation-with-ketamine-in-pediatric-critical-care-unit
#7
Tarek R Hazwani, Hala Al-Alem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of moderate sedation in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) settings according to moderate sedation protocol using ketamine and midazolam and to determine areas for the improvement in our clinical practice. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted in the PICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had received moderate sedation between January and the end of December 2011 and who are eligible to inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181898/-placement-of-nasoenteral-feeding-tubes-by-nurses
#8
T H Mungroop, A Gerritsen, A Duflou, O R Busch, E M Mathus-Vliegen, M G Besselink
Electromagnetic-guided placement of nasoenteral feeding tubes by nurses is an alternative to endoscopic placement by gastroenterologists. During placement, the electromagnetic signal that is emitted by the tip of the guidewire enables visualisation of the position of the tube on a portable monitor. The procedure can be performed by a trained endoscopy nurse at the bedside of the patient. This could have logistic advantages, as the patient transport is not necessary and confirmation of the position of the tube by an abdominal X-ray is not required...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179979/flexible-gastro-intestinal-endoscopy-clinical-challenges-and-technical-achievements
#9
REVIEW
Niehls Kurniawan, Martin Keuchel
Flexible gastro-intestinal (GI) endoscopy is an integral diagnostic and therapeutic tool in clinical gastroenterology. High quality standards for safety, patients' comfort, and efficiency have already been achieved. Clinical challenges and technical approaches are discussed in this short review. Image enhanced endoscopy for further characterization of mucosal and vascular patterns includes dye-spray or virtual chromoendoscopy. For confocal laser endoscopy, endocytoscopy, and autofluorescence clinical value has not yet been finally evaluated...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176512/respiratory-adverse-events-during-upper-digestive-endoscopies-in-children-under-ketamine-sedation
#10
Jose C Flores-González, Alfonso M Lechuga Sancho, Mónica Saldaña Valderas, Gema Jimenez Gonzalez, Maria D Cruzado Garcia, Cristina Perez Aragon, Jose A Blanca Garcia
BACKGROUND: There is no evidence of the need for oxygen supplementation during upper digestive endoscopies under Ketamine sedation in children, and the latest recommendations specifically state that it is not mandatory for the procedure. The aim of our study is to assess the incidence of respiratory adverse events during upper digestive endoscopies in children under Ketamine sedation when performed without oxygen supplementation, in accordance with the latest recommendations. METHODS: 88 children undergoingketamine sedation for programmed upper digestive endoscopy at our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit were included...
February 7, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159539/continued-midazolam-versus-diphenhydramine-in-difficult-to-sedate-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#11
Hamita Sachar, Nipaporn Pichetshote, Kavitha Nandigam, Keta Vaidya, Loren Laine
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Current guidelines recommend diphenhydramine in patients undergoing endoscopy who are not adequately sedated with a benzodiazepine and opioid combination. Because this practice has not been adequately assessed, we performed a randomized, double-blind trial comparing diphenhydramine to continued midazolam in such patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective colonoscopy with moderate sedation were eligible. Sedation was measured with the modified observer's assessment of alertness/sedation (MOAA/S) score with adequate sedation defined as 3 on a 0 to 5 scale...
January 31, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158875/asa-classification-pre-endoscopic-procedures-a-retrospective-analysis-on-the-accuracy-of-gastroenterologists
#12
Shoba Theivanayagam, Kristi T Lopez, Michelle L Matteson-Kome, Matthew L Bechtold, Akwi W Asombang
OBJECTIVES: Before an endoscopic procedure, an evaluation to assess the risk of sedation is performed by the gastroenterologist. To risk stratify based on medical problems, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification scores are used routinely in the preprocedure evaluation. The objective of our study was to evaluate among physicians the ASA score accuracy pre-endoscopic procedures. METHODS: At a single tertiary-care center an institutional review board-approved retrospective study was performed...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154379/editorial-endoscopic-sedation-who-which-when
#13
John M Inadomi
The costs of medical care are rising and media has focused attention on the costs of colonoscopy as a potential cause. A major component of procedural costs is the sedation, which is a combination of the drugs used and who administers them. An analysis of advanced endoscopic procedures revealed that the rate of sedation failure was significantly lower among patients administered sedation by anesthesia compared with patients who received moderate sedation administered by endoscopy staff. The authors argue that all endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) should be performed with anesthesia-administered sedation...
