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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057676/comparison-of-the-effects-of-mobile-technology-aac-apps-on-programming-visual-scene-displays
#1
Jessica Caron, Janice Light, Beth E Davidoff, Kathryn D R Drager
Parents and professionals who work with individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) face tremendous time pressures, especially when programming vocabulary in AAC technologies. System design (from programming functions to layout options) necessitates a range of skills related to operational competence and can impose intensive training demands for communication partners. In fact, some AAC applications impose considerable learning demands, which can lead to increased time to complete the same programming tasks...
October 23, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056384/different-methods-of-incorporating-ciprofloxacin-in-soil-affect-microbiome-and-degradation-of-ciprofloxacin-residue
#2
Longyong Liu, Jiandui Mi, Yan Wang, Yongde Zou, Baohua Ma, Xindi Liao, Juan Boo Liang, Yinbao Wu
Antibiotic residues in swine manure when entered the soil would most likely affect the complex composition and functions of the soil microbiome, which is also responsible for degrading these antibiotics. Three different methods of adding ciprofloxacin (CIP), a common antibiotic used in the swine industry, to the soil were used to investigate the effects of CIP on the soil microbiome and the degradation of CIP. Results of the study showed that the microbiome could promote the degradation of CIP in the soil when CIP was incorporated into the soil together with manure...
October 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055593/distribution-of-species-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-enterococci-isolated-from-the-fecal-microbiota-of-captive-blue-fronted-parrot-amazona-aestiva-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#3
Andréa de Andrade Rangel de Freitas, Adriana Rocha Faria, Tatiana de Castro Abreu Pinto, Vânia Lúcia Carreira Merquior, Daniel Marchesi Neves, Rodrigo de Cerqueira da Costa, Lúcia Martins Teixeira
Enterococcal strains recovered from fecal samples of captive blue-fronted parrots (Amazona aestiva) assisted at two wild animal screening centers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were identified as Enterococcus hirae (the predominant species; 75.3%), followed by Enterococcus faecalis (17.3%), Enterococcus casseliflavus (4.8%), Enterococcus gallinarum (1.7%), and Enterococcus hermanniensis (0.9%). All strains were susceptible to linezolid and teicoplanin. Rates of nonsusceptibility (including resistant and intermediate categories) to other 16 antimicrobials tested varied from 69...
October 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050673/the-relationship-between-the-cyp19-alleles-rs727479a-c-rs700518a-g-and-rs700519c-t-and%C3%A2-pregnancy-outcome-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-a-chinese-population-a-population-based-study
#4
Qian Dou, Li Tan, Li-Ying Ma, Ying-Pu Sun
This study investigated the relationship between the CYP19 alleles, rs727479A/C, rs700518A/G, and rs700519C/T, and pregnancy outcome after assisted reproductive technology (ART) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Between January 2012 and September 2015, 293 PCOS patients undergoing ART were randomly selected for the study. According to pregnancy outcome after ART, the patients were assigned to pregnancy and non-pregnancy groups. CYP19 rs727479A/C, rs700518A/G and rs700519C/T genotypes were determined using the denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) method...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049308/the-relationship-between-intradialytic-hypotension-and-vascular-calcification-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
AJin Cho, Young-Ki Lee, Jieun Oh, Jong-Woo Yoon, Dong Ho Shin, Hee Jung Jeon, Myung-Jin Choi, Jung-Woo Noh
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is associated with structural and functional abnormality of the heart and blood vessels. We investigated the relationship between intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and vascular calcification in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and their impacts on cardiovascular events (CVEs). METHOD: We enrolled 191 maintenance HD patients who underwent plain abdomen radiography for abdominal aortic calcification score (AACS). A nadir systolic blood pressure (BP) < 90 mm Hg or the requirement of bolus fluid administration was required to quantify the hypotension diagnosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045194/testing-an-aac-system-that-transforms-pictograms-into-natural-language-with-persons-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Joan Pahisa-Solé, Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí
In this paper, we describe a compansion system that transforms the telegraphic language that comes from the use of pictogram-based Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) into natural language. The system was tested with 4 participants with severe cerebral palsy and ranging degrees of linguistic competence and intellectual disabilities. Participants had used pictogram-based AAC at least for the past 30 years each and presented a stable linguistic profile. During tests, which consisted in a total of 40 sessions, participants were able to learn new linguistic skills, such as the use of basic verb tenses, while using the compansion system, which proved a source of motivation...
