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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445175/traumatic-ventral-septal-defect-after-stab-wound-to-the-chest-missed-by-transthoracic-echocardiogram-a-case-report
#1
Abimbola O Faloye, Raphael Y Gershon
Traumatic ventral septal defect may be sustained after either blunt force or penetrating trauma to the chest. Severity ranges from asymptomatic to acute decompensated heart failure. Our patient suffered a stab wound to the chest and was initially taken to the operating room for repair of a lacerated right ventricle. Subsequent postoperative hemodynamic deterioration prompted a bedside transthoracic echocardiogram, which failed to identify causal factors. A transesophageal echocardiogram performed immediately after ventral septal defect was demonstrated...
April 25, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429082/the-effect-of-a-combined-thoracic-and-soft-tissue-trauma-on-blood-flow-and-tissue-formation-in-fracture-healing-in-rats
#2
Lutz Claes, Florian Gebhard, Anita Ignatius, Raimund Lechner, Stefan Baumgärtel, Michael Kraus, Gert D Krischak
INTRODUCTION: Previously, it was found that fracture healing is impaired by blunt chest trauma and an additional soft-tissue trauma. The mechanisms leading to this disturbance are largely unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of thoracic and soft-tissue trauma on blood flow of the injured lower leg and on tissue differentiation and callus formation during fracture healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats received either a mid-shaft fracture of the tibia alone (group A), an additional chest trauma (group B), or additional chest and soft-tissue traumas (group C)...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427480/lessons-from-a-large-trauma-center-impact-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-polytrauma-patients-still-a-relevant-problem
#3
REVIEW
Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included all polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma admitted to our tertiary care center emergency department for a 2-year period, from June 2012 until May 2014...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427001/emergency-room-thoracotomy-for-acute-traumatic-cardiac-tamponade-caused-by-a-blunt-cardiac-injury-a-case-report
#4
Kenichiro Ishida, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Nobutaka Iwasa, Masaro Nakae, Masayuki Sakaki, Yohei Ieki, Kyosuke Takahashi, Yumiko Shimahara, Taku Sogabe, Keiichiro Shimono, Mitsuhiro Noborio, Daikai Sadamitsu
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic blunt cardiac injuries have a high mortality rate, and prompt diagnosis and treatment can be lifesaving in cardiac tamponade. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 62-year-old man was transferred to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable. A focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) showed pericardial fluid with right ventricular collapse consistent with cardiac tamponade in the subxiphoid view...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419479/sonographic-diagnosis-of-a-radiographically-occult-displaced-fracture-of-a-costal-cartilage
#5
Chandra Bortolotto, Egisto Federici, Ferdinando Draghi, Stefano Bianchi
We report the case of a 22-year-old athlete who sustained a blunt thoracic trauma to the right chest causing a costal cartilage fracture. Plain radiographs revealed no abnormalities while sonographic (US) examination performed a week later because of persistent pain led to the diagnosis of a displaced fracture of the right tenth costal cartilage. A follow-up US examination confirmed the healing of the fracture and allowed the patient to return to competitive sport activity. We recommend the use of US in patients with persisting pain after thoracic trauma with negative plain radiographs of the ribs to rule out radiographically occult costal cartilage fractures...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400667/epidemiology-of-lower-limb-musculoskeletal-trauma-with-associated-vascular-injuries-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-in-india
#6
Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Siva Swaminathan Santhanam, Balaji Saibaba, Mandeep Singh Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Vascular trauma associated with bony injuries is an orthopaedic emergency. Lack of timely intervention can lead to loss of limb or even life. Inspite of the rising incidence of high speed road traffic accidents in India, there is paucity of literature regarding the demographic pattern, clinical morbidity, management strategies and outcome of arterial injuries associated with lower limb trauma. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology and outcome of lower extremity musculoskeletal trauma with associated vascular injuries in a tertiary care institute in India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399527/blunt-traumatic-extracranial-cerebrovascular-injury-and-ischemic-stroke
#7
Paul M Foreman, Mark R Harrigan
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke occurs in a significant subset of patients with blunt traumatic cerebrovascular injury (TCVI). The patients are victims of motor vehicle crashes, assaults or other high-energy collisions, and suffer ischemic stroke due to injury to the extracranial carotid or vertebral arteries. SUMMARY: An increasing number of patients with TCVI are being identified, largely because of the expanding use of computed tomography angiography for screening patients with blunt trauma...
