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acalculous cholecystitis

Yukimi Otsuka, Yasushi Inoue
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a severe disease seen in critically ill patients, including those with autoimmune diseases. We herein report the case of a 41-year-old female who developed macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) accompanied by a recurrence of Kikuchi disease. Abdominal imaging revealed marked thickening of the gallbladder wall and pericholecystic fluid, typically found in AAC. Treatment with intravenous pulse methylprednisolone induced in a significant improvement in the gallbladder wall, resulting in no need for surgical intervention...
2016: Internal Medicine
Masakazu Hashimoto, Kei Koide, Michinori Arita, Koji Kawaguchi, Masakazu Tokunaga, Yoshihiro Mikuriya, Toshiyuki Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a relatively rare disorder of the gallbladder. Breast cancer recurrence more than 10 years after curative surgery is also infrequent. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with right flank pain. Her medical history included a lumpectomy for cancer of the left breast 12 years prior. Laboratory tests showed a severe inflammatory reaction and mild liver function abnormalities...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Hima Nandakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Vamsi V Alli, Jie Yang, Jianjin Xu, Andrew T Bates, Aurora D Pryor, Mark A Talamini, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), there has been continued evolution in technique, instrumentation and postoperative management. With increased experience, LC has migrated to the outpatient setting. We asked whether increased availability and experience has impacted incidence of and indications for LC. METHODS: The New York (NY) State Planning and Research Cooperative System longitudinal administrative database was utilized to identify patients who underwent cholecystectomy between 1995 and 2013...
September 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Alexis Strickler, Natalia Vásquez, Leonardo Maggi, Juvenal Hernández, Ximena Hidalgo
Human toxocarosis is a chronic larval parasitosis listed as one of the five most important neglected diseases by the CDC. The larvae can spread systemically and migrate to different tissues including liver and gallbladder. Acalculous acute cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare disease in children. The diagnosis is based on clinical parameters and imaging criteria. It has been reported in relation to sepsis, shock, trauma, burns, severe systemic diseases, congenital anomalies, infections and also in healthy children...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
S N Bian, H H Yang, Q Wang, D Xu, Y Zhao
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized with multiple organ involvements. Acute acalculous cholecystitis(AAC) is an extremely rare manifestation of digestive system involvement in SLE. We reported a case of 32-year-old woman who complained skin rashes for two weeks and stomachache and oliguria for one day. She had rashes at onset, and developed fever, stomachache, hypotension and headache. Physical examination at admission indicated blood pressure 76/47 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), heart rate 107 beats/min, warm acra...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
M Varga, M Kudla, L Vargova, J Fronek
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of surgical complications, patient outcomes, and impact on graft function in renal transplant recipients in whom cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis was performed. METHODS: We reviewed data on transplant patients from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2013. The subgroup of patients who required subsequent cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis was assessed, and their data were further analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients who underwent cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis after renal transplantation were included in the study...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Shiro Ono, Tadanao Kobayashi, Kenji Nishio
Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common disease and is mainly asymptomatic during childhood, whereas infectious mononucleosis with clinical signs such as fever, pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly often occurs in adolescents and adults with primary infection. Acalculous cholecystitis has been reported as a rare complication. We report herein a case of acalculous cholecystitis accompanied by infectious mononucleosis by EBV, which was treated successfully by medical treatment. A 33-year-old woman who had been admitted by fever, pharyngitis and lymphadenopathy developed a right upper quadrant pain, that was diagnosed as acalculous cholecystitis based on an imaging study...
May 2016: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Matthew G Martelli, Johnathan Y Lee
Herein we describe two cases of Cystoisospora belli infection of the gallbladder in patients with chronic abdominal pain and review the published literature to date. C. belli is an intracellular protozoan parasite that typically infects the small bowel of immunocompromised hosts. Little is known of the significance of C. belli infection of the gallbladder at this point as only four cases have been reported as yet, only one of which occurred in an immunocompetent patient. It is often treatable with antibiotics, and the patient's immune status, including HIV testing, should be investigated...
