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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#1
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812155/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-in-patients-with-bmi-35%C3%A2-kg-m-2-using-strict-remission-criteria-early-outcomes-of-a-prospective-study-among-mexicans
#2
Omar Espinosa, Omar Pineda, Hernan G Maydón, Elisa M Sepúlveda, Lizbeth Guilbert, Mónica Amado, Carlos Zerrweck
BACKGROUND: Mild obesity (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m(2)) is highly prevalent worldwide and is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The efficacy of bariatric surgery remains unclear, including among Mexicans. The criteria for diabetes remission are inconsistent, as they are based on different thresholds for glycated hemoglobin, with remission rates ranging from 43 to 73%. METHODS: Mildly obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass were prospectively analyzed...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808298/standards-for-arsenic-in-drinking-water-implications-for-policy-in-mexico
#3
Andrew T Fisher, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, Mariano E Cebrián
Global concern about arsenic in drinking water and its link to numerous diseases make translation of evidence-based research into national policy a priority. Delays in establishing a maximum contaminant level (MCL) to preserve health have increased the burden of disease and caused substantial and avoidable loss of life. The current Mexican MCL for arsenic in drinking water is 25 μg/l (2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation from 1993). Mexico's struggles to set its arsenic MCL offer a compelling example of shortcomings in environmental health policy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797454/impact-of-early-prophylactic-feeding-on-long-term-tube-dependency-outcomes-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#4
Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Lin, Lizbeth M Kenny, Judith D Bauer
OBJECTIVES: Prophylactic gastrostomy tube (PGT) is frequently used in patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC). There are concerns this leads to tube dependency but this phenomena is not well defined. This study aimed to determine whether early feeding via PGT impacted on longer term tube feeding outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with HNSCC with PGT were observed monthly post-treatment regarding tube use and time to removal up to twelve months. Patients were from a randomised controlled trial comparing an early feeding intervention via the PGT (n=57) versus usual care which commenced feeding when clinically indicated (n=67)...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797450/tube-feeding-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-adherence-and-patient-reported-barriers
#5
Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Lin, Lizbeth Kenny, Judith Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to investigate the incidence of patient adherence to nutritional tube feeding recommendations in patients with head and neck cancer and to determine patient barriers to meeting tube feeding prescription. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study from a randomised controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer deemed at high nutritional risk with prophylactic gastrostomy (n=125). Patients were randomised to receive early tube feeding prior to treatment (intervention group) or standard care...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752459/expression-and-purification-of-active-recombinant-human-alpha-1-antitrypsin-aat-from-escherichia-coli
#6
Beena Krishnan, Lizbeth Hedstrom, Daniel N Hebert, Lila M Gierasch, Anne Gershenson
Well-established genetic manipulation procedures along with a fast doubling time, the ability to grow in inexpensive media, and easy scaleup make Escherichia coli (E. coli) a preferred recombinant protein expression platform. Human alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) and other serpins are easily expressed in E. coli despite their metastability and complicated topology. Serpins can be produced as soluble proteins or aggregates in inclusion bodies, and both forms can be purified to homogeneity. In this chapter, we describe an ion-exchange chromatography-based protocol that we have developed involving the use of two anion-exchange columns to purify untagged human AAT from E...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739786/benzoxazoles-phthalazinones-and-arylurea-based-compounds-with-impdh-independent-antibacterial-activity-against-francisella-tularensis
#7
Suresh Kumar Gorla, Yan Zhang, Meaghan M Rabideau, Aiping Qin, Shibin Chacko, Amanda L House, Corey R Johnson, Kavitha Mandapati, Hannah M Bernstein, Elizabeth S McKenney, Helena Boshoff, Minjia Zhang, Ian J Glomski, Joanna B Goldberg, Gregory D Cuny, Barbara J Mann, Lizbeth Hedstrom
Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia and a potential biowarfare agent. The virulence of F. tularensis is decreased by deletion of guaB, the gene encoding inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), suggesting that this enzyme is a target for antibacterial design. Here we report that F. tularensis growth is blocked by inhibitors of bacterial IMPDHs. Seventeen compounds from two different frameworks, designated D and Q, display antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations less than 1 μM...
