Read by QxMD icon Read

Juvenile observation homes

Pedro M Lourenço, José A Alves, Jeroen Reneerkens, Ah Jelle Loonstra, Peter M Potts, José P Granadeiro, Teresa Catry
Many migratory bird species show high levels of site fidelity to their wintering sites, which confers advantages due to prior knowledge, but may also limit the ability of the individual to move away from degrading sites or to detect alternative foraging opportunities. Winter site fidelity often varies among age groups, but sexual differences have seldom been recorded in birds. We studied a population of individually colour-marked sanderlings wintering in and around the Tejo estuary, a large estuarine wetland on the western coast of Portugal...
2016: PeerJ
R Humston, S S Doss, C Wass, C Hollenbeck, S R Thorrold, S Smith, C P Bataille
Radiogenic strontium isotope ratios ((87) Sr:(86) Sr) in otoliths were compared with isotope ratios predicted from models and observed in water sampling to reconstruct the movement histories of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu between main-river and adjacent tributary habitats. A mechanistic model incorporating isotope geochemistry, weathering processes and basin accumulation reasonably predicted observed river (87) Sr:(86) Sr across the study area and provided the foundations for experimental design and inferring fish provenance...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Shridhar Sharma, Gautam Sharma, Bristi Barkataki
BACKGROUND: There is an intimate relationship between drugs and criminal behavior. The drug-violence relationship is further complicated by intoxicating doses and/or withdrawal effects of specific drugs. Understanding this relationship is important for both healthcare workers and policy makers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Prayas observation home for boys, a short stay home for juveniles-under-enquiry in New Delhi. The present study aims to correlate substance use and criminal behavior by investigating the sociodemographic characteristics and the current trend of substance use among juveniles in New Delhi...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
V Krishnan, J Thirunavukkarasu
INTRODUCTION: Self blood glucose monitoring is an important context of self care in the management of diabetes mellitus. All the guidelines must be followed while performing self blood glucose monitoring and tracking of values is essential to facilitate the physician while titrating the drugs and /or doses of anti diabetes medication. Self titration by patients following self monitoring must be discouraged. AIM: To assess the knowledge and practice of self blood glucose monitoring among diabetes patients and extent of self titration of anti diabetes medicines among diabetes patients based on self blood glucose monitoring...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Archit Gupta, Ooha Susmita Biddala, Mandavi Dwivedi, Prathyaksha Variar, Aparna Singh, Soham Sen, P Shivaram Bhat, Renuka Kunte, Velu Nair, Subramanian Shankar
BACKGROUND: The incidence of juvenile delinquency has increased in the past decade in India and juvenile crimes are increasingly being reported. This has been attributed to many biopsychosocial factors. It is essential to understand these issues in the context of India to determine the response of acts of children in conflict with the law. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic characteristics and the aggression quotient of children in conflict with the law (juvenile delinquents) in observation homes across India and compare them with those who were not...
July 2015: National Medical Journal of India
David Harasti, Kate A Lee, Christopher Gallen, Julian M Hughes, John Stewart
Understanding the movement dynamics of marine fish provides valuable information that can assist with species management, particularly regarding protection within marine protected areas (MPAs). We performed an acoustic tagging study implemented within the Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park on the mid-north coast of New South Wales, Australia, to assess the movement patterns, home range and diel activity of snapper (Chrysophrys auratus; Sparidae); a species of significant recreational and commercial fishing importance in Australia...
