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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785752/skin-lesions-over-the-pocket-area-that-may-mimic-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-case-series
#1
Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Sofia Plakoutsi, Elizabeth Florou, Aris Bechlioulis
BACKGROUND: The early and correct diagnosis of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections is critical given that early aggressive treatment with complete removal of the system along with antimicrobial therapy dramatically improves outcomes. Pocket infection manifested by local signs of inflammation is the most common form of CIED infections. Conditions mimicking pocket infection have been described in the literature. These include various types of malignancy and rarely allergic reactions/contact dermatitis to pacemaker compounds...
May 21, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785313/management-of-an-infected-nonunion-of-an-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-with-2-stage-implantation-of-rotating-hinge-knee-prosthesis
#2
Sandrine Mariaux, Olivier Borens
Introduction: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a frequent and effective treatment for unicompartmental gonarthritis. Only a few articles are focused on the treatment of infected nonunion. Patient and Method: A 50-year-old obese patient was operated on by medial opening-wedge HTO. She developed a painful nonunion treated by hardware removal, allograft, and plate fixation. However, the nonunion persisted. 2 years later, cellulitis appeared with an abscess adjacent to the HTO plate...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781249/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-injection-site-skin-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-tehran
#3
Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hesam Ghisvand, Alireza Noroozi, Mahmood Karimy, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Brandon D L Marshall, Bahman Dieji
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Injection drug use is one of the major public health problems in Iran. Injection drug use is associated with numerous negative health outcomes, such as blood-borne infections (HIV, HCV) and injection site skin infections (abscesses, cellulitis). The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of injection site skin infections and its associated risk factors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2016 in Tehran province...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780951/multi-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-chelonae-scleral-buckle-infection
#4
Daniel S Churgin, Kimberly D Tran, Ninel Z Gregori, Ryan C Young, Chrisfouad Alabiad, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To describe a case of Multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium chelonae scleral buckle infection. Observations: A 56 year-old male with history of retinal detachment repair with scleral buckle 20 years prior presented with 8 months of intermittent pain and redness in the left eye. The patient was diagnosed with scleral buckle infection, the buckle was removed, and cultures revealed multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium chelonae. The postoperative course included orbital cellulitis treated with systemic linezolid, clarithromycin, and imipenem...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772620/-development-of-ectopic-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-prostate-cancer-during-combined-androgen-blockade-therapy
#5
Yosuke Sekii, Mitsuhiro Yoshinaga, Masahiro Nakagawa, Hidefumi Kishikawa, Kazumasa Oka, Kenji Nishimura
A 74-year old man presented to us with difficulty urinating. The laboratory examinations revealed an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. A prostate biopsy revealed prostate adenocarcinoma. The computed tomography scan showed metastasis to lymph nodes in the pelvic cavity and both adrenal glands. Combined androgen blockade therapy was started, and PSA levels began to decrease gradually. However, 2 months later, he was hospitalized for treatment of cellulitis and was found to have hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hypokalemia...
April 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768298/orbital-cellulitis-when-computed-tomography-imaging-is-falsely-reassuring
#6
Arsany Basily, Sasha Mansukhani, Andrew Anzeljc, Peter Gutierrez
An 8-year-old male presented to the pediatric emergency department with subjective fever, blurry vision, and left eye pain. On physical examination, there was mild left lower lid erythema and a subtle left eye elevation deficit. Computed tomography demonstrated preseptal soft tissue swelling without orbital involvement; however, there was varying amounts of paranasal sinus opacification. Despite the negative scan, a diagnosis of orbital cellulitis associated with sinusitis was made and treatment with intravenous antibiotics was initiated...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761780/-sweet-syndrome-manifestations
#7
Lina Zeraiq, Kim Hein Lindahl, Anette Bygum
Sweet syndrome (SS) exists as classical, malignancy-associated, drug-induced and as the new variants: giant cellulitis-like SS and neutrophilic dermatosis of the hands. SS exhibits different morphologies. Skin manifestations are usually accompanied by fever and neutrocytosis. All variants respond to systemic corticosteroids, but SS can recur. SS may be the first sign of malignancy or recurrence of previous cancer. It is important to be aware of the disease, which may mimic other reactive and febrile diseases, to enable patients to obtain the correct diagnostic set-up and treatment...
