keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

blunt chest injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225378/traumatic-ventricular-septal-defect-in-a-1-year-old-boy-after-accidental-chest-compression-by-an-adult
#1
Huang-Wei Wu, Jen-Hung Chien, Ken-Pen Weng, Chu-Chuan Lin, Bo-Hau Chen, Shih-Ming Huang, Yu-Chi Hung
We report a 1-year-old boy with a delayed diagnosis of traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) related to chest compression. His cardiac function was stable after adequate medical treatment. Spontaneous closure of traumatic VSD occurred to this patient at the age of 4 years. This is a rare case of traumatic VSD associated with accidental chest compression, which is similar to rupture of the ventricular septum after blunt chest trauma. It should be kept in mind that traumatic VSD and concomitant thoracic injuries can develop during chest compression...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203439/evolutional-trends-in-the-management-of-tracheal-and-bronchial-injuries
#2
REVIEW
Brendan Patrick Madden
Tracheal and Bronchial injuries are potentially life threatening complications which require urgent diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. They typically occur in association with blunt and penetrating chest trauma although they are increasingly being encountered in patients following endobronchial intervention and percutaneous tracheostomy insertion. Their precise incidence is unknown. Presenting features include dyspnoea, stridor, respiratory and haemodynamic compromise, haemoptysis, surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and persistent significant airleak...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203423/clinical-analysis-of-eight-patients-with-blunt-main-stem-bronchial-injuries
#3
Jie Lei, Jinbo Zhao, Feng Tian, Xiaoping Wang, Yongan Zhou, Xiaofei Li, Jian Wang
BACKGROUND: Blunt main stem bronchial injuries are rare but potentially life-threatening injuries in clinical. The aim of this study was to sum up the experience on diagnosis and treatment of blunt main stem bronchial injuries. METHODS: This report retrospective1y analyzed eight cases of main stem bronchial injuries induced by blunt chest trauma between 2013 and 2016 in Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University. RESULTS: There were eight patients, including four men and four women...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186860/traumatic-rib-injury-patterns-imaging-pitfalls-complications-and-treatment
#4
Brett S Talbot, Christopher P Gange, Apeksha Chaturvedi, Nina Klionsky, Susan K Hobbs, Abhishek Chaturvedi
The ribs are frequently affected by blunt or penetrating injury to the thorax. In the emergency department setting, it is vital for the interpreting radiologist to not only identify the presence of rib injuries but also alert the clinician about organ-specific injury, specific traumatic patterns, and acute rib trauma complications that require emergent attention. Rib injuries can be separated into specific morphologic fracture patterns that include stress, buckle, nondisplaced, displaced, segmental, and pathologic fractures...
February 10, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183285/early-detection-of-myocardial-infarction-following-blunt-chest-trauma-by-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#5
Thung-Lip Lee, Chin-Feng Hsuan, Chen-Hsiang Shih, Huai-Wen Liang, Hsing-Shan Tsai, Wei-Kung Tseng, Kwan-Lih Hsu
BACKGROUND: Blunt cardiac trauma encompasses a wide range of clinical entities, including myocardial contusion, cardiac rupture, valve avulsion, pericardial injuries, arrhythmia, and even myocardial infarction. Acute myocardial infarction due to coronary artery dissection after blunt chest trauma is rare and may be life threatening. Differential diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction from cardiac contusion at this setting is not easy. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we demonstrated a case of blunt chest trauma, with computed tomography detected myocardium enhancement defect early at emergency department...
February 10, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164016/isolated-rupture-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-following-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
Hemindermeet Singh, Sajid Ali, Faraz Khan Luni, Fayyaz Hashmi, Mohammed Taleb
Blunt trauma to chest cause injury to various cardiac structures. Isolated rupture of aortic valve without aortic dissection is rare complication of blunt chest trauma and can be caused by a tear or avulsion of the valve. We report a case of a 35-year-old male who presented with severe aortic insufficiency due to rupture of a non-infected congenital bicuspid aortic valve following non-penetrating chest trauma. The diagnosis was suggested by echocardiography and was confirmed by intra-operative and histological findings...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148274/severity-dependent-differences-in-early-management-of-thoracic-trauma-in-severely-injured-patients%C3%A2-analysis-based-on-the-traumaregister-dgu%C3%A2
#7
J Bayer, R Lefering, S Reinhardt, J Kühle, N P Südkamp, T Hammer
BACKGROUND: Major trauma is associated with chest injuries in nearly 50% of multiple injuries. Thoracic trauma is a relevant source of comorbidity throughout the period of multiply-injured patient care and may require swift and well-thought-out interventions in order to avert a deleterious outcome. In this epidemiological study we seek to characterize groups of different thoracic trauma severity in severely injured patients and identify related differences in prehospital and early clinical management...
