keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

kidney cancer evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344901/imaging-characteristics-and-first-experience-of-68ga-thp-psma-a-novel-probe-for-rapid-kit-based-ga-68-labeling-and-pet-imaging-comparative-analysis-with-68ga-psma-i-t
#1
Thorsten Derlin, Sebastian Schmuck, Cathleen Juhl, Steffi Teichert, Johanna Zörgiebel, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Sophie M Schneefeld, Almut C A Walte, James T Thackeray, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel
PURPOSE: [68Ga]Trishydroxypyridinone (THP)-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a novel tracer that can be labeled in one step by cold reconstitution of a kit with unprocessed generator eluate, targeting PSMA via the lysine-urea-glutamate (KuE) motif. The aim of this study was to evaluate the human imaging characteristics of [68Ga]THP-PSMA. PROCEDURES: [68Ga]THP-PSMA positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomography (CT) was performed in 25 patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344254/inhibitory-effect-of-the-low-toxic-exogenous-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-modulator-3-3-diindolylmethane-on-gastric-cancer-in-mice
#2
Mingli Su, Chenchen Qian, Yumin Hu, Wenhua Lu, Rongkang Huang, Minhu Chen, Jie Chen
3'3-Diindolylmethane (DIM) has been proved to exhibit anticancer properties in many solid tumors. In our previous study, we demonstrated that DIM inhibited SGC7901 cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis and delaying cell cycle progression. Herein, we further explored the anti-tumor effect of DIM on SGC-7901 tumor bearing mice. Tumors were excised, weighed, and tested by western blot and TdT-UTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. The expression levels of AhR and cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 (CYP1A1) protein were evaluated by western-blot assay...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331752/synthesis-of-gold-i-phosphine-complexes-containing-the-2-brc6f4pph2-ligand-evaluation-of-anticancer-activity-in-2d-and-3d-spheroidal-models-of-hela-cancer-cells
#3
T Srinivasa Reddy, Steven H Privér, Nedaossadat Mirzadeh, Suresh K Bhargava
Newly synthesised mononuclear gold complexes containing the 2-BrC6F4PPh2 ligand have been fully characterised and their anticancer activity towards five human tumor [prostate (PC3), glioblastoma (U87MG), cervical (HeLa), fibrosarcoma (HT1080), ovarian (SKOV-3)] and normal human embryonic kidney (Hek-293T) cell lines investigated. Some of the synthesised gold complexes displayed higher cytotoxicity than cisplatin towards PC-3, HeLa and U87MG cells and inhibited the thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) enzyme, which is considered a potential target for new compounds in cancer treatment...
December 24, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325084/metformin-use-reverses-the-increased-mortality-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-during-tuberculosis-treatment
#4
Nicholas R Degner, Jann-Yuan Wang, Jonathan E Golub, Petros C Karakousis
Background: The global type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic threatens progress made in reducing tuberculosis (TB)-related mortality worldwide. Previous clinical studies have not fully evaluated potential confounding variables in addressing the impact of DM on TB treatment outcomes. The antidiabetic agent metformin regulates autophagy and may play a role as a host-directed therapeutic adjuvant to antitubercular treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comprising patients aged ≥13 years undergoing treatment for culture-confirmed, drug-susceptible pulmonary TB...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321440/an-overview-of-kidney-disease-following-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#5
Minoru Ando
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients are exposed to a large amount of anti-cancer drugs, immunosuppressors, and irradiation during the peri-SCT period. Thus, they have to overcome serious adverse events related to unavoidable but toxic procedures, including organ disorders. In particular, acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most critical complications, because it influences the mortality of patients. A few patients who survive AKI may develop nephrotic syndrome, and precedent AKI is also closely associated with chronic and progressive loss of the renal function in post-SCT patients...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311016/the-development-of-brain-metastases-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-epidemiologic-trends-survival-and-clinical-risk-factors-using-a-population-based-cohort
#6
Maxine Sun, Guillermo De Velasco, Priscilla K Brastianos, Ayal A Aizer, Allison Martin, Raphael Moreira, Paul L Nguyen, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Toni K Choueiri
BACKGROUND: The incidence of brain metastases (BM) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is hypothesized to have increased in the last 2 decades. OBJECTIVE: To define incidence trends according to patient and clinical characteristics, to identify risk factors, and to describe outcomes of patients with BM for RCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with RCC between the years 2010 and 2013 within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
January 5, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305631/the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-urinary-calculi-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zhang Yu, Wu Yue, Li Jiuzhi, Jiang Youtao, Zhang Guofei, Guo Wenbin
The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between a history of urinary calculi (UC) and the risk of bladder cancer (BC). A literature search was performed from inception until July 2017. Studies that reported odds ratios (OR), relative risks or hazard ratios comparing the risk of BC in patients with the history of UC vs those without the history of UC were included. Pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random-effect or fixed-effect method. Thirteen studies were included in our analysis to assess the association between a history of UC and risk of BC...
