Read by QxMD icon Read

Ppar gamma

Arshia Tabassum, Syeda Nuzhat Fatima Zaidi, Kausar Yasmeen, Tabassum Mahboob
AIMS: Electrolytes and trace elements dysregulation play an important role in the progression of obesity and diabetes complications. The present study was designed to evaluate the insulin sensitizing effects of peroxisomes proliferators activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonist on trace elements in obesity induced type 2 diabetes mellitus and correlate with serum visfatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were categorized into five groups. Group I served as control; Group II fed on high fat diet (HFD); Group III fed on HFD and treated with rosiglitazone (3 mg/kg) for 7 days; Group IV were T2DM rats induce by HFD and low dose of streptozotocin (i...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences
Litao Bai, Jialiang Gao, Fan Wei, Jing Zhao, Danwei Wang, Junping Wei
Ginseng, one of the oldest traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, has been used widely in China and Asia for thousands of years. Ginsenosides extracted from ginseng, which is derived from the roots and rhizomes of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, have been used in China as an adjuvant in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Owing to the technical complexity of ginsenoside production, the total ginsenosides are generally extracted. Accumulating evidence has shown that ginsenosides exert antidiabetic effects. In vivo and in vitro tests revealed the potential of ginsenoside Rg1, Rg3, Rg5, Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, compound K, Rk1, Re, ginseng total saponins, malonyl ginsenosides, Rd, Rh2, F2, protopanaxadiol (PPD) and protopanaxatriol (PPT)-type saponins to treat diabetes and its complications, including type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic cognitive dysfunction, type 2 diabetes mellitus with fatty liver disease, diabetic cerebral infarction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and diabetic erectile dysfunction...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Dahae Lee, Chang-Eop Kim, Sa-Yoon Park, Kem Ok Kim, Nguyen Tuan Hiep, Dongho Lee, Hyuk-Jai Jang, Jae Wook Lee, Ki Sung Kang
Preventive effects and corresponding molecular mechanisms of mugwort ( Artemisia argyi ) extract and its flavonoid constituents on contrast-induced nephrotoxicity were explored in the present study. We treated cultured LLC-PK1 cells with iodixanol to induce contrast-induced nephrotoxicity, and found that A. argyi extracts ameliorated the reduction in cellular viability following iodixanol treatment. The anti-apoptotic effect of A. argyi extracts on contrast-induced nephrotoxicity was mediated by the inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation and the activation of caspases...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yong Seok Han, Sang Min Kim, Jun Hee Lee, Sang Hun Lee
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising source for regenerative medicine. However, their therapeutic potential in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is restricted by the presence of uremic toxins. To address this limitation, we explored the protective effect of melatonin and pioglitazone on MSCs undergoing senescence induced by the uremic toxin, indoxyl sulfate (IS). METHODS: MSC senescence was induced by IS, and the therapeutic effects of melatonin and pioglitazone were identified...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Dalia Ali, Elna P Chalisserry, Muthurangan Manikandan, Rimi Hamam, Musaad Alfayez, Moustapha Kassem, Abdullah Aldahmash, Nehad M Alajez
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are adult multipotent stem cells that can differentiate into mesodermal lineage cells, including adipocytes and osteoblasts. However, the epigenetic mechanisms governing the lineage-specific commitment of BMSCs into adipocytes or osteoblasts are under investigation. Herein, we investigated the epigenetic effect of romidepsin, a small molecule dual inhibitor targeting HDAC1 and HDAC2 identified through an epigenetic library functional screen. BMSCs exposed to romidepsin (5 nM) exhibited enhanced adipocytic and osteoblastic differentiation...
