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Juvenile observation homes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530020/golimumab-a-review-in-inflammatory-arthritis
#1
James E Frampton
Golimumab (Simponi(®)), a fully human monoclonal antibody against tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), is given once monthly by subcutaneous injection. In the EU, golimumab is approved as monotherapy and/or in combination with methotrexate for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis [comprising ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA)] in adults, and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA) in children...
May 22, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455701/chronic-rem-sleep-restriction-in-juvenile-male-rats-induces-anxiety-like-behavior-and-alters-monoamine-systems-in-the-amygdala-and-hippocampus
#2
Janaína da Silva Rocha-Lopes, Ricardo Borges Machado, Deborah Suchecki
Adolescence is marked by major physiological changes, including those in the sleep-wake cycle, such as phase delay, which may result in reduced sleep hours. Sleep restriction and/or deprivation in adult rats activate stress response and seem to be a risk factor for triggering emotional disorders. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the behavioral and neurobiological consequences of prolonged REM sleep restriction in juvenile male rats. Immediately after weaning, on postnatal day 21, three males from each litter were submitted to REM sleep deprivation and the other three animals were maintained in their home-cages...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994269/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-child-s-and-parent-s-point-of-view
#3
Małgorzata Mańczak, Lidia Rutkowska-Sak, Filip Raciborski
OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of life (QoL) of children suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Poland, to compare QoL of children with JIA and healthy children, and to compare children's and parents' assessments of QoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire (children's and parents' version) was used to assess the quality of life. The QoL in JIA patients and healthy peers from European and Polish reference groups was compared by the t-test...
2016: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797547/risk-assessment-matters-but-only-when-implemented-well-a-multisite-study-in-juvenile-probation
#4
Gina M Vincent, Laura S Guy, Rachael T Perrault, Bernice Gershenson
There is a strong movement toward juvenile justice agencies' use of risk assessment and risk-need-responsivity approaches to improve case management decisions for young offenders. However, little is known about whether adoption of risk assessment actually effectuates any changes in the way young offenders are handled. This was a multisite study of the impact on case processing of implementation of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) or Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory in 6 juvenile probation offices using a prepost design and 1,694 propensity score-matched young offenders...
December 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703860/influence-of-age-and-sex-on-winter-site-fidelity-of-sanderlings-calidris-alba
#5
Pedro M Lourenço, José A Alves, Jeroen Reneerkens, Ah Jelle Loonstra, Peter M Potts, José P Granadeiro, Teresa Catry
Many migratory bird species show high levels of site fidelity to their wintering sites, which confers advantages due to prior knowledge, but may also limit the ability of the individual to move away from degrading sites or to detect alternative foraging opportunities. Winter site fidelity often varies among age groups, but sexual differences have seldom been recorded in birds. We studied a population of individually colour-marked sanderlings wintering in and around the Tejo estuary, a large estuarine wetland on the western coast of Portugal...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615608/isotope-geochemistry-reveals-ontogeny-of-dispersal-and-exchange-between-main-river-and-tributary-habitats-in-smallmouth-bass-micropterus-dolomieu
#6
R Humston, S S Doss, C Wass, C Hollenbeck, S R Thorrold, S Smith, C P Bataille
Radiogenic strontium isotope ratios ((87) Sr:(86) Sr) in otoliths were compared with isotope ratios predicted from models and observed in water sampling to reconstruct the movement histories of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu between main-river and adjacent tributary habitats. A mechanistic model incorporating isotope geochemistry, weathering processes and basin accumulation reasonably predicted observed river (87) Sr:(86) Sr across the study area and provided the foundations for experimental design and inferring fish provenance...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385851/substance-use-and-criminality-among-juveniles-under-enquiry-in-new-delhi
#7
Shridhar Sharma, Gautam Sharma, Bristi Barkataki
BACKGROUND: There is an intimate relationship between drugs and criminal behavior. The drug-violence relationship is further complicated by intoxicating doses and/or withdrawal effects of specific drugs. Understanding this relationship is important for both healthcare workers and policy makers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Prayas observation home for boys, a short stay home for juveniles-under-enquiry in New Delhi. The present study aims to correlate substance use and criminal behavior by investigating the sociodemographic characteristics and the current trend of substance use among juveniles in New Delhi...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134888/assessment-of-knowledge-of-self-blood-glucose-monitoring-and-extent-of-self-titration-of-anti-diabetic-drugs-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#8
V Krishnan, J Thirunavukkarasu
INTRODUCTION: Self blood glucose monitoring is an important context of self care in the management of diabetes mellitus. All the guidelines must be followed while performing self blood glucose monitoring and tracking of values is essential to facilitate the physician while titrating the drugs and /or doses of anti diabetes medication. Self titration by patients following self monitoring must be discouraged. AIM: To assess the knowledge and practice of self blood glucose monitoring among diabetes patients and extent of self titration of anti diabetes medicines among diabetes patients based on self blood glucose monitoring...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132723/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-aggression-quotient-among-children-in-conflict-with-the-law-in-india-a-case-control-study
#9
Archit Gupta, Ooha Susmita Biddala, Mandavi Dwivedi, Prathyaksha Variar, Aparna Singh, Soham Sen, P Shivaram Bhat, Renuka Kunte, Velu Nair, Subramanian Shankar
BACKGROUND: The incidence of juvenile delinquency has increased in the past decade in India and juvenile crimes are increasingly being reported. This has been attributed to many biopsychosocial factors. It is essential to understand these issues in the context of India to determine the response of acts of children in conflict with the law. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic characteristics and the aggression quotient of children in conflict with the law (juvenile delinquents) in observation homes across India and compare them with those who were not...
