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Kidney, growth and development, technology,

Ana Paula Pinho Matos, Luciana de Barros Duarte, Pedro Teixeira Castro, Pedro Daltro, Heron Werner Júnior, Edward Araujo Júnior
Although ultrasound continues to be the mainstay modality for the evaluation of fetal disorders, fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has often been used as a valuable adjunct in recent years. The exponential growth of the use of fetal MRI has been facilitated by technological advancements such as ultrafast T2-weighted sequences and diffusion-weighted imaging. Fetal MRI can achieve results that are comparable to or better than those of ultrasound, particularly in cases of maternal obesity, severe oligohydramnios, or abnormal fetal position...
March 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
Eryn E Dixon, Owen M Woodward
Novel technologies, new understanding of the basement membrane composition, and better comprehension of the embryonic development of the mammalian kidney have led to explosive growth in the use of three dimensional (3D) in vitro models to study a range of human disease pathologies(6, 35). The development of these effective model systems represents a new tool to study the progressive cystogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). ADPKD is a prevalent and complex monogenetic disease, characterized by the pathological formation of fluid fill cysts in renal tissue(17, 40)...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Amitay Lorber, Nahum S Goldberg, Ofer N Gofrit, Dov Pode, Vladimir Yutkin, Ilan Gielchinsky, Mordechai Duvdevani, Ezekiel H Landau, Guy Hidas, Liat Apelbaum
INTRODUCTION: Kidney cancer accounts for approximately 2-3 % of all types of cancers. Renal tumors prevalence and especially the prevalence of small renal tumors, is on the rise. About half of the tumors currently diagnosed are smaller than 4 cm. Minimally invasive methods of radiofrequency ablation technology were recently developed for the treatment of small renal tumors and are characterized by reducing the surgical and anesthetic risk. The ablation is performed with a percutaneous approach guided by ultrasound, CT or MRI...
March 2018: Harefuah
Laura Di Leo, Federico Nalesso, Francesco Garzotto, Yun Xie, Bo Yang, Grazia Maria Virzì, Alberto Passannante, Raffaele Bonato, Mariarosa Carta, Davide Giavarina, Dario Gregori, Alessandra Brendolan, Fiorenza Ferrari, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis is based on a rise in serum creatinine and/or fall in urine output. It has been shown that there are patients that fulfill AKI definition but do not have AKI, and there are also patients with evidence of renal injury who do not meet any criteria for AKI. Recently the innovative and emerging proteomic technology has enabled the identification of novel biomarkers that allow improved risk stratification. METHODS: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) were measured to a cohort of 719 consecutive patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
2018: Blood Purification
Michio Nagata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Earlier works of the glomerulogenesis described morphological steps and protein expression during in-vivo and in-vitro kidney development. Recent technologies using cell-specific or conditional knock-out mice for several factors provide important knowledge about cross-talk signaling among resident cells as local events. Based on the recent advancement, this review revisits comprehensive morphological development of the glomerulus. RECENT FINDINGS: Interactions of presumptive podocyte vascular endothelial growth factor with vascular endothelial growth factor-2 on angioblasts initiate glomerular vascularization...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Jenna M Norton, Catherine S Bradley, Sonya S Brady, Linda Brubaker, Daniel Gossett, Jeffrey P Henderson, Donna Mazloomdoost, Carol M Musil, Eric Rovner, Tamara Bavendam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Urology
Kazuhiko Yamada, Jigesh A Shah, Tatsu Tanabe, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
PURPOSE: Inter-species transplantation, xenotransplantation, is becoming a realistic strategy to solve the organ shortage crisis. Here we focus on seminal publications that have driven research in xenotransplantation, as well as recently published literature and future endeavors. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in gene editing technology have allowed for the efficient production of multi-transgenic porcine donors leading improved xenograft survival in baboons, up to 2-years following heterotopic heart xenotransplantation and from weeks to several months following life-supporting kidney xenotransplanation...
