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Annals of internal medicine, review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855102/non-inferiority-trials-are-they-inferior-a-systematic-review-of-reporting-in-major-medical-journals
#2
Sunita Rehal, Tim P Morris, Katherine Fielding, James R Carpenter, Patrick P J Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy of reporting of non-inferiority trials alongside the consistency and utility of current recommended analyses and guidelines. DESIGN: Review of randomised clinical trials that used a non-inferiority design published between January 2010 and May 2015 in medical journals that had an impact factor >10 (JAMA Internal Medicine, Archives Internal Medicine, PLOS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet and New England Journal of Medicine)...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614351/preanalytical-errors-in-medical-laboratories-a-review-of-the-available-methodologies-of-data-collection-and-analysis
#3
Jamie West, Jennifer Atherton, Seán J Costelloe, Ghazaleh Pourmahram, Adam Stretton, Michael Cornes
Preanalytical errors have previously been shown to contribute a significant proportion of errors in laboratory processes and contribute to a number of patient safety risks. Accreditation against ISO 15189:2012 requires that laboratory Quality Management Systems consider the impact of preanalytical processes in areas such as the identification and control of non-conformances, continual improvement, internal audit and quality indicators. Previous studies have shown that there is a wide variation in the definition, repertoire and collection methods for preanalytical quality indicators...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470506/reporting-quality-of-randomised-controlled-trial-abstracts-among-high-impact-general-medical-journals-a-review-and-analysis
#4
Meredith Hays, Mary Andrews, Ramey Wilson, David Callender, Patrick G O'Malley, Kevin Douglas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for Abstracts by five high-impact general medical journals and to assess whether the quality of reporting was homogeneous across these journals. DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Randomised controlled trial (RCT) abstracts in five high-impact general medical journals. PARTICIPANTS: We used up to 100 RCT abstracts published between 2011 and 2014 from each of the following journals: The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), the Annals of Internal Medicine (Annals IM), The Lancet, the British Medical Journal (The BMJ) and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)...
July 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171652/psychosocial-interventions-for-improving-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-strabismus-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Kelly MacKenzie, Joanne Hancox, Hayley McBain, Daniel G Ezra, Gill Adams, Stanton Newman
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, also known as squint, can have a debilitating effect on a person's self-esteem, quality of life and mood, as well as increase their feelings of social anxiety and avoidance behaviour. Strabismus surgery can improve both the alignment of a person's eyes and, in appropriate cases, relieve symptoms such as double vision. However, evidence indicates that not all patients experience a meaningful improvement in their quality of life postsurgery. Pre-surgical psychosocial interventions have been found to improve patient reported outcomes in other long-term conditions...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087576/doubly-blind-a-systematic-review-of-gender-in-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Susan P Phillips, Katarina Hamberg
BACKGROUND: Although observational data show social characteristics such as gender or socio-economic status to be strong predictors of health, their impact is seldom investigated in randomised controlled studies (RCTs). OBJECTIVE & DESIGN: Using a random sample of recent RCTs from high-impact journals, we examined how the most often recorded social characteristic, sex/gender, is considered in design, analysis, and interpretation. Of 712 RCTs published from September 2008 to 31 December 2013 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, Lancet, Canadian Medical Association Journal, or New England Journal of Medicine, we randomly selected 57 to analyse funding, methods, number of centres, documentation of social circumstances, inclusion/exclusion criteria, proportions of women/men, and reporting about sex/gender in analyses and discussion...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046243/update-in-outpatient-general-internal-medicine-practice-changing-evidence-published-in-2015
#7
REVIEW
Jason H Szostek, Mark L Wieland, Jason A Post, Karna K Sundsted, Karen F Mauck
Identifying new practice-changing articles is challenging. To determine the 2015 practice-changing articles most relevant to outpatient general internal medicine, 3 internists independently reviewed the titles and abstracts of original articles, synopses of single studies and syntheses, and databases of syntheses. For original articles, internal medicine journals with the 7 highest impact factors were reviewed: New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), British Medical Journal, Public Library of Science Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, and JAMA Internal Medicine...
August 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008296/epidural-injections-for-lumbar-radiculopathy-and-spinal-stenosis-a-comparative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Mark V Boswell, Alan D Kaye, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic low back pain and related disability is rapidly increasing as are the myriad treatments, including epidural injections. Even though epidural injections are one of the most commonly performed procedures in managing low back and lower extremity pain, starting in 1901 with local anesthetic alone, conflicting recommendations have been provided, despite the extensive literature. Recently Chou et al performed a technology assessment review for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) part of which was published in Annals of Internal Medicine showing lack of effectiveness of epidural steroid injections in managing lumbar radiculopathy and spinal stenosis...
