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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141475/addressing-needs-of-diverse-stakeholders-twelve-tips-for-leaders-of-health-professions-education-programs
#1
Roger A Edwards, Sandhya Venugopal, Deborah Navedo, Subha Ramani
Designing and evaluating health professions educational programs require a range of skills in a rapidly changing educational and healthcare environment. Not all program directors possess all the required leadership skills. In this twelve tips article, we describe a systematic approach to effectively address the complexity facing program leadership, implement robust programs and meaningfully evaluate their impact. They also offer a roadmap for managing diverse stakeholders with often competing demands. The tips are categorized under three domains: Planning, Initial Implementation, and Monitoring...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126356/twelve-tips-for-embedding-human-factors-and-ergonomics-principles-in-healthcare-education
#2
Helen Vosper, Sue Hignett, Paul Bowie
Safety and improvement efforts in healthcare education and practice are often limited by inadequate attention to human factors/ergonomics (HFE) principles and methods. Integration of HFE theory and approaches within undergraduate curricula, postgraduate training and healthcare improvement programs will enhance both the performance of care systems (productivity, safety, efficiency, quality) and the well-being (experiences, joy, satisfaction, health and safety) of all the people (patients, staff, visitors) interacting with these systems...
November 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117744/twelve-tips-to-promote-successful-development-of-a-learner-performance-dashboard-within-a-medical-education-program
#3
Christy Boscardin, Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bonnie Hellevig, Karen E Hauer
Easily accessible and interpretable performance data constitute critical feedback for learners that facilitate informed self-assessment and learning planning. To provide this feedback, there has been a proliferation of educational dashboards in recent years. An educational (learner) dashboard systematically delivers timely and continuous feedback on performance and can provide easily visualized and interpreted performance data. In this paper, we provide practical tips for developing a functional, user-friendly individual learner performance dashboard and literature review of dashboard development, assessment theory, and users' perspectives...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108673/%C3%AE-catenin-acts-in-a-position-independent-regeneration-response-in-the-simple-eumetazoan-hydra
#4
S Gufler, B Artes, H Bielen, I Krainer, M-K Eder, J Falschlunger, A Bollmann, T Ostermann, T Valovka, M Hartl, K Bister, U Technau, B Hobmayer
Wnt/β-Catenin signaling plays crucial roles in regenerative processes in eumetazoans. It also acts in regeneration and axial patterning in the simple freshwater polyp Hydra, whose morphallactic regenerative capacity is unparalleled in the animal kingdom. Previous studies have identified β-catenin as an early response gene activated within the first 30min in Hydra head regeneration. Here, we have studied the role of β-Catenin in more detail. First, we show that nuclear β-Catenin signaling is required for head and foot regeneration...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079721/diverse-peptide-hormones-affecting-root-growth-identified-in-the-medicago-truncatula-secreted-peptidome
#5
Neha Patel, Nadiatul A Mohd-Radzman, Leo Corcilius, Ben Crossett, Angela Connolly, Stuart J Cordwell, Ariel Ivanovici, Katia Taylor, James Wlilliams, Steve Binos, Michael Mariani, Richard J Payne, Michael A Djordjevic
Multigene families encoding diverse secreted peptide hormones play important roles in plant development. A need exists to efficiently elucidate the structures and post-translational modifications of these difficult-to-isolate peptide hormones in planta so that their biological functions can be determined. A mass spectrometry and bioinformatics approach was developed to comprehensively analyse the secreted peptidome of Medicago hairy root cultures and xylem sap. We identified 759 spectra corresponding to the secreted products of twelve peptide hormones including four CEP (C-TERMINALLY ENCODED PEPTIDE), two CLE (CLV3/ENDOSPERM SURROUNDING REGION RELATED) and six XAP (XYLEM SAP ASSOCIATED PEPTIDE) peptides...
October 27, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073824/twelve-tips-for-integrating-leadership-development-into-undergraduate-medical-education
#6
Alex Till, Judy McKimm, Tim Swanwick
Healthcare systems need effective leadership. All healthcare professionals can and should "learn to lead" and this requires a clear focus on leadership development from the earliest stages of a career. Within medicine, undergraduate students should be provided with opportunities to thrive and develop their skills in terms of leadership, management and followership. Drawing from the existing evidence base, the authors' expertise and the latest "thought leadership", these 12 tips provide practical guidance to universities and associated provider organizations, and to academic and clinical faculty, on how to integrate leadership development into their undergraduate medical programs...