April 11, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392950/diffuse-subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-secondary-to-a-minor-blunt-chest-trauma
#8
Maximilian Andreas Storz, Eric P Heymann, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
Full medical evaluation is paramount for all trauma patients. Minor traumas are often overlooked, as they are thought to bear low injury potential. In this case report, we describe the case of a 48-year-old man presenting to our Emergency Department with mild to moderate right-sided shoulder and scapular pain following a fall from his own height ten days previously. Clinical and paraclinical investigations (CT) revealed diffuse right shoulder pain, with crepitations on palpation of the neck, right shoulder, and right lateral chest wall...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391778/delayed-right-chylothorax-after-left-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report
#9
Jonggeun Lee, Jeong Su Cho, Hoseok I, Yeong Dae Kim
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a disease that has various causes such as neoplasm, infection, post-surgery trauma, congenital, and venous thrombosis. In approximately 15% of cases of chylothorax, the exact cause is unknown. We report a case of delayed occurrence of right chylothorax in a patient who had multiple segmental ribs fracture on his left side. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Asian man had a "rollover" accident in which the cultivator he was driving overturned...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340603/blunt-cardiac-injury-due-to-trauma-associated-with-snowboarding-a-case-report
#10
Fuminori Yamaji, Hideshi Okada, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Kodai Suzuki, Takahiro Yoshida, Yosuke Mizuno, Haruka Okamoto, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Taku Tanaka, Shiho Nakano, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Narihiro Ishida, Katsuya Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Kiyoshi Doi, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Cardiac trauma is associated with a much higher mortality rate than injuries to other organ systems, even though cardiac trauma is identified in less than 10% of all trauma admissions. Here we report blunt trauma of the left atrium due to snowboarding trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old Asian man collided with a tree while he was snowboarding and drinking. He lost consciousness temporarily. An air ambulance was requested and he was transported to an advanced critical care center...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328730/partial-occlusion-conversion-from-thoracotomy-undelayed-but-shorter-occlusion-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-strategy-in-japan
#11
Yosuke Matsumura, Junichi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Kondo, Koji Idoguchi, Tomohiro Funabiki
INTRODUCTION: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a viable alternative to resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) in refractory hemorrhagic patients. We evaluated REBOA strategies using Japanese multi-institutional data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The DIRECT-IABO investigators registered trauma patients requiring REBOA from 18 hospitals. Patients' characteristics, outcomes, and time in initial treatment were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: From August 2011 to December 2015, 106 trauma patients were analyzed...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318537/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-suspected-blunt-cardiac-injury-a-prospective-pilot-cohort-study
#12
Aidan Jc Burrell, David M Kaye, Mark C Fitzgerald, David J Cooper, James L Hare, Benedict T Costello, Andrew J Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and severity of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and to compare this to currently used diagnostic methods in severely injured patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, pilot cohort study of 42 major trauma patients from July 2013 to Jan 2015. The cohort underwent CMR within 7 days, enrolling 21 patients with evidence of chest injury and an elevated Troponin I compared to 21 patients without chest injury who acted as controls...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318439/focused-assessment-with-sonography-in-trauma-fast-in-2017-what-radiologists-can-learn
#13
John R Richards, John P McGahan
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) has been extensively utilized and studied in blunt and penetrating trauma for the past 3 decades. Prior to FAST, invasive procedures such as diagnostic peritoneal lavage and exploratory laparotomy were commonly utilized to diagnose intraabdominal injury. Today the FAST examination has evolved into a more comprehensive study of the abdomen, heart, chest, and inferior vena cava, and many variations in technique, protocols, and interpretation exist. Trauma management strategies such as laparotomy, laparoscopy, endoscopy, computed tomographic angiography, angiographic intervention, serial imaging, and clinical observation have also changed over the years...
