keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adolescent substance abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205146/binge-drinking-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-issues
#1
Benjamin Rolland, Mickaël Naassila
The concept of binge drinking (BD) refers to patterns of heavy episodic alcohol consumption, with BD primarily occurring among adolescents and young adults. Several official definitions of BD have been proposed, in particular by the World Health Organization, the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Nevertheless, none of these definitions address the psychosocial and medical consequences of the type of alcohol use seen in BD. In practice, BD can thus correspond to either hazardous or harmful use of alcohol (HUA), while the episodic nature of heavy drinking in BD means that it does not meet the criteria for 'alcohol dependence'...
February 15, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202303/association-between-substance-use-diagnoses-and-psychiatric-disorders-in%C3%A2-an-adolescent-and-young-adult-clinic-based-population
#2
Justine Wittenauer Welsh, John R Knight, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Monica Malowney, Patricia Schram, Lon Sherritt, J Wesley Boyd
PURPOSE: Adolescents with substance use disorders are more likely to have a current psychiatric disorder. However, when compared with the adult literature, there is relatively limited information regarding the specific co-occurrence of certain mental health diagnoses and substance use disorders in adolescents. The objectives of this study were to build on the previous literature regarding mental health diagnoses and different types of substance use disorders in adolescents, as well as explore the differences, if any, between groupings of mental health diagnosis and type of substance used...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#3
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190538/acute-intoxication-caused-by-synthetic-cannabinoids-5f-adb-and-mmb-2201-a-case-series
#4
Bernardino Barceló, Simona Pichini, Victoria López-Corominas, Isabel Gomila, Christopher Yates, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Manuela Pellegrini
Synthetic cannabinoids are relatively new substances of abuse. Recently, abuse of synthetic cannabinoids has been increasingly reported in the lay press and medical literature. When new compounds are introduced, their use is initially not restricted by prohibition therefore their consumption cannot be verified by standard drug tests. The use of these compounds among adolescents and young adults is constantly growing, making it important for emergency services to be familiar with the signs and symptoms of intoxication present...
February 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#5
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173635/an-assessment-of-the-experiences-and-needs-of-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions-in-transitional-care-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-patient-education-programme
#6
Franziska Bomba, Carsten Herrmann-Garitz, Julia Schmidt, Silke Schmidt, Ute Thyen
The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions is a challenging task. This study aimed to explore the experiences and needs of adolescents with chronic conditions in the transition period and to apply these findings to the design of a generic patient education programme. Data were collected from a sample of 29 adolescents with chronic conditions from Northern Germany and Switzerland including a broad range of views due to variation in disease management and organisation of care both in paediatric and adult populations...
March 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170053/substance-use-or-abuse-internet-use-psychopathology-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#7
Matilde Bousoño Serrano, Susana Al-Halabí, Patricia Burón, Marlen Garrido, Eva María Díaz-Mesa, Gonzalo Galván, Leticia García-Álvarez, Vladimir Carli, Christina Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman, Manuel Bousoño, María Paz García-Portilla, Celso Iglesias, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Julio Bobes
Substance and Internet use or abuse, psychopathology and suicidal ideation appear to be related. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between use of psychotropic substances, inadequate Internet use, suicidal ideation and other psychopathological symptoms within the adolescent population. The present study was carried out as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project, funded by the European Union. The sample is composed of 1026 adolescents aged between 14 and 16 years from 12 state schools in Asturias (530 men and 496 women)...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157551/the-predictive-value-of-childhood-subthreshold-manic-symptoms-for-adolescent-and-adult-psychiatric-outcomes
#8
Efstathios Papachristou, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Johan Ormel, Dennis Raven, Catharina A Hartman, Sophia Frangou, Abraham Reichenberg
BACKGROUND: Childhood subthreshold manic symptoms may represent a state of developmental vulnerability to Bipolar Disorder (BD) and may also be associated with other adverse psychiatric outcomes. To test this hypothesis we examined the structure and predictive value of childhood subthreshold manic symptoms for common psychiatric disorders presenting by early adulthood. METHODS: Subthreshold manic symptoms at age 11 years and lifetime clinical outcomes by age 19 years were ascertained in the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a prospective Dutch community cohort...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145794/the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-clinical-diagnosis-of-a-substance-use-disorder-results-of-a-nationally-representative-study
#9
McKenzie Lynn LeTendre, Mark B Reed
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is one of the most common health outcomes associated with adverse childhood experience, and poses a significant public health threat. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a relationship between adverse childhood experience and a substance use disorder using nationally representative data as well as to test whether religion moderates this relationship. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 11,279)...
