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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720079/implementation-effectiveness-trial-of-an-ecological-intervention-for-physical-activity-in-ethnically-diverse-low-income-senior-centers
#1
Porchia Rich, Gregory A Aarons, Michelle Takemoto, Veronica Cardenas, Katie Crist, Khalisa Bolling, Brittany Lewars, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Loki Natarajan, Yuyan Shi, Kelsie M Full, Eileen Johnson, Dori E Rosenberg, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Bess Marcus, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: As the US population ages, there is an increasing need for evidence based, peer-led physical activity programs, particularly in ethnically diverse, low income senior centers where access is limited. METHODS/DESIGN: The Peer Empowerment Program 4 Physical Activity' (PEP4PA) is a hybrid Type II implementation-effectiveness trial that is a peer-led physical activity (PA) intervention based on the ecological model of behavior change. The initial phase is a cluster randomized control trial randomized to either a peer-led PA intervention or usual center programming...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693868/category-3-and-4-controlled-drugs-users-perceptions-of-participating-in-drug-abuse-health-prevention-lectures-in-taiwan
#2
Fan-Ko Sun, Ann Long, Pei-Jane Yu, Hui-Man Huang, Chun-Ying Chiang, YuChun Yao
This study was designed to explore Category 3 and 4 controlled drug users' perceptions of participating in health-prevention lectures. A phenomenological approach was used. Twelve participants were interviewed after completing the lectures. Findings revealed five themes (1) mixed emotions; (2) self-development; (3) finding the lectures lacked practicality and relevance; (4) highlighting three stages for discontinuing drug-usage; and, (5) suggesting tips for the advancement of lectures. These findings could be used as a map to help health professionals understand drug users' perceptions of attending health prevention lectures and provide insight into how young people might stop using drugs...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685632/twelve-tips-for-delivering-successful-interprofessional-case-conferences
#3
Bridget C O'Brien, Shalini R Patel, Meg Pearson, Abigail P Eastburn, Gillian E Earnest, Anna Strewler, Krista Gager, Jennifer K Manuel, Maya Dulay, Melissa R Bachhuber, Rebecca Shunk
Interprofessional case conferences (ICCs) offer an interactive, practical way to engage members of two or more health professions in discussions that involve learning and working together to improve patient care. Well-orchestrated ICCs provide opportunities to integrate interprofessional (IP) education into routine clinical practice. The authors provide 12 tips to support the conceptualization, planning, implementation, facilitation, evaluation, and sustainability of ICCs. They draw from extensive experience as IP educators and facilitators of ICCs and from literature on IP education, case-based learning, small-group facilitation, peer-assisted learning, and learner engagement - all of which offer insights into ICCs but have not been integrated and applied to this context...
July 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662251/the-intra-articular-wave-sign-as-a-landmark-for-suture-anchor-placement-in-arthroscopic-remplissage
#4
Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Grant H Garcia, Ryan M Degen, Joseph N Liu, Joshua S Dines
In arthroscopic remplissage, surgeons may inadvertently pass sutures through the teres minor rather than the infraspinatus tendon. This misplacement of the sutures may lead to poor outcomes. The authors describe the novel use of the posterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament, known as the "wave sign," as a reliable intra-articular landmark for suture anchor placement to improve suture passage accuracy. Twelve cadaveric shoulders underwent arthroscopic remplissage by a fellowship-trained surgeon. During the first phase of the study, remplissage was performed on 6 specimens with standard technique...
June 29, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652885/rapid-concentration-and-elution-of-malarial-antigen-histidine-rich-protein-ii-using-solid-phase-zn-ii-resin-in-a-simple-flow-through-pipette-tip-format
#5
Westley S Bauer, Kelly A Richardson, Nicholas M Adams, Keersten M Ricks, David J Gasperino, Simon J Ghionea, Mathew Rosen, Kevin P Nichols, Bernhard H Weigl, Frederick R Haselton, David W Wright
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) designed to function at the point of care are becoming more prevalent in malaria diagnostics because of their low cost and simplicity. While many of these tests function effectively with high parasite density samples, their poor sensitivity can often lead to misdiagnosis when parasitemia falls below 100 parasites/μl. In this study, a flow-through pipette-based column was explored as a cost-effective means to capture and elute more Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein II (HRPII) antigen, concentrating the biomarker available in large-volume lysed whole blood samples into volumes compatible with Plasmodium falciparum-specific RDTs...
