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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050446/management-of-mycoses-in-daily-practice
#1
Lorenzo Drago, Giuseppe Micali, Manuela Papini, Bianca M Piraccini, Stefano Veraldi
The guideline recommendations, albeit founded on thorough reviews of clinically relevant literature data, are often not immediately adaptable to everyday life. Considering the marked heterogeneity of superficial mycoses, each of them requires specific management in a real life context; in all cases diagnostic confirmation is required with microscopic and culture examination. In tinea capitis oral therapy is necessary (minimum six weeks) and should be continued until clinical and, above all, mycological healing...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049114/alternatives-to-opioids-in-the-pharmacologic-management-of-chronic-pain-syndromes-a-narrative-review-of-randomized-controlled-and-blinded-clinical-trials
#2
Andrea L Nicol, Robert W Hurley, Honorio T Benzon
Chronic pain exerts a tremendous burden on individuals and societies. If one views chronic pain as a single disease entity, then it is the most common and costly medical condition. At present, medical professionals who treat patients in chronic pain are recommended to provide comprehensive and multidisciplinary treatments, which may include pharmacotherapy. Many providers use nonopioid medications to treat chronic pain; however, for some patients, opioid analgesics are the exclusive treatment of chronic pain...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049049/treatable-traits-of-chronic-airways-disease
#3
James Fingleton, Jo Hardy, Richard Beasley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the rationale on which the treatable traits approach to the management of airways disease is based and the issues that need to be considered for its implementation in clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: In clinical practice, treatable traits can be classified according to both endotypes and phenotypes, broadly grouped within pulmonary, extrapulmonary, environmental and behavioural factors. Specific investigations and treatments are undertaken for each of the traits rather than a 'one size fits all' stepwise approach to pharmacological treatment which currently represents the core of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guidelines...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045351/awareness-and-implementation-of-the-2014%C3%A2-espghan-naspghan-guideline-for-childhood-functional-constipation
#4
Ilan J N Koppen, M H Vriesman, M M Tabbers, C Di Lorenzo, M A Benninga
OBJECTIVE: To assess if physicians approach children with functional constipation according to the 2014 ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guideline. METHODS: We invited pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists in the Netherlands and the U.S. to participate in this anonymous survey using a self-developed questionnaire containing 19 multiple-choice questions concerning evaluation and treatment of children with constipation. RESULTS: We included 328 physicians (67% from the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045256/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-increase-scoring-consistency-and-accuracy-of-the-finnegan-tool-challenges-in-obtaining-reliable-assessments-of-drug-withdrawal-in-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#5
Wendy Timpson, Cheryl Killoran, Louise Maranda, Alan Picarillo, Elisabeth Bloch-Salisbury
BACKGROUND: Current practice for diagnosing neonatal abstinence syndrome and guiding pharmacological management of neonatal drug withdrawal is dependent on nursing assessments and repeated evaluation of clinical signs. PURPOSE: This single-center quality improvement initiative was designed to improve accuracy and consistency of Finnegan scores among neonatal nurses. METHODS: One-hundred seventy neonatal nurses participated in a single-session withdrawal-assessment program that incorporated education, scoring guidelines, and a restructured Finnegan scale...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043079/acute-coronary-syndromes-in-the-elderly
#6
REVIEW
Niels Engberding, Nanette K Wenger
The clinical evidence for treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the elderly is less robust than in patients younger than 75 years. The elderly have the highest incidence of cardiovascular disease and frequently present with ACS. This number can be expected to increase over time because society is aging. Older adults often sustain unfavorable outcomes from ACS because of atypical presentation and delay in recognition. In addition, elderly patients commonly do not receive optimal guideline-directed ACS treatment...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040548/european-society-of-cardiology-smartphone-and-tablet-applications-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-their-health-care-providers
#7
Dipak Kotecha, Winnie W L Chua, Larissa Fabritz, Jeroen Hendriks, Barbara Casadei, Ulrich Schotten, Panos Vardas, Hein Heidbuchel, Veronica Dean, Paulus Kirchhof
We are in the midst of a digital revolution in health care, although the application of new and useful technology in routine clinical practice is variable. The Characterizing Atrial fibrillation by Translating its Causes into Health Modifiers in the Elderly (CATCH ME) Consortium, in collaboration with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), has funded the creation of two applications (apps) in atrial fibrillation (AF) for use in smartphones and tablets. The patient app aims to enhance patient education, improve communication between patients and health care professionals, and encourage active patient involvement in the management of their condition...
