keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Carter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232037/incorporating-prostate-health-index-density-mri-and-prior-negative-biopsy-status-to-improve-the-detection-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer
#1
Sasha C Druskin, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Allen Young, Sarah Collica, Arnav Srivastava, Kamyar Ghabili, Katarzyna J Macura, Ballentine H Carter, Alan W Partin, Lori J Sokoll, Ashley E Ross, Christian P Pavlovich
OBJECTIVES: To determine the performance of Prostate Health Index (PHI) density (PHID) combined with MRI and prior negative biopsy (PNB) status for the diagnosis of clinically-significant prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS & METHODS: Patients without a prior diagnosis of PCa, with elevated PSA and a normal digital rectal exam who had PHI testing prospectively prior to prostate biopsy were included. PHID was calculated retrospectively using prostate volume derived from transrectal ultrasound at biopsy...
December 12, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231045/let-s-get-involved-the-impact-of-service-learning-on-drinking-perceptions-alcohol-use-and-protective-behaviors-in-college-students
#2
Mark A Flynn, Elizabeth Carter, Clay Craig
While there is mounting support for the efficacy of alcohol-based curriculum infusion (CI) programs, studies have yielded mixed results. Insufficient attention has been given to nuances in the types of CI. Using a two-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, this study assessed two forms of CI, information-only (IO) and service learning (SL), on drinking perceptions, drinking behavior, and protective behaviors. When the entire sample was considered, CI significantly improved participants' drinking perceptions and behavior...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229648/phosphorylation-of-the-unique-c-terminal-tail-of-the-alpha-isoform-of-the-scaffold-protein-sh2b1-controls-the-ability-of-sh2b1alpha-to-enhance-nerve-growth-factor-function
#3
Ray M Joe, Anabel Flores, Michael E Doche, Joel M Cline, Erik S Clutter, Paul B Vander, Heimo Riedel, Lawrence S Argetsinger, Christin Carter-Su
The scaffold protein SH2B1, a major regulator of body weight, is recruited to the receptors of multiple cytokines and growth factors, including nerve growth factor (NGF). The β isoform, but not the α isoform, of SH2B1 greatly enhances NGF-dependent neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells. Here we asked how the unique C-terminal tails of the α and β isoforms modulate SH2B1 function. We compared the actions of SH2B1α and SH2B1β to those of the N-terminal 631 amino acids shared by both isoforms. In contrast to the β-tail, the α-tail inhibited the ability of SH2B1 to both cycle through the nucleus and enhance NGF-mediated neurite outgrowth, gene expression, phosphorylation of Akt and PLCγ and autophosphorylation of the NGF receptor TrkA...
December 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229636/topical-antibiotic-use-co-selects-for-the-carriage-of-mobile-genetic-elements-conferring-resistance-to-unrelated-antimicrobials-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#4
Glen P Carter, Mark B Schultz, Sarah L Baines, Anders Goncalves da Silva, Helen Heffernan, Audrey Tiong, Peter H Pham, Ian R Monk, Timothy P Stinear, Benjamin P Howden, Deborah A Williamson
Topical antibiotics such as mupirocin and fusidic acid are commonly used in the prevention and treatment of skin infections, particularly those caused by staphylococci. However, widespread use of these agents is associated with increased resistance to these agents, potentially limiting their efficacy. Of particular concern is the observation that resistance to topical antibiotics is often associated with multidrug resistance, suggesting that topical antibiotics may play a role in the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains...
December 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229546/changes-in-cognition-and-dendritic-complexity-following-intrathecal-methotrexate-and-cytarabine-treatment-in-a-juvenile-murine-model
#5
Tyler C Alexander, Christy M Simecka, Frederico Kiffer, Thomas Groves, Julie Anderson, Hannah Carr, Jing Wang, Gwendolyn Carter, Antiño R Allen
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent childhood cancer and accounts for 26.8% of cancer diagnoses among children, worldwide-approximately 3,000 children each year. While advancements in treating ALL have led to a remission rate of more than 90%, many survivors experience adverse neurocognitive and/or neurobehavioral effects as a result of intrathecal chemotherapy. Methotrexate (MTX) is commonly administered with cytosine arabinoside (AraC, cytarabine) during intrathecal chemotherapy for ALL...
December 8, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227909/navigating-the-no-man-s-land-of-tki-failed-egfr-mutated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Bryan Oronsky, Patrick Ma, Tony R Reid, Pedro Cabrales, Michelle Lybeck, Arnold Oronsky, Neil Oronsky, Corey A Carter
As the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, lung cancer is a worldwide health issue that is overwhelmingly caused by smoking. However, a substantial minority (~25%) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has never smoked. In these patients, activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are more likely, which render their tumors susceptible for a finite period to treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and confer a better prognosis than EGFR wild-type NSCLC...