May 14, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730734/robotic-assisted-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Evelyn Eleni Minis, Christos Iavazzo
BACKGROUND: Lymphadenectomy represents the standard treatment for various types of cancer. The introduction of robotics in lymph node dissection may have an important impact on post-lymphadenectomy complications. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed. RESULTS: In our review, robotic inguinal lymphadenectomy was performed on 51 patients. Penile squamous cell carcinoma was the most common histological type of the primary neoplasia...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724988/total-gastric-necrosis-due-to-mucormycosis-a-rare-case-of-gastric-perforation
#9
Salah Termos, Feras Othman, Mohammad Alali, Bader M S Al Bader, Talal Alkhadher, Wael Fathi Hassanaiah, Ali Taqi, Abhijit Sapkal
BACKGROUND Spontaneous gastric perforation is usually a complication of peptic ulcer disease, or a postoperative complication resulting from gastric torsion. Mucormycosis (or zygomycosis) is an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection that is usually seen in immunocompromised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This report is of a rare case of spontaneous gastric perforation due to mucormycosis infection. CASE REPORT A 52-year-old woman, with a past medical history of heroin abuse, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease treated by dialysis, presented to the emergency department with cellulitis of the arms...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723882/cumulative-experience-in-lymphovenous-anastomosis-for-lymphedema-treatment-the-learning-curve-effect-on-the-overall-outcome
#10
Nicolas Pereira, Yeon Hoon Lee, Youngchul Suh, Dong Hoon Choi, Hyun Suk Suh, Jae Yong Jeon, Joon Pio Jp Hong
BACKGROUND:  The lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA) has become one of the treatment options for lymphedema. However, it is regarded as a difficult surgery that many young microsurgeons are reluctant to try. This report investigates the learning curve in regard to symptom improvement. METHOD:  This is a retrospective analysis performed in 33 consecutive lymphedema patients (38 extremities) who underwent only LVAs from August 2010 to February 2016. Surgical outcomes in regard to surgeon's experience were evaluated...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719647/common-orbital-infections-state-of-the-art-part-i
#11
REVIEW
Shirin Hamed-Azzam, Islam AlHashash, Daniel Briscoe, Geoffrey E Rose, David H Verity
Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent, and can cause significant local and systemic morbidity. Loss of vision occurs in more than 10% of patients, and systemic sequelae can include meningitis, intracranial abscess, and death. Numerous organisms infect the orbit, but the most common are bacteria. There are many methods through which orbital infections occur, with infection from the neighboring ethmoid sinuses the most likely cause for all age groups. Prompt management is essential in suspected orbital cellulitis, and involves urgent intravenous antibiotics, rehydration, and treatment of any co-existent underlying systemic disease, e...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719370/evaluation-of-physician-prescribing-patterns-for-antibiotics-in-the-treatment-of-nonnecrotizing-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#12
Michael C Ezebuenyi, Fatima Brakta, Ifeanyichukwu O Onor, Daniel F Sarpong, Kendrea Bryant-Burks, Julio E Figueroa
Purpose: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) cause about 15 million cases of infection that result in more than 869,000 annual hospitalizations in the United States. Cellulitis accounted for 63% of all patients hospitalized with SSTIs between 2009 and 2011. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate physician adherence rates to evidence-based practice guidelines. Secondary objectives included evaluating antibiotic selection preferences and duration of therapy. The goal of the project was to generate data to inform the development of a hospital-based protocol for nonnecrotizing SSTI treatment...
