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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656281/treatment-of-very-small-de-novo-coronary-artery-disease-with-2-0-mm-drug-coated-balloons-showed-1-year-clinical-outcome-comparable-with-2-0-mm-drug-eluting-stents
#1
Hui Wen Sim, Rajiv Ananthakrishna, Siew Pang Chan, Adrian F Low, Chi-Hang Lee, Mark Y Chan, Edgar L Tay, Poay Huan Loh, Koo Hui Chan, Huay Cheem Tan, Joshua P Loh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 1-year clinical outcomes of patients treated with 2.0 mm drug-coated balloon (DCB) vs 2.0 mm drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in small-caliber vessel de novo coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: All patients treated with 2.0 mm DCB or 2.0 mm DES for very small vessel de novo CAD from July 2014 to June 2016 were included in this study. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of target-lesion failure (TLF) and time to TLF, defined as a combination of cardiac mortality, target-vessel myocardial infarction, and target-lesion revascularization (TLR)...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656280/real-world-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-experience-compared-with-second-generation-metallic-drug-eluting-stents-in-complex-coronary-lesions
#2
Naotaka Okamoto, Hiroshi Ueda, Takahiro Yoshimura, Surbhi Chamaria, Samit Bhatheja, Yuliya Vengrenyuk, Samaneh Rabiei, Yonandy Barrientos, Vishal Kapur, Nitin Barman, Joseph Sweeny, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, Samin K Sharma, Annapoorna S Kini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the acute outcomes of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) and second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in routine clinical practice. There is a paucity of data regarding BVS use in a real-world patient population. METHODS: The study population comprised 40 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with BVS implantation at a tertiary-care center in New York, New York between July and December of 2016...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656120/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndromes-in-the-era-of-interventional-cardiology
#3
REVIEW
Riccardo Gorla, Raimund Erbel, Kim A Eagle, Eduardo Bossone
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), initially reported after cardiovascular surgery, has been described after various interventional cardiology procedures, including endovascular/thoracic aortic repair (EVAR/TEVAR), implantation of heart rhythm devices, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), electrophysiology procedures (EP), and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In these settings, a comprehensive understanding of the triggers, pathogenesis as well as a common diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm is lacking and will be discussed in this review...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655881/racial-differences-in-quality-of-care-and-outcomes-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Celina M Yong, Leo Ungar, Freddy Abnousi, Steven M Asch, Paul A Heidenreich
Guideline adherence and variation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) outcomes by race in the modern era of drug-eluting stents (DES) are not well understood. Previous studies also fail to capture rapidly growing minority populations, such as Asians. A retrospective analysis of 689,238 hospitalizations for ACS across all insurance types from 2008 to 2011 from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was performed to determine whether quality of ACS care and mortality differ by race (white, black, Asian, Hispanic, or Native American), with adjustment for patient clinical and demographic characteristics and clustering by hospital...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655510/histopathological-validation-of-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-of-the-coronary-arteries
#5
REVIEW
Kenichi Fujii, Rika Kawakami, Seiichi Hirota
Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a catheter-based imaging modality for the visualization of coronary arteries, is widely used during percutaneous coronary intervention to improve the understanding of the anatomy of coronary artery stenosis and to elucidate the mechanisms of atherosclerosis. In this review, we provide a short description of the histopathological validations of OCT for visualizing atherosclerotic plaques and vascular healing response after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Because OCT measures the intensity of light returning from within a tissue, tissue having a higher heterogeneity of optical index of refraction, such as microcalcification deposition and foam cell accumulation on the luminal surface, may exhibit stronger optical scattering that appears as a thin-cap fibroatheroma image...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652688/acute-coronary-artery-thrombus-after-tranexamic-acid-during-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-coronary-stents-a-case-report
#6
Kathryn H Bridges, Sylvia H Wilson
Tranexamic acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic, is routinely used to decrease transfusion rates in total joint replacement surgery. While recent publications have indicated a low risk of TXA-associated thromboembolic events in this orthopedic population, few studies specifically address the safety of TXA administration in high-risk patients. We present a case of acute coronary thrombus requiring emergent intervention in a patient with indwelling coronary stents who underwent shoulder arthroplasty with TXA administration...