June 2016: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
Lisa Kottanattu, Sebastiano A G Lava, Rossana Helbling, Giacomo D Simonetti, Mario G Bianchetti, Gregorio P Milani
Acute pancreatitis and acalculous cholecystitis have been occasionally reported in primary acute symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection. We completed a review of the literature and retained 48 scientific reports published between 1966 and 2016 for the final analysis. Acute pancreatitis was recognized in 14 and acalculous cholecystitis in 37 patients with primary acute symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection. In all patients, the features of acute pancreatitis or acalculous cholecystitis concurrently developed with those of primary acute symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Ken Fujioka, Toshiki Nishimura, Masayuki Seki, Masanori Kinoshita, Nobuyuki Mishima, Shigeo Irimajiri, Masaya Yamato
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes an acute viral hepatitis that is transmitted enterically. It is epidemic in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Central America. It is known that HEV can cause extrahepatic manifestations. Here, we report the first case of acalculous cholecystitis as an extrahepatic symptom of HEV. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Japanese woman with no notable past medical history presented with complaints of fever and nausea while she was traveling in Australia; within the previous 2 months, she had also traveled to India and Africa...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
Padmavathi Devi Sv, Aruna M, Anil Cv Kumar, Hari Krishna Reddy, Sangeetha Bl, V Siva Kumar
Scrub typhus, or tsutsugamushi fever, is a zoonosis of rural Asia and the western Pacific islands. The causative organism, Orientia (formerly Rickettsia) tsutsugamushi, is transmitted to humans by the bite of a larval Leptotrombidium mite (chigger). Scrub typhus may have gastrointestinal presentations, such as acute acalculous cholecystitis, duodenal ulcer perforation, peritonitis and gastric ulceration. Acute pancreatitis with scrub typhus has been reported rarely. We report a patient of scrub typhus complicated by acute pancreatitis and acute kidney injury...
July 13, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Ryan Melo, Luís M Pedro, Luís Silvestre, José P Freire, Cláudia Pereira, Ruy Fernandes E Fernandes, J Fernandes E Fernandes
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is an uncommon condition that usually presents with intestinal angina, sitophobia and unintentional weight loss. Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) has very rarely been described in the settings of CMI. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a case of a 73year old man that developed an AAC as a complication of CMI. The patient underwent a simultaneous cholecystectomy and open aortic revascularization which was successful...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Navjot Kaur, Bal Chander, Harjit Kaur, Rashmi Kaul
Heterotopic pancreatic tissue in the gall bladder is an uncommon incidental finding in most cases. We hereby describe the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of acalculous cholecystitis. Pathological examination detected heterotopic pancreatic tissue, pseudopyloric metaplasia, and adenomyomatous hyperplasia in the gall bladder. This is a rare combination of three entities which is being reported for the first time. This case emphasizes that heterotopic pancreas might be the causative factor for cholecystitis...
July 2016: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Ahmed Al-Nowfal, Yahya A Al-Abed
INTRODUCTION: Biliary colic is a common clinical presentation, with the majority of cases being related to gallstone disease. However, rarely, patients may present with biliary symptoms without evidence of gallbladder stones - referred to as acalculous gallstone disease. This case report details a rare case of chronic biliary colic associated with ketamine abuse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Caucasian female presented to the emergency department with a history of intermittent right upper quadrant pain associated with nausea and malaise...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Valdano Manuel, Gertrudes Maria Pedro, Lemuel Bornelli Cordeiro, Sandra Maria da Rocha Neto de Miranda
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a very rare gastrointestinal manifestation in systemic lupus erythematosus and becomes rarer as an initial manifestation. There are only two cases reported. The authors report a 20-year-old black woman that presented acute acalculous cholecystitis revealed by abdominal computed tomography. During hospitalization, she was diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus. Conservative treatment with antibiotics was performed with complete remission of the symptoms. Corticosteroid was started in ambulatory...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Alexandra T Strauss, Steven B Clayton, Michael Markow, Jay Mamel
Metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma is commonly found in the lung, liver, or peritoneum. Common bile duct (CBD) tumors related to adenomas from familial adenomatous polyposis metastasizing from outside of the gastrointestinal tract have been reported. We report a case of biliary colic due to metastatic colon adenocarcinoma to the CBD. Obstructive jaundice with signs of acalculous cholecystitis on imaging in a patient with a history of colon cancer should raise suspicion for metastasis to CBD.
April 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
Xiequn Xu, Binglu Li, Chaoji Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Marianne Majdalani, Nadine Milad, Zeyad Sahli, Sarah Rizk
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) constitutes 5-10% of all cases of cholecystitis in adults, and is even less common in children. The recent literature has described an association between primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and AAC, however, it still remains an uncommon presentation of the infection. Most authors advise that the management of AAC in patients with primary EBV infection should be supportive, since the use of antibiotics does not seem to alter the severity or prognosis of the illness...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Diana Rodà, Malka Huici, Sílvia Ricart, Jordi Vila, Clàudia Fortuny, Laia Alsina
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection results in a spectrum of clinical manifestations. The host immune response to EBV plays a key role in the extent and degree of clinical features, which in children under 4 years of age are usually mild, non-specific and self-limiting. A 2-year-old boy in whom no known immune disorder could be found presented with acute acalculous cholecystitis, renal dysfunction with massive proteinuria, ascites, pleural effusion, minimal peripheral oedema and a severe systemic inflammatory response...
January 29, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
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