July 24, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720023/early-motor-development-and-cognitive-abilities-among-mexican-preschoolers
#8
Erika Osorio-Valencia, Luisa Torres-Sánchez, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Stephen J Rothenberg, Lourdes Schnaas
Psychomotricity plays a very important role in children's development, especially for learning involving reading-writing and mathematical calculations. Evaluate motor development in children 3 years old and its relationship with their cognitive abilities at the age of 5 years. Based on a cohort study, we analyzed the information about motor performance evaluated at 3 years old by Peabody Motor Scale and cognitive abilities at 5 years old. The association was estimated using linear regression models adjusted by mother's intelligence quotient, sex, Bayley mental development index at 18 months, and quality of the environment at home (HOME scale)...
July 18, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704698/interventional-radiology-in-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Lizbeth Moira Kenny, Franco Orsi, Andreas Adam
Molecular profiling of metastatic disease may greatly influence the systemic therapy recommended by oncologists and chosen by patients, allowing treatment to be more targeted. Comprehensive care of patients with advanced breast cancer now includes percutaneous image-guided biopsy if this has the potential to influence systemic treatment [1]. Interventional radiologists can contribute significantly to the care of patients affected by breast cancer, in diagnostic and supportive procedures and importantly also in treatment...
July 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692930/evaluation-of-dynamic-scaling-of-growing-interfaces-in-eeg-fluctuations-of-seizures-in-animal-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#10
Claudia Lizbeth Martínez-González, Alexander Balankin, Tessy López, Joaquín Manjarrez-Marmolejo, Efraín José Martínez-Ortiz
Epileptic seizures, as a dynamic phenomenon in brain behavior, obey a scale-free behavior, frequently analyzed by electrical activity recording. This recording can be seen as a surface that roughens with time. Dynamic scaling studies roughening processes or growing interfaces. In this theory, a set of exponents -obtained from scale invariance properties- characterize rough interfaces growth. The aim of the present study was to investigate scaling behavior in EEG time series fluctuations of a chemical animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy, with dynamic scaling to detect changes on seizure onset...
July 4, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670051/ineffectiveness-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-enhancement-to-predict-fibroid-volume-reduction-after-uterine-artery-embolization
#11
Ginny Bao, Lizbeth Hu, Hearns W Charles, Amy R Deipolyi
Fibroid nonenhancement is considered a relative contraindication to uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic fibroids. This retrospective study assessed the impact of UAE on nonenhancing fibroids to determine imaging predictors of fibroid shrinkage. All women who underwent UAE for symptomatic fibroids between May 2009 and July 2014 and had follow-up magnetic resonance imaging 6 months after UAE were included. There were 59 fibroids (5 nonenhancing, 54 enhancing) among 18 women aged 40 to 53 (mean 46) years...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658731/-angioedema-as-initial-manifestation-of-hypogammaglobulinemia
#12
Eunice López-Rocha, Patricia O'Farril-Romanillos, Saraid Cerda-Reyes, Edgar A Medina-Torres, Sara E Espinosa-Padilla, José G Huerta-López, Lizbeth Blancas-Galicia
Common variable immunodeficiency is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and the inability to respond to vaccines. Patients mostly manifest infections, however only less than 5 % have pathological conditions as autoimmunity, granulomatous inflammation, and splenomegaly or lymphoproliferative disease among others, without showing infections. We report the case of a woman who debuted with localized cutaneous affection, facial angioedema, without other early symptoms. After diagnosis splenomegaly and bronchiectasis were documented...
April 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655843/experimental-evolution-reveals-an-effective-avenue-to-release-catabolite-repression-via-mutations-in-xylr
#13
Christian Sievert, Lizbeth M Nieves, Larry A Panyon, Taylor Loeffler, Chandler Morris, Reed A Cartwright, Xuan Wang
Microbial production of fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass provides promising biorenewable alternatives to the conventional petroleum-based products. However, heterogeneous sugar composition of lignocellulosic biomass hinders efficient microbial conversion due to carbon catabolite repression. The most abundant sugar monomers in lignocellulosic biomass materials are glucose and xylose. Although industrial Escherichia coli strains efficiently use glucose, their ability to use xylose is often repressed in the presence of glucose...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654416/the-evaluation-of-a-personal-narrative-language-intervention-for-school-age-children-with-down-syndrome
#14
Lizbeth Finestack, Katy H O'Brien, Jolene Hyppa-Martin, Kristen A Lyrek
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an intervention focused on improving personal narrative skills of school-age children with Down syndrome (DS) using an approach involving visual supports. Four females with DS, ages 10 through 15 years, participated in this multiple baseline across participants single-subject experimental design study. Participants completed 18 intervention sessions that targeted personal narrative goals. Parents completed a survey regarding their perspectives of the intervention...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639792/emodiversity-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation
#15
Anthony D Ong, Lizbeth Benson, Alex J Zautra, Nilam Ram
There is growing evidence that inflammatory responses may help to explain how emotions get "under the skin" to influence disease susceptibility. Moving beyond examination of individuals' average level of emotion, this study examined how the breadth and relative abundance of emotions that individuals experience-emodiversity-is related to systemic inflammation. Using diary data from 175 adults aged 40 to 65 who provided end-of-day reports of their positive and negative emotions over 30 days, we found that greater diversity in day-to-day positive emotions was associated with lower circulating levels of inflammation (indicated by IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen), independent of mean levels of positive and negative emotions, body mass index, anti-inflammatory medications, medical conditions, personality, and demographics...