April 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650398/the-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-the-setting-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
REVIEW
Yongcheol Kim, Thomas W Johnson, Takashi Akasaka, Myung Ho Jeong
In recent years, intravascular imaging-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been increasing in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has not been established in the setting of AMI despite OCT providing superior resolution (10μm axial resolution) and facilitating assessment of baseline lesion characteristics and post-intervention evaluation of the acute result of stent implantation, including visualization of procedural dissections, malapposition, tissue prolapse, and thrombus...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650125/restenosis-stent-thrombosis-and-bleeding-complications-navigating-between-scylla-and-charybdis
#8
REVIEW
Juan Torrado, Leo Buckley, Ariel Durán, Pedro Trujillo, Stefano Toldo, Juan Valle Raleigh, Antonio Abbate, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Luis A Guzmán
The field of interventional cardiology has significantly evolved over 40 years by overcoming several challenges. The introduction of first-generation drug-eluting stents significantly reduced the rates of restenosis, but at the expense of an increase of late stent thrombosis. Prolonged antithrombotic therapy reduced rates of stent thrombosis, but at the cost of increased bleeding. Although the advent of second-generation drug-eluting stents subsequently reduced the incidence of late stent thrombosis, its permanent nature prevents full recovery of vascular structure and function with accordant risk of very late stent failure...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644619/early-%C3%A2-30-days-late-31-360-days-and-very-late-360-days-stent-thrombosis-in-patients-with-insulin-treated-versus-non-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#9
Wei Chen, Yubin Wu, Yubao Hu
INTRODUCTION: At this time in 2018, with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) still on the rise, the post-percutaneous coronary interventional (PCI) outcomes observed in patients with diabetes mellitus who are on insulin therapy (ITDM) and those who do not require insulin (NITDM) are still controversial and require further investigation. Considering this idea to be of particular interest to the readers, as well as being an important issue in interventional cardiology, we aimed to systematically assess early (≤ 30 days), late (31-360 days) and very late (> 360 days) stent thrombosis in patients with ITDM and NITDM following drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644449/predictive-performance-of-dual-modality-of-computed-tomography-angiography-and-intravascular-ultrasound-for-no-reflow-phenomenon-after-percutaneous-coronary-stenting-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Masaaki Okutsu, Takeshi Horio, Hisataka Tanaka, Maki Akiyama, Niro Okimoto, Toshiyuki Tsubouchi, Kenji Kawajiri, Yasuhiro Ohashi, Satoru Sumitsuji, Yuji Ikari
Attenuated plaque on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and low attenuation plaque on computed tomography angiography (CTA) are associated with no-reflow phenomenon during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, evaluation by a single modality has been unable to satisfactorily predict this phenomenon. We investigated whether the combination of IVUS and CTA findings can ameliorate the predictive potential for no-reflow phenomenon after stent implantation during PCI in stable coronary artery disease (CAD)...
April 11, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644230/noble-and-excel-the-debate-for-excellence-in-dealing-with-left-main-stenosis
#11
Hamood Al Kindi, Amir Samaan, Hatem Hosny
Left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) has always been the standard revascularization strategy for this group of patients. However, with the recent developments in stents design and medical therapy over the past decade, several trials have been designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as an alternative to CABG surgery in patients with LMCA disease. Recently, the results of two major trials, EXCEL and NOBLE, comparing CABG versus PCI in this patient population have been released...
March 14, 2018: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643697/vascular-healing-response-after-everolimus-eluting-stent-implantation-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-culprit-lesions-comparison-with-implantation-in-stable-angina-pectoris
#12
Yutaka Goryo, Teruyoshi Kume, Tomoya Ueda, Makoto Watanabe, Ryotaro Yamada, Yoji Neishi, Yoshihiko Saito, Shiro Uemura
Background: To evaluate the neointimal conditions of everolimus-eluting stents (EESs) implanted in culprit lesions of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared with stable angina pectoris (SAP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). EESs are second-generation drug-eluting stents that have recently been shown to be useful in patients with ACS as well as in patients with SAP. However, few studies have analyzed the intra-stent conditions of EESs that can lead to favorable results in such ACS lesions...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642755/successful-treatment-of-ventricular-arrhythmic-storm-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-catheter-ablation-in-a-patient-with-left-ventricular-assist-device
#13
Nihat Firat Sipahi, Arash Mehdiani, Diyar Saeed, Udo Boeken, Hisaki Makimoto, Artur Lichtenberg, Hannan Dalyanoglu
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients with advanced heart failure, which may also persist after sufficient intensive therapy for heart failure even with a left ventricular assist device. Although most ventricular arrhythmias have no hemodynamic relevance during left ventricular assist device support, some patients suffer from right ventricular decompensation due to ventricular arrhythmias resulting in severe hemodynamic deterioration and poor clinical outcomes. METHODS: We describe herein an left ventricular assist device patient with refractory ventricular arrhythmic storm early after left ventricular assist device implantation...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642547/antiplatelet-therapy-in-coronary-artery-disease-a-daunting-dilemma
#14
REVIEW
Surya Chaturvedula, Daniel Diver, Aseem Vashist
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the contemporary standard of care. Such treatment is followed by dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) comprising of aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor. The efficacy of this therapy has been well established but the optimal duration of DAPT remains elusive, and has thus far attracted a prodigious deal of scientific attention. The decision regarding DAPT duration can be clinically challenging in the modern era with the evolution of newer stents, more potent antiplatelet agents, and novel anticoagulant drugs in addition to an older patient population with multiple comorbidities...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629708/dipyridamole-loaded-biodegradable-pla-nanoplatforms-as-coatings-for-cardiovascular-stents
#15
Veroniki Bakola, Varvara Karagkiozaki, Aikatherini-Rafailia Tsiapla, Foteini Pappa, Ioannis Moutsios, Eleni Pavlidou, Stergious Logothetidis
Cardiovascular Stents are commonly used for the treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) that in developed societies, are the most frequent causes of mortality and morbidity. Recent years, thorough research and development of Drug Eluting Stents (DES) has been done, with emphasis on coronary stenting to avoid the most common complication, the in-stent thrombosis. Dipyridamole (DPM) is a medication that inhibits blood clot formation. Drug Delivery Nanoplatforms consisting of biodegradable polymers can be fabricated via Electrospinning Deposition, known for its cost-effective and versatile advantages, that produces fibrous scaffolds able of sustainable and controllable drug release...
