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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423134/infant-mortality-by-color-or-race-from-rond%C3%A3-nia-brazilian-amazon
#1
Caroline Gava, Andrey Moreira Cardoso, Paulo Cesar Basta
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the quality of records for live births and infant deaths and to estimate the infant mortality rate for skin color or race, in order to explore possible racial inequalities in health. METHODS: Descriptive study that analyzed the quality of records of the Live Births Information System and Mortality Information System in Rondônia, Brazilian Amazonian, between 2006-2009. The infant mortality rates were estimated for skin color or race with the direct method and corrected by: (1) proportional distribution of deaths with missing data related to skin color or race; and (2) application of correction factors...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355334/social-inequality-in-health-revisiting-moments-and-trends-in-50-years-of-publication-of-rsp
#2
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
This study describes the frequency and types of articles on social inequalities in health published in 50 years of the Revista de Saúde Pública, taking as reference some milestones that were used as guidelines to develop the research on this theme. Checking titles, keywords and abstracts or full texts, we identified 288 articles whose central or secondary focus was social inequalities in health. Corresponding to just 1.8% in the initial years, articles on social inequalities in health have represent 10.1% of the articles published in the last decade...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236498/executive-summary-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-prevention-of-hiv-infection-in-adults-in-spain-july-2016
#3
Santiago Moreno, Antonio Antela, Felipe García, Julia Del Amo, Vicente Boix, Pep Coll, Claudia Fortuny, Juan L Gómez Sirvent, Félix Gutiérrez, José A Iribarren, Josep M Llibre, Juan C López Bernaldo de Quirós, Juan Emilio Losa, Ana Lozano, Michael Meulbroek, Julián Olalla, Ferran Pujol, Federico Pulido, Manuel Crespo Casal, Juan González García, José López Aldeguer, Jose A Pérez Molina, Daniel Podzamczer Palter, Antonio Rivero Román
Administration of antiretroviral drugs to individuals exposed to, but not infected by, HIV has been shown to reduce the risk of transmission. The efficacy of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) makes it obligatory to include it in an integral program of prevention of HIV transmission, together with other measures, such as use of the condom, training, counseling, and appropriate treatment of infected individuals. In this document, the AIDS Study Group (GeSIDA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica [SEIMC]) provides its views on this important subject...
February 21, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215487/executive-summary-of-management-of-prosthetic-joint-infections-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-spanish-society-of-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-seimc
#4
Javier Ariza, Javier Cobo, Josu Baraia-Etxaburu, Natividad Benito, Guillermo Bori, Javier Cabo, Pablo Corona, Jaime Esteban, Juan Pablo Horcajada, Jaime Lora-Tamayo, Oscar Murillo, Julián Palomino, Jorge Parra, Carlos Pigrau, José Luis Del Pozo, Melchor Riera, Dolores Rodríguez, Mar Sánchez-Somolinos, Alex Soriano, M Dolores Del Toro, Basilio de la Torre
The incidence of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is expected to increase in the coming years. PJI has serious consequences for patients, and high costs for the health system. The complexity of these infections makes it necessary to organize the vast quantity of information published in the last several years. The indications for the choice of a given surgical strategy and the corresponding antimicrobial therapy are specifically reviewed. The authors selected clinically relevant questions and then reviewed the available literature in order to give recommendations according to a pre-determined level of scientific evidence...