December 8, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227723/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-of-cancer-care-ontario-guideline
#7
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227716/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-summary
#8
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Julia H Rowland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225124/time-delays-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-malaria-in-non-endemic-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Hamad Bastaki, Jessica Carter, Louise Marston, Jackie Cassell, Greta Rait
BACKGROUND: Delays in diagnosis and treatment for malaria are associated with an increased risk for severe disease and mortality. Identifying the extent of patient and health system delay can provide a benchmark against which interventions to reduce delays can be measured. METHODS: We performed an electronic search in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and LILACS for studies reporting time to diagnosis and treatment after return from travel, onset of symptoms and seeking healthcare in non-endemic countries...
December 7, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224173/testing-the-specificity-of-executive-functioning-impairments-in-adolescents-with-adhd-odd-cd-and-asd
#10
Virginia Carter Leno, Susie Chandler, Pippa White, Andrew Pickles, Gillian Baird, Chris Hobson, Anna B Smith, Tony Charman, Katya Rubia, Emily Simonoff
Current diagnostic systems conceptualise attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as separate diagnoses. However, all three demonstrate executive functioning (EF) impairments. Whether these impairments are trans-diagnostic or disorder-specific remains relatively unexplored. Four groups of 10-16 year-olds [typically developing (TD; N = 43), individuals clinically diagnosed with ADHD (N = 21), ODD/CD (N = 26) and ASD (N = 41)] completed Go/NoGo and Switch tasks...
December 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223767/evaluation-of-a-national-pediatric-subinternship-curriculum-implemented-through-individual-learning-plans
#11
Linda R Tewksbury, Cristina Carter, Lyuba Konopasek, Sandra M Sanguino, Janice L Hanson
OBJECTIVE: The Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics and Association of Pediatric Program Directors developed a Pediatric Subinternship (CAPS) Curriculum for use with an individualized learning plan (ILP). The authors determined which learning objectives (LOs) pediatric subinterns selected when provided the CAPS Curriculum, summarized students' self-reported progress, and determined feasibility of ILPs in subinternship. METHODS: Students from 10 medical schools completed a standardized ILP during pediatric subinternship...
December 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222121/postoperative-reverse-remodeling-and-symptomatic-improvement-in-normal-flow-low-gradient-aortic-stenosis-after-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Rasmus Carter-Storch, Jacob E Møller, Nicolaj L Christensen, Akhmadjon Irmukhadenov, Lars M Rasmussen, Redi Pecini, Kristian A Øvrehus, Eva V Søndergård, Niels Marcussen, Jordi S Dahl
BACKGROUND: Severe aortic stenosis (AS) most often presents with reduced aortic valve area (<1 cm2), normal stroke volume index (≥35 mL/m2), and either high mean gradient (≥40 mm Hg; normal-flow high-gradient AS) or low mean gradient (normal-flow low-gradient [NFLG] AS). The benefit of aortic valve replacement (AVR) among NFLG patients is controversial. We compared the impact of NFLG condition on preoperative left ventricular (LV) remodeling and myocardial fibrosis and postoperative remodeling and symptomatic benefit...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220787/assessment-tools-for-microplastics-and-natural-fibres-ingested-by-fish-in-an-urbanised-estuary
#13
Jennifer E Halstead, James A Smith, Elizabeth A Carter, Peter A Lay, Emma L Johnston
Microplastics and fibres occur in high concentrations along urban coastlines, but the occurrence of microplastic ingestion by fishes in these areas requires further investigation. Herein, the ingestion of debris (i.e., synthetic and natural fibres and synthetic fragments of various polymer types) by three benthic-foraging fish species Acanthopagrus australis (yellowfin bream), Mugil cephalus (sea mullet) and Gerres subfasciatus (silverbiddy) in Sydney Harbour, Australia has been quantified and chemically speciated by vibrational spectroscopy to identify the polymer type...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220033/challenges-and-recommendations-for-epigenomics-in-precision-health
#14
Ava C Carter, Howard Y Chang, George Church, Ashley Dombkowski, Joseph R Ecker, Elad Gil, Paul G Giresi, Henry Greely, William J Greenleaf, Nir Hacohen, Chuan He, David Hill, Justin Ko, Isaac Kohane, Anshul Kundaje, Megan Palmer, Michael P Snyder, Joyce Tung, Alexander Urban, Marc Vidal, Wing Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219906/targeted-interventions-to-advance-a-culture-of-inquiry-at-a-large-multicampus-hospital-among-nurses
#15