June 22, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628098/short-chain-alkanes-fuel-mussel-and-sponge-cycloclasticus-symbionts-from-deep-sea-gas-and-oil-seeps
#16
Maxim Rubin-Blum, Chakkiath Paul Antony, Christian Borowski, Lizbeth Sayavedra, Thomas Pape, Heiko Sahling, Gerhard Bohrmann, Manuel Kleiner, Molly C Redmond, David L Valentine, Nicole Dubilier
Cycloclasticus bacteria are ubiquitous in oil-rich regions of the ocean and are known for their ability to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, we describe Cycloclasticus that have established a symbiosis with Bathymodiolus heckerae mussels and poecilosclerid sponges from asphalt-rich, deep-sea oil seeps at Campeche Knolls in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Genomic and transcriptomic analyses revealed that, in contrast to all previously known Cycloclasticus, the symbiotic Cycloclasticus appears to lack the genes needed for PAH degradation...
June 19, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628069/sitting-time-an-increasing-heath-risk-among-nurse-educators
#17
M Eve Main, Dawn Garrett-Wright, Lizbeth P Sturgeon, M Susan Jones, Donna S Blackburn
Prolonged sitting time (ST) is a distinct risk factor for early mortality and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to examine ST and health of Kentucky nurse educators. The written survey included demographic items, general health items, and ST. Total average ST was 10.8 hours (workdays) and 8 hours (non-workdays). There was no relationship between body mass index and ST; however, the medication used to treat hypertension and hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased ST...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624530/the-emerging-role-of-wnt-signaling-dysregulation-in-the-understanding-and-modification-of-age-associated-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Lizbeth García-Velázquez, Clorinda Arias
Wnt signaling is a highly conserved pathway that participates in multiple aspects of cellular function during development and in adults. In particular, this pathway has been implicated in cell fate determination, proliferation and cell polarity establishment. In the brain, it contributes to synapse formation, axonal remodeling, dendrite outgrowth, synaptic activity, neurogenesis and behavioral plasticity. The expression and distribution of Wnt components in different organs vary with age, which may have important implications for preserving tissue homeostasis...
August 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535154/randomised-controlled-trial-of-early-prophylactic-feeding-vs-standard-care-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
Teresa E Brown, Merrilyn D Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Y Lin, Lizbeth M Kenny, Judith D Bauer
BACKGROUND: Weight loss remains significant in patients with head and neck cancer, despite prophylactic gastrostomy and intensive dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to improve outcomes utilising an early nutrition intervention. METHODS: Patients with head and neck cancer at a tertiary hospital in Australia referred for prophylactic gastrostomy prior to curative intent treatment were eligible for this single centre randomised controlled trial. Exclusions included severe malnutrition or dysphagia...
June 27, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526213/epidemiology-of-neurocysticercosis-and-epilepsy-is-everything-described
#20
REVIEW
Jose F Tellez-Zenteno, Lizbeth Hernandez-Ronquillo
In recent years clinical and epidemiological research on cysticercosis has gained significant interest in some countries, especially in Latin American countries and some countries in Asia and Africa. For many years it has been proposed that the higher prevalence of epilepsy seen in some regions such as Latin-America could be explained by parasitic infections, particularly neurocysticercosis (NCC). In this review we discussed selected epidemiological topics of the association of NCC and epilepsy, such as global distribution around the world, identification of NCC in developed countries, drug resistant epilepsy and NCC...
May 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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