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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551730/nursing-students-perceptions-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-an-example-of-turkey
#1
Safak Daghan
This descriptive survey study aimed to explore how nursing students perceive spirituality/spiritual care and investigate the variables acting on their perception. Data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale with 500 students from the Faculty of Nursing. The students' median score regarding their perception of spirituality and spiritual care indicates a "conceptual confusion" related with these concepts. Female students have higher scale scores than male students (z = 2.19, p < 0...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551527/placental-weight-in-the-first-pregnancy-and-risk-for-preeclampsia-in-the-second-pregnancy-a-population-based-study-of-186-859-women
#2
Johanne Dypvik, Sandra Larsen, Camilla Haavaldsen, Anne M Jukic, Lars J Vatten, Anne Eskild
OBJECTIVE: To study whether placental weight in the first pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia in the second pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this population-based study, we included all women with two consecutive singleton pregnancies reported to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway during 1999-2012 (n=186 859). Placental weight in the first pregnancy was calculated as z-scores, and the distribution was divided into five groups of equal size (quintiles). We estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for preeclampsia in the second pregnancy according to quintiles of placental weight z-scores in the first pregnancy...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551421/interaction-of-gliding-motion-of-bacteria-with-rheological-properties-of-the-slime
#3
Z Asghar, N Ali, M Sajid
Bacteria which do not have organelles of motility, such as flagella, adopt gliding as a mode of locomotion. In gliding motility bacterium moves under its own power by secreting a layer of slime on the substrate. The exact mechanism by which a glider achieves motility is yet in controversy but there are evidences which support the wave-like undulation on the surface of the organism, as a possible mechanism of motility. Based on this observation, a model of undulating sheet over a layer of slime is examined as a possible model of the gliding motion of a bacterium...
May 24, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551420/an-analysis-of-the-development-of-cauliflower-seed-as-a-model-to-improve-the-molecular-mechanism-of-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-cauliflower-artificial-seeds
#4
Hail Z Rihan, Mohammed Al-Issawi, Michael P Fuller
The development stages of conventional cauliflower seeds were studied and the accumulation of dehydrin proteins through the maturation stages was investigated with the aim of identifying methods to improve the viability of artificial seeds of cauliflower. While carbohydrate, ash and lipids increased throughout the development of cauliflower traditional seeds, proteins increased with the development of seed and reached the maximum level after 75 days of pollination, however, the level of protein started to decrease after that...
May 22, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551311/evaluation-of-pharmacokinetics-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-of-mitragynine-using-in-vivo-microdialysis-technique
#5
Wai Mun Kong, Zahurin Mohamed, Mohammed A Alshawsh, Zamri Chik
A microdialysis system coupled with a sensitive ultra-fast liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS) method was developed for the pharmacokinetic analysis of mitragynine in rat blood and striatum. Mitragynine is an active alkaloid of Mitragyna speciosa and has been proposed to be used for opioid withdrawal therapy. In this study, chromatographic separation was performed in a gradient elution mode with 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile on a Zorbax Eclipse C18 column. The mass spectrometric (MS) analysis was carried out in a positive electrospray mode and mitragynine ion (m/z 399...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551275/genetic-analysis-of-vcp-and-wash-complex-genes-in-a-german-cohort-of-sporadic-als-ftd-patients
#6
Matthias Türk, Rolf Schröder, Katharina Khuller, Andreas Hofmann, Carolin Berwanger, Albert C Ludolph, Gabriele Dekomien, Kathrin Müller, Jochen H Weishaupt, Christian T Thiel, Christoph S Clemen
Mutations of the human valosin-containing protein, p97 (VCP) and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and SCAR homolog (WASH) complex genes cause motor neuron and cognitive impairment disorders. Here, we analyzed a cohort of German patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration comorbidity (ALS/FTD) for VCP and WASH complex gene mutations. Next-generation panel sequencing of VCP, WASH1, FAM21C, CCDC53, SWIP, strumpellin, F-actin capping protein of muscle Z-line alfa 1 (CAPZA1), and CAPZB genes was performed in 43 sporadic ALS/FTD patients...
May 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551197/-vitamin-c-sodium-bicarbonate-versus-sodium-bicarbonate-alone-in-preventing-contrast-induced%C3%A2-nephropathy
#7
L Laroussi, M Triki, Z Ibn Elhaj, A Ben Halima, M Boukhris, W Ben Amara, H Keskes, S Kraiem, D Lahidheb, S Marrakchi, I Kammoun, F Addad, S Kachboura
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common and severe complication in interventional cardiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy in two accelerated hydration protocols: the first one by the serum bicarbonate and the second combining the serum bicarbonate and oral vitamin C. METHODS: This is a multicenter prospective, randomized study conducted between October 2012 and May 2013, including 160 patients...