October 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038643/current-diagnostic-and-treatment-strategies-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#8
Anna M Lipowska, Robert T Kavitt
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the esophagus diagnosed by the presence of esophageal symptoms accompanied by an esophageal eosinophilic infiltrate. EoE has an increasing worldwide prevalence and can be a cause of dysphagia and food impactions. There is an important role for the use of proton pump inhibitors in the diagnostic pathway of EoE. Treatment paradigms for EoE aim to minimize esophageal inflammation and improve symptom control. Dietary therapy targets dietary allergens and encompasses the elemental diet, the allergy testing-directed elimination diet, and the empiric elimination diet...
September 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037484/australian-midwives-views-and-experiences-of-practice-and-politics-related-to-water-immersion-for-labour-and-birth-a-web-based-survey
#9
Megan Cooper, Jane Warland, Helen McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: There is little published research that has examined practitioners' views and experiences of pain relieving measures commonly used during labour and birth, particularly for non-pharmacological measures such as water immersion. Furthermore, there is minimal published research examining the process of policy and guideline development, that is, the translation of published research to usable practice guidance. AIMS: The aims of phase three of a larger study were to explore midwives knowledge, experiences and support for the option of water immersion for labour and birth in practice and their involvement, if any, in development of policy and guidelines pertaining to the option...
October 13, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032032/enzyme-inhibitory-activities-an-insight-into-the-structure-activity-relationship-of-biscoumarin-derivatives
#10
Muhammad Faisal, Aamer Saeed, Danish Shahzad, Tanzeela Abdul Fattah, Bhajan Lal, Pervaiz Ali Channar, Jamaluddin Mahar, Shomaila Saeed, Parvez Ali Mahesar, Fayaz Ali Larik
Biscoumarin derivatives, a dimeric form of coumarin, are well known derivatives of coumarin, occurred in the bioactive metabolites of marine and terrestrial organisms. On account of pharmacological and biological applications, biscoumarins have long been the subject of innumerable enzyme inhibition studies. In this review the pros and cons of enzyme inhibition studies of biscoumarins as urease inhibitors, aromatase inhibitors, NPPs, α-glucosidase inhibitors, α-amylase inhibitors, HIV-1 integrase inhibition, steroid sulfatase inhibitors and c-Met inhibitors are discussed in a systematic way...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029586/use-and-misuse-of-opioids-in-chronic-pain
#11
Nora Volkow, Helene Benveniste, A Thomas McLellan
The prescribing of opioid analgesics for pain management-particularly for management of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP)-has increased more than fourfold in the United States since the mid-1990s. Yet there is mounting evidence that opioids have only limited effectiveness in the management of CNCP, and the increased availability of prescribed opioids has contributed to upsurges in opioid-related addiction cases and overdose deaths. These concerns have led to critical revisiting and modification of prior pain management practices (e...
October 13, 2017: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029165/depicting-new-pharmacological-strategies-for-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-involving-lipoprotein-a
#12
Alpo Vuorio, Gerald F Watts, Petri T Kovanen
Approximately 35 million people worldwide suffer from heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HeFH), a condition characterized by genetically determined life-long elevation of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). One in three of these patients also inherit an elevated plasma concentration of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], a lipoprotein particle with atherogenic, inflammatory and prothrombotic properties. Accordingly, the combination of high plasma LDL-C and Lp(a) can markedly accelerate premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
October 3, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026740/diabetes-and-ramadan-a-concise-and-practical-update
#13
REVIEW
Mohamed H Ahmed, Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Abbas A Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak
Despite the fact that the month of Ramadan includes 29-30 days and the duration of fasting for each day can last for between 12 and 16 h, it was estimated that a large number of individuals with diabetes do fast during Ramadan. In light of recent advancement of new pharmacological agents, drugs such as vildagliptin, sitagliptin, and liraglutide were found to be safe to use during this month of fasting. These therapeutic agents can also be used in combination with metformin. The use of sulfonylureas, in most of the recent guidelines about diabetes and Ramadan, seems not to gain much support due to the risk of hypoglycemia...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025132/most-relevant-neuropathic-pain-treatment-and-chronic-low-back-pain-management-guidelines-a-change-pain-latin-america-advisory-panel-consensus
#14
Cesar Amescua-Garcia, Frantz Colimon, Carlos Guerrero, Aziza Jreige Iskandar, Maria Berenguel Cook, Patricia Bonilla, Durval Campos Kraychete, William Delgado Barrera, Jose Alberto Flores Cantisani, John Jairo Hernandez-Castro, Argelia Lara-Solares, Concepcion Perez Hernandez, Maria Antonieta Rico, Maria Del Rocio Guillen Nunez, Manuel Sempertegui Gallegos, Joao Batista Santos Garcia
Objective: Chronic pain conditions profoundly affect the daily living of a significant number of people and are a major economic and social burden, particularly in developing countries. The Change Pain Latin America (CPLA) advisory panel aimed to identify the most appropriate guidelines for the treatment of neuropathic pain (NP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP) for use across Latin America. Methods: Published systematic reviews or practice guidelines were identified by a systematic search of PubMed, the Guidelines Clearinghouse, and Google...
