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Recurrent urinary tract infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682478/significance-of-bacteriuria-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#1
Ibrahim Taweel, Norman Beatty, Alexsis Duarte, David Nix, Kathryn Matthias, Mayar Al Mohajer
The significance of bacteriuria in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) is unclear. It is not known whether treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is associated with lower rates of urinary tract infection or readmission. Adult patients with ESRD on HD were retrospectively evaluated to assess factors associated with the recurrence of bacteriuria and readmission. We included 68 patients in the analysis. There were 20 patients (29.4%) with urinary symptoms. All symptomatic patients received antibiotic therapy, whereas half of the asymptomatic patients received antibiotics...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666728/a-rare-benign-tumor-in-a-14-year-old-girl
#2
Meral Hassan Abualjadayel, Osama Y Safdar, Maysaa Adnan Banjari, Sherif El Desoky, Ghadeer A Mokhtar, Raed A Azhar
Background: Oncocytomas are the second most common benign renal neoplasm but, unfortunately, they are difficult to differentiate from renal cell carcinoma. Renal oncocytomas are rare and have mostly been reported in adults. To our knowledge, this is only the sixth pediatric reported case of renal oncocytoma worldwide. Case Presentation: A 14-year-old Yemeni girl with a recurrent history of urinary tract infections came to our clinic complaining of left flank pain with a frontal headache...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662959/quarter-century-management-of-chronic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-solitary-kidney-with-a-ureteral-stent
#3
Garen Abedi, Roshan M Patel, Cyrus Lin, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral stent provides a conduit for urinary drainage from the kidney to the bladder and is integral to contemporary urologic practice. A ureteral stent is often utilized in acute conditions to prevent or overcome obstruction; however, in nonsurgical patients, because of disease or preference, a ureteral stent may be used as a last resort for long-term management of a stricture in lieu of a nephrostomy tube. This case highlights a patient whose chronic ureteral obstruction has been managed with an indwelling ureteral stent for 25 years; remarkably, stent exchanges are currently required only every 2 years...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662539/urogenital-tuberculosis-the-cause-of-ineffective-antibacterial-therapy-for-urinary-tract-infections
#4
Ekaterina Kulchavenya, Andrey Cherednichenko
Background: Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is one of the great imitators; it is commonly masked by urinary tract infections (UTIs). We aimed to estimate how many UGTB patients were among patients with a long history of UTIs. Material and Methods: A total of 244 patients with recurrent UTIs and suspected UGTB were enrolled in an open, noncomparative prospective study. Their urine and expressed prostate secretion or ejaculate were cultured (a total of 1446 samples), and 421 isolates with growth of ⩾104 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml were investigated for drug resistance...
March 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657204/urinary-tract-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipients-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#5
Debabrata Mukherjee, Sourabh Sharma, Ranjith K Nair, Bhaskar Datt, Dhawal Arora, Ananth Rao
Our objective was to determine incidence, predisposing factors, and microbiological profile of urinary tract infection (UTI) in renal transplant recipients in our center. This was cross-sectional observational study, conducted at the Department of Nephrology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi, India. Two hundred and ten renal transplant recipients were studied over one year. Out of 210 transplant recipients, 69 (32.86%) had UTI. Majority (59/69) had undergone live renal transplantation and 10 cases had received cadaveric grafts...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650139/follow-up-management-of-cystectomy-patients
#6
REVIEW
Madhumitha Reddy, Karim Kader
Bladder cancer is the sixth leading cancer in the United States. Radical cystectomy is a lifesaving procedure for bladder cancer with or without muscle invasion. Radical cystectomy is performed on 39% of these patients, and 35% will have a life-threatening recurrence. Distant metastases are the most common; local, upper tract, and urethral recurrence can also occur. Surveillance after cystectomy is critical to diagnosing recurrence early. Functional complications after urinary diversion include bowel dysfunction, vitamin B12 deficiency, acidosis, electrolyte abnormalities, osteopenia, nephrolithiasis, urinary tract infections, renal functional decline, and urinary obstruction, which can be reversed when diagnosed early...