February 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130170/identifying-children-at-very-low-risk-for-blunt-intra-abdominal-injury-in-whom-ct-of-the-abdomen-can-be-avoided-safely
#8
Christian J Streck, Adam M Vogel, Jingwen Zhang, Eunice Y Huang, Matthew T Santore, Kuojen Tsao, Richard A Falcone, Melvin S Dassinger, Robert T Russell, Martin L Blakely
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography is commonly used to rule out intra-abdominal injury (IAI) in children, despite associated cost and radiation exposure. Our purpose was to derive a prediction rule to identify children at very low risk for IAI after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) for whom a CT scan of the abdomen would be unnecessary. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively enrolled children younger than 16 years of age who presented after BAT at 14 Level I pediatric trauma centers during 1 year...
January 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120436/flail-chest-following-failed-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Melissa Thompson, Neil E I Langlois, Roger W Byard
Following the death of a woman with blunt force chest trauma, the question was asked how common was the finding at autopsy of a flail chest in decedents after failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It was suggested in court that this was an uncommon occurrence. To address this issue, autopsy cases in adults (>18 years) with rib fractures attributable to cardiopulmonary resuscitation were taken from the files of Forensic Science SA over a 7-year period from 2008 to 2014. Flail chest injuries were defined as those arising from fractures at two sites in at least three consecutive ribs...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090817/coronary-or-ventricular-rupture-after-blunt-chest-trauma-a-clinical-dilemma
#10
Anton Sabashnikov, Guido Michels, Javid Fatullayev, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Mohamed Zeriouh, Stephan Baldus, Jens Wippermann, Thorsten Wahlers, Navid Madershahian
Cardiac rupture (CR) is one of the most serious and life-threatening complications of blunt chest trauma (BCT) usually associated with high mortality. Moreover, its diagnosis and treatment strategies may be extremely challenging for clinicians due to various anatomical localisations of the tear. Whereas most injuries fall under the category of right atrial ruptures, left ventricular lesions represent a rare type of this injury, with greater mortality, particularly in cases of multi-chamber injuries. However, not only cardiac chamber or great vessel ruptures may occur as a result of BCT; a growing number of reports also describe BCT-induced isolated coronary artery injuries, including ruptures...
January 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079832/usefulness-of-low-dose-chest-ct-for-initial-evaluation-of-blunt-chest-trauma
#11
Sung Jung Kim, Anjali Basnyat Bista, Young Gi Min, Eun Young Kim, Kyung Joo Park, Doo Kyoung Kang, Joo Sung Sun
We aimed to compare the diagnostic performance and inter-observer consistency between low dose chest CT (LDCT) and standard dose chest CT (SDCT) in the patients with blunt chest trauma.A total of 69 patients who met criteria indicative of blunt chest trauma (77% of male; age range, 16-85) were enrolled. All patients underwent LDCT without intravenous (IV) contrast and SDCT with IV contrast using parameters as following: LDCT, 40 mAs with automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) and 100 kVp (BMI <25, n = 51) or 120 kVp (BMI>25, n = 18); SDCT, 180 mAs with ATCM and 120 kVp...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066906/causes-and-mechanisms-of-death-in-fatal-water-buffalo-attacks
#12
Roger W Byard
Deaths due to buffalo attack have not been well described. A 72-year-old man was trampled by a water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) while attempting to move the animal within an enclosed area at an abattoir. At autopsy, there were numerous injuries involving the chest, head, neck, and left upper arm. Blunt force injury had resulted in multiple rib fractures with a flail chest and fracture/dislocation of the mid-cervical vertebrae caused either by physical crushing by the animal against the walls of the enclosure or by stomping...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030502/operative-fixation-of-rib-fractures-after-blunt-trauma-a-practice-management-guideline-from-the-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma
#13
George Kasotakis, Erik A Hasenboehler, Erik W Streib, Nimitt Patel, Mayur B Patel, Louis Alarcon, Patrick L Bosarge, Joseph Love, Elliott R Haut, John J Como
BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are identified in 10% of all injury victims and are associated with significant morbidity (33%) and mortality (12%). Significant progress has been made in the management of rib fractures over the last few decades, including operative reduction and internal fixation (rib ORIF); however, the subset of patients that would benefit most from this procedure remains ill-defined. The aim of this project was to develop evidence-based recommendations. METHODS: Population, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) questions were formulated for patients with and without flail chest...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028415/scapular-fractures-in-blunt-chest-trauma-self-experience-study
#14
Tabet A Al-Sadek, Desislav Niklev, Ahmed Al-Sadek, Lina Al-Sadek