2015: PloS One
Ahmed F Hawwa, AbdelQader AlBawab, Madeleine Rooney, Lucy R Wedderburn, Michael W Beresford, James C McElnay
INTRODUCTION: Methotrexate (MTX) is a cornerstone of treatment in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions, including juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). However, owing to its narrow therapeutic index and the considerable interpatient variability in clinical response, monitoring of adherence to MTX is important. The present study demonstrates the feasibility of using methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPGs) as a biomarker to measure adherence to MTX treatment in children with JIA and JDM...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Hood Thabit, Daniela Elleri, Lalantha Leelarathna, Janet Allen, Alexandra Lubina-Solomon, Marietta Stadler, Emma Walkinshaw, Ahmed Iqbal, Pratik Choudhary, Malgorzata Wilinska, Katharine Barnard, Simon Heller, Stephanie Amiel, Mark Evans, David Dunger, Roman Hovorka
BACKGROUND: The closed-loop system (artificial pancreas) delivers insulin in a glucose-responsive manner by the use of a control algorithm that automatically directs insulin delivery, based on real-time sensor glucose concentrations. Results from hospital-based studies have shown improved overnight glucose control and reduced risk of hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes. We aimed to assess whether unsupervised closed-loop systems can provide a realistic treatment option in patients with type 1 diabetes...
February 26, 2015: Lancet
Vibha Anand, Steven J Spalding
The Patient Risks Outcomes and Barriers Evaluation (PROBE) system is developed using a readily available data capture platform (REDCap) and iPads. PROBE performs complete and consistent assessment of pain at every patient visit in pediatric rheumatology practices of our very large healthcare system. Using evidence based clinical guidelines, it combines the following essential elements for care: 1) screening for behavioral risks for chronic pain such as anxiety, sleep deprivation, or painful conditions affecting a caregiver living in child's home, 2) capturing disease activity related measures and enabling 3) clinical decision support...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Michael Townsley, Daniel Birks, Wim Bernasco, Stijn Ruiter, Shane D Johnson, Gentry White, Scott Baum
OBJECTIVES: This study builds on research undertaken by Bernasco and Nieuwbeerta and explores the generalizability of a theoretically derived offender target selection model in three cross-national study regions. METHODS: Taking a discrete spatial choice approach, we estimate the impact of both environment- and offender-level factors on residential burglary placement in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Combining cleared burglary data from all study regions in a single statistical model, we make statistical comparisons between environments...
February 2015: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Judith Camats Perna, Carsten T Wotjak, Oliver Stork, Mario Engelmann
The present study was designed to further investigate the nature of stimuli and the timing of their presentation, which can induce retroactive interference with social recognition memory in mice. In accordance with our previous observations, confrontation with an unfamiliar conspecific juvenile 3h and 6h, but not 22 h, after the initial learning session resulted in retroactive interference. The same effect was observed with the exposure to both enantiomers of the monomolecular odour carvone, and with a novel object...
May 1, 2015: Physiology & Behavior
André S Afonso, Fábio H V Hazin
Sharks are top predators in many marine ecosystems and can impact community dynamics, yet many shark populations are undergoing severe declines primarily due to overfishing. Obtaining species-specific knowledge on shark spatial ecology is important to implement adequate management strategies for the effective conservation of these taxa. This is particularly relevant concerning highly-mobile species that use wide home ranges comprising coastal and oceanic habitats, such as tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier. We deployed satellite tags in 20 juvenile tiger sharks off northeastern Brazil to assess the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on depth and temperature usage...
2015: PloS One
P Horká, P Horký, T Randák, J Turek, K Rylková, O Slavík
Juvenile wild and hatchery-reared European grayling Thymallus thymallus were tagged with radio-transmitters and tracked in the Blanice River, River Elbe catchment, Czech Republic, to study their behavioural response to stocking and environmental variation. Both wild and hatchery-reared T. thymallus increased their diel movements and home range with increasing light intensity, flow, temperature and turbidity, but the characteristics of their responses differed. Environmental variables influenced the movement of wild T...
January 21, 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
J M Shrimpton, K D Warren, N L Todd, C J McRae, G J Glova, K H Telmer, A D Clarke
Juvenile movement patterns for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch and Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from two large interior rivers of British Columbia, Canada, were examined. Otoliths from post-spawned fishes were collected on spawning grounds and elemental signatures were determined through transects from sectioned otoliths using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Large variations in otolith elemental signatures were found during the freshwater life stage indicative of movement downstream to rivers and tributaries that differed in elemental signature...