January 5, 2018: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304049/cost-and-affordability-of-non-communicable-disease-screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-kenya-patient-payments-in-the-private-and-public-sectors
#8
Sujha Subramanian, Robai Gakunga, Joseph Kibachio, Gladwell Gathecha, Patrick Edwards, Elijah Ogola, Gerald Yonga, Naftali Busakhala, Esther Munyoro, Jeremiah Chakaya, Nancy Ngugi, Nyawira Mwangi, Daniel Von Rege, Lili-Marie Wangari, David Wata, Robert Makori, Julius Mwangi, Walter Mwanda
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising in low- and middle-income countries, including Kenya, disproportionately to the rest of the world. Our objective was to quantify patient payments to obtain NCD screening, diagnosis, and treatment services in the public and private sector in Kenya and evaluate patients' ability to pay for the services. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We collected payment data on cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, breast and cervical cancer, and respiratory diseases from Kenyatta National Hospital, the main tertiary public hospital, and the Kibera South Health Center-a public outpatient facility, and private sector practitioners and hospitals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298512/protective-effect-of-safflower-seed-on-cisplatin-induced-renal-damage-in-mice-via-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-mediated-pathways
#9
Chan Hum Park, Ah Young Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Su Hui Seong, Gwi Yeong Jang, Eun Ju Cho, Jae Sue Choi, Jungkee Kwon, Young Ock Kim, Sang Won Lee, Takako Yokozawa, Yu Su Shin
Cisplatin, a platinum chelate with potent antitumor activity against cancers of the testis, ovary, urinary bladder, prostate, and head and neck, has adverse effects on the kidney, bone marrow, and digestive organs, and its use is particularly limited by nephropathy as a side effect. In the present study, safflower seed extract was administered to a mouse model of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure to investigate its activity. Cisplatin (20[Formula: see text]mg/kg body weight) was administered by intraperitoneal injection to mice that had received oral safflower seed extract (100 or 200[Formula: see text]mg/kg body weight per day) for the preceding 2 days...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288007/overexpression-of-semaphorin-3a-in-patients-with-urothelial-cancer
#10
Zahava Vadasz, Jacob Rubinstein, Jacob Bejar, Hilla Sheffer, Sarel Halachmi
OBJECTIVE: A highly sensitive and specific urine marker for the detection of recurrent urothelial cancer and for screening healthy population or people at risk for urothelial cancer has not been found yet. As urine cytology is not sensitive enough, patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer need lifelong follow-up involving multiple invasive cystoscopies. Our aims of study were to examine the expression of semaphorin 3A in urothelial cancer patients and to evaluate semaphorin 3A as a potential marker for urothelial cancer...