July 2015: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26544185/movements-home-range-and-site-fidelity-of-snapper-chrysophrys-auratus-within-a-temperate-marine-protected-area
#10
David Harasti, Kate A Lee, Christopher Gallen, Julian M Hughes, John Stewart
Understanding the movement dynamics of marine fish provides valuable information that can assist with species management, particularly regarding protection within marine protected areas (MPAs). We performed an acoustic tagging study implemented within the Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park on the mid-north coast of New South Wales, Australia, to assess the movement patterns, home range and diel activity of snapper (Chrysophrys auratus; Sparidae); a species of significant recreational and commercial fishing importance in Australia...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493320/methotrexate-polyglutamates-as-a-potential-marker-of-adherence-to-long-term-therapy-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-juvenile-dermatomyositis-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ahmed F Hawwa, AbdelQader AlBawab, Madeleine Rooney, Lucy R Wedderburn, Michael W Beresford, James C McElnay
INTRODUCTION: Methotrexate (MTX) is a cornerstone of treatment in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions, including juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). However, owing to its narrow therapeutic index and the considerable interpatient variability in clinical response, monitoring of adherence to MTX is important. The present study demonstrates the feasibility of using methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPGs) as a biomarker to measure adherence to MTX treatment in children with JIA and JDM...
October 22, 2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312919/unsupervised-overnight-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-during-free-living-analysis-of-randomised-cross-over-home-studies-in-adults-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Hood Thabit, Daniela Elleri, Lalantha Leelarathna, Janet Allen, Alexandra Lubina-Solomon, Marietta Stadler, Emma Walkinshaw, Ahmed Iqbal, Pratik Choudhary, Malgorzata Wilinska, Katharine Barnard, Simon Heller, Stephanie Amiel, Mark Evans, David Dunger, Roman Hovorka
BACKGROUND: The closed-loop system (artificial pancreas) delivers insulin in a glucose-responsive manner by the use of a control algorithm that automatically directs insulin delivery, based on real-time sensor glucose concentrations. Results from hospital-based studies have shown improved overnight glucose control and reduced risk of hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes. We aimed to assess whether unsupervised closed-loop systems can provide a realistic treatment option in patients with type 1 diabetes...
February 26, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262112/leveraging-electronic-tablets-and-a-readily-available-data-capture-platform-to-assess-chronic-pain-in-children-the-probe-system
#13
Vibha Anand, Steven J Spalding
The Patient Risks Outcomes and Barriers Evaluation (PROBE) system is developed using a readily available data capture platform (REDCap) and iPads. PROBE performs complete and consistent assessment of pain at every patient visit in pediatric rheumatology practices of our very large healthcare system. Using evidence based clinical guidelines, it combines the following essential elements for care: 1) screening for behavioral risks for chronic pain such as anxiety, sleep deprivation, or painful conditions affecting a caregiver living in child's home, 2) capturing disease activity related measures and enabling 3) clinical decision support...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866418/burglar-target-selection-a-cross-national-comparison
#14
Michael Townsley, Daniel Birks, Wim Bernasco, Stijn Ruiter, Shane D Johnson, Gentry White, Scott Baum
OBJECTIVES: This study builds on research undertaken by Bernasco and Nieuwbeerta and explores the generalizability of a theoretically derived offender target selection model in three cross-national study regions. METHODS: Taking a discrete spatial choice approach, we estimate the impact of both environment- and offender-level factors on residential burglary placement in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Combining cleared burglary data from all study regions in a single statistical model, we make statistical comparisons between environments...