2018: Stem Cells International
Jahidur Rashid, Ahmad Alobaida, Taslim A Al-Hilal, Samia Hammouda, Ivan F McMurtry, Eva Nozik-Grayck, Kurt R Stenmark, Fakhrul Ahsan
Peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) is implicated, in some capacity, in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Rosiglitazone, an oral antidiabetic and PPAR-γ agonist, has the potential to dilate pulmonary arteries and to attenuate arterial remodeling in PAH. Here, we sought to test the hypothesis that rosiglitazone can be repurposed as inhaled formulation for the treatment of PAH. We have tested this conjecture by preparing and optimizing poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) based particles of rosiglitazone, assessing the drug particles for pulmonary absorption, investigating the efficacy of the plain versus particulate drug formulation in improving the respiratory hemodynamics in PAH animals, and finally studying the effect of the drug in regulating the molecular markers associated with PAH pathogenesis...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Kushal Sharma, Siwon Kang, Dalseong Gong, Sung-Hwa Oh, Eun-Young Park, Min-Ho Oak, Eunyoung Yi
Background: Inhibition of adipogenesis has been a therapeutic target for reducing obesity and obesity-related disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and cancer. For decades, anti-adipogenic potential of many herbal extracts has been investigated. One example is Garcinia cambogia extract (GE) containing (-)-hydroxycitric acid as an active ingredient. GE is currently marketed as a weight loss supplement, used alone or with other ingredients. Pear pomace extract (PE), another natural product, has been also shown to have anti-adipogenic activity in a recent report...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Gloria Salazar
Aging is the major risk factor in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and myocardial infarction. Oxidative stress caused by overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or by reduced expression of antioxidant enzymes is a major contributor to the progression of vascular senescence, pathologic remodeling of the vascular wall, and disease. Both oxidative stress and inflammation promote the development of senescence, a process by which cells stop proliferating and become dysfunctional...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Weili Yang, Ji Chen, Yuhong Meng, Zhenzhen Chen, Jichun Yang
Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major complication of hemorrhagic shock, liver transplantation, and other liver surgeries. It is one of the leading causes for post-surgery hepatic dysfunction, always leading to morbidity and mortality. Several strategies, such as low-temperature reperfusion and ischemic preconditioning, are useful for ameliorating liver IRI in animal models. However, these methods are difficult to perform in clinical surgeries. It has been reported that the activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) protects the liver against IRI, but with unidentified direct target gene(s) and unclear mechanism(s)...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Wenting Shang, Xu Si, Zhongkai Zhou, Padraig Strappe, Chris Blanchard
In this study, the level of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in wheat bran was increased to be six times higher through the action of endogenous glutamate decarboxylase compared with untreated bran. The process of GABA formation in wheat bran also led to an increased level of phenolic compounds with enhanced antioxidant capacity 2 times higher than the untreated status. The interventional effect of a diet containing GABA-enriched bran on hyperinsulinemia induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) was investigated in a rat model...
April 25, 2018: Food & Function
Gamal Badr, Hanem S Abdel-Tawab, Nancy K Ramadan, Samia F Ahmed, Mohamed H Mahmoud
Elevation of scrotal temperature is one of the most important causes of impaired spermatogenesis and male infertility, but the exact mechanism remains controversial. The present study investigated the impact of camel whey protein (CWP) on the mechanisms of heat stress (HS)-mediated testicular damage in male mice. Exposure to HS was associated with significant increase in the testicular tissues' oxidative stress. Mechanistically, exposure to HS resulted in upregulation of P53 and Nrf2 expressions; downregulation of Bcl2 and PPAR-γ expressions; and induction of testicular Leydig cell hyperplasia...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Fei Han, Suxia Zhang, Jun Liang, Weizhe Qiu
SIRT1 (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1) is an enzyme that deacetylates proteins that contributes to cell survival and angiogenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor Ƴ (PPAR Ƴ) is a member of the nuclear steroid hormone receptor superfamily and regulates cell apoptosis and proliferation. The functional roles of SIRT1 and PPAR Ƴ in tumor progression remain controversy. This study aims to investigate the roles of SIRT1 and PPAR Ƴ in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), as well as correlation with expression of EGFR and Survivin...
March 22, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Ivan Linares, Kaveh Farrokhi, Juan Echeverri, Johan Moritz Kaths, Dagmar Kollmann, Matyas Hamar, Peter Urbanellis, Sujani Ganesh, Oyedele A Adeyi, Paul Yip, Markus Selzner, Nazia Selzner
BACKGROUND: PPAR-gamma (γ) is highly expressed in macrophages and its activation affects their polarization. The effect of PPAR-γ activation on Kupffer cells (KCs) and liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has not yet been evaluated. We investigated the effect of PPAR-γ activation on KC-polarization and IRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy percent (70%) liver ischemia was induced for 60mins. PPAR-γ-agonist or vehicle was administrated before reperfusion. PPAR-γ-antagonist was used to block PPAR-γ activation...