May 24, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551192/differences-in-liver-functionality-indexes-in-peripartal-dairy-cows-fed-rumen-protected-methionine-or-choline-are-associated-with-performance-oxidative-stress-status-and-plasma-amino-acid-profiles
#8
Z Zhou, E Trevisi, D N Luchini, J J Loor
The liver functionality index (LFI) represents an assessment of transition cow metabolic health by measuring changes in biomarkers associated with liver plasma protein synthesis (albumin), lipoprotein synthesis (cholesterol), and heme catabolism (bilirubin). The present analysis was conducted to determine the role of peripartal rumen-protected Met or choline (CHOL) supplementation on LFI groupings, and to assess relationships with performance, inflammation, oxidative stress status, and plasma AA profiles. A cohort of 40 multiparous Holstein cows that were part of a randomized complete block design with 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of Met (Smartamine M, Adisseo NA, Alpharetta, GA) and CHOL (ReaShure, Balchem Inc...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551132/differentiation-of-the-six-dimethoxypyrovalerone-regioisomers-gc-ms-gc-ms-ms-and-gc-ir
#9
Younis Abiedalla, Jack DeRuiter, Forrest Smith, C Randall Clark
Multiple and complementary analytical methods are often necessary for the identification of a specific compound from a series of closely related structural isomers. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), gas chromatography-product ion mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography-infrared spectroscopy (GC-IR) were used to differentiate between the six dimethoxypyrrovalerone (DMPV) regioisomers. The six regioisomeric aminoketones were separated on a 50% phenyl stationary phase and the elution order is related to the positioning of substituents on the aromatic ring...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551038/clinical-features-of-a-female-with-wdr45-mutation-complicated-by-infantile-spasms-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Manami Morikawa, Kyoko Takano, Mitsuo Motobayashi, Naoko Shiba, Tomoki Kosho, Yozo Nakazawa, Yuji Inaba
We present a 3-year-old girl with beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN) who had a de novo heterozygous splice-site mutation of c.831-1G>C in WDR45 and developed infantile spasms; her onset age of infantile spasms was relatively late. Her infantile spasms and hypsarrhythmia disappeared promptly by adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy (CORTROSYN®Z, 0.0125mg/kg/day daily for 2weeks intramuscularly), though the administration of pyridoxal phosphate and valproic acid had poor efficacy. BPAN is known to be associated with various types of seizures, but there are few reports on infantile spasms, especially in females...
May 24, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550950/levels-and-sources-of-heavy-metals-and-pahs-in-sediment-of-djibouti-city-republic-of-djibouti
#11
Moussa Mahdi Ahmed, Pierre Doumenq, Mohamed Osman Awaleh, Agung Dhamar Syakti, Laurence Asia, Serge Chiron
Selected heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in marine sediment from 28 sites Djibouti city. The concentrations of trace elements varied from 0 to 288.1mg/kg with relative abundance of trace metals in sediments was in the order of Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Co>Pb>Cd. Zn, Cu and Ni exceeded consensus based sediment quality guideline values 7, 14, 15 sites respectively. Enrichment factor and pollution load index showed relatively low to moderate contamination. The concentrations of total 16 PAHs varied widely depending on the sample location and ranged from 2...
May 24, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550716/ex-vivo-measurement-of-scalp-follicular-infundibulum-delivery-of-zinc-pyrithione-and-climbazole-from-an-anti-dandruff-shampoo
#12
Guoqiang Chen, Chengdong Ji, Miao Miao, Kang Yang, Yajun Luo, Michael Hoptroff, Luisa Z Collins, Hans-Gerd Janssen
Efficient delivery of anti-dandruff (AD) actives into the scalp follicular infundibulum as well as onto the scalp surface is critical for the efficacy of AD shampoos. A method involving scalp cyanoacrylate (CA) biopsy sampling, a tailor made cutting device, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurement and Raman imaging has been developed for the measurement of delivery of zinc pyrithione (ZPT) and climbazole (CBZ) from an AD shampoo into the scalp follicular infundibulum...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550675/-prognostic-value-of-sequencing-of-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-following-breast-conserving-surgery-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#13
Q Z Zhong, Z Wang, Y Tang, Q L Rong, S L Wang, J Jin, W H Wang, Y P Liu, Y W Song, H Fang, B Chen, S N Qi, N Li, Y Tang, J H Zhang, Y X Li
Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of sequencing of adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy following breast-conserving surgery for patients with breast cancer. Methods: A total of 1 154 patients withT1-2N0-3M0 breast cancer retrospectively reviewed. All patients received sequential radiotherapy and chemotherapy following breast-conserving surgery. Among them, 603 patients received radiotherapy first and 551 patients received chemotherapy first. Log-rank tests were used to determine significance of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates in the Kaplan-Meier curve...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550667/-clinical-features-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence-in-mucinous-breast-cancer
#14
