keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Facial reconstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331408/long-term-craniofacial-morphology-in-young-adults-treated-for-a-non-syndromal-uclp-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Isabelle F P M Kappen, Whitney R Yoder, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. PRISMA guidelines were applied to explore the quality of the current literature and to identify treatment factors influencing long-term cephalometric outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330037/sustained-delivery-of-glial-cell-derived-neurotrophic-factors-in-collagen-conduits-for-facial-nerve-regeneration
#2
Fukai Ma, Feng Xu, Ronggang Li, Yongtao Zheng, Fan Wang, Naili Wei, Junjie Zhong, Qisheng Tang, Tongming Zhu, Zhifu Wang, Jianhong Zhu
Facial nerve injury caused by traffic accidents or operations may reduce the quality of life in patients, and recovery following the injury presents unique clinical challenges. Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is important in nerve regeneration; however, soluble GDNF rapidly diffuses into body fluids, making it difficult to achieve therapeutic efficacy. In this work, we developed a rat tail derived collagen conduit to connect nerve defects in a simple and safe manner. GDNF was immobilized in the collagen conduits via chemical conjugation to enable controlled release of GDNF...
January 9, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325183/validation-of-the-modified-surgeon-periorbital-rating-of-edema-and-ecchymosis-spree-questionnaire-a-prospective-analysis-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-procedures
#3
Jeremie D Oliver, Deanna Menapace, Ahmed Younes, Chelsey Recker, Grant Hamilton, Oren Friedman
Although periorbital edema and ecchymosis are commonly encountered after facial plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures, there is currently no validated grading scale to qualify these findings. In this study, the modified "Surgeon Periorbital Rating of Edema and Ecchymosis (SPREE)" questionnaire is used as a grading scale for patients undergoing facial plastic surgery procedures. This article aims to validate a uniform grading scale for periorbital edema and ecchymosis using the modified SPREE questionnaire in the postoperative period...
January 11, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324415/convolutional-sparse-coding-for-rgb-nir-imaging
#4
Xuemei Hu, Felix Heide, Qionghai Dai, Gordon Wetzstein
Emerging sensor designs increasingly rely on novel color filter arrays (CFAs) to sample the incident spectrum in unconventional ways. In particular, capturing a near-infrared (NIR) channel along with conventional RGB color is an exciting new imaging modality. RGB+NIR sensing has broad applications in computational photography, such as low-light denoising, it has applications in computer vision, such as facial recognition and tracking, and it paves the way toward low-cost single-sensor RGB and depth imaging using structured illumination...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#5
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311019/the-ideal-ear-position-in-caucasian-females
#6
P Niclas Broer, Aung Thiha, Denis Ehrl, Sammy Sinno, Sabrina Juran, Caroline Szpalski, Reuben Ng, Milomir Ninkovic, Lukas Prantl, Paul I Heidekrueger
PURPOSE: Ear position contributes significantly to facial appearance. However, while objective measurements remain the foundation for esthetic evaluations, little is known about how an ear should ideally be positioned regarding its rotational axis. This study aimed to further evaluate whether there exists a universally applicable ideal ear axis, and how sociodemographic factors impact such preferences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interactive online survey was designed, enabling participants to change the axis of a female model's ear in terms of its forward and backward rotation...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304515/the-prevalence-of-cosmetic-facial-plastic-procedures-among-facial-plastic-surgeons
#7
Roxana Moayer, Jordan P Sand, Albert Han, Vishad Nabili, Gregory S Keller
This is the first study to report on the prevalence of cosmetic facial plastic surgery use among facial plastic surgeons. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency with which facial plastic surgeons have cosmetic procedures themselves. A secondary aim is to determine whether trends in usage of cosmetic facial procedures among facial plastic surgeons are similar to that of nonsurgeons. The study design was an anonymous, five-question, Internet survey distributed via email set in a single academic institution...
