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Shock sepsis and liver

Li Liu, Wanjun Chen, Xiaoye Lu, Keji Zhang, Changqing Zhu
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic liver abscesses have become common in emergency departments (EDs) in recent years in Shanghai, China due to a variety of risk factors contributory to the disease. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience in managing pyogenic liver abscesses to aid in the current management of this complex condition. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted to collect and analyze information from adult patients diagnosed with liver hepatic abscesses who were admitted to Ren Ji Hospital during the period from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Norma Alva, Ronald Alva, Teresa Carbonell
In clinical and experimental settings, a great deal of effort is being made to protect cells and tissues against harmful conditions and to facilitate metabolic recovery following these insults. Much of the recent attention has focused on the protective role of a natural form of sugar, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F16bP). F16bP is a high-energy glycolytic intermediate that has been shown to exert a protective action in different cell types and tissues (including the brain, kidney, intestine, liver and heart) against various harmful conditions...
October 14, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Sarah A Sterling, Michael A Puskarich, Alan E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To describe the effect of liver disease (LD) on lactate clearance during early sepsis resuscitation. METHODS: This is a multicenter randomized clinical trial. An initial lactate >2 mmol/L and subsequent serum lactate measurement within 6 hours were required for inclusion. LD was categorized by two methods: 1) past medical history (PMH) categorized as no LD, mild LD (no Child's score criteria, but PMH of hepatitis B/C), cirrhosis; and 2) measurable liver dysfunction determined by the liver component of the sequential organ failure assessment (L-SOFA) score as no dysfunction (L-SOFA score 0), mild dysfunction (score 1), moderate-severe dysfunction (score 2 to 4)...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Abderahim Gaceb, Luisa Vergori, M C Martinez, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina
Microvesicles, small membrane vesicles released from cells, have beneficial and/or deleterious effects in sepsis. We previously reported that non-muscle myosin light chain kinase (nmMLCK) deletion protects mice against endotoxic shock by reducing inflammation. Here, we have evaluated the consequences of nmMLCK deletion on microvesicle phenotypes and their effects on mouse aortic endothelial cells in association with vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction during endotoxic shock induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nicholas M Mohr, Karisa K Harland, Dan M Shane, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Brian M Fuller, Marcia M Ward, James C Torner
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with rural sepsis patients' bypassing rural emergency departments to seek emergency care in larger hospitals, and to measure the association between rural hospital bypass and sepsis survival. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Emergency departments of a rural Midwestern state. PATIENTS: All adults treated with severe sepsis or septic shock between 2005 and 2014, using administrative claims data...
September 8, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Mohammed Samannodi, Andrew Zhao, Yaser Nemshah, Kevin Shiley
Although Plesiomonas shigelloides, a water-borne bacterium of the Enterobacteriaceae family, usually causes self-limiting gastroenteritis with diarrhea, several cases of sepsis have been reported. We report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with hemochromatosis, pyruvate kinase deficiency, and asplenia via splenectomy who developed septic shock caused by P. shigelloides complicated by respiratory failure, renal failure, liver failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Early aggressive antimicrobial therapy and resuscitation measures were unsuccessful and the patient passed away...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Alexis Strickler, Natalia Vásquez, Leonardo Maggi, Juvenal Hernández, Ximena Hidalgo
Human toxocarosis is a chronic larval parasitosis listed as one of the five most important neglected diseases by the CDC. The larvae can spread systemically and migrate to different tissues including liver and gallbladder. Acalculous acute cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare disease in children. The diagnosis is based on clinical parameters and imaging criteria. It has been reported in relation to sepsis, shock, trauma, burns, severe systemic diseases, congenital anomalies, infections and also in healthy children...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Guangsheng Wang, Shaodan Wang, Yeting Zhou, Xiaodong Chen, Xiaobo Ma, Daoming Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the presence of sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) would predict nosocomial coma (NC) and poor outcome in patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The adult acute SICH patients with or without coma admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shuyang People' Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from December 2012 to December 2015 were enrolled...
August 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Solomon Oladapo Rotimi, Goodness Esther Bankole, Isaacson Bababode Adelani, Oluwakemi Anuoluwapo Rotimi
CONTEXT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major trigger of septic shock resulting in multiple organ damage through excessive stimulation of the host's immune cells resulting in the release of cytokines. Previous studies have shown that hesperidin has several beneficial properties against inflammation and oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE: The influence of hesperidin on endotoxemia, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and oxidative stress was investigated using a murine model of sepsis...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Akanand Singh, Kang Yang, Zuojin Liu, Jianping Gong
OBJECTIVE: Acute obstructive cholangitis (AOC) is a severe disease that leads to sepsis, shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Liver is the largest and the major organ for the defense mechanisms during the sepsis. Our aim was to investigate the expression of scavenger receptor A (SRA) in rat's liver tissue during AOC and its relation with the inflammatory mediators and hepatic injury caused by endotoxins. METHODS: Ninety Wistar rats were randomly divided into three equal groups...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yi-Chien Lee, Chih-Yen Hsiao, Miao-Chiu Hung, Sheng-Che Hung, Hung-Ping Wang, Yun-Jhong Huang, Jann-Tay Wang
The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical features and treatment outcomes among patients with bacteremic urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) and non-MDR Enterobacteriaceae and to identify whether MDR pathogens were independently associated with severe sepsis or septic shock at presentation.The clinical data of adult patients visiting and being treated at Chia-Yi Christian Hospital due to bacteremic UTI caused by Enterobacteriaceae from January 2006 to August 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mathilde Guerville, Gaëlle Boudry
The human microbiota consists of 100 trillion microorganisms that provide important metabolic and biological functions benefiting the host. However, the presence in host plasma of a gut-derived bacteria component, the lipopolysaccharide (LPS), has been identified as a causal or complicating factor in multiple serious diseases such as sepsis and septic shock and, more recently, obesity-associated metabolic disorders. Understanding the precise mechanisms by which gut-derived LPS is transported from the gut lumen to the systemic circulation is crucial to advance our knowledge of LPS-associated diseases and elaborate targeted strategies for their prevention...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Kosaku Kinoshita, Tsukasa Kuwana, Satoshi Hori
Transient heterotopic calcification with unexpected hypercalcemia after septic shock is a very rare phenomenon. We encountered a complicated case in which heterotopic calcification occurred in the liver, bilateral iliopsoas and pubococcygeal muscles after treatment of septic shock and multiple organ failure. Hypercalcemia was not present when the heterotopic calcification was detected by plain CT scans. Physicians who observe acute and progressive heterotopic calcification during sepsis treatment need to recognize the risk of hypercalcemia even if it is not present before the detection of heterotopic calcification...