May 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643735/combined-laparoscopic-and-cystoscopic-retrieval-of-forgotten-translocated-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#7
Taiwo O Alabi, Mohan Keshavamurthy, Shabeer Ahmed, Rufus W Ojewola, Mahendra Jain, Kehinde H Tijani
The most commonly used long-term reversible female contraception is intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). Its use is however associated with documented complications. Uterine perforation, though rare, is arguably the most surgically important of all these complications. We report a case of a 48-year-old para 4+0 (4 alive) woman who had IUCD insertion 17 years earlier and had forgotten she had the device having had two children thereafter. The IUCD was subsequently translocated through the dome of the bladder into the peritoneal cavity with calculus formation around the tail and thread of the IUCD in the urinary bladder causing recurrent urinary tract infection...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626003/probable-fidaxomicin-induced-pancytopenia
#8
Samantha Axtell, Aisha Shokoya, Christine Yocum
PURPOSE: A case of pancytopenia in a patient receiving treatment with fidaxomicin for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is described. SUMMARY: A 33-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to the hospital with a chief complaint of loose stools occurring approximately 7 times a day; she also reported fever, nausea, diffuse abdominal pain, and fatigue. The patient had a history of recurrent CDI, recurrent urinary tract infections, nephrolithiasis, chronic hepatitis C, and endometriosis...
April 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624569/are-probiotics-effective-in-preventing-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Juan Canales, Gabriel Rada
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is the most common bacterial infection and recurrences are common. Probiotics have been proposed as an alternative to decrease this risk. However, it is not clear if they are really effective. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach...
April 4, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623107/intravesical-instillations-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#10
Sonia Dutta, Felicia Lane
Background: Treatment options for refractory recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are limited; therefore, we sought to determine if intravesical instillations with heparin effectively treat recurrent UTIs. Methods: Patients at an academic medical center who received intravesical instillations with heparin for recurrent UTIs/chronic cystitis between January 2011 and December 2015 were identified via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) procedure codes...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617078/complete-supine-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-with-gopro%C3%A2-ten-steps-for-success
#11
Fabio Carvalho Vicentini, Hugo Daniel Barone Dos Santos, Carlos Alfredo Batagello, Julia Rothe Amundson, Evaristo Peixoto Oliveira, Giovanni Scala Marchini, Miguel Srougi, Willian Carlos Nahas, Eduardo Mazzucchi
OBJECTIVE: To show a video of a complete supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (csPCNL) performed for the treatment of a staghorn calculus, from the surgeon's point of view. The procedure was recorded with a GoPro® camera, demonstrating the ten essential steps for a successful procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient was a 38 years-old woman with 2.4cm of left kidney lower pole stone burden who presented with 3 months of lumbar pain and recurrent urinary tract infections...
March 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611464/evaluation-of-functional-outcomes-in-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-with-rehabilitation-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-a-retrospective-study
#12
Argyrios Stampas, Elizabeth Dominick, Liang Zhu
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of urinary tract infections (UTIs) acquired during acute inpatient traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (tSCI) rehabilitation on Functional Independence Measure (FIM) gains. Design Retrospective chart review of consecutive patients with tSCI admitted to an acute rehabilitation facility from 2007-2012. The primary outcome was FIM scores and the association with UTI. Results The sample included 110 patients and 70 acquired UTIs. No demographic differences were observed between groups with and without UTI...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605709/intra-peri-and-postoperative-complications-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-in-geriatric-women
#13
Marc Körnig, Esther Brühlmann, Andreas Günthert, Corina Christmann
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common problem among geriatric women. Advanced age is associated with a high prevalence of comorbidities that can lead to restrictive use of surgical treatment. With rising life expectancy it is predicted that surgical treatment in these women will be seen more frequently. Inconsistently there is a lack of clinical trials giving attention to elderly women suffering from pelvic organ prolapse. The aim of this study was to quantify the rate of complications in elderly women undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602464/use-of-lactobacillus-spp-to-prevent-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-females
#14
Qin Xiang Ng, Christina Peters, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Yan Yih Goh, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Wee-Song Yeo
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections seen in the community, especially amongst females. The widespread use of antibiotics has led to the increased occurrence of E. coli resistant isolates worldwide. A promising non-antibiotic approach is the use of probiotic lactobacilli strains. This paper hypothesizes that Lactobacillus spp. containing products are able to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections in females. Using the keywords [lactobacillus OR lactobacilli OR probiotic] and [urinary tract infection OR UTI OR cystitis], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar and ClinicalTrials...
