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cellulitis treatment

Amos Lal, Alwyn Rapose
BACKGROUND: Gonococcal infection can present with wide spectrum of symptoms, most commonly involving the genitals. This case highlights a rare presentation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection primarily with skin involvement without uro-genital disease. CASE: A 33-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with complaints of painful swelling of his penis. In the emergency room, he underwent incision and drainage of the abscess under local anaesthesia. After microbiological evaluation, he was found to have skin abscess caused by N...
March 16, 2018: Infection
Anita Lwanga, Michael Anis, Mohamed Ayoubi, Jaya Sharma, Pam Khosla
Myiasis is the infestation of humans with dipterous larvae. Traditionally, myiasis was thought to affect individuals living in tropical regions, however, several cases in temperate zones have been reported. We encountered two patients with histories of malignancies that presented with complaints of myiasis, in Chicago, in the spring and summer of 2016. The first patient, a 54-year-old female with a history of breast cancer, presented with complaints of maggots infesting her postsurgical chest wounds. She was diagnosed with sepsis, cellulitis, and wound myiasis...
January 10, 2018: Curēus
M-M Farhat, A Le Guern, C Peugniez, F Dabouz, J-F Quinchon, P Modiano
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphoedema is classically complicated by recurring episodes of cellulitis. Degeneration to the angiosarcoma form (Stewart-Treves syndrome) is much less common. It occurs mainly in the upper limbs following surgery or radiotherapy for mammary neoplasia. Herein we report a rare case of Stewart-Treves syndrome (STS) of the lower limb as a complication of congenital lymphoedema. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 69-year-old woman treated for bilateral lower-limb oedema present for 30years developed painful necrotic lesions in her left lower limb...
March 9, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Patrick Reich, Thomas Shute, Colleen Lysen, Shawn R Lockhart, M Kelly Keating, Philip Custer, Rachel Orscheln
An 11-year-old immunocompetent girl presented with two and a half months of progressive right orbital cellulitis, which did not respond to multiple courses of antibiotics or prednisone. A panfungal polymerase chain reaction primer was positive for Saksenaea vasiformis, and she completed 5 months of oral posaconazole therapy after debridement. Saksenaea vasiformis is a rare cause of zygomycosis, and it typically causes skin and soft tissue infection in immunocompetent hosts, particularly after a traumatic injury...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Camille Aubin-Lemay, Philippe Acar, Nayif Alnaif, Abdulrahman Alamri, Alain Joe Azzi, Sabrina Cugno
The authors present a rare case of nontraumatic medial orbital wall fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Fractures of the orbital wall secondary to nose blowing have not been previously described in the pediatric population. The patient reported a history of chronic forceful nose blowing, followed by periorbital swelling after an episode of vigorous nose blowing. Erroneous diagnoses of sinusitis and periorbital cellulitis lead to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. The authors hypothesize that repeated and aggressive nose blowing is analogous to stress fractures, leading to weakening and eventual fracture of the medial orbital wall...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Davut Eren, Eray Eroglu, Aysegul Ulu Kilic, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Necati Mumcu, Murat Hayri Sipahioglu, Ozlem Canoz, Ayse Nedret Koc, Oktay Oymak
Skin infections caused by Paecilomyces species have been rarely described in patients with solid organ transplantation. Cutaneous manifestations are highly variable and include erythematous macules, nodules, pustules, and vesicular and necrotic lesions. The diagnosis of these infections is generally made by examination of a skin biopsy. Management of these fungal infections is difficult due to the immunocompromised state of the patients. Moreover, antifungal therapy and immunosuppressive drug interactions should be considered during treatment management...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Zita M Jessop, Matthew Welck, Emily Zinser, Nicholas Garlick, Susan Hopkins
Introduction: Dermal fillers are used for multiple cosmetic indications including gluteal and thigh augmentation. Complications, although infrequent, are increasing due to the dramatic growth of dermal filler use. Our aim was to describe how the complication of infected silicone granulomas can present following lower limb augmentation. Methods: Two cases presented with pain, oedema, and erythema at the site of previous silicone filler injection, following a considerable delay after the last injection (range 4-7 years)...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
F Safa, M Pant, C Weerasinghe, R Felix, T Terjanian
Merkel cell carcinoma (mcc) is an uncommon malignancy of the skin arising from cells located in the deeper layers of the epidermis called Merkel cells. This malignancy rarely presents as a metastatic disease, and the field is therefore deficient in regards to management. We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who presented with a presumptive diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the left fifth digit that was resistant to treatment with antibiotics; she underwent debridement of the digit that revealed mcc and was later to have metastatic disease to her lungs, liver, and musculoskeletal system...
