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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645086/toddler-exposure-to-flame-retardant-chemicals-magnitude-health-concern-and-potential-risk-or-protective-factors-of-exposure-observational-studies-summarized-in-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Eva J Sugeng, Marijke de Cock, Linda J Schoonmade, Margot van de Bor
Endocrine disrupting flame retardant (FR) chemicals form a human health concern, that is investigated mostly from the perspective of adult- and early life exposure. No overview of studies on toddler exposure and health effects exist. However, toddlerhood is a critical developmental period and toddlers are at increased risk for exposure because of their age-specific behavior. This systematic review encompasses toddler FR exposure studies in three countries, associated health effects and potential environmental, demographic, or behavioral risk- or protective factors for toddler exposure...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645072/association-of-the-serum-myeloperoxidase-high-density-lipoprotein-particle-ratio-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-observations-from-the-dallas-heart-study
#2
Htet W Khine, John F Teiber, Robert W Haley, Amit Khera, Colby R Ayers, Anand Rohatgi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a product of systemic inflammation, promotes oxidation of lipoproteins; whereas, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) exerts anti-oxidative effects in part via paraoxonase-1 (PON1). MPO induces dysfunctional HDL particles; however, the interaction of circulating levels of these measures in cardiovascular disease (CVD) has not been studied in humans. We tested whether serum levels of MPO indexed to HDL particle concentration (MPO/HDLp) are associated with increased CVD risk in a large multiethnic population sample, free of CVD at baseline...
June 3, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645046/a-paradigm-shift-for-socioeconomic-justice-and%C3%A2-health-from-focusing-on-inequalities-to%C3%A2-aiming%C3%A2-at-sustainable-equity
#3
Juan E Garay, David E Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: To measure the 'best possible health for all', incorporating sustainability, and to establish the magnitude of global health inequity. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, retrospective. METHODS: We identified countries with three criteria: (1) a healthy population-life expectancy above world average; (2) living conditions feasible to replicate worldwide-per-capita gross domestic product (GDP-pc) below the world average; and (3) sustainability-per-capita carbon dioxide emissions lower than the planetary pollution boundary...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644726/cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-actions-of-casiopeina-iii-ea-cas-iii-ea-in-somatic-and-germ-cells-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#4
L M Vidal, E Pimentel, M P Cruces, S Hernández, L Ruiz-Azuara
Casiopeinas® are a group of newly synthesized drugs designed to treat cancer. These copper (Cu) complexes exhibit cytostatic, cytotoxic, genotoxic, and antineoplastic activities through different mechanisms of action. To evaluate the influence of these compounds, some in vivo studies were performed using predominantly somatic cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the cytotoxic and genotoxic actions of Casiopeina III-Ea (Cas III-Ea) in somatic as well as germ cells of Drosophila melanogaster. For cytotoxicity, the productivity and some morphometric parameters were measured and genotoxicity was assessed by means of the somatic mutation and recombination test assay in the wing...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644617/dynamic-covalent-chemistry-of-carbon-dioxide-opportunities-to-address-environmental-issues
#5
Jean Septavaux, Geoffroy Germain, Julien Leclaire
Extraction and purification of basic chemicals from complex mixtures has been a persistent issue throughout the development of the chemical sciences. The chemical industry and academic research have grown over the centuries by following a deconstruction-reconstruction approach, reminiscent of the metabolism process. Chemists have designed and optimized extraction, purification, and transformation processes of molecules from natural deposits (fossil fuels, biomass, ores), in order to reassemble them into complex adducts...
June 23, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644576/size-dependency-of-tree-growth-response-to-drought-among-norway-spruce-and-european-beech-individuals-in-monospecific-and-mixed-species-stands
#6
Haiyu Ding, Hans Pretzsch, Gerhard Schütze, Thomas Rötzer
Climatic anomalies have resulted in changing forest productivity, increasing tree mortality in Central and Southern Europe. This has resulted in more severe and frequent ecological disturbances to the forest stands. This study analysed the size dependency of growth response to drought years based on 384 tree individuals of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica [L.]) in Bavaria, Germany. Samples were collected in both monospecific and mixed-species stands. To quantify the growth response of drought stress, indices including basal area increment, resistance, recovery, and resilience were calculated from tree ring measurements of increment cores...