May 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599553/suspected-congenital-urethral-diverticulum-in-a-dog
#15
Aylin Atilla
A 2-year-old neutered male dog with a history of urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections, and unilateral cryptorchidism was presented with an acute onset of perineal swelling. Urinary contrast studies revealed a urothelial lined structure in the perineum. Surgical resection of 80% to 90% of this structure, suspected to be a congenital urethral diverticulum, was successful.
March 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595706/large-sliding-inguino-scrotal-hernia-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Ping Wang, Yonggang Huang, Jing Ye, Guodong Gao, Fangjie Zhang, Hao Wu
RATIONALE: Sliding inguinal hernias of the urinary bladder are protrusions of the bladder through the internal inguinal ring, most of which are insignificant and diagnosed intra-operatively. Large inguino-scrotal bladder hernias commonly present with lower urinary tract symptoms and may cause severe complications, including bladder incarceration or necrosis, bladder hemorrhage, obstructive or neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and even renal failure. PATIENT CONCERNS: We describe and discuss the clinical findings and management of a 59-year-old man who complained of a decrease in scrotal size after voiding and 2-stage voiding requiring pressure to the scrotum...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594953/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-the-treatment-of-xdr-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections
#17
Laura Escolà-Vergé, Carles Pigrau, Ibai Los-Arcos, Ángel Arévalo, Belen Viñado, David Campany, Nieves Larrosa, Xavier Nuvials, Ricard Ferrer, Oscar Len, Benito Almirante
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) for treating extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDR-PA) infections, and to analyze whether high C/T dosing (2 g ceftolozane and 1 g tazobactam every 8 h) and infection source control have an impact on outcome. METHODS: Retrospective study of all consecutive patients treated with C/T for XDR-PA infection at a tertiary referral hospital (November 2015-July 2017)...
March 28, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588332/risks-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-children-with-infantile-urinary-tract-infection-a-13-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Teck-King Tan, Miguel Saps, Cheng-Li Lin, Chang-Ching Wei
Early life events play a crucial role in the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some evidence suggests the phenomenon of cross-organ sensitization between bladder and colon. Whether urinary tract infection (UTI) during infancy is a risk factor of childhood IBS remains to be elucidated. In this retrospective cohort study, we selected 31 788 infants who had UTI between 2000 and 2011 as a UTI cohort and selected 127 152 infants without UTI as a comparison cohort, matched by age, sex and level of urbanization of living area...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579860/initial-experience-in-the-use-of-novel-auto-expandable-metal-ureteral-stent-in-the-treatment-of-ureter-stenosis-in-kidney-transplanted-patients
#19
J J Salamanca-Bustos, E Gomez-Gomez, J P Campos-Hernández, J Carrasco-Valiente, J Ruiz-García, F J Márquez-López, L Zurera-Tendero, M J Requena-Tapia
INTRODUCTION: Ureter stenosis in renal transplantation patients is a relatively frequent complication that negatively conditions graft evolution. The use of ureteral stents is a valid treatment alternative to the use of double-J catheters in patients for whom surgery is not contemplated or after surgical recurrence. We present our initial experience with five patients treated using this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe a total of five patients with ureteral stenosis after renal transplantation who were treated using ureteral stent model UVENTA (Taewoong Medical, Seoul, Korea) in our center...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579838/endoscopic-treatment-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-kidney-transplant-experience-of-one-center
#20
M Gomez Lujan, L Velarde, C Cruzalegui, C Berrios, E Sifuentes, J Gálvez, H Soto, E Castañeda, G Bazán, A Nakachi, M Chambi, C Medina, A Torres
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after renal transplantation in adult patients has been reported. In renal transplant recipients, symptomatic urinary tract infection can cause high morbidity despite improved immunosuppressive and antibiotic treatment. In our country there have been few reported cases about use of copolymer of dextranomer and hyaluronic acid (DX-HA) injection in a renal transplant. We present 3 cases of recurrent or complicated infections with evidence of high-grade VUR, which were treated with DX-HA...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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