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Superior colliculous

Javier Ruiz-Ederra, A S Verkman
We have developed an inducible mouse model of glaucoma based on episcleral vein cauterization (EVC). Intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in adult mice was produced by cauterizing three episcleral veins. Serial IOP measurements were done by induction-impact tonometry. IOP was significantly elevated by 104+/-20% in 20 out of 23 mice (87%) within the first day after EVC, and remained elevated for 4 weeks, with mean IOP 94% higher in EVC-treated vs. contralateral control eyes. Aqueous outflow blockade was verified from the IOP response to pulsed fluid infusions into the anterior chamber...
May 2006: Experimental Eye Research
Jianzhong Ji, Peter Chang, Mark E Pennesi, Zhuo Yang, Jian Zhang, Dequan Li, Samuel M Wu, Ronald L Gross
We developed and characterized a mouse model of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) to investigate the underlying cellular and genetic mechanisms of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. IOP was unilaterally increased in C57BL/6J mice by photocoagulation of the episcleral and limbal veins. IOP was measured using an indentation tonometer. RGC survival was measured by retrograde labeling using DiI applied to the superior colliculous. The mechanism of RGC death was investigated using TUNEL staining, immunostaining for cleaved caspase-3, and Western blot for Bcl-2 and Bax expression...
January 2005: Vision Research
G Frömel
Specific changes occur in the cells of the upper layers of the cat's superior collicules when a two dimensional noise (background) is superimposed onto a deterministic signal (spot of light). Some of the measurements can be interpreted as meaning that some cells only react to certain relative movements of object (spot) and background (noise). The movement of the visual background is interpreted as environmental movement occurring due to the animal's own movement. The results of the measurements provide all the necessary presuppositions for a distinction between the animal's own velocity and that of the object (Part I)...
1980: Biological Cybernetics
A Loewy, W S Liu, C Baitinger, M B Willard
Superprotein is a rapidly axonally transported protein that is conspicuously labeled with 35S-methionine supplied to the cell bodies of retinal ganglion cells. Superprotein candidates are apparent among the rapidly transported proteins of many neurons from the CNS and PNS, including cranial, sympathetic, sensory, and motor neurons from mammals, fish, and amphibians. To determine the identity of Superprotein, we purified it from rabbit visual system and spinal cord and determined the amino acid sequence of seven of its tryptic peptides...
November 1991: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
A Arduini, R Corazza
In the encéphale isolé cats in state of drowsiness and sleep and in darkness, the spike activity of a population of neurons in the superior collicules is modulated in relation to the slow movement of the eyes. These neurons are all located in the deep layers of the colliculus and belong to a larger population which had been previously to discharge in correspondence with saccadic movements. The correlation between neuronal activity and slow movements is not present continuously and may be obscured by a number of factors...
June 8, 1977: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
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