March 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26437199/an-investigation-of-the-variety-and-complexity-of-statistical-methods-used-in-current-internal-medicine-literature
#9
Roshni Narayanan, Rebecca Nugent, Kenneth Nugent
OBJECTIVES: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education guidelines require internal medicine residents to develop skills in the interpretation of medical literature and to understand the principles of research. A necessary component is the ability to understand the statistical methods used and their results, material that is not an in-depth focus of most medical school curricula and residency programs. Given the breadth and depth of the current medical literature and an increasing emphasis on complex, sophisticated statistical analyses, the statistical foundation and education necessary for residents are uncertain...
October 2015: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26237763/in-the-clinic-hyponatremia
#10
REVIEW
Dan A Henry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26148292/in-the-clinic-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
REVIEW
Ian G Harnik
This issue provides a clinical overview of gastroesophageal reflux disease, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
July 7, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104927/does-cancer-literature-reflect-multidisciplinary-practice-a-systematic-review-of-oncology-studies-in-the-medical-literature-over-a-20-year-period
#12
REVIEW
Emma B Holliday, Awad A Ahmed, Stella K Yoo, Reshma Jagsi, Karen E Hoffman
PURPOSE: Quality cancer care is best delivered through a multidisciplinary approach requiring awareness of current evidence for all oncologic specialties. The highest impact journals often disseminate such information, so the distribution and characteristics of oncology studies by primary intervention (local therapies, systemic therapies, and targeted agents) were evaluated in 10 high-impact journals over a 20-year period. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Articles published in 1994, 2004, and 2014 in New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, Lancet Oncology, Journal of Clinical Oncology, Annals of Oncology, Radiotherapy and Oncology, International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, Annals of Surgical Oncology, and European Journal of Surgical Oncology were identified...
July 15, 2015: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26052025/update-in-outpatient-general-internal-medicine-practice-changing-evidence-published-in-2014
#13
REVIEW
Karna K Sundsted, Mark L Wieland, Jason H Szostek, Jason A Post, Karen F Mauck
The practice of outpatient general internal medicine requires a diverse and evolving knowledge base. General internists must identify practice-changing shifts in the literature and reflect on their impact. Accordingly, we conducted a review of practice-changing articles published in outpatient general internal medicine in 2014. To identify high-quality, clinically relevant publications, we reviewed all titles and abstracts published in the following primary data sources in 2014: New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA Internal Medicine, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
October 2015: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030647/chronic-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Paul Drawz, Mahboob Rahman
This issue provides a clinical overview of chronic kidney disease, focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
June 2, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939012/in-the-clinic-deep-venous-thrombosis
#15
REVIEW
John Spandorfer, Taki Galanis
This issue provides a clinical overview of deep venous thrombosis, focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
May 5, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25845017/in-the-clinic-constipation
#16
REVIEW
Brijen J Shah, Nisha Rughwani, Suzanne Rose
This issue provides a clinical overview of constipation, focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
April 7, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25732301/in-the-clinic-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Sandeep Vijan
This issue provides a clinical overview of Type 2 Diabetes focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
March 3, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25643316/in-the-clinic-perimenopause
#18
REVIEW
Megan McNamara, Pelin Batur, Kristi Tough DeSapri
This issue provides a clinical overview of Perimenopause focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
February 3, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25569120/transparent-reporting-of-a-multivariable-prediction-model-for-individual-prognosis-or-diagnosis-tripod-the-tripod-statement
#19
REVIEW
Gary S Collins, Johannes B Reitsma, Douglas G Altman, Karel G M Moons
Prediction models are developed to aid health care providers in estimating the probability or risk that a specific disease or condition is present (diagnostic models) or that a specific event will occur in the future (prognostic models), to inform their decision making. However, the overwhelming evidence shows that the quality of reporting of prediction model studies is poor. Only with full and clear reporting of information on all aspects of a prediction model can risk of bias and potential usefulness of prediction models be adequately assessed...
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25437425/in-the-clinic-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Matthew R Weir
This issue provides a clinical overview of Hypertension focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
December 2, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
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