October 2014: Journal of Fish Biology
S Debrot, C Mermod
The distribution and movements of two stoat populations were studied by capture-recapture and tracking in the Swiss Jura Mountains. On the Brévine area in summer 1977 the population was at a high density phase and evenly distributed. A well established intrasexual territorial system was observed, with a high degree of sedentarity in adults. During the decline and the following phase of scarcity, the stoats were progressively restricted to a peat-bog area and the territorial system broke down. The adult males became transient and a high degree of dispersal was recorded among the juveniles...
August 1983: Oecologia
Ankita Gaur, Sunanda Gul Sujan, Vishal Katna
BACKGROUND: Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases are widespread and virtually everybody suffers from them, and in global scenario dental caries are the most prevalent oral diseases among children. Observation home serve as temporary holding facilities of juvenile and orphans who are arrested by police or found to be living in neglected. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate oral health status (caries prevalence, dmft, DMF, OHI index) of the institutionalized children that is, juvenile home, orphanage home run by Gujarat Government in Vadodara city with that of normal school children...
July 2014: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Theethira S Kavana, Joseph J Erinjery, Mewa Singh
Male takeover and infanticide are a widespread phenomenon among non-human primates, observed mostly in species with a relatively longer lactation in relation to gestation. In this study, we report for the first time an episode of male takeover and infanticide, and the rarely reported occurrence of an all-male band and female dispersal, in Nilgiri langurs, Semnopithecus johnii, in the Western Ghats, India. The new male was a member of an all-male band. After the takeover, the resident male and 3 juvenile males left the group and joined the all-male band...
2014: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
Nathan F Putman, Amanda M Meinke, David L G Noakes
We used simulated magnetic displacements to test orientation preferences of juvenile steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to magnetic fields existing at the northernmost and southernmost boundaries of their oceanic range. Fish reared in natural magnetic conditions distinguished between these two fields by orienting in opposite directions, with headings that would lead fish towards marine foraging grounds. However, fish reared in a spatially distorted magnetic field failed to distinguish between the experimental fields and were randomly oriented...
June 2014: Biology Letters
Anna Mikulecká, Martin Subrt, Aleš Stuchlík, Hana Kubová
Clinical and experimental studies suggest possible risks associated with the repeated administration of benzodiazepines (BZDs) during the prenatal or early postnatal period on further development and behavior. In the present study, we assess short- and long-term effects of early exposure to clonazepam (CZP) on cognitive tasks. CZP (0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg/day) was administered from postnatal day (P)7 until P11, and animals were exposed to the following behavioral tests at different developmental stages: (1) a homing response (HR) test, which exploits the motivation of a rat pup to reach its home nest, was administered on P12, P15, P18 and P23 rats; (2) passive avoidance was tested in three trials (at 0, 2 and 24 h intervals) on P12, P15, P18, P25 and P32 rats; (3) within- and between-session habituation was tested in an open field (OF) at P70; and (4) a long-term memory (LTM) version of the Morris water maze (MWM) was tested at P80...
2014: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Nikolaos P Daskalakis, Anastasia Diamantopoulou, Sanne E F Claessens, Elisa Remmers, Marika Tjälve, Melly S Oitzl, Danielle L Champagne, E Ronald de Kloet
Prolonged maternal separation (MS) activates the neonate's hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis causing elevated basal and stress-induced corticosterone levels that may initiate amygdala-dependent fear learning. Here we test the hypothesis that the adult fearful phenotype is programmed by the pup's stressful experience during prolonged MS rather than by prolonged maternal absence per se. For this purpose, Wistar rat pups were exposed, on postnatal-day (pnd) 3, to: (i) repeated-MS in home-environment (HOME-SEP), 8h-MS daily for three days with the pups remaining together in the home-cage; (ii) repeated-MS in a novel-environment (NOVEL-SEP), with the same separation procedure, but now the pups were individually housed in a novel-environment during the 8h dam's absence; (iii) repeated handling, which consisted of daily brief (15 min instead of 8h) MS in the home-altogether or in a novel-environment individually (HOME-HAN and NOVEL-HAN, respectively); (iv) no-separation/no-handling (NON-SEP/NON-HAN) control condition, in which pups were left undisturbed in their home-cage...
January 2014: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"