March 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160899/-enfermedades-infecciosas-y-microbiolog%C3%A3-a-cl%C3%A3-nica-new-stage-new-challenges
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137633/week-4-response-predicts-sustained-virological-response-to-all-oral-direct-acting-antiviral-based-therapy-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-3-infection
#6
J A Pineda, L E Morano-Amado, R Granados, J Macías, F Téllez, M García-Deltoro, M J Ríos, A Collado, M Delgado-Fernández, M Suárez-Santamaría, M Serrano, C Miralles-Álvarez, K Neukam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the predictive capacity of response at treatment week (TW) 4 for the achievement of sustained virological response 12 weeks after the scheduled end of therapy date (SVR12) to treatment against hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 (GT3) infection with all-oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) -based regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a prospective multicohort study, HCV GT3-infected patients who completed a course of currently recommended DAA-based therapy at 33 Spanish hospitals and who had reached the SVR12 evaluation time-point were selected...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117474/the-halo-sign-hrct-findings-in-85-patients
#7
Giordano Rafael Tronco Alves, Edson Marchiori, Klaus Irion, Carlos Schuler Nin, Guilherme Watte, Alessandro Comarú Pasqualotto, Luiz Carlos Severo, Bruno Hochhegger
Objective: The halo sign consists of an area of ground-glass opacity surrounding pulmonary lesions on chest CT scans. We compared immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients in terms of halo sign features and sought to identify those of greatest diagnostic value. Methods: This was a retrospective study of CT scans performed at any of seven centers between January of 2011 and May of 2015. Patients were classified according to their immune status. Two thoracic radiologists reviewed the scans in order to determine the number of lesions, as well as their distribution, size, and contour, together with halo thickness and any other associated findings...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099652/path-of-infectious-diseases-in-brazil-in-the-last-50-years-an-ongoing-challenge
#8
Eliseu Alves Waldman, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato
In this article, we comment on the main features of infectious diseases in Brazil in the last 50 years, highlighting how much of this path Revista de Saúde Pública could portray. From 1967 to 2016, 1,335 articles focusing on infectious diseases were published in Revista de Saúde Pública. Although the proportion of articles on the topic have decreased from about 50.0% to 15.0%, its notability remained and reflected the growing complexity of the research required for its control. It is noteworthy that studies design and analysis strategies progressively became more sophisticated, following the great development of epidemiology in Brazil in the recent decades...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004322/liver-stiffness-predicts-the-response-to-direct-acting-antiviral-based-therapy-against-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-cirrhotic-patients
#9
K Neukam, L E Morano-Amado, A Rivero-Juárez, J Macías, R Granados, A Romero-Palacios, M Márquez, D Merino, E Ortega, J C Alados-Arboledas, J Cucurull, M Omar, P Ryan-Murua, J A Pineda
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of liver stiffness (LS) on the response to direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based therapy against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in cirrhotic patients. Those patients included in two Spanish prospective cohorts of patients receiving therapy based on at least one DAA, who showed a baseline LS ≥ 12.5 kPa and who had reached the scheduled time point for sustained virological response evaluation 12 weeks after completing therapy (SVR12) were analysed...
May 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000469/tablas-de-referencia-para-aspectos-antropom%C3%A3-tricos-y-de-condici%C3%A3-n-f%C3%A3-sica-en-estudiantes-varones-chilenos-de-10-a-14-a%C3%A3-os
#10
Claudio Hernández Mosqueira, Dagoberto Hernández Vasquez, Alexis Caniuqueo Vargas, Humberto Castillo Quezada, Sandro Fernandes Da Silva, Gustavo Pavez-Adasme, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Jaime Cárcamo-Oyarzún, José Fernandes Filho
Introducción: Chile en las últimas décadas ha experimentado un cambio en su perfil epidemiológico nutricional, pasando de una situación caracterizada por una elevada prevalencia de desnutrición y enfermedades infecciosas/parasitarias a otro completamente distinto, en donde las enfermedades crónicas y degenerativas presentan una elevada prevalencia.Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio es elaborar tablas de referencia de aspectos antropométricos y de condición física en estudiantes varones de 10 a 14 años de la ciudad de Chillán...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922855/liver-stiffness-predicts-variceal-bleeding-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-patients-with-compensated-cirrhosis
#11
Nicolás Merchante, Antonio Rivero-Juárez, Francisco Téllez, Dolores Merino, Maria José Ríos-Villegas, Guillermo Ojeda-Burgos, Mohamed Omar, Juan Macías, Antonio Rivero, Monserrat Pérez-Pérez, Miguel Raffo, Inmaculada López-Montesinos, Manuel Márquez-Solero, Maria Amparo Gómez-Vidal, Juan A Pineda
BACKGROUND: A liver stiffness below 21 kPa has a high negative predictive value to exclude the presence of esophageal varices at risk of bleeding in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients. Consequently, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) for the screening of esophageal varices could be avoided in these patients. However, this strategy has not been widely accepted due to concerns about its safety. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of liver stiffness to predict the risk of portal hypertensive gastrointestinal bleeding (PHGB) in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients with compensated cirrhosis...