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to report the scapular fractures in patients with blunt chest trauma and to present the type and the frequency of associated thoracic injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine patients with fractures of the scapula were included in the study. The mechanisms of the injury, the type of scapular fractures and associated thoracic injuries were analysed. RESULTS: Scapular fractures were caused by high-energy blunt chest trauma...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000769/characterization-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-a-long-term-porcine-model-of-severe-multiple-trauma
#15
K Horst, T P Simon, R Pfeifer, M Teuben, K Almahmoud, Q Zhi, S Aguiar Santos, C Castelar Wembers, S Leonhardt, N Heussen, P Störmann, B Auner, B Relja, I Marzi, A T Haug, M van Griensven, M Kalbitz, M Huber-Lang, R Tolba, L K Reiss, S Uhlig, G Marx, H C Pape, F Hildebrand
Chest trauma has a significant relevance on outcome after severe trauma. Clinically, impaired lung function typically occurs within 72 hours after trauma. However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. Therefore, we aimed to establish an experimental long-term model to investigate physiological, morphologic and inflammatory changes, after severe trauma. Male pigs (sus scrofa) sustained severe trauma (including unilateral chest trauma, femur fracture, liver laceration and hemorrhagic shock)...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998635/predictors-of-intrathoracic-injury-after-blunt-torso-trauma-in-children-presenting-to-an-emergency-department-as-trauma-activations
#16
Caitlin McNamara, Irina Mironova, Erik Lehman, Robert P Olympia
BACKGROUND: Thoracic injuries are a major cause of death associated with blunt trauma in children. Screening for injury with chest x-ray study, compared with chest computed tomography (CT) scan, has been controversial, weighing the benefits of specificity with the detriment of radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of thoracic injury in children presenting as trauma activations to a Level I trauma center after blunt torso trauma, and to compare these predictors with those previously reported in the literature...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994332/thoracotomy-for-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#17
Zhang Fangbiao, Zheng Chunhui, Zhao Chun, Shi Hongcan, Zhang Xiangyan, Tu Shaosong
The aim of this retrospective study is to review our experience in the diagnosis and role of thoracotomy for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (TDH). Between January 2008 and June 2014, 23 patients from Yangzhou Medical College (Yangzhou China) and Lishui Center Hospital (Lishui China), who underwent thoracotomy for TDH, were analyzed. The clinical features, imaging findings, operative findings, and outcome of treatment in these patients are presented. There were 23 patients (18 males and 5 females) who underwent surgical procedures due to TDH...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986273/traumatic-pulmonary-pseudocyst-an-underreported-entity
#18
REVIEW
B Phillips, J Shaw, L Turco, D McDonald, J Carey, M Balters, M Wagner, R Bertellotti, D L Cornell, D K Agrawal, J A Asensio
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts (TPP) are underreported cavitary lesions of the pulmonary parenchyma that can develop following blunt chest trauma. Although the occurrence of traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst is rare, this condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any cavitary lesion. Awareness of this injury and its clinical significance is important for successful management in order to avoid medical errors in the course of treatment. METHODS: A literature search was conducted through Medline using the key phrases "traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst" and "traumatic pneumatocele...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984449/operative-treatment-of-rib-fractures-in-flail-chest-injuries-a-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
Eric Swart, Joseph Laratta, Gerard Slobogean, Samir Mehta
OBJECTIVES: Flail chest is a common injury sustained by patients who experience high-energy blunt chest trauma and results in severe respiratory compromise because of altered mechanics of respiration. There has been increased interest in operative fixation of these injuries with the intention of restoring the mechanical integrity of the chest wall, and several studies have shown that ventilation requirements and pulmonary complications may be decreased with operative intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fixation of rib fractures in flail chest injuries using cost-effectiveness analysis, supported by systematic review and meta-analysis...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982326/analysis-of-the-revised-trauma-score-rts-in-200-victims-of-different-trauma-mechanisms
#20
Bruno Durante Alvarez, Danilo Mardegam Razente, Daniel Augusto Mauad Lacerda, Nicole Silveira Lother, Luiz Carlos VON-Bahten, Carla Martinez Menini Stahlschmidt
Objective: to analyze the epidemiological profile and mortality associated with the Revised Trauma Score (RTS) in trauma victims treated at a university hospital. Methods: we conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study of trauma protocols (prospectively collected) from December 2013 to February 2014, including trauma victims admitted in the emergency room of the Cajuru University Hospital. We set up three groups: (G1) penetrating trauma to the abdomen and chest, (G2) blunt trauma to the abdomen and chest, and (G3) traumatic brain injury...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
keyword
keyword
60341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"