2018: PloS One
Jeong-Hyeon Ko, Dongwoo Nam, Jae-Young Um, Sang Hoon Jung, Kwang Seok Ahn
Obesity is a serious and increasing health problem worldwide, and the inhibition of adipogenesis is considered to be a potential therapeutic target for it. Bergamottin (BGM), a component of grapefruit juice, has been reported to regulate lipolysis. However, the physiological role of BGM in obesity has not been evaluated so far. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BGM on obesity in 3T3-L1 cells and in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). BGM inhibited adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells along with a significant decrease in the lipid content by downregulating the expression of two critical adipogenic factors, CCAAT enhancer-binding protein-alpha (C/EBP[Formula: see text]) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR[Formula: see text])...
April 4, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Amjad Hazim Al-Naemi, Akram Jarjees Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Pro12Ala (rs1801282) is a common polymorphism of the human PPAR-γ gene. Studies have demonstrated conflicting results about its association with T2DM worldwide. There are no reports about such possible association among Iraqi people. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at finding out whether having the mutant allele (Ala12) might be associated with T2DM among Iraqi people. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two Arabic Iraqi adult subjects (97 with T2DM and 95 controls) were genotyped using PCR- RFLP...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Myeong-Joo Kim, Ye-Ji Lee, Young-So Yoon, Minsuk Kim, Ji Ha Choi, Hee-Sun Kim, Jihee Lee Kang
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) transcription factor activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ)-regulated gene expression in immune cells. We investigated proximal membrane signaling that was initiated in macrophages after exposure to apoptotic cells that led to enhanced PPAR-γ expression and activity, using specific siRNAs for ABCA1, STAT6, and PPAR-γ, or their antagonists. The interactions between mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages or RAW 264.7 cells and apoptotic Jurkat cells, but not viable cells, resulted in the induction of STAT6 phosphorylation as well as PPAR-γ expression and activation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Alexandre Vallée, Yves Lecarpentier, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
In gliomas, the canonical Wingless/Int (WNT)/β-catenin pathway is increased while peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) is downregulated. The two systems act in an opposite manner. This review focuses on the interplay between WNT/β-catenin signaling and PPAR-γ and their metabolic implications as potential therapeutic target in gliomas. Activation of the WNT/β-catenin pathway stimulates the transcription of genes involved in proliferation, invasion, nucleotide synthesis, tumor growth, and angiogenesis...
March 26, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
Amit K Behera, Aditya Bhattacharya, Madavan Vasudevan, Tapas K Kundu
Coactivator associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1/PRMT4) is a type I arginine methyltransferase that mediates transcriptional activation via methylation of histone H3 on R17, R26 and R42. CARM1 is also a coactivator of transcription of various transcription factors such as NF-kB, MEF2C, β-catenin, p53, PPAR-gamma etc. CARM1 has been functionally implicated in maintenance of pluripotency, cellular differentiation and tumorigenesis; where its expression status plays an important role. Although its expression has been shown to be regulated by a few miRNAs in different contexts at post-transcriptional level, transcriptional regulation of CARM1 gene is still unexplored...
March 25, 2018: FEBS Journal
Jie Ni, Lei-Lei Zhou, Li Ding, Xue-Qin Zhang, Xia Zhao, Huizi Li, Haixia Cao, Siwen Liu, Zhuo Wang, Rong Ma, Jianzhong Wu, Jifeng Feng
The development of acquired EGFR-TKI therapeutic resistance is still a serious clinical problem in the management of lung adenocarcinoma. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists may exhibit anti-tumor activity by transactivating genes which are closely associated with cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. However, it remains not clear whether efatutazone has similar roles in lung adenocarcinoma cells of gefitinib resistant such as HCC827-GR and PC9-GR. It has been demonstrated by us that efatutazone prominently increased the mRNA and protein expression of PPARγ, liver X receptor alpha (LXRα),as well as ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 1 (ABCA1)...
March 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Alexandre Vallée, Yves Lecarpentier, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
Entropy production rate is increased by several metabolic and thermodynamics abnormalities in neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). Irreversible processes are quantified by changes in the entropy production rate. This review is focused on the opposing interactions observed in NDs between the canonical WNT/beta-catenin pathway and PPAR gamma and their metabolic and thermodynamic implications. In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Huntington's disease, WNT/beta-catenin pathway is upregulated, whereas PPAR gamma is downregulated...
March 23, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"