February 2018: Current Oncology
Gonzalo Duarte, Rashel Cheja, Diana Pachón, Carolina Ramírez, Lourdes Arellanes
Purpose: To report two cases of eyeball tattoos with short-term post procedural complications. Observations: Case 1 is a 26-year-old Mexican man that developed orbital cellulitis and posterior scleritis 2 h after an eyeball tattoo. Patient responded satisfactorily to systemic antibiotic and corticosteroid treatment. Case 2 is a 17-year-old Mexican man that developed two sub-episcleral nodules in the ink injection sites immediately after the procedure. Conclusions and importance: Eyeball tattoos are performed by non-ophthalmic trained personnel...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Heather T Gold, Dawn Walter, Eleni Tousimis, Mary Katherine Hayes
A new breast cancer treatment, brachytherapy-based accelerated partial breast radiotherapy (RT), was adopted before long-term effectiveness evidence, potentially increasing morbidity and costs compared with whole breast RT. The aim of this study was to estimate complication rates and RT-specific and 1-year costs for a cohort of female Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with breast cancer (N = 47 969). We analyzed 2005-2007 Medicare claims using multivariable logistic regression for complications and generalized linear models (log link, gamma distribution) for costs...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Lina María Castaño-Jaramillo, C Beltrán-Arroyave, L C Santander-Peláez, A M Vélez-Escobar, C G Garcés-Samudio, Mónica Trujillo-Honeysberg
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) are very common in children and Staphylococcus aureus is the main agent, with an increase of methicillin resistant strains (MRSA) in recent years. AIM: To identify the frequency of MRSA in skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in children from a high complex hospital in Medellin, Colombia. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective study, information was obtained from medical records. We included patients younger than 18 years with SSTI due to S...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Deniz Aygün, Cezmi Doğan, Mustafa Hepokur, Osman Şevki Arslan, Haluk Çokuğraş, Yıldız Camcıoglu
Aim: Orbital tissue infections are common infections of childhood that can lead to severe complications. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the etiologic factors, diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment procedures in pediatric patients with orbital infections. Material and Methods: This study was performed retrospectively between January 2014 and December 2015 in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit. Patients were studied for age, ophthalmologic examination features, laboratory and radiology results, treatment modalities, and the response to these treatments...
December 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Muhammad Mateen Amir, Naveen Abubakar Bugvi
A 22-year male presented in outpatient department with right sided proptosis and chemosis, after a roadside accident two months back. He was on treatment for orbital cellulitis and taking steroids with antibiotics, both orally and topically. He was also on topical antiglaucoma agents. Detailed examination revealed bruit on auscultation. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), dilated superior ophthalmic vein led to diagnosis of caroticocavernous fistula (CCF) and the patient was referred to Neurosurgery Department of Lahore General Hospital (LGH), Lahore, where digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and balloon catheterization by a radiologist in the same sitting, resulted in successful closure of fistula and amelioration of all the signs and symptoms within six weeks...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Graham R Foster, Kosh Agarwal, Matthew E Cramp, Sulleman Moreea, Stephen Barclay, Jane Collier, Ashley S Brown, Stephen D Ryder, Andrew Ustianowski, Daniel M Forton, Ray Fox, Fiona Gordon, William M Rosenberg, David J Mutimer, Jiejun Du, Christopher L Gilbert, Ernest Asante-Appiah, Janice Wahl, Michael N Robertson, Eliav Barr, Barbara Haber
Many direct-acting antiviral regimens have reduced activity in people with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT)3 infection and cirrhosis. The C-ISLE study assessed the efficacy and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) plus sofosbuvir (SOF) with and without ribavirin (RBV) in compensated cirrhotic participants with GT3 infection. This was a phase 2, randomized, open-label study. Treatment-naive participants received EBR/GZR + SOF + RBV for 8 weeks or EBR/GZR + SOF for 12 weeks and peginterferon/RBV treatment-experienced participants received EBR/GZR + SOF ± RBV for 12 weeks or EBR/GZR + SOF for 16 weeks...
