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Adolescent substance abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735700/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-conduct-disorder-and-cortical-structure-in%C3%A2-adolescents
#1
Areti Smaragdi, Harriet Cornwell, Nicola Toschi, Roberta Riccelli, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Amy Wells, Roberta Clanton, Rosalind Baker, Jack Rogers, Nayra Martin-Key, Ignazio Puzzo, Molly Batchelor, Justina Sidlauskaite, Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Gregor Kohls, Kerstin Konrad, Sarah Baumann, Nora Raschle, Christina Stadler, Christine Freitag, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Stephane De Brito, Graeme Fairchild
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported reduced cortical thickness and surface area and altered gyrification in frontal and temporal regions in adolescents with conduct disorder (CD). Although there is evidence that the clinical phenotype of CD differs between males and females, no studies have examined whether such sex differences extend to cortical and subcortical structure. METHOD: As part of a European multisite study (FemNAT-CD), structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were collected from 48 female and 48 male participants with CD and from 104 sex-, age-, and pubertal-status-matched controls (14-18 years of age)...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#2
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714800/differences-in-psychoactive-substance-abuse-between-youths-residing-in-and-outside-conflict-zones-as-a-function-of-level-of-religiosity-and-political-commitment
#3
Vered Ne'eman-Haviv, Yael Wilchek-Aviad
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of the unique characteristics of residing in security and political conflict zones on the willingness to use and on the actual abuse of psychoactive substances. The study focuses on the differences between youths residing in and outside conflict zones in Israel. The present study examines the link between the adolescents' level of psychoactive substance abuse and town size as well as the youths' level of ideological commitment and religiosity. 1032 adolescents aged 14-18 participated in the study...
August 24, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714725/intervention-effects-on-stage-transitions-for-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use-acquisition
#4
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The health impacts of smoking and alcohol abuse have been long established with smoking representing one of the most preventable causes of disease and alcohol use the most popular psychoactive substance among adolescents. The current study evaluated stage of change progression in a large (N = 4,158) school-based, computer-delivered, transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored multiple behavior intervention focused on preventing acquisition of smoking and alcohol use in adolescents. Assessments began in sixth grade and continued yearly until eighth grade, with a follow-up in ninth grade...
July 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696907/child-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-across-the-life-course-among-males-and-females
#5
Joy D Scheidell, Pritika C Kumar, Taylor Campion, Kelly Quinn, Nisha Beharie, Susan P McGorray, Maria R Khan
Child sexual abuse is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence and adulthood, but no known studies have documented associations across the life course in a nationally representative U.S. SAMPLE: We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to measure associations between child sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood among males and females (n = 11,820). Approximately 10% of females and 7% of males reported child sexual abuse...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692946/victimization-as-a-mediator-of-alcohol-use-disparities-between-sexual-minority-subgroups-and-sexual-majority-youth-using-the-2015-national-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#6
Gregory Phillips, Blair Turner, Paul Salamanca, Michelle Birkett, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Michael E Newcomb, Rachel Marro, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among underage youth is a significant public health concern. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol is the "drug of choice" among adolescents, meaning more youth use and abuse alcohol than any other substance. Prevalence of alcohol use is disproportionately higher among sexual minority youth (SMY) than among their heterosexual peers. We examined sexual identity and sexual behavior disparities in alcohol use, and the mediational role of bullying in a sample of high school students...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#7
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686545/the-concurrent-validity-of-the-problem-oriented-screening-instrument-for-teenagers-posit-substance-use-abuse-subscale-in-adolescent-patients-in-an-urban-federally-qualified-health-center
#8
Sharon M Kelly, Kevin E O'Grady, Jan Gryczynski, Shannon Gwin Mitchell, Arethusa Kirk, Robert P Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)'s substance use/abuse subscale has been validated with high school students, adolescents with criminal justice involvement, and adolescent substance use treatment samples using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-III-R and DSM-IV. This study examines the concurrent validity of the POSIT's standard 17-item substance use/abuse subscale and a revised, shorter 11-item version using DSM-5 Substance Use Disorder diagnoses...
