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Coronary stents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052105/impact-of-previous-drug-eluting-stent-restenosis-in-non-left-main-coronary-artery-lesions-on-long-term-outcomes-after-left-main-coronary-artery-stenting-an-observation-from-the-aoi-lmca-registry
#1
Hirooki Higami, Mamoru Toyofuku, Takeshi Morimoto, Masanobu Ohya, Yasushi Fuku, Kyohei Yamaji, Hiromi Muranishi, Yuhei Yamaji, Koji Nishida, Daisuke Furukawa, Tomohisa Tada, Euihong Ko, Kenji Ando, Hiroki Sakamoto, Takashi Tamura, Kazuya Kawai, Kazushige Kadota, Takeshi Kimura
We hypothesized that patients who had previous target-lesion revascularization (TLR) for DES restenosis in non-left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesions might have a higher risk for restenosis after subsequent DES implantation for a de novo unprotected LMCA lesion. Among 1809 patients enrolled in the Assessing Optimal Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for LMCA (AOI-LMCA) registry, which is a retrospective 6-centre registry of consecutive patients undergoing LMCA stenting in Japan, 251 patients with previous DES implantation for non-LMCA lesions were subdivided into the 2 groups with (N = 56) or without (N = 195) previous TLR in non-LMCA lesions...
October 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051975/impact-of-lesion-complexity-on-long-term-vascular-response-to-cobalt-chromium-everolimus-eluting-stent-five-year-follow-up-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#2
Shoichi Kuramitsu, Shinjo Sonoda, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Jinnouch, Yoshitaka Muraoka, Takenori Domei, Makoto Hyodo, Shinichi Shirai, Kenji Ando, Yutaka Otsuji
The impact of lesion complexity on long-term vascular response to cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCrEES) remains unclear. We sought to evaluate them using optical coherence tomography (OCT). A total of 47 patients with 58 lesions treated only with CoCrEES and no target-vessel events within 5 years after implantation were prospectively enrolled and underwent 5-year follow-up OCT. Quantitative parameters and qualitative characteristics of the neointima were evaluated using multilevel logistic or linear regression models with random effects at three levels: lesion, cross-section (CS), and strut...
October 19, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051213/changes-in-statin-adherence-following-an-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-older-adults-patient-predictors-and-the-association-with-follow-up-with-primary-care-providers-and-or-cardiologists
#3
Ryan P Hickson, Jennifer G Robinson, Izabela E Annis, Ley A Killeya-Jones, Maarit Jaana Korhonen, Ashley L Cole, Gang Fang
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) are associated with changes in statin adherence. It is unclear to what extent adherence changes, which patients are likely to change, and how post-discharge follow-up is associated with statin adherence change. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective study used Medicare data for all fee-for-service beneficiaries 66 years and older with an AMI hospitalization in 2008-2010 and statin use before their index AMI...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049539/mid-and-long-term-outcome-comparisons-of-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-scaffolds-versus-everolimus-eluting-metallic-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Xin-Lin Zhang, Qing-Qing Zhu, Li-Na Kang, Xue-Ling Li, Biao Xu
Background: Percutaneous coronary interventions to implant bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) were designed to reduce the late thrombotic events that occur with metallic stents. Purpose: To estimate the incidence of scaffold thrombosis after BVS implantation and compare everolimus-eluting BVSs with everolimus-eluting metallic stents (EESs) in terms of safety and efficacy at mid- and long-term follow-up in adults who had a percutaneous coronary intervention...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049508/outcomes-in-women-and-minorities-compared-with-white-men-1-year-after-everolimus-eluting-stent-implantation-insights-and-results-from-the-platinum-diversity-and-promus-element-plus-post-approval-study-pooled-analysis
#5
Wayne Batchelor, David E Kandzari, Scott Davis, Luis Tami, John C Wang, Islam Othman, Osvaldo S Gigliotti, Amir Haghighat, Sarabjeet Singh, Mario Lopez, Gregory Giugliano, Phillip A Horwitz, Jaya Chandrasekhar, Paul Underwood, Craig A Thompson, Roxana Mehran
Importance: There exist limited outcomes data for women and minorities after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: To examine 1-year outcomes in women and minorities vs white men after PCI with everolimus-eluting stents. Design, Settings, and Participants: The PLATINUM Diversity study was a single-arm study enrolling women and minorities. Patient-level pooling with the PROMUS Element Plus Post-Approval Study was prespecified...