February 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140729/association-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-with-substance-use-and-family-characteristics-among-children-and-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#10
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Arzu Ciftci Demirci, Gizem Melissa Kocaman, Ayten Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in youth and adults suggest strong association between substance use disorders and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. There is paucity of studies exploring the association of substance use with history of suicide attempts (HSA) and NSSI in children and adolescents in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prevalence of NSSI and HSA and their relationship with substance use and family characteristics among youth seeking treatment for substance use in Turkey...
January 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132705/the-juvenile-justice-behavioral-health-services-cascade-a-new-framework-for-measuring-unmet-substance-use-treatment-services-needs-among-adolescent-offenders
#11
Steven Belenko, Danica Knight, Gail A Wasserman, Michael L Dennis, Tisha Wiley, Faye S Taxman, Carrie Oser, Richard Dembo, Angela A Robertson, Jessica Sales
OVERVIEW: Substance use and substance use disorders are highly prevalent among youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision, and related to delinquency, psychopathology, social problems, risky sex and sexually transmitted infections, and health problems. However, numerous gaps exist in the identification of behavioral health (BH) problems and in the subsequent referral, initiation and retention in treatment for youth in community justice settings. This reflects both organizational and systems factors, including coordination between justice and BH agencies...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132697/physician-practices-to-prevent-adhd-stimulant-diversion-and-misuse
#12
Natalie Colaneri, Sarah Keim, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report that a significant number of adolescents misuse and divert prescription stimulants. As prescribers of these medications, physicians have a unique opportunity to help prevent the improper use and unlawful distribution of these medications. This study evaluates the extent to which physicians employ prevention practices with their adolescent patients with ADHD and their perceptions of the effectiveness of these practices. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and mailed to child and adolescent psychiatrists, child neurologists, and developmental-behavioral pediatricians in the US...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124943/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-chlamydia-infection-in-youth-who-use-drugs-and-alcohol-a-good-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#13
Wole Akosile, Brett M McDermott
AIMS: This study estimates the prevalence of chlamydia infection amongst teenage substance users aged 14-18years and investigates risk factors associated with a positive diagnosis of chlamydia infection. METHODS: Data was collected from the medical files of adolescents who attended a statewide drug and alcohol treatment facility during a three-year period commencing June 2011. RESULTS: The highest rate of chlamydia detection (18.0%) was found in the group with a reported history of abuse, a non-substance use psychiatric diagnosis, and individuals who did not complete year 10 education...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121012/research-review-the-effectiveness-of-multidimensional-family-therapy-in-treating-adolescents-with-multiple-behavior-problems-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Thimo M van der Pol, Machteld Hoeve, Marc J Noom, Geert Jan J M Stams, Theo A H Doreleijers, Lieke van Domburgh, Robert R J M Vermeiren
BACKGROUND: Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is a well-established treatment for adolescents showing both substance abuse and/or antisocial behavior. METHOD: The effectiveness of MDFT in reducing adolescents' substance abuse, delinquency, externalizing and internalizing psychopathology, and family malfunctioning was examined by means of a (three-level) meta-analysis, summarizing 61 effect sizes from 19 manuscripts (N = 1,488 participants). RESULTS: Compared with other therapies, the overall effect size of MDFT was significant, albeit small in magnitude (d = 0...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117056/little-treatments-promising-effects-meta-analysis-of-single-session-interventions-for%C3%A2-youth-psychiatric-problems
#15
REVIEW
Jessica L Schleider, John R Weisz