July 7, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664722/monitoring-risk-behaviour-in-adolescent-pupils-regarding-consumption-of-psychoactive-substances
#9
Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora, Aneta Klimberg, Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak, Jarosław Diatczyk, Monika Urbaniak, Ewa Ulatowska-Szostak, Tomasz Bołdowski, Andrzej Wojtyła, Jerzy T Marcinkowski
<b>Introduction.</b> Taking psychoactive substances constitutes a significant problem for Public Health, particularly in preventing drug abuse and addiction. <b>Objectives.</b> To estimate the amount and incidence of drug consumption in middle and high school pupils, including the circumstances in which drug taking first started, and to determine pupils' knowledge about the consequences of taking psychoactive substances and designer drugs (DDs). <b>Materials and methods</b>...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661822/the-comorbidity-of-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders-among-hispanic-adolescents
#10
Karina A Gattamorta, Maite P Mena, Jordan B Ainsley, Daniel A Santisteban
OBJECTIVES: The comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and substance abuse disorders among adolescents and adults is well-documented in the literature (Colder et al., 2013). The current study investigates the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders in a sample of treatment-seeking Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: The study uses baseline data (N = 190) from a randomized control trial testing the effectiveness of a family-based treatment for Hispanic adolescents with substance abuse disorder to examine the relationship between psychiatric disorders and substance use patterns at baseline, including types of substances used (both lifetime use and past month use) and age of onset of substance use controlling for age and gender...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659800/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-psychoactive-substance-abuse-by-adolescents-in-serbia
#11
Katarina M Janicijevic, Sanja S Kocic, Svetlana R Radevic, Mirjana R Jovanovic, Snezana M Radovanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658817/salient-features-of-a-proposed-adolescent-health-policy-draft-for-india
#12
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
India is one of the most populous countries in the world. The adolescent population in India constitutes about one fifth of the total Indian population. Adolescent phase is a transitional phase in life and the adolescents are neither child nor adult at this stage and are full of energy, have significant drive and new ideas. The relatively lower death rate and relatively good health status of the adolescents has always been a misleading measure to adolescent health and thus given lesser priorities. In order to respond effectively to the needs of adolescent health and development, it is important to place adolescence in a life-span perspective within dynamic sociological, cultural and economic realities...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656919/psychosocial-dysfunction-among-adolescents-who-abuse-substances-in-secondary-schools-in-abakaliki-nigeria
#13
O U Anyanwu, R C Ibekwe, N C Ojinnaka
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse has been associated with psychosocial dysfunction from previous reports; however, the prevalence and pattern of such morbidity is unknown in our environment. AIMS: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of psychosocial dysfunction among adolescents who abuse substance. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among adolescents selected from five secondary schools in Abakaliki. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select the students and the World Health Organization student drug use questionnaire was used to screen respondents for substance abuse...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649144/motivational-interviewing-or-counseling-medical-therapies-or-no-intervention-to-improve-tobacco-cessation-in-adults-and-adolescents
#14
Abigail R Norris, Jan E Miller
CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults and adolescents using cigarettes and/or smokeless tobacco, is motivational interviewing (MI) more effective compared to counseling, medical therapies or no intervention for improving tobacco cessation? ANSWER: Yes. Evidence is modest but conclusive that using MI alone or in conjunction with other therapies results in greater rates of tobacco cessation compared to interventions that did not include MI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE OF THE ANSWER: A...
March 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642080/impact-of-juvenile-chronic-stress-on-adult-cortico-accumbal-function-implications-for-cognition-and-addiction
#15
REVIEW
Michael J Watt, Matthew A Weber, Shaydel R Davies, Gina L Forster
Repeated exposure to stress during childhood is associated with increased risk for neuropsychiatric illness, substance use disorders and other behavioral problems in adulthood. However, it is not clear how chronic childhood stress can lead to emergence of such a wide range of symptoms and disorders in later life. One possible explanation lies in stress-induced disruption to the development of specific brain regions associated with executive function and reward processing, deficits in which are common to the disorders promoted by childhood stress...
June 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639495/substance-use-in-adolescents-with-mental-illness-in-durban-south-africa
#16
Bhoodeo Taukoor, Saeeda Paruk, Enver Karim, Jonathan K Burns
Comorbid substance use in adolescents with mental illness is often an indicator of poor treatment outcome. This study aims to determine the prevalence of, and associated risk factors for, substance use in adolescents with mental illness attending a mental health service. Data was collected from hospital records of 162 adolescents, using a structured data sheet, over a two-year period. Substance use was more significant in older adolescents and those with severe mental illness. Sixty-two (38.3%) adolescents used substances...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622813/evaluation-of-drug-use-and-medication-compliance-in-adolescents-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-facility-from-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#17
George Sam Wang, Genie Roosevelt, Amy Becker, Lina Brou, Jeffrey L Galinkin
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of drug use and medication compliance during mental health evaluation can help guide evaluation and treatment. The objective was to evaluate drug use and medication compliance in a pediatric emergency department (PED) psychiatric population by comparing medical history, standard urine drug screen (EIA), and expanded urine drug screen (HPLC-MS/MS). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of admitted psychiatric patients ≥13years and ≤18years in a tertiary-care children's hospital psychiatric ED from January 31, 2013 through April 16, 2014...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621645/patterns-and-factors-of-problematic-marijuana-use-in-the-canadian-population-evidence-from-three-cross-sectional-surveys
#18
W I Andrew Bonner, Mustafa Andkhoie, Charlene Thompson, Marwa Farag, Michael Szafron
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to describe marijuana use in Canada and explore factors associated with problematic use. METHODS: Data from the 2010-2012 circulations of the Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey were used to create three logistic regression models for the purposes of identifying and comparing factors associated with the degree of marijuana use, as determined via the WHO Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Abuse Involvement Screening Test (non-problematic, problematic) and European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (experiential, recent, current) methods...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610574/predicting-evidence-based-treatment-sustainment-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-adolescent-community-reinforcement-approach
#19
Sarah B Hunter, Bing Han, Mary E Slaughter, Susan H Godley, Bryan R Garner
BACKGROUND: Implementation support models are increasingly being used to enhance the delivery of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) in routine care settings. Little is known about the extent to which these models lead to continued EBT use after implementation support ends. Moreover, few empirical studies longitudinally examine the hypothesized factors associated with long-term psychosocial EBT use (i.e., sustainment). In an effort to address this gap, the current study examined sustainment of an EBT called the Adolescent-Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA) following the end of implementation support...
June 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#20
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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