October 18, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049246/synergistic-elca-aspiration-des-thrombus-removal-strategy-embolus-impact-in-high-risk-plaque-a-case-report
#6
Yoshihiro Imai, Takehiro Yamashita, On Topaz
RATIONALE: Thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and red thrombus are suggested as a high-risk of embolic complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intracoronary aspiration procedures occasionally result in either an insufficient thrombus removal or provide no significant effects on TCFA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 76-year-old male underwent coronary angiography for chest pain. DIAGNOSES: Coronary angiography revealed a tight stenosis at the right coronary artery which resulted in treatment by PCI...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049089/coronary-endarterectomy-to-facilitate-bypass-surgery-for-patients-with-extensive-stenting-of-the-left-anterior-descending-artery
#7
Gianfranco Filippone, Claudia Calia, Sara R Vacirca, Giovanni Caruana, Maria R Re, Caterina Giardina, Emanuele Lentini, Cesira Palmeri di Villalba, Vincenzo Argano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048205/cardiac-rehabilitation-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#8
Siv Js Olsen, Henrik Schirmer, Kaare H Bønaa, Tove A Hanssen
AIM: The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of Norwegian coronary heart disease patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programmes after percutaneous coronary intervention, and to determine predictors of cardiac rehabilitation participation. METHODS: Participants were patients enrolled in the Norwegian Coronary Stent Trial. We assessed cardiac rehabilitation participation in 9013 of these patients who had undergone their first percutaneous coronary intervention during 2008-2011...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046758/coronary-artery-ectasia-presenting-with-acute-inferior-wall-myocardial-infarction-in-a-young-adult
#9
Htun Latt, Sammy Aung, Kyaw Kyaw, Richard Seher
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE), a variant of coronary artery anomalies, is a rare clinical entity. Although atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), CAE also conveys a relatively high risk for potentially life-threatening cardiac events. We report a case of a 35-year-old male with two-vessel CAE, who presented with acute inferior wall ST election myocardial infarction (STEMI). After initiating medical therapy including bivalirudin, emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting of postero-lateral branch of right coronary artery (RCA) was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045308/thirty-days-only-double-antiplatelet-therapy-after-drug-eluting-stenting-could-a-short-term-treatment-be-advantageous
#10
Gianni Casella, Elvira Resciniti, Pamela Gallo
: The duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after coronary stenting has been evaluated in randomized studies with apparently conflicting results. Prolonged DAPT reduces late stent thrombosis and myocardial infarction, but at the expenses of more hemorrhages. On the contrary, bleedings are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Thus, in patients at high risk of bleeding, the less effective bare-metal stents could be preferred to drug-eluting stents (DES) due to the shortened DAPT needed. However, new DES technology carries a lower risk of stent thrombosis and casts doubts on the recommended prolonged DAPT regimen after DES...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045041/orbital-and-rotational-atherectomy-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-coronary-artery-calcification
#11
Michael S Lee, Jonathan S Gordin, Gregg W Stone, Samin K Sharma, Shigeru Saito, Ehtisham Mahmud, Jeff Chambers, Philippe Généreux, Richard Shlofmitz
Severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) increases the complexity of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by inhibiting optimal stent expansion, leading to an increased risk of death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and stent thrombosis. Coronary atherectomy modifies and debulks calcified plaque to facilitate PCI. Although there is no clear consensus, and further studies are needed, the decision to perform atherectomy should be based upon the presence of fluoroscopic CAC or with the use of intravascular imaging...
October 17, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044926/optical-coherence-tomography-guided-carotid-artery-stent-procedure-technique-and-potential-applications
#12
Suhail Dohad, Alexander Zhu, Sandeep Krishnan, Frances Wang, Serena Wang, Justin Cox, Timothy D Henry
OBJECTIVES: To (1) present a guide on how to perform optical coherence tomography (OCT) in carotid artery stenting (CAS), to (2) highlight several instructive cases illustrating OCT-guidance as an interventional strategy, and to (3) present the largest case-series of OCT-guided CAS performed in North America, demonstrating its feasibility as an imaging modality in this setting. BACKGROUND: OCT is an intravascular imaging method that captures images with an axial resolution 10 times higher than intravascular ultrasound...
October 16, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044393/duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-and-associated-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-contemporary-practice-insights-from-the-canadian-observational-antiplatelet-study
#13
Juan J Russo, Shaun G Goodman, Akshay Bagai, Jean-Pierre Déry, Mary K Tan, Harold N Fisher, Xiang Zhang, Yajun Emily Zhu, Robert C Welsh, Anthony Della Siega, Andre Kokis, Brian Y L Wong, Mark Henderson, Sohrab Lutchmedial, Shahar Lavi, Shamir R Mehta, Andrew T Yan
Aims: There is a paucity of real-world, contemporary data of practice patterns and clinical outcomes following dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: The Canadian Observational Antiplatelet Study was a prospective, multicentre, cohort study examining adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonist use following PCI for AMI. We compared practice patterns, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes in relation to DAPT duration (<6 weeks, 6 weeks to <6 months, 6 to <12, and ≥12 months)...