February 20, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787664/impact-of-universal-access-to-hepatitis-c-therapy-on-hiv-infected-patients-implementation-of-the-spanish-national-hepatitis-c-strategy
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
A Rivero-Juarez, L F Lopez-Cortes, M Castaño, D Merino, M Marquez, M Mancebo, F Cuenca-Lopez, P Jimenez-Aguilar, I Lopez-Montesinos, S Lopez-Cardenas, A Collado, M A Lopez-Ruz, M Omar, F Tellez, X Perez-Stachowski, J Hernandez-Quero, J A Girón-Gonzalez, E Fernandez-Fuertes, A Rivero
In April 2015, the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) developed a national strategic plan for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Our aim was to analyze the impact of this on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients included in the HERACLES cohort during the first 6 months of its implementation. The HERACLES cohort (NCT02511496) was set up in March 2015 to evaluate the status and follow-up of chronic HCV infection in patients co-infected with HIV in the south of Spain...
March 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759780/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-laparoscopic-cholecistectomy-is-it-worth-doing
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Márcio Alexandre Terra Passos, Pedro Eder Portari-Filho
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy has very low risk for infectious complications, ranging the infection rate from 0.4% to 1.1%. Many surgeons still use routine antibiotic prophylaxis. Aim: Evaluate the real impact of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies in low risk patients. Method: Prospective, randomized and double-blind study. Were evaluated 100 patients that underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy divided in two groups: group A (n=50), patients that received prophylaxis using intravenous Cephazolin (2 g) during anesthetic induction and group B (n=50), patients that didn't receive any antibiotic prophylaxis...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513481/-not-available
#14
Fátima Martínez-Lozano Aranaga, Paula Palacios Vales, Juana María Serrano Navarro, Carmen Caballero Requejo, María Jesús Gómez Ramos, Carmen Sánchez Álvarez
Introducción: la composición lipídica de las fórmulas de nutrición parenteral (NP) se postula como posible factor de evolución clínica.Objetivo: evaluar las diferencias en eficacia y seguridad de dos emulsiones lipídicas en NP.Material y métodos: estudio clínico prospectivo de pacientes posquirúrgicos sometidos a NP durante más de 7 días en un periodo de 2 años. Se administraron de forma indistinta 2 tipos de emulsiones lipídicas: enriquecida con ácidos grasos omega 3 (SMOFlipid Fresenius Kabi®) o con ácido oleico omega 9 (Clinoleic Baxter®)...
June 30, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444453/-not-available
#15
Fátima Martínez-Lozano Aranaga, Paula Palacios Vales, Juana María Serrano Navarro, Carmen Caballero Requejo, María Jesús Gómez Ramos, Carmen Sánchez Álvarez
Introducción: la composición lipídica de las fórmulas de nutrición parenteral (NP) se postula como posible factor de evolución clínica.Objetivo: evaluar las diferencias en eficacia y seguridad de dos emulsiones lipídicas en NP.Material y métodos: estudio clínico prospectivo de pacientes posquirúrgicos sometidos a NP durante más de 7 días en un periodo de 2 años. Se administraron de forma indistinta 2 tipos de emulsiones lipídicas: enriquecida con ácidos grasos omega 3 (SMOFlipid Fresenius Kabi®) o con ácido oleico omega 9 (Clinoleic Baxter®)...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424071/executive-summary-of-the-guidelines-for-the-use-of-interferon-gamma-release-assays-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-infection
#16
Miguel Santin, José-María García-García, David Rigau, Neus Altet, Luis Anibarro, Irma Casas, Nuria Díez, Mercedes García-Gasalla, Xavier Martínez-Lacasa, Antón Penas, Elvira Pérez-Escolano, Francisca Sánchez, José Domínguez
Interferon-gamma release assays are widely used for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection in Spain. However, there is no consensus on their application in specific clinical scenarios. To develop a guide-line for their use, a panel of experts comprising specialists in infectious diseases, respiratory diseases, microbiology, pediatrics and preventive medicine, together with a methodologist, conducted a systematic literature search, summarized the findings, rated the quality of the evidence, and formulated recommendations following the Grading of Recommendations of Assessment Development and Evaluations methodology...