October 18, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039717/high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-in-libyan-war-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-germany
#7
Benedikt Lohr, Yvonne Pfeifer, Ursel Heudorf, Christoph Rangger, Douglas E Norris, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld
The ongoing Libyan conflict constantly causes victims among the military and civilian population. Cross-border transfer of patients represents a high risk of introducing multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), for example, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and carbapenem-resistant gram-negative organisms (CROs), into the country of destination. This study assessed the MDRO status in Libyan war casualties (n = 67) admitted to Northwest Medical Centre in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, from August 2016 till January 2017...
October 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039707/first-detection-of-ctx-m-1-in-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-seafood-from-tunisia
#8
Leila Ben Said, Mouna Hamdaoui, Ahlem Jouini, Abdellatif Boudabous, Karim Ben Slama, Carmen Torres, Naouel Klibi
The purpose of this study was to determine the carriage rate of Escherichia coli isolates in seafood, to analyze the phenotype and genotype of antimicrobial resistance in the recovered isolates, and to characterize extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) E. coli producers. E. coli isolates were recovered from 24 (34.3%) of the 70 seafood samples analyzed, and one isolate per sample was further characterized. Antibiotic resistance was determined by the disk diffusion method in the 24 isolates, with the following results (number of resistant isolates): tetracycline (8), streptomycin (7), ampicillin (6), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (4), chloramphenicol (4), ciprofloxacin (3), cefotaxime (2), and ceftazidime (2)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031406/prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-from-effluent-of-coastal-aquaculture-south-korea
#9
Hyun Min Jang, Young Beom Kim, Sangki Choi, Yunho Lee, Seung Gu Shin, Tatsuya Unno, Young Mo Kim
The wide use of antibiotics in aquaculture for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes can potentially lead to the prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). This study reports for the first time the profile of ARGs from effluents of coastal aquaculture located in South Jeolla province and Jeju Island, South Korea. Using quantitative PCR (qPCR), twenty-two ARGs encoding tetracycline resistance (tetA, tetB, tetD, tetE, tetG, tetH, tetM, tetQ, tetX, tetZ, tetBP), sulfonamide resistance (sul1, sul2), quinolone resistance (qnrD, qnrS, aac(6')-Ib-cr), β-lactams resistance (blaTEM, blaCTX, blaSHV), macrolide resistance (ermC), florfenicol resistance (floR) and multidrug resistance (oqxA) and a class 1 integrons-integrase gene (intI1) were quantified...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028569/occurrence-of-transferable-antibiotic-resistances-in-commercialized-ready-to-eat-mealworms-tenebrio-molitor-l
#10
Andrea Osimani, Federica Cardinali, Lucia Aquilanti, Cristiana Garofalo, Andrea Roncolini, Vesna Milanović, Marina Pasquini, Stefano Tavoletti, Francesca Clementi
The present study aimed to assess the occurrence of transferable determinants conferring resistance to tetracyclines, macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B, vancomycin, beta-lactams, and aminoglycosides in 40 samples of commercialized edible mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) purchased from European Union (EU) and non-EU producers. A high prevalence of tet(K) was observed in all of the samples assayed, with percentages of PCR-based positivity that ranged from 80% (samples from Thailand) to 100% (samples from the Netherlands, Belgium and France)...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028006/polymorphism-of-antibiotic-inactivating-enzyme-driven-by-ecology-expands-the-environmental-resistome
#11
Dae-Wi Kim, Cung Nawl Thawng, Jung-Hye Choi, Kihyun Lee, Chang-Jun Cha
The environmental resistome has been recognized as the origin and reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes and considered to be dynamic and ever expanding. In this study, a targeted gene sequencing approach revealed that the polymorphic diversity of the aminoglycoside-inactivating enzyme AAC(6')-Ib was ecological niche-specific. AAC(6')-Ib-cr, previously known as a clinical variant, was prevalent in various soils and the intestines of chickens and humans, suggesting that this variant might not have arisen from adaptive mutations in the clinic but instead originated from the environment...