L Lei, Z Z Chen, Y B Zheng, B Chen, X Wang, X J Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristic and risk factors for recurrence in different subtypes of mucinous breast cancer(MBC). Methods: Clinical data of 97 MBC patients at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from August 2005 to November 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. All of patients were divided into 3 subtypes according to the mucinous components in the tumors, named as partial mixed MBC with less than 50% of mucinous components, main mixed MBC where the mucinous component accounted for 50% to 90%, and pure MBC with more than 90% of mucinous components...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550664/-synergistic-lethal-effect-of-combined-treatment-of-arsenic-trioxide-and-aclacinomycin-on-human-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cell-line-kg-1a
#15
Y B Ye, X J Xu, Y H Chen, M W Zhang, D F Qiu, Z W Guo, H Q He
Objective: To investigate the synergistic lethal effect and mechanism of arsenic trioxide (ATO) and aclacinomycin (ACM) on human acute myeloid leukemia cell line KG-1a. Methods: Colony-forming assay was used to detect the proliferation of KG-1a cells treated with different concentration of ATO and ACM. Compusyn software was used to analyze the synergistic effect of ATO and ACM. Flow cytometry and Wright's staining were used to analyze the apoptotic rate of KG-1a cells induced by combined treatment of ATO and ACM...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550500/acute-and-long-term-effects-of-intracerebroventricular-administration-of-%C3%AE-ketoisocaproic-acid-on-oxidative-stress-parameters-and-cognitive-and-noncognitive-behaviors
#16
Luciane Taschetto, Giselli Scaini, Hugo G Zapelini, Ândrea C Ramos, Giulia Strapazzon, Vanessa M Andrade, Gislaine Z Réus, Monique Michels, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, João Quevedo, Patrícia F Schuck, Gustavo C Ferreira, Emilio L Streck
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is biochemically characterized by elevated levels of leucine, isoleucine and valine, as well as their corresponding transaminated branched-chain α-keto acids in tissue and biological fluids. Neurological symptoms and cerebral abnormalities, whose mechanisms are still unknown, are typical of this metabolic disorder. In the present study, we evaluated the early effects (1 h after injection) and long-term effects (15 days after injection) of a single intracerebroventricular administration of α-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) on oxidative stress parameters and cognitive and noncognitive behaviors...
May 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550466/schizophrenia-symptomatic-associations-with-diffusion-tensor-imaging-measured-fractional-anisotropy-of-brain-a-meta-analysis
#17
Xu Yang, Ding Cao, Xiumei Liang, Jiannong Zhao
PURPOSE: Several studies have examined the relationships between diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-measured fractional anisotropy (FA) and the symptoms of schizophrenia, but results vary across the studies. The aim of this study was to carry out a meta-analysis of correlation coefficients reported by relevant studies to evaluate the correlative relationships between FA of various parts of the brain and schizophrenia symptomatic assessments. METHODS: Literature was searched in several electronic databases, and study selection was based on précised eligibility criteria...
May 26, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550432/molecular-characterization-of-a-novel-luteovirus-from-peach-identified-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#18
L-P Wu, H-W Liu, M Bateman, Z Liu, R Li
Contigs with sequence homologies to cherry-associated luteovirus were identified by high-throughput sequencing analysis in two peach accessions. Complete genomic sequences of the two isolates of this virus were determined to be 5,819 and 5,814 nucleotides long, respectively. The genome of the new virus is typical of luteoviruses, containing eight open reading frames in a very similar arrangement. Its genomic sequence is 58-74% identical to those of other members of the genus Luteovirus. These sequences thus belong to a new virus, which we have named "peach-associated luteovirus"...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550370/molecular-epidemiology-of-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-and-its-h30-h30-rx-subclones-recovered-from-extra-intestinal-infections-first-report-of-oxa-48-producing-st131-clone-from-iran
#19
Z Hojabri, M Mirmohammadkhani, F Kamali, K Ghassemi, S Taghavipour, O Pajand
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) O25b-ST131 clone of Escherichia coli is well established as a significant cause of extra-intestinal infections worldwide. However, there have been no studies about the prevalence of ST131 and its H30/H30Rx subclones from Iran. The prevalence of ST131 was 29.8% among phylogroups B2, D, and F of E.coli isolates recovered from extra-intestinal infections. Fifty-seven (90.4%) and six (9.6%) of isolates belonged to serogroups O25b and O16 respectively, and exhibited high rates of MDR (98...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550367/in-vitro-study-of-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activities-of-lactobacillus-probiotic-spp
#20
Z Pourramezan, R Kasra Kermanshahi, M Oloomi, A Aliahmadi, H Rezadoost
This study investigated the influence of aeration and minimal medium conditions on antioxidant and antibacterial activities of 21 probiotic Lactobacillus strains isolated from dairy products. The probiotic potential of the isolates was evaluated by pH and bile tolerance. Random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) was used to confirm the phenotypic identification of isolates. Antioxidant producer isolates were screened by resistance to reactive oxygen species (ROS). The antioxidant and antibacterial activities of extracellular materials after 48 h fermentation with antioxidative strains were determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and broth microdilution assays, respectively...
May 26, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
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