Eileen J Carter, Reynaldo R Rivera, Kelly A Gallagher, Kenrick D Cato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assist nurse leaders in developing innovative structures to foster a culture of inquiry among professional nurses. BACKGROUND: Critical to nurse's engagement in evidence-based practice (EBP) is a culture of inquiry, in which nurses critically evaluate patient care activities and actively review existing evidence to address identified clinical issues. A bundle of structural interventions was implemented across a large, multisite hospital to advance a culture of inquiry...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219585/test-of-the-brink-axel-hypothesis-for-the-pygmy-dipole-resonance
#16
D Martin, P von Neumann-Cosel, A Tamii, N Aoi, S Bassauer, C A Bertulani, J Carter, L Donaldson, H Fujita, Y Fujita, T Hashimoto, K Hatanaka, T Ito, A Krugmann, B Liu, Y Maeda, K Miki, R Neveling, N Pietralla, I Poltoratska, V Yu Ponomarev, A Richter, T Shima, T Yamamoto, M Zweidinger
The gamma strength function and level density of 1^{-} states in ^{96}Mo have been extracted from a high-resolution study of the (p[over →], p[over →]^{'}) reaction at 295 MeV and extreme forward angles. By comparison with compound nucleus γ decay experiments, this allows a test of the generalized Brink-Axel hypothesis in the energy region of the pygmy dipole resonance. The Brink-Axel hypothesis is commonly assumed in astrophysical reaction network calculations and states that the gamma strength function in nuclei is independent of the structure of the initial and final state...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219335/experimental-observation-of-convective-cell-formation-due-to-a-fast-wave-antenna-in-the-large-plasma-device
#17
M J Martin, W Gekelman, B Van Compernolle, P Pribyl, T Carter
An experiment in a linear device, the Large Plasma Device, is used to study sheaths caused by an actively powered radio frequency (rf) antenna. The rf antenna used in the experiment consists of a single current strap recessed inside a copper box enclosure without a Faraday screen. A large increase in the plasma potential was observed along magnetic field lines that connect to the antenna limiter. The electric field from the spatial variation of the rectified plasma potential generated E[over →]×B[over →]_{0} flows, often referred to as convective cells...
November 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218117/basis-and-statistical-design-of-the-passive-hiv-1-antibody-mediated-prevention-amp-test-of-concept-efficacy-trials
#18
Peter B Gilbert, Michal Juraska, Allan C deCamp, Shelly Karuna, Srilatha Edupuganti, Nyaradzo Mgodi, Deborah J Donnell, Carter Bentley, Nirupama Sista, Philip Andrew, Abby Isaacs, Yunda Huang, Lily Zhang, Edmund Capparelli, Nidhi Kochar, Jing Wang, Susan H Eshleman, Kenneth H Mayer, Craig A Magaret, John Hural, James G Kublin, Glenda Gray, David C Montefiori, Margarita M Gomez, David N Burns, Julie McElrath, Julie Ledgerwood, Barney S Graham, John R Mascola, Myron Cohen, Lawrence Corey
Background: Anti-HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) have been developed as potential agents for prevention of HIV-1 infection. The HIV Vaccine Trials Network and the HIV Prevention Trials Network are conducting the Antibody Mediated Prevention (AMP) trials to assess whether, and how, intravenous infusion of the anti-CD4 binding site bnAb, VRC01, prevents HIV-1 infection. These are the first test-of-concept studies to assess HIV-1 bnAb prevention efficacy in humans. Methods: The AMP trials are two parallel phase 2b HIV-1 prevention efficacy trials conducted in two cohorts: 2700 HIV-uninfected men and transgender persons who have sex with men in the United States, Peru, Brazil, and Switzerland; and 1500 HIV-uninfected sexually active women in seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa...
January 2017: Statistical Communications in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216601/measuring-critical-thinking-in-pre-registration-midwifery-students-a-multi-method-approach
#19
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Test the concurrent validity of three newly developed tools (student self-rating, preceptor rating, and reflective writing) that aim to measure critical thinking in midwifery practice. DESIGN: A descriptive matched cohort design was used. SETTING: Australian research intensive university offering a three year Bachelor of Midwifery programme. SAMPLE: Fifty-five undergraduate midwifery students. METHODS: Students assessed their ability to apply critical thinking in midwifery practice using a 25-item tool and a 5-item subscale in Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216028/progress-toward-global-eradication-of-dracunculiasis-january-2016-june-2017
#20
Donald R Hopkins, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Mark L Eberhard, Sharon L Roy, Adam J Weiss
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a parasitic worm. Approximately 1 year after a person acquires infection from contaminated drinking water, the worm emerges through the skin, usually on a lower limb (1). Pain and secondary bacterial infection can cause temporary or permanent disability that disrupts work and schooling. The campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis worldwide began in 1980 at CDC. In 1986, the World Health Assembly called for dracunculiasis elimination,* and the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program, led by the Carter Center and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund, CDC, and other partners, began assisting ministries of health in countries with endemic dracunculiasis...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
keyword
keyword
60308
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"