OBJECTIVE: Despite progress in the development of evidence-based interventions for youth psychiatric problems, up to 75% of youths with mental health needs never receive services, and early dropout is common among those who do. If effective, then single-session interventions (SSIs) for youth psychiatric problems could increase the accessibility, scalability, completion rates, and cost-effectiveness of youth mental health services. This study assessed the effects of SSIs for youth psychiatric problems...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116588/early-onset-of-sexual-intercourse-and-parental-incarceration-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#16
Von E Nebbitt, Dexter R Voisin, M Taqi Tirmazi
Mass incarceration, substance use, and adolescent early onset of sex (e.g., initiate sexual intercourse at 13 years of age or younger) are social problems with disparate impacts on low-income African American communities. Two out of every five inmates in state and federal prisons are African American and the vast majority of these inmates are from low-income communities. Furthermore, this population experiences more severe consequences of substance use and abuse compared to other populations. In sum, African American youth endure the lion share of problems that mass incarceration and substance use leave in their wake...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111268/impact-of-adolescent-social-experiences-on-behavior-and-neural-circuits-implicated-in-mental-illnesses
#17
REVIEW
Andrew R Burke, Cheryl M McCormick, Sergio M Pellis, Jodi L Lukkes
Negative social experiences during adolescence are central features for several stress-related mental illnesses. Social play fighting behavior in rats peaks during early adolescence and is essential for the final maturation of brain and behavior. Manipulation of the rat adolescent social experience alters many neurobehavioral measurements implicated in anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. In this review, we will highlight the importance of social play and the use of three separate social stress models (isolation-rearing, social defeat, and social instability stress) to disrupt the acquisition of this adaptive behavior...
January 19, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109727/socioeconomic-disparities-in-adolescent-substance-use-role-of-enjoyable-alternative-substance-free-activities
#18
Nafeesa Andrabi, Rubin Khoddam, Adam M Leventhal
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether reduced substance-free enjoyable activity (i.e., 'alternative reinforcers') is a mediating mechanism linking lower socioeconomic status and adolescent substance use risk. METHOD: High school students in Los Angeles, CA (N = 2,553, 2013-2014, M age baseline = 14.1) were administered three semiannual surveys. Socioeconomic status was measured by highest parental education reported at Wave 1 (the beginning of 9th grade). Three elements of alternative reinforcement at Wave 2 (six-month follow-up) were assessed as mediators: ratings of frequency of engagement, level of enjoyment, and frequency × enjoyment product scores of substance-free typically pleasant activities (like participation in sports teams or school clubs)...
January 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107388/factors-moderating-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-premorbid-adjustment-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#19
S Kilian, J K Burns, S Seedat, L Asmal, B Chiliza, S Du Plessis, M R Olivier, M Kidd, R Emsley
Childhood trauma is a recognised risk factor for schizophrenia. It has been proposed that childhood trauma interferes with normal neurodevelopment, thereby establishing a biological vulnerability to schizophrenia. Poor premorbid adjustment is frequently a precursor to schizophrenia, and may be a manifestation of neurodevelopmental compromise. We investigated the relationship between childhood trauma and premorbid adjustment in 77 patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We also investigated possible mediating roles for other selected risk factors in the relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095034/self-reported-driving-under-the-influence-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-among-ontario-students-associations-with-graduated-licensing-risk-taking-and-substance-abuse
#20
Steven Cook, Danielle Shank, Tara Bruno, Nigel E Turner, Robert E Mann
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the patterns of self-reported driving under the influence of alcohol (DUIA) and driving under the influence of cannabis (DUIC) among licenced Ontario students in 2009, and examines their associations with graduated licencing, risk taking, and substance use problems for understanding DUIA and DUIC behaviours. Ontario's graduated licencing system requires new drivers to hold a G1 license for a minimum of 8 months, and a G2 licence for a minimum of 12 months before a full and unrestricted G license can be obtained...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
keyword
keyword
6028
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"