April 9, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629063/major-adverse-cardiovascular-event-mace-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-one-year-follow-up-study
#16
Hossein Farshidi, Ahmadnoor Abdi, Abdulhussain Madani, Shahram Moshiri, Abolfazl Ghasemi, Ruhollah Hakimian
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most common revascularization procedure, with over 1 million performed each year, worldwide. Over the past 20 years, the increasing experience of operators coupled with the advent of newer technologies, including coronary stents and a variety of adjuvant drug therapies, have permitted more successful procedures and decreased the morbidity associated with PCIs. Objective: To identify the incidence, predictors, and clinical implications of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) after PCIs...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628223/the-distal-left-radial-artery-access-for-coronary-angiography-and-intervention-a-new-era
#17
Karim M Al-Azizi, Amir S Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Patients' intra and post procedural comfort, quick recovery, as well as procedure success, are key elements for choosing the right arterial access site. Radial artery access has been of increasing interest since it was first described. Advanced treatments of coronary lesions, from primary percutaneous interventions during ST elevation myocardial infarction cases to chronic total occlusion cases, have been increasingly done through the radial access. Distal left trans radial artery (dlTRA) is a new technique first described by Kiemineij...
March 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627786/neuro-elutax-sv-drug-eluting-balloon-versus-wingspan-stent-system-in-symptomatic-intracranial-high-grade-stenosis-a-single-center-experience
#18
Philipp Gruber, Carlos Garcia-Esperon, Jatta Berberat, Timo Kahles, Martin Hlavica, Javier Anon, Michael Diepers, Krassen Nedeltchev, Luca Remonda
BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is a well-known cause of ischemic stroke. Following the SAMMPRIS trial, medical treatment is favored over stenting. Drug-eluting balloons (DEB) are widely used in coronary angioplasty, showing better results than bare-surface balloons. There is little evidence of DEB employment in intracranial stenosis, especially of paclitaxel-eluted balloons (pDEB). The Neuro Elutax SV (Aachen Resonance) is the first CE certificated pDEB for intracranial use...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627112/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusions-from-the-japanese-multicenter-registry
#19
Toru Naganuma, Kenichi Tsujita, Satoru Mitomo, Hisaaki Ishiguro, Sandeep Basavarajaiah, Katsumasa Sato, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Junei Obata, Suguru Nagamatsu, Kenshi Yamanaga, Naohiro Komura, Kenji Sakamoto, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Hisao Ogawa, Sunao Nakamura
The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and potential pharmacologic intervention on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains unknown. A total of 1,463 patients underwent successful CTO-PCI between August 2004 and December 2014. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization, cardiac death, and stent thrombosis were compared between patients with and without CKD (555 and 908 patients, respectively)...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627111/in-stent-restenosis-of-drug-eluting-stents-compared-with-a-matched-group-of-patients-with-de-novo-coronary-artery-stenosis
#20
Kyle D Buchanan, Rebecca Torguson, Toby Rogers, Linzhi Xu, Jiaxiang Gai, Itsik Ben-Dor, William O Suddath, Lowell F Satler, Ron Waksman
Drug-eluting stents (DES) significantly reduced the incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, ISR still exists in the contemporary DES era. Previously deemed to be a benign process, ISR leads to complex presentation and intervention. This study aimed to compare the presentation and outcome of DES-ISR versus de novo lesions. We performed a retrospective analysis of 11,666 patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention from 2003 to 2017 and divided them into 2 groups by de novo stenosis and ISR...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
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