April 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301867/an-intercostal-muscular-hernia-as-a-consequence-of-intercostal-nerve-root-compromise-after-trauma-to-the-thoracic-spine
#14
Myron M LaBan
'True' intercostal hernias, that is, those containing both pleura and lung components, occur infrequently. Only 300 cases have been reported since Rolland's initial description in 1499. Rarer still are intercostal muscle hernias, which occur without containing pulmonary components. In both instances, males predominate, usually a consequence of direct blunt chest trauma. In many instances, recognition of the intercostal muscle hernia may be delayed from weeks to months, its diagnosis masked by more obvious evidence of physical trauma...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292545/adding-fuel-to-the-fire-coronary-artery-dissection-complicating-blunt-chest-trauma
#15
Ankit Maheshwari, Thenappan Thenappan, Gladwin Das
A 21year-old male presented to the emergency department with 6 h of atypical chest pain after suffering blunt chest trauma. His electrocardiogram revealed 1-1.5mm ST segment elevation in leads V1-V3 with reciprocal depressions in II, III, and aVF. Mid-anterior wall akinesis was observed on echocardiography associated with an estimated left ventricular ejection fraction of 40%. A left main coronary artery dissection was diagnosed and treated surgically with a bypass graft. Although rare, coronary dissections can be a catastrophic complication of chest trauma...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286845/pan-vs-selective-computed-tomography-scans-in-management-of-multiple-trauma-patients-a-brief-report
#16
Anita Sabzghabaei, Majid Shojaee, Hamid Kariman, Mohammad Manouchehrifar, Kamran Heydari, Sirus Sohrabi
INTRODUCTION: Using pan or selective computed tomography (CT) scan in management of multiple trauma patient is a matter of debate. Therefore, the present study was designed aiming to compare the findings of pan and selective CT scans in management of multiple trauma patients. METHOD: This is a prospective cross-sectional study, on patients presented to the emergency department (ED) of Shohadaye Haftome Tir Hospital, Tehran, Iran, following blunt multiple trauma over a 1-year period, from March 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286834/thoracic-injury-rule-out-criteria-in-prediction-of-traumatic-intra-thoracic-injuries-a-validation-study
#17
Setareh Asgarzadeh, Bahareh Feizi, Farhad Sarabandi, Morteza Asgarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Doing Chest X Ray (CXR) for all trauma patients is not efficient and cost effective due to its low diagnostic value. The present study was designed aiming to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic injury rule out criteria (TIRC) in prediction of traumatic intra-thoracic injuries and need for CXR. METHOD: The present study is a prospective cross-sectional study that has been carried out to evaluate the accuracy of TIRC model in screening blunt multiple trauma patients in need of CXR for ruling out intra-thoracic injuries...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265386/fatal-delayed-rupture-of-the-subclavian-artery-in-a-patient-with-first-rib-fracture-caused-by-blunt-trauma
#18
Naoki Yonezawa, Yusuke Nakayama, Tetsuhiro Takei, Masafumi Toh, Mitsutoshi Asano, Tomonori Imamura, Toshitaka Ito
This case highlights the probable association of significantly displaced posterior first-rib fracture and jagged edges of the fracture line following blunt chest trauma with delayed ipsilateral subclavian artery rupture. Early angiography and first-rib repair should promptly be considered under such circumstances.
March 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255150/computed-tomography-of-the-thorax-with-3d-reconstruction-in-penetrating-chest-injury
#19
A Michael, Z O Yahya, I Mdrazali, H Hanif
Penetrating chest wounds is less common but more deadly then blunt trauma. Majority of penetrating chest trauma can be managed conservatively with observation and simple thoracotomy. This case report highlights a bizarre occupational hazard causing a penetrating chest injury and the option of non-invasive management with the aid of computed tomography with 3D reconstruction.
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238248/a-simple-technique-for-aortic-root-dissection-and-massive-aortic-regurgitation-repair-after-blunt-chest-trauma
#20
Javier Gualis, Mario Castaño, Jose Manuel Martínez-Comendador, Carmen Garrote, Javier Otero, Elio Martín, Pascuale Maiorano, Jose Miguel Marcos, Rodrigo Estevez-Loureiro
Aortic regurgitation due to valve injury after blunt chest trauma is a rare condition that may be caused by leaflet or commissural rupture, aortic dissection, or a combination of both. The case is presented of a 48-year-old male patient with an aortic dissection and aortic valve commissural detachment and massive aortic regurgitation after a 12-meter vertical free fall and secondary thoracic blunt trauma. The aortic root tear and dissection was repaired with a continuous polypropylene 5/0 suture and subcommissural annuloplasty that restored the aortic valve geometry and resulted in a normally functioning aortic valve...
September 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
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