May 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598737/twelve-tips-for-conducting-successful-multiple-patient-encounter-simulations-simultaneous-simulations
#6
Craig Brown, Ian Thomas
Multiple patient encounter simulations (MPES), whereby learners are exposed to a number of simulated patients simultaneously, are gaining popularity as a method to address curricular gaps. Whilst this approach offers a host of benefits to educators and learners in ways single patient encounter simulations cannot, it also has significant challenges with regards to its implementation. We describe twelve tips for conducting successful MPES, divided into pre-, intra- and post-simulation considerations. By adhering to these twelve tips, educators can plan successful, fiscally responsible, well-organized, structured sessions for all learners (active and observing) that will achieve the learning outcomes desired using this advanced method of simulation...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598711/twelve-tips-for-just-in-time-teaching-of-communication-skills-for-difficult-conversations-in-the-clinical-setting
#7
Laura Jean Hinkle, Lyle Patrick Fettig, William Graham Carlos, Gabriel Bosslet
The ability to communicate well with patients and other members of the healthcare team is a vital skill for physicians to have, but one that is often not emphasized in medical education. Learners of all levels can obtain and develop good communication skills regardless of their natural ability in this area, and the clinical setting represents an underutilized resource to accomplish this task. With this in mind, we have reviewed the growing body of literature on the subject and organized our findings into twelve tips to help educators capitalize on these missed opportunities...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598708/twelve-tips-for-implementation-of-student-as-teacher-programs
#8
Taylor Freret, Jasmine Rana, Richard M Schwartzstein, Holly C Gooding
Much has been written about the learning benefits of peer teaching for medical trainees. What remains less certain is how practically to implement "Student-as-teacher" (SaT) programs combining teacher-skills training with hands-on teaching experiences for medical students to prepare them for their roles as teachers in residency and beyond. In this article, we address this gap by outlining twelve tips for the implementation of SaT programs based on review of the literature and our experience implementing SaT curricula at our institution...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598707/twelve-tips-for-undertaking-reflexive-global-health-experiences-in-medicine
#9
Rabia Khan, Brian Hodges, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Donald Cole
BACKGROUND: While interest and opportunities for global health experiences (GHE) continue to grow, the preparation of students and health professionals alike to engage in these GHEs remains limited. AIMS: This article provides tips for reflexivity prior to undertaking a GHE and suggests ways to debrief the experience in order to ensure that trainees and professionals that engage in GHEs can both help their intended communities and also get the most out of the experience...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580820/twelve-tips-for-medical-students-to-make-the-best-use-of-ward-based-learning
#10
Reshma Bharamgoudar, Aniket Sonsale
BACKGROUND: With a multitude of healthcare professionals willing to teach, a placement on a ward is an invaluable learning opportunity; yet as students, we often struggle to maximize this placements' potential. AIM: This article provides 12 tips for medical students to optimize their learning in a ward-based environment. METHODS: Current literature and personal experiences of the authors were used to develop the tips. RESULTS: The 12 tips are (1) prepare yourself, (2) identify knowledge, skills, and attributes, (3) engage in peer-to-peer learning, (4) get to know the interprofessional team, (5) talk to the patient first, (6) present findings and gain feedback, (7) tap into seniors' experience, (8) immerse yourself and be proactive, (9) check patient notes, (10) manage the clock, (11) enhance your CV, and (12) embrace the spirit of lifelong learning...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549405/twelve-tips-for-the-implementation-of-epas-for-assessment-and-entrustment-decisions
#11
Harm Peters, Ylva Holzhausen, Christy Boscardin, Olle Ten Cate, H Carrie Chen
The concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) reframes the approach to assessment in competency-based medical education. Key to this concept is the linking of assessment to decision making about entrusting learners with clinical responsibilities. Based on recent literature and the authors' experiences with implementing EPAs, this article provides practical recommendations for how to implement EPAs for assessment and entrustment decisions in the workplace. Tips for supervising clinicians include talking to learners about trust, using EPA descriptions to guide learning and teaching, providing learners with greater ad hoc responsibilities, using EPAs to identify/create opportunities for assessment and feedback, including case-based discussions and acknowledging gut feelings about learner readiness for more autonomy...
May 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541781/twelve-tips-for-medical-teaching-in-low-resource-settings
#12
Alexander Vogt, Shuang Wang
Teaching in a low-resource setting comes with its own challenges and pitfalls. Many concepts, ideas and strategies can be transferred but need to be adapted to the different environment. This article highlights some of the challenges and obstacles that healthcare professionals working in this setting might encounter when setting up an educational intervention. The following twelve specific tips are aimed toward individual healthcare workers, independent charities, and smaller non-governmental organizations (NGOs) who wish to initiate small-scale teaching projects or larger educational ventures...
