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Recurrent tract infection in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516061/the-effect-of-vaginal-cream-containing-ginger-in-users-of-clotrimazole-vaginal-cream-on-vaginal-candidiasis
#1
Sheida Shabanian, Sima Khalili, Zahra Lorigooini, Afsaneh Malekpour, Saeid Heidari-Soureshjani
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is one of the most common infections of the genital tract in women that causes many complications. Therefore, we examined the clinical effect of ginger cream along with clotrimazole compared to vaginal clotrimazole alone in this study. This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 67 women admitted to the Gynecology Clinic of Hajar Hospital with vaginal candidiasis. The patients were divided randomly into two groups of 33 and 34 people. The diagnosis was made according to clinical symptoms, wet smear, and culture...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505906/re-incidence-and-management-of-uncomplicated-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-a-national-sample-of-women-in-the-united-states
#2
Edward M Schaeffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505288/effect-of-different-antibiotics-on-biofilm-produced-by-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-children-with-urinary-tract-infection
#3
María José González, Luciana Robino, Victoria Iribarnegaray, Pablo Zunino, Paola Scavone
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) occur frequently in children and women. Intracellular bacterial communities (IBC) and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli are risk factors for recurrence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different antibiotics on biofilms by E. coli strains isolated from children with UTI and to correlate virulence factors and IBC with biofilm formation. 116 E. coli strains were tested for biofilm formation using the crystal violet microplate technique. 58...
May 12, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422000/fibromyalgia-in-300-adult-index-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency
#4
James C Barton, Luigi F Bertoli, Jackson C Barton, Ronald T Acton
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prevalence and clinical and laboratory associations of fibromyalgia in adults with primary immunodeficiency (immunoglobulin (Ig) G subclass deficiency (IgGSD) and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of these observations in 300 non-Hispanic white adult index patients with recurrent/severe respiratory tract infections and IgGSD or CVID: age; sex; IgGSD; fibromyalgia; chronic fatigue; autoimmune conditions (ACs); interstitial cystitis (IC); diabetes; body mass index; serum Ig isotypes; blood lymphocytes and subsets; and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and -B types and haplotypes...
April 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420497/radical-trachelectomy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#5
Chin-Jui Wu, Wen-Chun Chang, Chi-Hau Chen, Chi-An Chen, Su-Cheng Huang, Bor-Ching Sheu
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy (RT) is an alternative treatment for preserving fertility in patients with cervical cancer. Because women with operable cervical cancer opting for fertility preservation are scarce, few cases have been reported in Taiwan. Here we report our cases series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated seven patients who underwent vaginal RT and three patients who underwent abdominal RT in a single medical institute for a median follow-up period of 5 years...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420227/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-a-plant-based-multi-component-cream-ginetrox%C3%A2-in-vulvovaginal-disorders-of-the-genitourinary-syndrome-during-menopause
#6
Roberto Marrai, Giovanni Lissi, Stefano Togni, Giada Maramaldi, Marco Barbara, Luca Giacomelli
BACKGROUND: Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) is a symptomatic condition including vaginal dryness, irritation, dyspareunia and recurrent urinary tract infections which affects 40-54% of post-menopausal women. Although several estrogen-based therapies are available, it is generally preferable to avoid hormonal therapy, particularly in women with mild symptoms or at risk for estrogen-responsive neoplasia. Therefore, the most common treatment options are over-the-counter vaginal creams for symptomatic relief...
June 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398930/management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#7
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
May 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364867/preventing-urinary-tract-infections-after-menopause-without-antibiotics
#8
REVIEW
Marta Caretto, Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Tommaso Simoncini
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and increase in incidence after the menopause. It is important to uncover underlying abnormalities or modifiable risk factors. Several risk factors for recurrent UTIs have been identified, including the frequency of sexual intercourse, spermicide use and abnormal pelvic anatomy. In postmenopausal women UTIs often accompany the symptoms and signs of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the risk of recurrent UTIs in women, but this may lead to drug resistance of both the causative microorganisms and the indigenous flora...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360952/urogynecological-conditions-associated-with-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-women
#9
James C Forde, Jonathan L Davila, Brian K Marks, Matthew Epstein, Johnson F Tsui, Jeffrey P Weiss, Jerry G Blaivas
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) affect 9-43% of women and are associated with underlying disorders, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study is to identify urogynecological conditions associated with OAB symptoms. METHODS: This prospective, institutional review board-approved study included women referred to a tertiary centre with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). All women completed the self-administered OAB questionnaire (OABSS)...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358889/transient-microbiota-exposures-activate-dormant-escherichia-coli-infection-in-the-bladder-and-drive-severe-outcomes-of-recurrent-disease
#10
Nicole M Gilbert, Valerie P O'Brien, Amanda L Lewis
Pathogens often inhabit the body asymptomatically, emerging to cause disease in response to unknown triggers. In the bladder, latent intracellular Escherichia coli reservoirs are regarded as likely origins of recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI), a problem affecting millions of women worldwide. However, clinically plausible triggers that activate these reservoirs are unknown. Clinical studies suggest that the composition of a woman's vaginal microbiota influences her susceptibility to rUTI, but the mechanisms behind these associations are unclear...