2016: Internal Medicine
G Assirati, V Serra, G Tarantino, S Aldrovandi, R Ballarin, P Magistri, N De Ruvo, F Di Benedetto
BACKGROUND: Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been recognized as a valid method of temporary abdominal closure. The role of open abdomen (OA) in the management of abdominal sepsis has been a controversial issue. Recent experimental and clinical studies have indicated that vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) is associated with superior outcomes in the treatment of OA conditions, but sufficient proof of efficacy and effectiveness is lacking. METHODS: We enrolled in this observational study all patients who had undergone liver transplantation (LT) for all causes between 2007 and 2014 in whom we needed to use VAC therapy, describing the pathology that led to the complication, length of hospitalization, graft survival, microbial identifications, and causes of death...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Masamitsu Hashiba, Atsutoshi Tomino, Nobuyoshi Takenaka, Tomonori Hattori, Hideki Kano, Masanobu Tsuda, Naoshi Takeyama
BACKGROUND: Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) can cause various infections, including gas gangrene, crepitant cellulitis, and fasciitis. While C. perfringens sepsis is uncommon, it is often rapidly fatal because the alpha toxin of this bacterium induces massive intravascular hemolysis by disrupting red blood cell membranes. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a male patient with diabetes who developed a fatal liver abscess with massive intravascular hemolysis and septic shock caused by toxigenic C...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Ming Lei, Xin-Xin Liu
The vagus nerve and the released acetylcholine exert anti-inflammatory effects and inhibit septic shock. However, their detailed mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of vagus nerve electrical stimulation on serum S100A8 levels in septic shock rats. A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six equal groups: i) Sham group, receiving sham operation; ii) CLP group, subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to establish a model of polymicrobial sepsis; iii) VGX group, subjected to CLP and bilateral cervical vagotomy; iv) STM group, subjected to CLP, bilateral cervical vagotomy and electrical stimulation on the left vagus nerve trunk; v) α‑bungarotoxin (BGT) group was administered α‑BGT prior to electrical stimulation; vi) Anti‑receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) group, administered intraperitoneal injection of anti‑RAGE antibody prior to electrical stimulation...
May 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Nina Méndez-Domínguez, Jorge Augusto Achach-Asaf, Luis Manuel Basso-García, Yazmín Berenice Quiñones-Pacheco, Salvador Gómez-Carro
INTRODUCTION: A chikungunya outbreak took place in the State of Yucatan starting in the second half of 2015 OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical course of a case of chikungunya in a previously healthy infant, providing practical evidence to guide future diagnoses and treatment during outbreak seasons in endemic areas CASE REPORT: Clinical manifestation started with a sudden onset of fever and a diffuse macular-papillary erythema, originally treated in the community with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
March 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Stephan Harm, Franz Gabor, Jens Hartmann
Endotoxins are the major components of the outer membrane of most Gram-negative bacteria and are one of the main targets in inflammatory diseases. The presence of endotoxins in blood can provoke septic shock in case of pronounced immune response. Here we show in vitro inactivation of endotoxins by polymyxin B (PMB). The inflammatory activity of the LPS-PMB complex in blood was examined in vitro in freshly drawn blood samples. Plasma protein binding of PMB was determined by ultracentrifugation using membranes with different molecular cut-offs, and PMB clearance during dialysis was calculated after in vitro experiments using the AV1000S filter...
May 2016: Innate Immunity
Xiangyang Qin, Xinru Jiang, Xin Jiang, Yuli Wang, Zhulei Miao, Weigang He, Guizhen Yang, Zhenhui Lv, Yizhi Yu, Yuejuan Zheng
Sepsis is the principal cause of fatality in the intensive care units worldwide. It involves uncontrolled inflammatory response resulting in multi-organ failure and even death. Micheliolide (MCL), a sesquiterpene lactone, was reported to inhibit dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced inflammatory intestinal disease, colitis-associated cancer and rheumatic arthritis. Nevertheless, the role of MCL in microbial infection and sepsis is unclear. We demonstrated that MCL decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS, the main cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria)-mediated production of cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1, etc) in Raw264...
2016: Scientific Reports
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