May 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504023/twelve-tips-for-effective-body-language-for-medical-educators
#13
Andrew J Hale, Jason Freed, Daniel Ricotta, Grace Farris, C Christopher Smith
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of human communication is nonverbal. Although the fields of business and psychology have significant literature on effectively using body language in a variety of situations, there is limited literature on effective body language for medical educators. AIM: To provide 12 tips to highlight effective body language strategies and techniques for medical educators. METHOD: The tips provided are based on our experiences and reflections as clinician-educators and the available literature...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485662/twelve-tips-for-reducing-production-time-and-increasing-long-term-usability-of-instructional-video
#14
Marie K Norman
The use of instructional video is increasing across all disciplines and levels of education. Although video has a number of distinct advantages for course delivery and student learning, it can also be time-consuming and resource-intensive to produce, which imposes a burden on busy faculty. With video poised to play a larger role in medical education, we need strategies for streamlining video production and ensuring that the video we produce is of lasting value. This article draws on learning research and best practices in educational technology, along with the author's experience in online education and video production...
May 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485642/twelve-tips-for-choosing-and-surviving-a-phd-in-medical-education-a-student-perspective
#15
Billy Bryan, Helen R Church
The decision to undertake a PhD in medical education could mark a critical point in defining your future career. Attaining the highest level of degree in such a diverse and rewarding area as medical education may not only provide you with an opportunity to undertake important new research, but could also unlock different job opportunities. As is often the case, such rewards are not gained lightly. There can be real challenges in making the decision to undertake and then to successfully navigate a PhD. The specific subject and process of each doctorate is unique, leaving many prospective and current students uncertain as to what to expect...
May 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485629/twelve-tips-for-developing-and-delivering-a-massive-open-online-course-in-medical-education
#16
James D Pickering, Lars Henningsohn, Marco C DeRuiter, Peter G M de Jong, Marlies E J Reinders
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a novel mode of online learning. They are typically based on higher education courses and can attract a high number of learners, often in the thousands. They are distinct from on-campus education and deliver the learning objectives through a series of short videos, recommended readings and discussion fora, alongside automated assessments. Within medical education the role of MOOCs remains unclear, with recent proposals including continuing professional development, interprofessional education or integration into campus-based blended learning curricula...
July 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484501/investigations-of-a-possible-chemical-effect-of-salvadora-persica-chewing-sticks
#17
Reham Albabtain, Muhammad Azeem, Zenebech Wondimu, Tulay Lindberg, Anna Karin Borg-Karlson, Anders Gustafsson
Salvadora persica is commonly used chewing sticks in many parts of the world as an oral hygiene tool. This study measured the amount of benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) released into the mouth and assessed its retention time in saliva. The study also tested if the released amount of BITC could potentially be antibacterial or cytotoxic. Twelve subjects brushed their teeth with fresh Miswak once, twice, and four times. The amount of BITC in the saliva and in the used brushes was quantified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464029/patient-specific-core-decompression-surgery-for-early-stage-ischemic-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#18
Wei Wang, Wei Hu, Pei Yang, Xiao Qian Dang, Xiao Hui Li, Kun Zheng Wang
INTRODUCTION: Core decompression is an efficient treatment for early stage ischemic necrosis of the femoral head. In conventional procedures, the pre-operative X-ray only shows one plane of the ischemic area, which often results in inaccurate drilling. This paper introduces a new method that uses computer-assisted technology and rapid prototyping to enhance drilling accuracy during core decompression surgeries and presents a validation study of cadaveric tests. METHODS: Twelve cadaveric human femurs were used to simulate early-stage ischemic necrosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440722/twelve-tips-for-teaching-about-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#19
James Michael Fisher, Ellen Tullo, Kwong Chan, Andrew Teodorczuk
The global population is ageing and consequently cognitive problems are increasingly prevalent. To ensure that the healthcare needs of this complex group are met, healthcare professionals must receive adequate training in this field. There are, however, a variety of reasons why this is not currently being achieved, including, but not limited to: ethical and logistical issues relating to the delivery of educational experiences involving cognitively impaired patients; a failure of curricula to keep pace with the changing demographic; societal and institutional ageism; and the inherent complexity of the conditions...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440721/twelve-tips-for-promoting-learning-during-presentations-in-cross-cultural-settings
#20
Takuya Saiki, Linda Snell, Farhan Bhanji
Educators frequently learn together in cross cultural settings such as at international conferences. Cultural differences should influence how educational programs are designed and delivered to effectively support learning; cultural sensitivity and the competence to deal with such differences are important skills for health professions educators. Teaching without this approach may lead to lost learning opportunities. This article provides twelve tips for educators to consider when planning and delivering formal presentations (e...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
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