June 2017: Current Transplantation Reports
Leif Oxburgh, Sree Deepthi Muthukrishnan, Aaron Brown
New nephrons are induced by the interaction between mesenchymal progenitor cells and collecting duct tips, both of which are located at the outer edge of the kidney. This leading edge of active nephron induction is known as the nephrogenic zone. Cell populations found within this zone include collecting duct tips, cap mesenchyme cells, pretubular aggregates, nephrogenic zone interstitium, hemoendothelial progenitor cells, and macrophages. The close association of these dynamic progenitor cell compartments enables the intricate and synchronized patterning of the epithelial and the vascular components of the nephron...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
Annie Moisan, Marcel Gubler, Jitao David Zhang, Yann Tessier, Kamille Dumong Erichsen, Sabine Sewing, Régine Gérard, Blandine Avignon, Sylwia Huber, Fethallah Benmansour, Xing Chen, Roberto Villaseñor, Annamaria Braendli-Baiocco, Matthias Festag, Andreas Maunz, Thomas Singer, Franz Schuler, Adrian B Roth
Antisense oligonucleotide (AON) therapeutics offer new avenues to pursue clinically relevant targets inaccessible with other technologies. Advances in improving AON affinity and stability by incorporation of high affinity nucleotides, such as locked nucleic acids (LNA), have sometimes been stifled by safety liabilities related to their accumulation in the kidney tubule. In an attempt to predict and understand the mechanisms of LNA-AON-induced renal tubular toxicity, we established human cell models that recapitulate in vivo behavior of pre-clinically and clinically unfavorable LNA-AON drug candidates...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Kai Ding, Lei Han, Huifang Zong, Junsheng Chen, Baohong Zhang, Jianwei Zhu
Demonstration of reproducibility and consistency of process and product quality is one of the most crucial issues in using transient gene expression (TGE) technology for biopharmaceutical development. In this study, we challenged the production consistency of TGE by expressing nine batches of recombinant IgG antibody in human embryonic kidney 293 cells to evaluate reproducibility including viable cell density, viability, apoptotic status, and antibody yield in cell culture supernatant. Product quality including isoelectric point, binding affinity, secondary structure, and thermal stability was assessed as well...
March 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Matthew B Coppock, Candice R Warner, Brandi Dorsey, Joshua A Orlicki, Deborah A Sarkes, Bert T Lai, Suresh M Pitram, Rosemary D Rohde, Jacquie Malette, Jeré A Wilson, Paul Kearney, Kenneth C Fang, Scott M Law, Sherri L Candelario, Blake Farrow, Amethist S Finch, Heather D Agnew, James R Heath, Dimitra N Stratis-Cullum
We report on peptide-based ligands matured through the protein catalyzed capture (PCC) agent method to tailor molecular binders for in vitro sensing/diagnostics and in vivo pharmacokinetics parameters. A vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding peptide and a peptide against the protective antigen (PA) protein of Bacillus anthracis discovered through phage and bacterial display panning technologies, respectively, were modified with click handles and subjected to iterative in situ click chemistry screens using synthetic peptide libraries...
March 2017: Biopolymers
Frans Schutgens, Marianne C Verhaar, Maarten B Rookmaaker
Organoids are self-organizing, multicellular structures that contain multiple cell types, represent organ structure and function, and can be used to model organ development, maintenance and repair ex vivo. Organoids, derived from embryonic stem cells (ESCs), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or adult stem cells, are cultured in extracellular matrix (ECM). Organoid cultures have been developed for multiple organs and for the kidney, pluripotent stem cell (PSCs) derived organoid technology has rapidly developed in the last three years...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Nafiseh Poornejad, Lara B Schaumann, Evan M Buckmiller, Nima Momtahan, Jason R Gassman, Ho Hin Ma, Beverly L Roeder, Paul R Reynolds, Alonzo D Cook
The combination of patient-specific cells with scaffolds obtained from natural sources may result in improved regeneration of human tissues. Decellularization of the native tissue is the first step in this technology. Effective decellularization uses agents that lyse cells and remove all cellular materials, leaving intact collagenous extracellular matrices (ECMs). Removing cellular remnants prevents an immune response while preserving the underlying structure. In this study, the impact of five decellularization agents (0...