January 5, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291466/3d-3d-facial-superimposition-between-monozygotic-twins-a-novel-morphological-approach-to-the-assessment-of-differences-due-to-environmental-factors
#8
Daniele Gibelli, Valentina Pucciarelli, Pasquale Poppa, Danilo De Angelis, Marco Cummaudo, Luca Pisoni, Marina Codari, Cristina Cattaneo, Chiarella Sforza
Distinction of one twin with respect to the other, based on external appearance, is challenging; nevertheless, facial morphology may provide individualizing features that may help distinguish twin siblings. This study aims at exposing an innovative method for the facial assessment in monozygotic twins for personal identification, based on the registration and comparison of 3D models of faces. Ten couples of monozygotic twins aged between 25 and 69 years were acquired twice by a stereophotogrammetric system (VECTRA-3D® M3: Canfield Scientific, Inc...
December 27, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289988/rerouting-the-internal-thoracic-pedicle-a-novel-solution-for-maxillofacial-reconstruction-in-vessel-depleted-situations-a-preliminary-anatomic-study
#9
François Morel, Frédéric Crampon, Jérôme Adnot, Pierre-Yves Litzler, Fabrice Duparc, Olivier Trost
PURPOSE: Microsurgical reconstruction in a vessel-depleted neck is a challenge due to the lack of reliable vessels in or nearby the host site. The use of the internal thoracic pedicle (ITP) by rib section or sparring is a limited option due to the small length of the pedicle of some flaps. However, in cardiac surgery, the internal thoracic artery (ITA) is widely used for myocardial revascularization, providing a long and versatile pedicle. We aimed at determining precise anatomical bases for the use of the ITP, approached by sternotomy and rerouted in the neck, as recipient vessels for free-flap facial reconstructions...
December 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288394/endoscopic-transorbital-route-to-the-petrous-apex-a-feasibility-anatomic-study
#10
Alberto Di Somma, Norberto Andaluz, Luigi Maria Cavallo, Thomaz E Topczewski, Federico Frio, Rosa Maria Gerardi, Jose Pineda, Domenico Solari, Joaquim Enseñat, Alberto Prats-Galino, Paolo Cappabianca
BACKGROUND: While the subtemporal approach represents the surgical module milestone designed to reach the petrous apex, a novel ventral route, which is the superior eyelid endoscopic transorbital approach, has been proposed to access the skull base. Accordingly, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility of this route to the petrous apex, providing a qualitative and quantitative analysis of this relatively novel pathway. METHODS: Five human cadaveric heads were dissected at the Laboratory of Surgical NeuroAnatomy of the University of Barcelona...
December 29, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283945/computer-assisted-volumetric-analysis-and-quantitatively-anophthalmic-orbit-reconstruction-with-dorsalis-pedis-flap-and-bone-graft
#11
Li-Ying Cheng, Wei-Wei Bian, Xiao-Ming Sun, Zhe-Yuan Yu, Ying Zhang, Lu Zhang, Yu-Guang Zhang, Rong Jin
Current approaches to orbit reconstruction are based on the assumption of facial symmetry and surgeons' experiences, and the reconstructed orbits are not precise. Through computer-assisted volumetric quantitative analysis, the volume of the bony orbit, and the volume of the soft tissues in both the anophthalmic orbit and the contralateral orbit are calculated in 39 anophthalmic patients. The rib graft is used for orbit reconstruction; the dosalis pedis flap and lipo-injection were used for soft tissue reconstruction and skin socket reconstruction...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283938/immediate-hypoglossal-facial-anastomosis-in-patients-with-facial-interruption
#12
Sertac Yetiser
Hypoglossal-facial anastomosis provides excellent motor supply to the mimetic muscles of the face when there is no chance of recovery of the damaged facial nerve. However, to achieve optimal results, the timing of facial nerve surgery based on electrophysiological testing and clinical evaluation requires close follow-up of the patient. Functional results after delayed surgery are not predictable and depend on the number of surviving fibers, type of injury, severity of damage, degree of infiltration of inflammatory cells, and local fibrosis...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275554/-estimation-of-external-features-of-eyes-for-the-adult-male-of-han-nationality-in-northeast-china-based-on-the-characteristics-of-skull
#13
G Y Xu, L Tian, J H Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the correlation between the imaging parameters of skull and the external features of eyes. METHODS: Positive images of the head face and the frontal and lateral X-ray films were obtained from 101 cases of adult males of the Han nationality aged from 20 to 40 years old in Northeast China. The face width (x₁), upper face width (x₂), biorbital width (x₃), all facial height (x₄), upper facial height (x₅), maximum breadth of skull (x₆), minimum breadth of frontal bone (x₇), orbital widthⅡ(x₈), anterior interorbital breadth (x₉), maximum height of skull (x₁₀), minimum width of nasal bone (x₁₁) and orbital height (x₁₂) were measured and the data were statistically analysed...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273794/prediction-of-aesthetic-reconstruction-effects-in-edentulous-patients