October 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073817/twelve-tips-to-promote-gender-equity-in-international-academic-medicine
#7
Halah Ibrahim, Dora J Stadler, Sophia Archuleta, Joseph Cofrancesco
Gender inequity in academic medicine remains an important issue worldwide, with more female faculty entering academic medicine internationally. Some academic institutions have initiated programs and created policies to promote gender equity, but disparities remain in faculty numbers, promotions rates, research productivity and access to funding and resources. We offer 12 tips for best practices in the broad domains of faculty recruitment, retention and scholarship, promotion and leadership that institutions and individual faculty can adopt to promote gender equity...
October 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069976/twelve-tips-for-applying-change-models-to-curriculum-design-development-and-delivery
#8
Judy McKimm, Paul Kneath Jones
Drawing primarily from business and management literature and the authors' experience, these 12 tips provide guidance to organizations, teams, and individuals involved in curriculum or program development at undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing education levels. The tips are based around change models and approaches and can help underpin successful curriculum review, development, and delivery, as well as fostering appropriate educational innovation. A range of tools exist to support systematic program development and review, but even relatively simple changes need to take account of many factors, including the complexity of the environment, stakeholder engagement, cultural and psychological aspects, and the importance of followers...
October 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069965/twelve-tips-for-developing-an-osce-that-measures-what-you-want
#9
Vijay John Daniels, Debra Pugh
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is used globally for both high and low stakes assessment. Despite its extensive use, very few published articles provide a set of best practices for developing an OSCE, and of those that do, none apply a modern understanding of validity. This article provides 12 tips for developing an OSCE guided by Kane's validity framework to ensure the OSCE is assessing what it purports to measure. The 12 tips are presented in the order they would be operationalized during OSCE development...
October 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065750/twelve-tips-for-efficient-procedural-simulation
#10
Etienne Rivière, Danielle Saucier, Alexandre Lafleur, Miriam Lacasse, Gilles Chiniara
Procedural simulation (PS) is increasingly being used worldwide in healthcare for training caregivers in psychomotor competencies. It has been demonstrated to improve learners' confidence and competence in technical procedures, with consequent positive impacts on patient outcomes and safety. Several frameworks can guide healthcare educators in using PS as an educational tool. However, no theory-informed practical framework exists to guide them in including PS in their training programs. We present 12 practical tips for efficient PS training that translates educational concepts from theory to practice, based on the existing literature...
October 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065748/twelve-tips-for-teaching-quality-improvement-in-the-clinical-environment
#11
Maya Narayanan, Andrew A White, Thomas H Gallagher, Somnath Mookherjee
Medical educators are expected to teach quality improvement (QI) skills alongside traditional clinical skills such as physical examination and bedside manner. Educational resources for intensive training in QI have proliferated. However, many physicians lack the time or resources to undergo this training, and may struggle with teaching these skills to their learners. In response, we offer twelve tips to help physicians teach basic QI concepts in the clinical environment. By following these tips physicians will be able to engage their learners interest in QI and provide experiential learning that makes a lasting impact...
October 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058565/twelve-tips-for-using-clinical-cases-to-teach-medical-ethics
#12
Hongmei Dong, Renslow Sherer, Jon Lio, Ivy Jiang, Brian Cooper
The essential role of clinical case discussions in the teaching of medical ethics is well recognized. Based upon published literature and the authors' curricular development experience, the following 12 tips cover all major aspects of the case method for teaching clinical ethics and offer practical suggestions for designing and conducting case discussions.