June 23, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644370/adaptation-of-new-colombian-food-based-complementary-feeding-recommendations-using-linear-programming
#7
Marion Tharrey, Gilma A Olaya, Mary Fewtrell, Elaine Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To use Linear Programming (LP) analyses to adapt New Complementary Feeding Guidelines (NCFg) designed for infants aged 6-12 month (m) living in poor socioeconomic circumstances in Bogota to ensure dietary adequacy for young children aged 12-23 m. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis was performed using dietary and anthropometric data collected from 12 m old infants (n = 72) participating in a randomised controlled trial. LP analyses were performed to identify nutrients whose requirements were difficult to achieve using local foods as consumed; and to test and compare the NCFg and alternative food-based recommendations (FBRs) on the basis of dietary adequacy, for 11 micronutrients, at the population level...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644037/lower-risk-cannabis-use-guidelines-a-comprehensive-update-of-evidence-and-recommendations
#8
Benedikt Fischer, Cayley Russell, Pamela Sabioni, Wim van den Brink, Bernard Le Foll, Wayne Hall, Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is common in North America, especially among young people, and is associated with a risk of various acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. Cannabis control regimes are evolving, for example toward a national legalization policy in Canada, with the aim to improve public health, and thus require evidence-based interventions. As cannabis-related health outcomes may be influenced by behaviors that are modifiable by the user, evidence-based Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines (LRCUG)-akin to similar guidelines in other health fields-offer a valuable, targeted prevention tool to improve public health outcomes...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643829/efficient-scavenging-of-criegee-intermediates-on-water-by-surface-active-cis-pinonic-acid
#9
Shinichi Enami, A J Colussi
cis-Pinonic acid (CPA), the main product of the atmospheric oxidation of biogenic α-pinene emissions and a major component of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), is a potentially key species en route to extremely low volatility compounds. Here, we report that CPA is an exceptionally efficient scavenger of Criegee intermediates (CIs) on aqueous surfaces. Against expectations, millimolar CPA (a surface-active C10 keto-carboxylic acid possessing a rigid skeleton) is able to compete with 23 M bulk water for the CIs produced in the ozonolysis of sesquiterpene solutes by O3(g) on the surface of a water:acetonitrile solvent...
June 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643601/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-sweden
#10
Lou Brundin, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
BACKGROUND: To assess the value of management strategies in multiple sclerosis (MS), outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Descriptive analyses are presented by level of severity; costs are estimated in the societal perspective, in 2015 SEK...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643600/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-italy
#11
Mario Battaglia, Gisela Kobelt, Michela Ponzio, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643599/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-austria
#12
Thomas Berger, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643598/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-belgium
#13
Benedicte Dubois, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643597/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-spain
#14
Celia Oreja-Guevara, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed, outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643596/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-switzerland
#15
Pasquale Calabrese, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643595/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-the-netherlands
#16
Bernard Uitdehaag, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643593/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-germany
#17
Peter Flachenecker, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643591/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-hungary
#18
Márta Péntek, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén, Zita Bíró, Klotild Mátyás, Sámuel Komoly
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643590/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-russia
#19
Alexey Boyko, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Olga Boyko, Ekaterina Popova, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
BACKGROUND: In order to assess the value of management strategies in multiple sclerosis (MS), outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This, in turn, requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity and health-related quality of life (HQoL). Descriptive analyses are presented by level of severity; costs are estimated in the societal perspective, in RUB 2015...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643589/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-denmark
#20
Peter Vestergaard Rasmussen, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
BACKGROUND: To estimate the value of treatments in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This, in turn, requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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