December 26, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285688/pancreatoblastoma-an-unusual-diagnosis-in-an-adult-patient
#11
Gonçalo Nunes, Hélder Coelho, Marta Patita, Rita Barosa, Pedro Pinto Marques, Lídia Roque Ramos, Maria José Brito, Aurora Tomaz, Jorge Fonseca
The authors describe a 31-year-old man admitted due to progressive weight loss, diarrhea and massive hepatomegaly. Laboratory data showed anemia (haemoglobin 11.7 g/dl), abnormal liver tests (total bilirubin 1.4 g/dl, aspartate aminotransferase 70 U/l, alanine aminotransferase 37 U/l and alkaline phosphatase 520 U/l). Abdominal ultrasound (US) displayed a large heterogeneous liver with a segment IV 25 mm nodule. Magnetic resonance revealed a 4 cm pancreatic tail mass and several liver nodules consistent with metastasis...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285008/microwave-assisted-synthesis-and-antitumor-evaluation-of-a-new-series-of-thiazolylcoumarin-derivatives
#12
Moustafa T Gabr, Nadia S El-Gohary, Eman R El-Bendary, Mohamed M El-Kerdawy, Nanting Ni
A new series of thiazolylcoumarin derivatives was synthesized. The designed strategy embraced a molecular hybridization approach which involves the combination of the thiazole and coumarin pharmacophores together. The new hybrid compounds were tested for in vitro antitumor efficacy over cervical (Hela) and kidney fibroblast (COS-7) cancer cells. Compounds 5f, 5h, 5m and 5r displayed promising efficacy toward Hela cell line. In addition, 5h and 5r were found to be the most active candidates toward COS-7 cell line...
2017: EXCLI Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284349/association-of-hypertension-and-treatment-outcomes-in-advanced-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-treated-with-bevacizumab-or-non-bevacizumab-containing-regimens
#13
Lily Z Yan, Emily V Dressler, Val R Adams
Background Studies suggest that bevacizumab-induced hypertension is prognostic of better outcomes in bevacizumab-treated patients with metastatic colorectal, HER2-negative breast, kidney, and pancreatic cancer. Few have examined this correlation in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer and evaluated whether hypertension independent of bevacizumab can improve the treatment outcomes. Objectives The primary objective was to determine the effect of hypertension on the overall response of advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients from start of the first-line chemotherapy to maintenance therapy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278988/cytotoxic-activity-of-the-bioactive-principles-from-ficus-burtt-davyi
#14
Olumuyiwa O Ogunlaja, Roshila Moodley, Moganavelli Singh, Himansu Baijnath, Sreekanth B Jonnalagadda
Ficus burtt-davyi (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant species indigenous to Southern Africa. In this study, a phytochemical and cytotoxic investigation on F. burtt-davyi was conducted to evaluate its ethno-medicinal use. The phytochemical study of the fruits yielded triterpenoids (lupeol and α-amyrin). The cytotoxic evaluation was done on the methanolic extracts and selected compounds, lupeol, α-amyrin, lupeol acetate and (+)-catechin isolated from F. burtt-davyi stem bark and fruits. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell viability assay was carried out against two human cancer cell lines, breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2), and normal human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273857/development-of-a-dietary-formulation-of-the-sheta2-chemoprevention-drug-for-mice
#15
Doris M Benbrook, Naveena B Janakiram, Vishal Chandra, Gopal Pathuri, Venkateshwar Madka, Nicole C Stratton, Chioniso P Masamha, Cassadie N Farnsworth, Lucila Garcia-Contreras, Manolya Kukut Hatipoglu, Stan Lighfoot, Chinthalapally V Rao
Development of cancer chemoprevention compounds requires enhanced consideration for toxicity and route of administration because the target population is healthy. The small molecule drug, SHetA2 (NSC 726189), exhibited in vivo chemoprevention activity and lack of toxicity when administered by oral gavage. Our objective was to determine if a dietary formulation of SHetA2 could achieve effective tissue drug levels without toxicity. C57bl/6 J mice were monitored on modified American Institute of Nutrition (AIN)76A diet mixed with SHetA2 in a 3:1 ratio with Kolliphor HS15, a self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) to deliver 37...