September 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383939/impact-of-long-term-treatment-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-and-bronchodilators-on-lung-function-in-a-patient-with-post-infectious-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#17
Cecilia Calabrese, Nadia Corcione, Gaetano Rea, Francesco Stefanelli, Ilernando Meoli, Alessandro Vatrella
Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is a small airways disease characterized by fixed airflow limitation. Therefore, inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids are not recommended as maintenance therapy options. The management of PIBO currently consists only of close monitoring of affected patients, aimed at the prevention and early treatment of pulmonary infections. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of PIBO in the pediatric population. Patients with PIBO are characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, accompanied by a decrease in overall functional capacity...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383929/evaluating-bronchodilator-response-in-pediatric-patients-with-post-infectious-bronchiolitis-obliterans-use-of-different-criteria-for-identifying-airway-reversibility
#18
Rita Mattiello, Paula Cristina Vidal, Edgar Enrique Sarria, Paulo Márcio Pitrez, Renato Tetelbom Stein, Helena Teresinha Mocelin, Gilberto Bueno Fischer, Marcus Herbert Jones, Leonardo Araújo Pinto
OBJECTIVE: Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is a clinical entity that has been classified as constrictive, fixed obstruction of the lumen by fibrotic tissue. However, recent studies using impulse oscillometry have reported bronchodilator responses in PIBO patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate bronchodilator responses in pediatric PIBO patients, comparing different criteria to define the response. METHODS: We evaluated pediatric patients diagnosed with PIBO and treated at one of two pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil...
May 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368042/tropheryma-whipplei-endocarditis-in-spain-case-reports-of-17-prospective-cases
#19
Lara García-Álvarez, María Mercedes Sanz, Mercedes Marín, MCarmen Fariñas, Miguel Montejo, Josune Goikoetxea, Raquel Rodríguez García, Arístides de Alarcón, Manuel Almela, Núria Fernández-Hidalgo, María Del Mar Alonso Socas, Miguel Ángel Goenaga, Enrique Navas, Luis Vicioso, José Antonio Oteo
Tropheryma whipplei endocarditis is an uncommon condition with very few series and <90 cases reported in the literature. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiological, clinical, and outcome characteristics of 17 cases of T. whipplei endocarditis recruited in our country from a multicentric cohort from 25 Spanish hospitals from the Spanish Collaboration on Endocarditis-Grupo de Apoyo al Manejo de la Endocarditis infecciosa en España.From a total of 3165 cases included in the cohort, 14.2% were diagnosed of blood culture negative endocarditis (BCNE) and 3...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355468/emerging-arboviruses-and-public-health-challenges-in-brazil
#20
Tamara Nunes Lima-Camara
Environmental modification by anthropogenic actions, disordered urban growth, globalization of international exchange and climate change are some factors that help the emergence and dissemination of human infectious diseases transmitted by vectors. This review discusses the recent entry of three arboviruses in Brazil: Chikungunya, West Nile, and Zika virus, focusing on the challenges for the Country's public health. The Brazilian population is exposed to infections caused by these three arboviruses widely distributed on the national territory and associated with humans...
June 27, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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