March 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345769/best-practice-policy-statement-on-urodynamic-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-the-non-index-patient
#11
REVIEW
Anne P Cameron, Lysanne Campeau, Benjamin M Brucker, J Quentin Clemens, Gregory T Bales, Michael E Albo, Michael J Kennelly
AIMS: Antibiotic prophylaxis before urodynamic testing (UDS) is widely utilized to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) with only limited guidance. The Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU) convened a Best Practice Policy Panel to formulate recommendations on the urodynamic antibiotic prophylaxis in the non-index patient. METHODS: Recommendations are based on a literature review and the Panel's expert opinion, with all recommendations graded using the Oxford grading system...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339443/clinical-outcome-of-augmentation-enterocystoplasty-for-patients-with-ketamine-induced-cystitis
#12
Yu Khun Lee, Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
BACKGROUND: Ketamine abuse has become a global phenomenon in recent years. Ketamine-induced cystitis (KC) is a new clinical syndrome which can result in severely inflamed bladder and intractable bladder pain. Currently there is no guideline for managing patients with KC. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical outcome of patients with KC managed with augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective interventional study. SETTING: A tertiary teaching hospital, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333822/committee-opinion-no-694-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#13
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333814/committee-opinion-no-694-summary-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#14
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330863/bacterial-virulence-phenotypes-of-escherichia-coli-and-host-susceptibility-determine-risk-for-urinary-tract-infections
#15
Henry L Schreiber, Matt S Conover, Wen-Chi Chou, Michael E Hibbing, Abigail L Manson, Karen W Dodson, Thomas J Hannan, Pacita L Roberts, Ann E Stapleton, Thomas M Hooton, Jonathan Livny, Ashlee M Earl, Scott J Hultgren
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains. In contrast to many enteric E. coli pathogroups, no genetic signature has been identified for UPEC strains. We conducted a high-resolution comparative genomic study using E. coli isolates collected from the urine of women suffering from frequent recurrent UTIs. These isolates were genetically diverse and varied in their urovirulence, that is, their ability to infect the bladder in a mouse model of cystitis. We found no set of genes, including previously defined putative urovirulence factors (PUFs), that were predictive of urovirulence...
March 22, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325919/sex-differences-in-the-clinical-features-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-large-hospital-based-stroke-registry-in-china
#16
Yonghong Xing, Zhongping An, Xianghui Zhang, Ning Yu, Wenjuan Zhao, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is common in China. However, the sex differences in clinical features, risk factors, and outcomes of ICH remain controversial. Between 2005 and 2014, we recruited patients with primary ICH in Tianjin, China, and evaluated sex differences in clinical features, risk factors, and outcomes at 3, 12, and 36 months after ICH. The 1,325 patients included 897 men (67.7%) and 428 women (32.3%). The mean age at ICH onset was younger among men (59.14 years) than among women (63.12 years, P < 0...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300032/-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-prevention-of-recurrence-with-intravesical-instillations-of-chondroitin-sulfate-and-hyaluronic-acid
#17
Jesús Ignacio Tornero Ruiz, Gloria Martínez Gómez, José Félix Escudero Bregante, Guillermo Antonio Gómez Gómez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to demonstrate that intravesical administration of the association chondroitin sulfate (CS) and hyaluronic acid (HA), according to our treatment schedule, is a benefit for women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI), not only from a clinical point of view, but also reducing recurrences. METHODS: This is a study of 28 women diagnosed with RUTI, with a positive culture, and compatible symptoms;frethey underwent treatment according to the protocol of intravesical instillations of the combination CS 2%-1 gr + HA 1...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295051/six-out-of-ten-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-complain-of-distressful-sexual-dysfunction-a-case-control-study
#18
Luca Boeri, Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Roberta Scano, Alessandra Graziottin, Federico Dehò, Emanuele Montanari, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
Uncomplicated recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) are common among reproductive-aged women. We aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of sexual dysfunction (FSD) in a cohort of women with rUTIs and compare their psychometric scores to those of matched controls. Data from 147 rUTIs women and 150 healthy controls were analysed. Participants completed the International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS), the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (SDS). Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models tested prevalence and predictors of distressful FSD...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291404/outcomes-and-effectiveness-of-posterior-occipitocervical-fusion-for-suboccipital-spinal-metastases
#19
Panya Luksanapruksa, Jacob M Buchowski, Neill M Wright, Frank H Valone, Colleen Peters, David B Bumpass
OBJECTIVE The incidence of suboccipital spinal metastases is rare but has increased given cancer patients' longer life expectancies. Operative treatment in this region is often challenging because of limited fixation points due to tumor lysis, as well as adjacent neural and vascular anatomy. Few studies have reported on this population of cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications of patients with suboccipital spinal metastases who had undergone posterior occipitocervical fixation...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274327/antipsychotic-drug-use-associated-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-women
#20
Astrid M van Strien, Patrick C Souverein, Carolina Karen J P W Keijsers, Eibert R Heerdink, Hieronymus Jeroen J Derijks, Rob J van Marum
OBJECTIVES: Antipsychotic drugs are frequently prescribed to elderly patients, but they are associated with serious adverse effects. The objective of the current study was to investigate the association between use of antipsychotics by elderly women and the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). COHORT STUDY SETTING: Dispensing data were obtained from the PHARMO Database Network for the period 1998-2008. PARTICIPANTS: Ambulatory Dutch women (≥65 years) with current and past use of antipsychotics...
April 2017: Maturitas
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