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Adolescent substance abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426363/social-risk-and-protective-factors-in-adolescents-reduction-and-cessation-of-alcohol-use
#1
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' alcohol use is related to many health problems, injuries, and violent acts, some with fatal consequences. A gap exists in the literature discussing risk/protective factors in change from non-heavy drinking to non-drinking, and also for change from heavy drinking to non-heavy drinking or non-drinking. OBJECTIVE: This secondary study examined some risk and protective factors involved when adolescent non-heavy drinkers and adolescent heavy drinkers curb or terminate their drinking...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#2
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#3
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#4
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#5
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414487/how-much-is-enough-examining-frequency-criteria-for-nssi-disorder-in-adolescent-inpatients
#6
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Amy M Brausch, Jason J Washburn
OBJECTIVE: To empirically evaluate the diagnostic relevance of the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; APA, 2013) Criterion-A frequency threshold for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder. METHOD: Archival, de-identified, self-reported clinical assessment data from 746 adolescent psychiatric patients (Mage = 14.97; 88% female; 76% White) were used. The sample was randomly split into 2 unique samples for data analyses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414474/abstinence-based-incentives-plus-parent-training-for-adolescent-alcohol-and-other-substance-misuse
#7
Catherine Stanger, Emily A Scherer, Steven F Babbin, Stacy R Ryan, Alan J Budney
The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized test of clinic- and home-based incentives plus parent training for adolescent problem alcohol use. Adolescents (N = 75) with alcohol misuse, with or without other substance misuse, were enrolled. All youth received individual Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavior Therapy and weekly urine drug testing. The experimental condition (EXP) included Abstinence Incentives (clinic-based incentives for abstinence from all substances) plus weekly behavioral parent training that included a parent-delivered, abstinence-based, substance monitoring contract...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406347/youth-problem-drinking-the-role-of-parental-and-familial-relationships
#8
Máté Á Balázs, Bettina F Piko, Kevin M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use continues to be an important global public health problem and adolescence seems to be a decisive period of time in the development of drinking patterns into adulthood. While most studies concentrate on frequency and amount of alcohol, fewer studies address "problem drinking." Gathering information on youth's alcohol-related behavioral consequences is especially important. OBJECTIVES: Current research focuses on gathering information on the background of problem drinking behavior with special attention to parental/familial relationships...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403680/examining-the-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-school-performance-in-public-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#9
Dana Altamimi, Maha Almuneef, Fadia Albuhairan, Hassan Saleheen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between child maltreatment (CM) and school performance among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2014. The enrolment criteria included both male and female Saudi students ( n=674; 52.7% male) aged 12-19 years ( Mage=15.6±1.6 years), attending intermediate and secondary schools belonging to the Ministry of National Guard. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information on different forms of abuse that had occurred in the past or were currently occurring...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393553/analysis-of-intentional-drug-poisonings-using-ohio-poison-control-center-data-2002-2014
#10
Kelsey Pringle, Sarah Caupp, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Henry Xiang
CONTEXT: Pharmaceutical drug poisonings, especially those that are intentional, are a serious problem for adolescents and young adults. Poison control center data is a viable tool to track intentional drug poisonings in near real-time. OBJECTIVE: To determine intentional drug poisoning rates among adolescents and young adults in Ohio using poison control center data. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2002 to 2014 obtained by Ohio's three poison control centers...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391109/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-substance-abuse-an-investigation-in-young-austrian-males
#11
Anita Riegler, Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Otto Lesch, Henriette Walter, Katrin Skala
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found an association between Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents and adults. We intended to determine whether substance abuse and SUDs are associated with former and current ADHD symptomatology in a non-clinical sample of 17 and 18 year old males. METHOD: A representative sample of 3280 young men (6.8% of all males born in Austria in the respective year) was investigated during the examination for military service...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360785/determination-of-clinical-and-socio-demographical-differences-of-adolescents-applying-to-a-treatment-center-with-family-encouragement-or-the-decision-of-the-probation-office-and-determination-of-predictive-factors-in-maintaining-soberness-among-probation-cases
#12
Zeki Yüncü, Rezzan Aydin, Cahide Aydin, Burcu Özbaran, Sezen Köse
INTRODUCTION: This study has two objectives. The first objective of this study was the determination of some basic clinical and socio-demographical differences among the adolescents with substance abuse who apply to a treatment center with support from their family or by order of the probation office. The other objective of this study was the determination of the predictive factors in maintaining soberness among adolescents who successfully complete the probation treatment process. METHODS: The target population of this study is young adults under 19 years of age who apply to a substance addiction center for adolescents as a result of encouragement from their family or ordered by the Probation Office between 2005 and 2013...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353126/preventing-adolescent-substance-use-through-an-evidence-based-program-effects-of-the-italian-adaptation-of-life-skills-training
#13
Veronica Velasco, Kenneth W Griffin, Gilbert J Botvin
Evidence-based preventive interventions for adolescent substance use, violence, and mental health issues are increasingly being adapted and disseminated internationally. In the present paper, we report the results of an effectiveness study that was part of a comprehensive initiative by a coalition of health promotion organizations in the Lombardy region of Italy to select, culturally adapt, implement, evaluate, and sustain an evidence-based drug abuse prevention program developed in the USA. Findings are presented from a large-scale effectiveness study of the Life Skills Training prevention program among over 3000 students attending 55 middle schools in Italy...
