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Diabetes, pneumocystis, copd

Christine E Mandengue, David W Denning
Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. HIV infection is common and an estimated 120,000 have CD4 counts <200 × 10⁶/mL and commonly present with opportunistic infection...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Cristina Rodrigues Santos, Ângela M de Assis, Edson A Luz, Luzia Lyra, Ivan F Toro, José Claudio C Seabra, Dira H Daldin, Tathiane U Marcalto, Marcos T Galasso, Ronaldo F Macedo, Angélica Z Schreiber, Francisco H Aoki
BACKGROUND: Nested PCR can be used to determine the status of Pneumocystis jirovecii infection in other lung diseases. AIMS: This study sought to detect a target DNA fragment (mitochondrial large subunit rRNA or mtL SUrRNA) of P. jirovecii in patients with lung disease who underwent bronchoscopy with collection of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). METHODS: The results from toluidine blue staining were compared with those obtained using molecular methods that included an "in house" DNA extraction procedure, PCR and nested PCR...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Ahmet Özmen, Reşit Mıstık, Oktay Alver, Funda Coşkun, Ahmet Ursavaş, Esra Uzaslan
INTRODUCTION: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) which is caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii is usually seen in the patients whose immune system is supressed. It is seriously seen an opportunist infection. In our study; totally 100 bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and bronchial washing samples collected by pulmonary disease department. Which belong to the patients in the clinics, and out patient clinic of the bronchoscopy material were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The BAL and bronchial washing were evaluated by the help of methenamine silver stain (Gomori/Grocott), toluidine blue O stain, Wright-Giemsa stain, immun fluorescent antibody (IFA) stain, nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2013: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
B Jayaprakash, Vipin Varkey, K Anithakumari
BACKGROUND: A patient diagnosed to have pneumonia and put on empirical antibiotics but did not show the expected resolution is a common problem faced by the clinician. AIM OF STUDY: (1) To find out the etiology and clinical outcome of nonresolving pneumonia in a tertiary care centre, (2) To find out the co-morbid conditions associated with nonresolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 70 patients who did not show expected resolution after two weeks of adequate antibiotics were investigated systematically to find out the possible cause for non resolution and the associated co-morbid conditions...
February 2012: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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