October 13, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#12
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024632/quantitative-proteome-analysis-of-bovine-mammary-gland-reveals-protein-dynamic-changes-involved-in-peak-and-late-lactation-stages
#13
Xianrui Zheng, Chao Ning, Yichun Dong, Pengju Zhao, Junhui Li, Ziyao Fan, Jiang Li, Ying Yu, Raphael Mrode, Jian-Feng Liu
Mammary gland is an important organ for milk synthesis and secretion. It undergoes dramatic physiological changes to adapt the shift from peak to late lactation stage. Protein plays a final very vital role in many life functions, and the protein changes during different lactation stages potentially reflect the biology of lactation and the functions of mammary gland in cows. In current study, we adopted tandem mass tags label-based quantitative analysis technique and to investigate proteome changes occurring in bovine mammary gland from peak to late lactation stages...
October 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018766/acute-angle-closure-following-periorbital-botulinum-toxin-injection-in-a-patient-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#14
Jen-Chia Tsai
A 50-year-old female presented with bilateral retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and acute angle closure (AAC) with fixed mid-dilated pupil and high intraocular pressure (IOP) in the left eye following left side periorbital botulinum toxin A injection for blepharospasm. Glaucomatous optic neuropathy and retinal nerve fiber layer defect were observed in the affected eye using optical coherence tomography although the IOP was maintained at <21 mmHg after the treatment. Botulinum toxin acts at the cholinergic synapse and inhibits acetylcholine release; hence, it can cause transient mydriasis and may lead to AAC in high-risk populations such as patients with RP...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018265/ascosteroside-d-a-new-mitochondrial-respiration-inhibitor-discovered-by-pesticidal-screening-using-insect-adp-atp-carrier-protein-expressing-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#15
Yoshihiro Watanabe, Yukihiro Asami, Satomi Narusawa, Shohei Hashimoto, Masato Iwatsuki, Kenichi Nonaka, Yasuo Shinohara, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Naoya Ichimaru, Hideto Miyoshi, Satoshi Ōmura, Kazuro Shiomi
A new lanostane-type triterpenoid, ascosteroside D, was isolated from a fungus, Aspergillus sp. FKI-6682. It inhibited insect ADP/ATP carrier protein (AAC)-expressing Saccharomyces cerevisiae in glycerol-containing medium, but did not inhibit Δaac S. cerevisiae in glucose-containing medium. It is hypothesized that ascosteroside D inhibits ATP production in mitochondria.The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 11 October 2017; doi:10.1038/ja.2017.118.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018027/abdominal-aortic-calcifications-influences-the-systemic-and-renal-hemodynamic-response-to-renal-denervation-in-the-denerhtn-renal-denervation-for-hypertension-trial
#16
Pierre-Yves Courand, Helena Pereira, Costantino Del Giudice, Philippe Gosse, Matthieu Monge, Guillaume Bobrie, Pascal Delsart, Claire Mounier-Vehier, Pierre Lantelme, Thierry Denolle, Caroline Dourmap, Jean Michel Halimi, Xavier Girerd, Patrick Rossignol, Faiez Zannad, Olivier Ormezzano, Bernard Vaisse, Daniel Herpin, Jean Ribstein, Beatrice Bouhanick, Jean-Jacques Mourad, Emile Ferrari, Gilles Chatellier, Marc Sapoval, Arshid Azarine, Michel Azizi
BACKGROUND: The DENERHTN (Renal Denervation for Hypertension) trial confirmed the efficacy of renal denervation (RDN) in lowering daytime ambulatory systolic blood pressure when added to standardized stepped-care antihypertensive treatment (SSAHT) for resistant hypertension at 6 months. METHODS AND RESULTS: This post hoc exploratory analysis assessed the impact of abdominal aortic calcifications (AAC) on the hemodynamic and renal response to RDN at 6 months. In total, 106 patients with resistant hypertension were randomly assigned to RDN plus SSAHT or to the same SSAHT alone (control group)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994302/observing-eye-movements-and-the-influence-of-cognition-during-a-symbol-search-task-a-comparison-across-three-age-groups