February 23, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Brendan Kane, Evan Adler, Tarun Bhandari, Michael Rose, Nicola DiGuglielmo, Xiu Sun
Malignant hidradenocarcinomas are rare soft tissue tumors of sweat gland origin. We present the case of a soft tissue, fungating tumor of 15 years' duration of the medial ankle in an 85-year-old male that exhibited malignant features clinically and radiographically. Subsequent punch biopsy revealed a diagnosis of malignant hidradenocarcinoma. Given the risk of recurrence and the poor radiation and chemotherapy options, the patient initially decided to leave the lesion untreated. However, he soon developed lower extremity cellulitis from the exposed lesion and decided to have the tumor excised, eliminating the source of the infection...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Margaret L Pfeiffer, Helen A Merritt, Lucy A Bailey, Karina Richani, Margaret E Phillips
Purpose: To describe a case of orbital apex syndrome as a result of isolated bacterial sinusitis. Observations: A 63-year-old woman presented with an orbital apex syndrome from isolated bacterial sinusitis with rapidly declining visual acuity to no light perception. We compared our case with 6 similar cases of severe vision loss from isolated bacterial sinusitis. In contrast to previously published cases, our patient presented with good vision yet deteriorated to no light perception despite appropriate treatment...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Lauren N Ko, Anna C Garza-Mayers, Jessica St John, Lauren Strazzula, Priyanka Vedak, Radhika Shah, Allison S Dobry, Sowmya R Rao, Leslie W Milne, Blair Alden Parry, Daniela Kroshinsky
Importance: Each year, cellulitis leads to 650 000 hospital admissions and is estimated to cost $3.7 billion in the United States. Previous literature has demonstrated a high misdiagnosis rate for cellulitis, which results in unnecessary antibiotic use and health care cost. Objective: To determine whether dermatologic consultation decreases duration of hospital stay or intravenous antibiotic treatment duration in patients with cellulitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in a large urban tertiary care hospital between October 2012 and January 2017, with 1-month follow-up duration...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Basel Jabarin, Ephraim Eviatar, Ofer Israel, Tal Marom, Haim Gavriel
PURPOSE: Our objective was to identify the clinical indicators for subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) among patients who present with periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis, and to evaluate the need for performing a computerized tomography (CT) scan. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to our tertiary care emergency department between 2006 and 2014 was conducted. Included were healthy patients with acute periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis...
February 15, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Farah Constantin, Patricia-Alexandra Niculescu, Oana Petre, Daniel Balasa, Alexandru Tunas, Ioana Rusu, Mihai Lupascu, Cristiana Orodel
Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
İlknur Çağlar, Cansu Kafes, Mine Korcum, Mine Düzgöl, Ahu Kara, Süleyman Nuri Bayram, Hurşit Apa, İlker Devrim
OBJECTIVE: Hospitalization of the children with preseptal cellulitis creates a burden on healthcare costs. This study aimed to analyze the hospital costs for preseptal cellulitis and determine the factors contributing. METHODS: Children, between 1 and 18 years old, who were admitted to hospital for preseptal cellulitis from May 2013 to December 2016 were included in the study. Patients were divided into groups by age (under or equal to five years and older than five years) and by the presence of sinusitis...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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