October 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044008/analysis-of-the-effect-of-paclitaxel-eluting-stents-and-paclitaxel-eluting-balloon-in-the-treatment-of-in-stent-restenosis
#14
Jiangtao Cheng, Chuanyu Gao, Yuhao Liu, Zhongmin Wang, Xiaohui Zheng, Datun Qi
To compare and analyze the effect and the safety of the paclitaxel-eluting stents and paclitaxel-eluting balloon in the treatment for in-stent rest enosis. 120 cases, who had been undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Department of Cardiology of Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2012 to January 2014 were selected. All the patients were randomly treated with paclitaxel-eluting balloon or paclitaxel-eluting stents. The former were divided into different groups that named group A and the later group B...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043405/-focused-update-on-dual-antiplatelet-treatment-esc-guidelines-2017
#15
A Schäfer, J Bauersachs
Dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) is a cornerstone of maintenance medication of patients following elective percutaneous coronary interventions or an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), e. g. ST elevation myocardial infarction, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina. In recent years the inclusion of P2Y12 inhibition in addition to low-dose acetylsalicylic acid has been intensively debated. Following the introduction of the modern generation of drug-eluting stents for elective coronary interventions, the duration of the necessary DAPT has been clearly reduced...
October 17, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039827/-impact-of-hyperglycemia-on-the-results-of-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-in-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
I S Bessonov, V A Kuznetsov, Yu V Potolinskaya, I P Zyrianov, S S Sapozhnikov
AIM: To investigate the impact of hyperglycemia on the results of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (ASTEMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A study group consisted of 511 patients with hyperglycemia (blood glucose level (BGL) ≥7.77 mmol/L) who underwent primary PCIs in the period from 2005 to 2015. A comparison group included 579 patients (BGL ≥7.77 mmol/L). RESULTS: Assessment of the results of hospital interventions revealed that the mortality rates in patients with hyperglycemia proved to be higher than in those with normal BGL (6...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039175/-comparison-of-limus-eluting-stent-with-paclitaxel-eluting-stent-for-patients-with-coronary-small-vessel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Xiaoqun Zhang, Qiwen Wang, Xin Wang, Xiaolei Xu, Jianhua Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of limus-eluting stent (LES) with paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) for patients with coronary small vessel disease. METHODS: The studies of LES and PES used for patients with coronary small vessel disease were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang data and CQVIP. The relative risk (RR) estimates with 95% confidence intervals and other statistical variables were calculated with Stata 14.0, and the meta analysis was performed with RevMan 5...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038413/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-coronary-bifurcation-lesions
#18
William Finch, Michael S Lee
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of lesions at coronary bifurcations poses a technical challenge. Short-term complications, including periprocedural myocardial infarction, and long-term complications such as in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis, are higher in patients with bifurcation lesions. Techniques for PCI of bifurcation lesions include stenting of the main branch alone, and the use of two or more stents to cover the main and side branches. Two- or three-stent techniques include T-stenting, crush, culotte, simultaneous kissing stents, V-stenting, and Y-stenting...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038380/integrating-nanomedicine-and-imaging
#19
REVIEW
Carlos Pérez-Medina, Sjoerd Hak, Thomas Reiner, Zahi A Fayad, Matthias Nahrendorf, Willem J M Mulder
Biomedical engineering and its associated disciplines play a pivotal role in improving our understanding and management of disease. Motivated by past accomplishments, such as the clinical implementation of coronary stents, pacemakers or recent developments in antibody therapies, disease management now enters a new era in which precision imaging and nanotechnology-enabled therapeutics are maturing to clinical translation. Preclinical molecular imaging increasingly focuses on specific components of the immune system that drive disease progression and complications, allowing the in vivo study of potential therapeutic targets...
November 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038225/role-of-proximal-optimization-technique-guided-by-intravascular-ultrasound-on-stent-expansion-stent-symmetry-index-and-side-branch-hemodynamics-in-patients-with-coronary-bifurcation-lesions
#20
Diaa Hakim, Arka Chatterjee, Olusuen Alli, Joshua Turner, Assad Sattar, Nicolas Foin, Massoud A Leesar
BACKGROUND: Bench models of coronary bifurcation lesions demonstrated that the proximal optimization technique (POT) expanded the stent and opened the side branch (SB). We investigated the role of POT guided by intravascular ultrasound on the main vessel (MV) stent expansion and SB fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with coronary bifurcation lesion. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 40 patients with coronary bifurcation lesion, 120 intravascular ultrasound examinations of the MV were performed at baseline, after MV stenting, and POT followed by 95 FFR measurements of the SB...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
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