May 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716798/identification-of-risk-factors-for-failure-in-patients-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#13
Brittany Cieri, Erin L Conway, John A Sellick, Kari A Mergenhagen
PURPOSE: The purpose was to determine significant predictors of treatment failure of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in the inpatient and outpatient setting. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated between January 1, 2005 to July 1, 2016 with ICD-9 or ICD-10 code of cellulitis or abscess. The primary outcome was failure defined as an additional prescription or subsequent hospital admission within 30 days of treatment. Risk factors for failure were identified through multivariate logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709040/pediatric-frontalis-suspension-with-braided-polyester-a-comparison-of-two-techniques
#14
Andrea Molinari, Daniel T Weaver, Todd A Goldblum, David Silbert, Sebastian P Lopez, Noelle Matta
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the benefits of using braided polyester in the management of severe or recurrent ptosis in children and young adults and to compare the efficacy of two surgical techniques. METHODS: Retrospective, non-randomized record review of 30 patients (43 eyelid procedures) affected by congenital or acquired severe ptosis who underwent frontalis suspension with braided polyester from 2008 to 2016. Two surgical techniques were compared: the base-down triangle and the Fox pentagon, both of which were performed using a closed technique...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707451/accurate-prediction-of-submental-lymph-nodes-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-lymphedema-surgery
#15
Mora-Ortiz Asuncion, Sung-Yu Chu, Yen-Ling Huang, Chia-Yu Lin, Ming-Huei Cheng
Background: Submental lymph node transfer has proved to be an effective approach for the treatment of lymphedema. This study was to investigate the anatomy and distribution of vascularized submental lymph node (VSLN) flap using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their clinical outcome. Methods: Fifteen patients who underwent 19 VSLN flap transfers for upper or lower limb lymphedema were retrospectively analyzed. The number of submental lymph nodes was compared among preoperative MRI, preoperative sonography, intraoperative finding, postoperative sonography, and postoperative computed tomography angiography...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706604/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-involving-the-ocular-adnexa
#16
Ga-In Lee, Yoon-Duck Kim, Stephanie Ming Young, Seonae Shin, Kyung In Woo
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) involving the ocular adnexa. METHODS: Retrospective, comparative, observational case series. A total of 350 patients with NKTL, including 27 patients with NKTL involving the ocular adnexa from 1999 to 2016. The patients were grouped into two groups: group 1 comprised patients presenting with ophthalmic symptoms, and group 2 comprised patients presenting with symptoms from other organs but subsequently developed ophthalmic involvement...
April 29, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693642/antibiotic-prescribing-for-oro-facial-infections-in-the-paediatric-outpatient-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Najla Dar-Odeh, Hani T Fadel, Shaden Abu-Hammad, Rua'a Abdeljawad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
There are many reports on the complications associated with antibiotics abuse during the treatment of paediatric patients, particularly those related to antimicrobial resistance. The dental profession is no exception; there is growing evidence that dental practitioners are misusing antibiotics in the treatment of their paediatric patients. This review is directed to dental practitioners who provide oral healthcare to children. It is also directed to medical practitioners, particularly those working in emergency departments and encountering children with acute orofacial infections...
April 25, 2018: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688401/anal-fistulas-in-severe-perineal-crohn-s-disease-mri-assessment-in-the-determination-of-long-term-healing-rates
#18
Charlène Brochard, Amandine Landemaine, Alexandre Merlini L'Heritier, Marie Provost Dewitte, Belinda Tchoundjeu, Tanguy Rohou, Aurélien Garros, Guillaume Bouguen, Laurent Siproudhis
Background & Aims: The European Crohn's and Colitis Organization recommends magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of anal fistulas to decide on the drug/surgery strategy. No evidence is available on the long-term impact of MRI features on fistula healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of combined drug/surgery strategies for the treatment of perianal Crohn's fistulas based on MRI factors at referral. Methods: The clinical event (anal abscess, new fistula tract, cellulitis), therapeutic intervention (introduction/optimization of immunosuppressant/biologics, anal surgery, intestinal resection, stoma), and MRI data were prospectively recorded for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and anal fistulas...
April 20, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682125/two-cases-of-micro-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-lower-extremity-with-misdiagnosis-of-refractory-cellulitis
#19
Miyako Tanaka, Fukashi Serizawa, Yohei Nagaoka, Takuya Jimbo, Kazuki Kawashima, Takeshi Asakura, Hiroshi Otomo, Kenichi Yokota
We report our experience of two cases of refractory cellulitis caused by peripheral micro-arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) in the lower extremity. The micro-AVFs were so small that they could not be located accurately; further, the patients' symptoms differed markedly from those previously reported for AVF. AVF is known to cause ischemic symptoms. In contrast, micro-AVF causes congestive symptoms and remains undetected in the majority of patients. Identification of this pathology is crucial to enable effective treatment by the ligation of the incompetent perforator vein that increases venous hypertension, leading to congestive symptoms...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675625/multidetector-ct-of-iatrogenic-and-self-inflicted-vascular-lesions-and-infections-at-the-groin
#20
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Domenico Laganà
The number and complexity of endovascular procedures performed via either arterial or venous access are steadily increasing. Albeit associated with higher morbidity compared to the radial approach, the traditional common femoral artery remains the preferred access site in a variety of cardiac, aortic, oncologic and peripheral vascular procedures. Both transarterial and venous cannulation (for electrophysiology, intravenous laser ablation and central catheterisation) at the groin may result in potentially severe vascular access site complications (VASC)...
April 19, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
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