February 2015: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25703187/timing-of-presentation-and-nature-of-stimuli-determine-retroactive-interference-with-social-recognition-memory-in-mice
#15
Judith Camats Perna, Carsten T Wotjak, Oliver Stork, Mario Engelmann
The present study was designed to further investigate the nature of stimuli and the timing of their presentation, which can induce retroactive interference with social recognition memory in mice. In accordance with our previous observations, confrontation with an unfamiliar conspecific juvenile 3h and 6h, but not 22 h, after the initial learning session resulted in retroactive interference. The same effect was observed with the exposure to both enantiomers of the monomolecular odour carvone, and with a novel object...
May 1, 2015: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25629732/vertical-movement-patterns-and-ontogenetic-niche-expansion-in-the-tiger-shark-galeocerdo-cuvier
#16
André S Afonso, Fábio H V Hazin
Sharks are top predators in many marine ecosystems and can impact community dynamics, yet many shark populations are undergoing severe declines primarily due to overfishing. Obtaining species-specific knowledge on shark spatial ecology is important to implement adequate management strategies for the effective conservation of these taxa. This is particularly relevant concerning highly-mobile species that use wide home ranges comprising coastal and oceanic habitats, such as tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier. We deployed satellite tags in 20 juvenile tiger sharks off northeastern Brazil to assess the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on depth and temperature usage...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25604702/radio-telemetry-shows-differences-in-the-behaviour-of-wild-and-hatchery-reared-european-grayling-thymallus-thymallus-in-response-to-environmental-variables
#17
P Horká, P Horký, T Randák, J Turek, K Rylková, O Slavík
Juvenile wild and hatchery-reared European grayling Thymallus thymallus were tagged with radio-transmitters and tracked in the Blanice River, River Elbe catchment, Czech Republic, to study their behavioural response to stocking and environmental variation. Both wild and hatchery-reared T. thymallus increased their diel movements and home range with increasing light intensity, flow, temperature and turbidity, but the characteristics of their responses differed. Environmental variables influenced the movement of wild T...
January 21, 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25053226/freshwater-movement-patterns-by-juvenile-pacific-salmon-oncorhynchus-spp-before-they-migrate-to-the-ocean-oh-the-places-you-ll-go
#18
J M Shrimpton, K D Warren, N L Todd, C J McRae, G J Glova, K H Telmer, A D Clarke
Juvenile movement patterns for coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch and Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from two large interior rivers of British Columbia, Canada, were examined. Otoliths from post-spawned fishes were collected on spawning grounds and elemental signatures were determined through transects from sectioned otoliths using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Large variations in otolith elemental signatures were found during the freshwater life stage indicative of movement downstream to rivers and tributaries that differed in elemental signature...
October 2014: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25024150/the-spatial-and-temporal-distribution-pattern-of-the-stoat-mustela-erminea-l
#19
S Debrot, C Mermod
The distribution and movements of two stoat populations were studied by capture-recapture and tracking in the Swiss Jura Mountains. On the Brévine area in summer 1977 the population was at a high density phase and evenly distributed. A well established intrasexual territorial system was observed, with a high degree of sedentarity in adults. During the decline and the following phase of scarcity, the stoats were progressively restricted to a peat-bog area and the territorial system broke down. The adult males became transient and a high degree of dispersal was recorded among the juveniles...
August 1983: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25001443/the-oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-children-that-is-juvenile-home-and-orphanage-home-run-by-gujarat-state-government-in-vadodara-city-with-that-of-normal-school-children
#20
Ankita Gaur, Sunanda Gul Sujan, Vishal Katna
BACKGROUND: Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases are widespread and virtually everybody suffers from them, and in global scenario dental caries are the most prevalent oral diseases among children. Observation home serve as temporary holding facilities of juvenile and orphans who are arrested by police or found to be living in neglected. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate oral health status (caries prevalence, dmft, DMF, OHI index) of the institutionalized children that is, juvenile home, orphanage home run by Gujarat Government in Vadodara city with that of normal school children...
July 2014: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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