February 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135793/-patient-monitoring-and-associated-devices-during-endoscopic-sedation
#14
REVIEW
Sung Hoon Moon, Hyung Keun Kim, Dae Seong Myung, Soon Man Yoon, Won Moon
Sedation is an essential component for gastrointestinal endoscopy. It allows patients to tolerate unpleasant endoscopic procedures by relieving anxiety, discomfort, or pain. It also reduces patient's risk of physical injury during endoscopic procedures, while providing the endoscopist with an adequate setting for a detailed examination. For the safety during endoscopic sedation, patient monitoring is crucial. Minimal monitoring requirements during endoscopic sedation are periodic assessment of blood pressure and application of continuous pulse oximetry...
January 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135792/-preparation-evaluation-and-recovery-before-and-after-conscious-sedative-endoscopy
#15
REVIEW
Hong Jun Park, Byoung Kwan Son, Hoon Sup Koo, Byung Wook Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130737/dexmedetomidine-versus-propofol-during-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-and-sedation-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Edward T Chang, Victor Certal, Sungjin A Song, Soroush Zaghi, Marina Carrasco-Llatas, Carlos Torre, Robson Capasso, Macario Camacho
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study is to review the international literature, using a systematic review, for studies comparing propofol and dexmedetomidine for drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) or sedation in which there is a description of the effect of the agents on the upper airway and associated variables (e.g., vital signs, sedation scores). METHODS: This is a systematic review through October 4, 2016. PubMed/MEDLINE and four additional databases were accessed for this study...
January 27, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116457/-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-quo-vadis-review-and-outlook
#17
M Herzog, J T Maurer
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) is a diagnostic procedure which allows evaluation of the collapsibility of the upper airway. According to expert opinion, it is possible to imitate nocturnal collapsibility and perform a realistic investigation of the site of obstruction and vibration. This should enable sufficient and precise therapeutic advice to be given solely on the basis of clinical assessment. OBJECTIVE: The current publication critically evaluates the present state of development of DISE and its potential indications...
January 23, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112967/will-societies-of-anesthesiologists-partake-in-the-take-off-of-non-anesthesiologist-administration-of-propofol
#18
Jean-Marc Dumonceau
Propofol sedation is increasingly used for standard and advanced endoscopies due to its advantages over traditional sedation based on benzodiazepines and/or opioids. These include a better sedation, greater patient cooperation, and higher patient satisfaction for most endoscopic procedures; it also decreases time to sedation and decreases recovery and discharge times. As anesthesiologists have typically provided propofol-based sedation, the increase in its use is limited by anesthesiologists' availability and cost...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105667/palatoglossus-coupling-in-selective-upper-airway-stimulation
#19
Clemens Heiser, Günther Edenharter, Murat Bas, Markus Wirth, Benedikt Hofauer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Selective upper airway stimulation (sUAS) of the hypoglossal nerve is a useful therapy to treat patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Is it known that multiple obstructions can be solved by this stimulation technique, even at the retropalatal region. The aim of this study was to verify the palatoglossus coupling at the soft palate during stimulation. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, prospective clinical trail. METHODS: Twenty patients who received an sUAS implant from April 2015 to April 2016 were included...
January 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095614/over-the-scope-clip-closure-for-treatment-of-post-pancreaticogastrostomy-occurring-pancreatic-fistula-a-case-series
#20
Santi Mangiafico, Angelo Caruso, Raffaele Manta, Giuseppe Grande, Helga Bertani, Vincenzo Mirante, Flavia Pigò, Luigi Magnano, Mauro Manno, Rita Conigliaro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system is a recently developed endoscopic device. In the last few years it has been successfully used for severe bleeding or deep wall lesions, or perforations of the GI tract. We hereby report a series of patients with post pancreaticogastrostomy occuring pancreatic fistula in whom OTSCs were used as endoscopic treatment. METHODS: We prospectively collected data from January 2012 to July 2015 about cases of postoperative pancreatic fistula...
January 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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