August 24, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023930/evaluation-and-treatment-of-acute-and-subacute-hearing-loss-a-review-of-pharmacotherapy
#15
Maryam T Fazel, Patrick M Jedlowski, Robert B Cravens, Brian L Erstad
Among various forms of hearing loss, there are acute (within 72 hours) or sub-acute (weeks to months) presentations that may be reversible with early pharmacological intervention. The workup of a patient presenting with hypoacusia includes the usual history and physical examination in conjunction with an audiometric assessment in order to categorize the hearing loss as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) are acute and subacute forms of sensorineural hypoacusia most likely to be reversed with prompt pharmacological intervention...
October 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994213/a-novel-and-innovative-hair-test-to-determine-glucocorticoid-levels-in-racing-camels-for-use-in-assessment-of-doping-health-and-disease
#16
Iltaf Shah, Jody D Haddow, Hiba A Ibrahim, Maryam V A Sheikh, Fatima S A Alhemeiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this project was to develop and validate a new test for the analysis of glucocorticoids in camel hair and to use the new test to analyse hair samples from a variety of camel breeds in sports and racing applications. These findings could be of importance when evaluating racing camels for suspected doping offenses or for injury and disease control. METHODS: Camel hair samples were collected from 30 non-racing dromedary camels along with 3 racing camels in Al Ain, UAE and were decontaminated, pulverized, sonicated and extracted prior to analysis...
October 9, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993623/barriers-and-facilitators-of-effective-self-management-in-asthma-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-patient-and-healthcare-professional-views
#17
REVIEW
Clare Miles, Emily Arden-Close, Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Lucy Yardley, Matthew Hankins, Sarah E Kirby
Self-management is an established, effective approach to controlling asthma, recommended in guidelines. However, promotion, uptake and use among patients and health-care professionals remain low. Many barriers and facilitators to effective self-management have been reported, and views and beliefs of patients and health care professionals have been explored in qualitative studies. We conducted a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative research into self-management in patients, carers and health care professionals regarding self-management of asthma, to identify perceived barriers and facilitators associated with reduced effectiveness of asthma self-management interventions...
October 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991714/the-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-fatigue-related-multiple-sclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Philippa Miller, Andrew Soundy
AIM: The clinical aim was to provide up-to-date evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of MS-related fatigue (MSRF). The scientific aim was to prioritise topics for future randomised clinical trials with sufficient power. METHODS: A systematic search of review based research that considered MSRF in adults (18years and over) was undertaken in May 2016. Data from reviews was extracted, critically appraised and synthesised using four specific techniques. RESULTS: A total of 24 reviews were identified (17 non-pharmacological, 5 pharmacological, 2 combining both), which contained 339 studies on interventions deigned to improve MSRF...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989915/management-of-substance-use-disorder-in-military-services-a-comprehensive-approach
#19
Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi, Mostafa Heydari
BACKGROUND: Historically, substance misuse has been a serious problem faced by worldwide military personnel. Some research showed that military personnel have higher rates of unhealthy substance use than their age peers in the general population. These problems have serious consequences and may lead to significant military difficulties in the field of readiness, discipline, and mental or physical health. In this review, we gathered various methods for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders and suggested a comprehensive plan for Iran Armed Forces to improve existing services...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988509/darunavir-for-use-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv
#20
Robert Pope, Angela Kashuba
Combination antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy to decrease the rate of HIV transmission to the baby and reduce morbidity in the mother. More than 50% of women are prescribed a protease inhibitor-based regimen during pregnancy. Darunavir was recently reclassified as a first-line protease inhibitor for use in pregnancy in the US Department of Health and Human Services Perinatal Guidelines. Areas covered: This is a brief review of the use of protease inhibitor therapy during pregnancy, and a discussion of darunavir's utility in this area...
October 7, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
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