#17
Maxine Perrin, Manon Robillard, Annie Roy-Charland
This study examined eye movements during a visual search task as well as cognitive abilities within three age groups. The aim was to explore scanning patterns across symbol grids and to better understand the impact of symbol location in AAC displays on speed and accuracy of symbol selection. For the study, 60 students were asked to locate a series of symbols on 16 cell grids. The EyeLink 1000 was used to measure eye movements, accuracy, and response time. Accuracy was high across all cells. Participants had faster response times, longer fixations, and more frequent fixations on symbols located in the middle of the grid...
October 10, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987045/acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-female-with-cardiac-device-related-infective-endocarditis
#18
Waldemar Elikowski, Przemysław Mitkowski, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Jerzy Gizło, Lidia Chmielewska-Michalak, Stanisław Łazowski
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a necroinflammatory disease of the gallbladder with no gallstones present. ACC is known to be a serious, even potentially lethal complication observed mainly in patients with various severe underlying conditions including trauma, burn and sepsis. Infection of cardiac implantable electronic devices may lead to cardiac device-related infective endocarditis (CDRIE). The authors describe a case of a 55-year-old female with a history of advanced heart failure and implantation/reimplantation of biventricular pacemaker/defibrillator (CRT-D) for cardiac resynchronization therapy...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976071/prevalence-of-and-predictive-factor-for-abdominal-aortic-calcification-in-thai-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#19
Dusit Lumlertgul, Surasak Kantachuvesiri, Somboon Apichaiyingyurd, Worapot Treamtrakanpon, Manoch Rattanasompattikul, Pongsathorn Gojaseni, Prasert Thanakitcharu, Thananda Trakarnvanich, Ussanee Poonvivatchaikarn, Kriengsak Vareesangthip
Presence and severity of cardiovascular calcifications strongly predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. This multicenter, cross-sectional study primarily aimed to determine prevalence of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) detected by plain lateral abdominal radiograph, and secondarily aimed to assess predictive factors for AAC. Patients (N = 1500), aged 18-70 years, with CKD stages 3-5D for ≥3 months prior to evaluation, were enrolled at 24 study centers in Thailand; 54...
October 4, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970288/international-development-and-validation-of-a-classification-system-for-the-identification-of-barrett-s-neoplasia-using-acetic-acid-chromoendoscopy-the-portsmouth-acetic-acid-classification-predict
#20
Kesavan Kandiah, Fergus J Q Chedgy, Sharmila Subramaniam, Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Paul Bassett, Alessandro Repici, Prateek Sharma, Oliver Pech, Pradeep Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Barrett's oesophagus is an established risk factor for developing oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, Barrett's neoplasia can be subtle and difficult to identify. Acetic acid chromoendoscopy (AAC) is a simple technique that has been demonstrated to highlight neoplastic areas but lesion recognition with AAC remains a challenge, thereby hampering its widespread use. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a simple classification system to identify Barrett's neoplasia using AAC...
September 28, 2017: Gut
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