December 22, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262289/excess-clinical-comorbidity-among-hiv-infected-patients-accessing-primary-care-in-us-community-health-centers
#16
Kenneth H Mayer, Stephanie Loo, Phillip M Crawford, Heidi M Crane, Michael Leo, Paul DenOuden, Magda Houlberg, Mark Schmidt, Thu Quach, Sebastian Ruhs, Meredith Vandermeer, Chris Grasso, Mary Ann McBurnie
OBJECTIVES: As the life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has increased, the spectrum of illness has evolved. We evaluated whether people living with HIV accessing primary care in US community health centers had higher morbidity compared with HIV-uninfected patients receiving care at the same sites. METHODS: We compared data from electronic health records for 12 837 HIV-infected and 227 012 HIV-uninfected patients to evaluate the relative prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and malignancies by HIV serostatus...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258464/evaluation-of-unplanned-dialysis-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-elderly-dialysis-patients-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#17
Debajyoti Roy, Anupama Roy Chowdhury, Shrikant Pande, Jia Wen Kam
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of elderly patients are undergoing long-term dialysis. However, the role of dialysis in survival and quality of life is unclear, and poor outcomes may be associated with comorbidities rather than with age only. The initiation of unplanned dialysis in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been reported to be associated with poor survival. We evaluated patient and practice factors associated with poor survival. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 90 consecutive elderly patients (≥75 years) with CKD initiated on long-term dialysis at our renal unit between October 2010 and February 2014...
December 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251578/risk-factors-for-abnormal-cervical-cytology-in-women-undergoing-kidney-transplant-evaluation
#18
Kevin V Chaung, Yu Zheng, Anthony T Martella, Jordan B Stoecker, Devan R Cote, Joshua J Augustine, Edmund Q Sanchez, Vanessa R Humphreville, John B Ammori, Kenneth J Woodside
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cytology screening has been successful in reducing deaths from cervical cancer. We sought to determine risk factors for abnormal Pap test results in women undergoing kidney transplant evaluation. MATERILAS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined women undergoing kidney transplant evaluations from 2008 to 2011. Patients were stratified based on normal cytology and atypical/malignant cytology. RESULTS: Of 404 patients, 293 patients (72...
December 18, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251173/plasmatic-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-as-a-diagnostic-marker-for-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Laura Lucarini, Lucia Magnelli, Nicola Schiavone, Alfonso Crisci, Alessio Innocenti, Luca Puccetti, Fabio Cianchi, Sara Peri, Claudiu T Supuran, Laura Papucci, Emanuela Masini
Carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) IX is regarded as a tumour hypoxia marker and CA inhibitors have been proposed as a new class of antitumor agents, with one such agent in Phase II clinical trials. The expression of some CAs, in particular the isoforms CA IX and CA XII, has been correlated with tumour aggressiveness and progression in several cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility that CA IX could represent a marker related to clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC). Bcl-2 and Bax, and the activity of caspase-3, evaluated in tissue biopsies from patients, were congruent with resistance to apoptosis in ccRCCs with respect to healthy controls, respectively...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250194/rho-gdp-dissociation-inhibitor-%C3%AE-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Christoph-Alexander von Klot, Natalia Dubrowinskaja, Inga Peters, Jörg Hennenlotter, Axel S Merseburger, Arnulf Stenzl, Markus A Kuczyk, Jürgen Serth
Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor-β (ARHGDIB) is an important mediator of cell signaling. The expression of ARHGDIB is associated with tumor growth and metastasis in a variety of non-genitourinary cancers; however, the role of ARHGDIB in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not yet been evaluated. In the present study, tissue samples from 105 patients undergoing surgery for RCC were obtained. The expression levels of ARHGDIB mRNA in normal kidney tissues and in corresponding cancer tissues were analyzed by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
60317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"