#14
Fusong Yuan, Cheng Cheng, Ning Dai, Yuchun Sun
The aim of the study is to establish a virtual prediction method to predict aesthetic reconstruction effects in edentulous patients. The facial soft tissue surface data before and after wearing complete dentures of ten edentulous patients were acquired with a facial Three-dimension scanner. Then, the two sets of scanned data were entered into the same coordinate system. Manual interaction was performed to extract the external boundary of the perioral appearance deformation area, and the proportional relationships of key facial anatomical features were measured...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#15
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243002/comprehending-the-three-dimensional-mandibular-morphology-of-facial-asymmetry-patients-with-mandibular-prognathism
#16
Hideki Kamata, Norihisa Higashihori, Hiroki Fukuoka, Momotoshi Shiga, Tatsuo Kawamoto, Keiji Moriyama
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the factors that cause facial asymmetry by comparing the characteristics of the mandibular morphology in patients with mandibular prognathism with or without facial asymmetry using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). METHODS: We studied 28 mandibular prognathism patients whose menton deviated by ≥ 4 mm from the midline (FA group, n = 14) and those with a < 4-mm deviation (NA group, n = 14)...
December 15, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242989/prosthetic-supply-of-facial-defects-long-term-experience-and-retrospective-analysis-on-99-patients
#17
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Cansel Yildiz, Victoria Bozzato, Christopher Bohr, Mathias Schneider, Dietmar Hecker, Bernhard Schick, Basel Al Kadah
INTRODUCTION: Defects in the head region may be caused by tumour treatments, injuries, as well as congenital malformations. The restoration of these defects that can be performed through reconstructive plastic surgery and/or prosthetic surgery occupies a high priority in the physical and psychological rehabilitation of the patient. The present study reports on long-term experience in supply of facial prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 99 patients, who had been supplied with custom-made facial prostheses between 2001 and 2011, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237924/glaucoma-in-patients-with-eyes-close-to-areas-affected-by-port-wine-stain-has-lateral-and-gender-predilection
#18
Yue Wu, Ru-Jing Yu, Di Chen, Li Xu, Mao Li, Li Zhu, Chun-Yu Guo, Wen-Yi Guo
BACKGROUND: The location of facial port-wine stain (PWS) may be helpful for predicting some associated anomalies; high glaucoma incidence is found in patients with eyes close to PWS-affected areas (V1, ophthalmic branch area of the trigeminal nerve). This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of glaucoma in V1-affected PWS. METHODS: A total of 569 patients with V1 area-affected PWS were reviewed in the study. The large series was based on the referral system between the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Ophthalmology...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236281/preoperative-evaluation-and-intraoperative-protection-of-the-facial-nerve-in-congenital-aural-atresia
#19
Jie Li, Shouqin Zhao, Lin Yang, Yi Li, Xiaobo Ma, Danni Wang, Ran Ren, Ying Li
We conducted a prospective study to assess the value of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in identifying facial nerve variations in patients with congenital aural atresia and to determine how they affect otologic reconstruction surgery. Our study population was made up of 65 patients (69 ears) aged 6 to 22 years (mean: 13.7) without regard to sex. They were classified into three groups according to their scores on the Jahrsdoerfer grading scale: 46 ears scored 8 or more, 18 had a score of 6 or 7, and 5 scored 5 or less...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236278/head-and-neck-surgical-reconstruction-in-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-afghanistan-a-systematic-review
#20
Samantha J Mikals, Joshua M Jabaut, Art A Ambrosio
Historically, head and neck injuries constituted 16 to 20% of all nonfatal combat injuries. However, advances in body and vehicle armor in the context of the use of ambushes and improvised explosive devices by enemy combatants have resulted in fewer fatalities from head and neck wounds, and thus the incidence of nonfatal head and neck injuries has risen to as high as 52%. Despite this increase, data regarding specific injury distributions, surgical cases, and approaches to repair are lacking in the current literature...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
keyword
keyword
6031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"