October 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027181/excellent-inter-observer-agreement-between-radiologist-and-nurse-tracheal-carina-based-identification-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-tip-position
#13
Xiaoxia Zhang, Dan Jia, Nengwen Ke, Chang Liu, Lan Fu, Xiuying Hu
INTRODUCTION: Accurate identification of position of a central venous catheter tip is important to reduce catheter-related complications. Nevertheless, inter-observer bias limits the accuracy of traditional method for determining tip position on chest x-ray (CXR) images. The aim of this study was to explore a simple and objective method for assessing position of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) tip on CXR image. METHODS: Tracheal carina was used as the landmark to identify positions of catheter tips...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025298/twelve-tips-for-using-applied-improvisation-in-medical-education
#14
Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, Jonathan P Rossing, Elizabeth Weinstein
Future physicians will practice medicine in a more complex environment than ever, where skills of interpersonal communication, collaboration and adaptability to change are critical. Applied improvisation (or AI) is an instructional strategy which adapts the concepts of improvisational theater to teach these types of complex skills in other contexts. Unique to AI is its very active teaching approach, adapting theater games to help learners meet curricular objectives. In medical education, AI is particularly helpful when attempting to build students' comfort with and skills in complex, interpersonal behaviors such as effective listening, person-centeredness, teamwork and communication...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025296/comment-on-twelve-tips-for-teaching-brief-motivational-interviewing-to-medical-students
#15
Jonathan Wood, Saumya George, James Aylward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023277/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-slipping-rib-syndrome
#16
Cassidy M Foley, Dai Sugimoto, David P Mooney, William P Meehan, Andrea Stracciolini
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of slipping rib syndrome in athletes; (2) to investigate the hooking maneuver for diagnosis of slipping rib syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 362 athletes with rib pain. SETTING: Pediatric-based sports medicine clinic between January 1, 1999, and March 1, 2014. PATIENTS: Costochondritis, Tietze, fractures, rib tip syndrome, and unclear diagnoses were excluded...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966150/benchmarking-distance-control-and-virtual-drilling-for-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#17
Eduard H J Voormolen, Sander Diederen, Marijn van Stralen, Peter A Woerdeman, Herke Jan Noordmans, Max A Viergever, Luca Regli, Pierre A Robe, Jan Willem Berkelbach van der Sprenkel
BACKGROUND: Novel audiovisual feedback methods were developed to improve image guidance during skull base surgery by providing audiovisual warnings when the drill tip enters a protective perimeter set at a distance around anatomic structures ("distance control") and visualizing bone drilling ("virtual drilling"). OBJECTIVE: To benchmark the drill damage risk reduction provided by distance control, to quantify the accuracy of virtual drilling, and to investigate whether the proposed feedback methods are clinically feasible...
September 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953158/dorsal-augmentation-of-saddle-nose-deformity-with-toothpick-shaped-costal-cartilage-grafts-in-the-secondary-septorhinoplasty
#18
Raşit Cevizci, Selin Üstün Bezgin, Burak Ömür Çakir, Burak Kersin, Yildirim Ahmet Bayazit
Saddle nose deformity is a challenging complication of septoplasty or septorhinoplasty, characterized by underprojected cartilaginous dorsum. Nasal dorsal augmentation is a significant part of reconstructive surgery of saddle nose deformities. In this study, the authors aimed to discuss the results of using toothpick-shaped costal cartilage grafts in nasal dorsal augmentation of saddle nose deformity. Twelve patients who underwent nasal dorsal augmentation due to moderate to severe saddle nose deformity secondary to the previous septoplasty or septorhinoplasty were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920495/twelve-tips-on-how-to-compile-a-medical-educator-s-portfolio
#19
Claudia Lucy Dalton, Anthony Wilson, Steven Agius
Medical education is an expanding area of specialist interest for medical professionals. Whilst most doctors will be familiar with the compilation of clinical portfolios for scrutiny of their clinical practice and provision of public accountability, teaching portfolios used specifically to gather and demonstrate medical education activity remain uncommon in many non-academic settings. For aspiring and early career medical educators in particular, their value should not be underestimated. Such a medical educator's portfolio (MEP) is a unique compendium of evidence that is invaluable for appraisal, revalidation, and promotion...
September 17, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875371/the-effective-systematic-heparin-pre-treatment-on-thrombus-formation-on-pulmonary-artery-catheter-tips-during-pulmonary-endarterectomy-for-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#20
Christoph B Wiedenroth, Christoph Liebetrau, Henning Gall, Thomas Risch, Matthias Arlt, Eckhard Mayer, Stefan Guth
Pulmonary artery (PA) catheters are routinely used for hemodynamic management in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) undergoing pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). Tip-associated thrombi are frequently detected and might increase the peri-operative risk in these patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of low-dose heparinization before the insertion of the PA catheter on thrombus formation and thrombus weight during PEA surgery. From September 2013 to February 2015, 60 CTEPH patients undergoing PEA were included in the study and randomized into two groups of 30 patients each, including a heparin group (heparin bolus (70 IU per kg body weight) administration before PA catheter insertion) and a control group (pretreatment with placebo)...
October 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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