October 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Pirada Suphaphiphat, Lynne Whittaker, Ivna De Souza, Rodney S Daniels, Philip R Dormitzer, John W McCauley, Ethan C Settembre
The global system for manufacturing seasonal influenza vaccines has been developed to respond to the natural evolution of influenza viruses, but the problem of antigenic mismatch continues to be a challenge in certain years. In some years, mismatches arise naturally due to the antigenic drift of circulating viruses after vaccine strain selection has already been made. In other years, antigenic differences between the vaccine virus and circulating viruses are introduced as part of the current system, which relies on the use of egg-adapted isolates as a starting material for candidate vaccine viruses (CVVs)...
July 12, 2016: Vaccine
Deyou Ma, Aijun Ma, Zhihui Huang, Guangning Wang, Ting Wang, Dandan Xia, Benhe Ma
BACKGROUND: Turbot Scophthalmus maximus is an economically important species extensively aquacultured in China. The genetic selection program is necessary and urgent for the sustainable development of this industry, requiring more and more genome background knowledge. Transcriptome sequencing is an excellent alternative way to identify transcripts involved in specific biological processes and exploit a considerable quantity of molecular makers when no genome sequences are available. In this study, a comprehensive transcript dataset for major tissues of S...
2016: PloS One
Cynthia A Batchelder, Michele L Martinez, Alice F Tarantal
Despite the enthusiasm for bioengineering of functional renal tissues for transplantation, many obstacles remain before the potential of this technology can be realized in a clinical setting. Viable tissue engineering strategies for the kidney require identification of the necessary cell populations, efficient scaffolds, and the 3D culture conditions to develop and support the unique architecture and physiological function of this vital organ. Our studies have previously demonstrated that decellularized sections of rhesus monkey kidneys of all age groups provide a natural extracellular matrix (ECM) with sufficient structural properties with spatial and organizational influences on human embryonic stem cell (hESC) migration and differentiation...
2015: PloS One
L Chen, J Yue, X Han, J Li, Y Hu
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a reduction in the numbers of nephrons in neonates, which increases the risk of hypertension. Our previous study showed that ouabain protects the development of the embryonic kidney during IUGR. To explore this molecular mechanism, IUGR rats were induced by protein and calorie restriction throughout pregnancy, and ouabain was delivered using a mini osmotic pump. RNA sequencing technology was used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of the embryonic kidneys...
February 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Yanhua Su, Jiansheng Xie, Shanshan Yu, Hongyu Luo, Weiqing Wu, Zhiyong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the genetic diagnosis for providing services for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis, we analyzed the clinical and genetic data of a pedigree which is clinically diagnosed as Joubert syndrome. METHOD: A Joubert syndrome pedigree was enrolled as subject of this study from our hospital's outpatients in 2013. Following the medical history collection of the proband and the suffering fetus, target sequence capture and the next-generation sequencing technology were used for the proband and the suffering fetus to find the causative genes and sanger sequencing for the members of the pedigree to check and verify if the inherited mutations are in accordance with the Mendelian inheritance...
June 2015: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Jianfeng Guo, Sharon L McKenna, Michael E O'Dwyer, Mary R Cahill, Caitriona M O'Driscoll
INTRODUCTION: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy characterized by infiltration of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM) and end-organ damage to the bone, BM, kidney and immune system. Although current treatments have improved the treatment of MM, it still remains an incurable disease. RNA interference (RNAi) effectors such as microRNAs and small interference RNAs have shown potential to selectively downregulate genes implicated in the pathology of a range of diseases...
2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
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