March 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349246/suicide-patterns-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-from-a-pediatric-institution-in-england
#14
Khairul Zainum, Marta C Cohen
Suicide is a catastrophic event to both families and communities yet it is potentially preventable. This study aims to determine incidence and patterns of suicide in children and young adolescents in our region, raise awareness of this entity as a potentially preventable cause of death in this age group, and identify its possible associated risk factors. We retrospectively reviewed suicide cases presenting as sudden unexpected death in children and adolescents that underwent coronial post-mortems at our institution...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348201/tobacco-product-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents
#15
Hongying Dai
OBJECTIVES: Sexual minority youth face health disparities and a high risk of substance abuse. This study sought to fully characterize the disparity of tobacco use and risk factors in this high-risk subpopulation. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the current use of various tobacco products (cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, cigars, and e-cigarettes) was compared according to sex and distinct sexual identities (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and unsure)...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338724/sex-differences-in-the-development-of-emotion-circuitry-in-adolescents-at-risk-for-substance-abuse-a-longitudinal-fmri-study
#16
Jillian E Hardee, Lora M Cope, Emily C Munier, Robert C Welsh, Robert A Zucker, Mary M Heitzeg
There is substantial evidence for behavioral sex differences in risk trajectories for alcohol and substance use disorders (SUDs), with internalizing factors such as negative affectivity contributing more to female risk. Because the neural development of emotion circuitry varies between males and females across adolescence, it represents a potential mechanism by which underlying neurobiology contributes to SUD risk. Longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was conducted in males and females (n = 18 each) with a family history of alcohol use disorders starting at ages 8-13yrs...
February 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330465/the-impact-of-non-response-bias-due-to-sampling-in-public-health-studies-a-comparison-of-voluntary-versus-mandatory-recruitment-in-a-dutch-national-survey-on-adolescent-health
#17
Kei Long Cheung, Peter M Ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries, Marcel E Pieterse
BACKGROUND: In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Research that is dependent upon voluntary subject participation is particularly vulnerable to sampling bias. As respondents whose participation is hardest to elicit on a voluntary basis are also more likely to report risk behaviour, this potentially leads to underestimation of risk factor prevalence...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329626/associations-between-indoor-tanning-and-risky-health-related-behaviors-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#18
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
Understanding of the associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among adolescents across the United States is incomplete. The purpose of this study is to identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning according to region. We analyzed the results from surveys of adolescents in 14 different states administered as part of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013. Data were collected and analyzed over a 4-month period from January 2016 to April 2016...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323517/differences-in-adolescent-emotion-regulation-and-impulsivity-a-group-comparison-study-of-school-based-recovery-students
#19
Beth S Russell, Anne Thompson Heller, Morica Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Recovery high schools (RHS) vary in organization and operating philosophy, but are designed to support the unique needs of students struggling with substance use disorders (SUD). Previous research on youth risk taking behaviors suggests emotion regulation is a key predictor of outcomes. Specifically, the ability to respond in adaptive rather than maladaptive ways is often associated with challenges of impulsivity, poor distress tolerance, and adolescent substance use. OBJECTIVES: The current study considers data from RHS students in order to answer research questions concerning impulsivity and emotion regulation of youth working to change their risk trajectories in comparison to group of typically developing youth...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314553/is-alexithymia-related-to-cannabis-use-disorder-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-outpatient-adolescent-cannabis-abusers
#20
Géraldine Dorard, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Phan, Yves Edel, Maurice Corcos, Sylvie Berthoz
OBJECTIVE: In recent decades, alexithymia has been considered a risk factor for multiple somatic and psychiatric conditions. Yet, whereas alexithymia has been extensively studied in adults with a substance misuse, only one study has reported data on cannabis abusers from the general population. Hence, our main objective was to explore alexithymia in a clinical sample of treatment-seeking young outpatients with a DSM-IV cannabis dependence or abuse diagnosis compared to controls. METHODS: 120 young patients (95 males - mean age 17...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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